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February 28, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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February 28, 1920

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I THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1920. PAGE FIR ! Persons of Note' i . " Stephen Leacock ' the well known writer and humor- ist of Canada urges ridicule as a cure for the craze created by Sir Oliver Lodge's lectures on Spirits. Prof. Leacock was a visitor to New York and gave the following interview to "The Sun amt Herald:" "Being snowbound on earth is bad enough," Prof. Leacock said, "but think what is in store for us when we pass into the Great Beyond that Con- an Doyle has prepared for us. Doyle is the worst of them. He says in his 'Vital essage' that we all go on do- ing in after life the things we haye heen doing on earth. Every man to l,is craft. The l)anker must eten'nally Js'and t)ehmd a counter -rod be a l):mk- er. The (lay laborer goes on laboring. Think of it. For all we know you md I are booked to go on intelwiew- ing and being intelwiewed for ever[ rl' .and eve . [ No question of Sir Conan's slncer-] ity was in Prof. Leacock's mind. I "What is the answer " he continu-] ed "I give it up. When you put the] question to me, the question of spirit- ism. I say, as a wise man, I do not know, and as a Christian, it isn't so. 'The whole thing strikes me as absurd and yet people seem to be going mad over it. The thing which we thought dead in the.Middle Ages tullls out to be not dead at all. On the contrary it is very much alive and I fear unless something is clone it will get us into very serious trouble. Let credulity go a little furthcr and the teachings of spirits will he accepted in the ltw courts as evidence. And when that happens we will be back in the seven- .tecnth century, when I don't know how many witches were burned." It was wrong, Prof. Leacock thought, to accept as fact the beliefs of such men as Sir Oliver I,o.dge be- cause of the standing and reputation of the men. Conceding that Sir Oliver is a great physicist, the Canad- ian continued: "But when lie talks of spirits he is not talking as a physicist, or at any rate he ought not to he. In the realm of spiritism knowledge of l)hysics doesn't count. "Then there is l?rof. Jastrow. He 'htls heen dOillff ,qome flood work tls a sort of counter irrii,ant to Sir Oliver Lodge. But I do not think the cure for spiritism will be found in scientific disputes or controversms or chal- lenges or hets or charges and counter charges and all the rest of the sort of thing we are getting just now. The best cure for it is ridicule. It does little good to get angry ahout it. It can stand that. But if we make fun of it, that is something it cannot stand. By ridicule 1 mean the, sort that has made Punch famous ridi- cule so kindly and yet so powerful that the thing ridiculed is sinply swept away. Americans always have prided themselves on their sense el" humor. Let them try a .dose of the ldnd of humor that Punch gives its readers in England. That is the way to drive out the evil spiritists." Communications i[ Booksoflnterest ] L,!. asked for a (livision of his archdio- To The Editor: , real Lenten sptirt of "sack cloth and To those who keep a watchful eye 1 say the finest poetry as such is to N " cese and cre-ttion of a diocese at This being the lh)ly season of a,qles. Why not drop the frivolity on names in poetry or literature, the be found in the images and even an Sioux City, Dr, (]arriy'an was chosen Lent when we shouhl seek retirement, for a time amt organize Lenten classes name of Theodore MaynaM must, the very title, of "The Worhl's Mis- er:" and even more in the poem call- as first bishop. He'came to a new silence an(I meditation, it may t)(: well not only marricd women's classes but have left its impress hmg before his section of the country, to a people for us to examine our conscience to men and women, young and oht. ed "Apocalypse." volume of 1)ceres apt)eared. The sntiment of color runs like a " marke(l by splemhd standards of eiti- see in what manner we have failed We have the Catechism, Bible lIis- The Catholic World and America zenship and faith. His I)ower of judg- to comply with the rules of our ltoly tory, the Epistles and Vospels of the thread through the whole collection: men( was shown in the remarkable Religion and make some positive re-, 1,enten season furnish abundant ma- contains frequent inspirations from and I think there is hardly a poem way in which he ent$lt into our solution for making retribution for terial for stu.dy and a better under- his pen. Most all his poems held a that does not repea$ it. And this is western life. Ills courage, judgment our shortconlings of the pttst, during stm(ting of thenl wouht broaden our' religious note, which remains even important; because the whole of Mr. and devotions are shown in the or- the Lenten season, religious desires, after the rhythm has left the mere- Maynard's inspiration is part of what ganization and development of the Our Bishop asks us )lot to exclude The Epistle of Quinquagesima Sun- cry.. There was a circle of readers is the main business of our time: l)iocese of Sioux City. Your know- day, taken from ] Cor. XIII 1-13, is who were delighted to see him in the resurrection of the Middle Ages. ledge of the spiritual devotion and tile fast on any slight pretext hut if sehlom read and only casually listen- i)ermanent form. The poems came And tile visible clue of the Middle forcefulness of llishop Garrigan en- we c'mnot fast to perform other ables you to ,measure the quality of works of penance and be diligent in ed to while read by our priests and sponsored by an introduction from Ages is cotour. The mediaeval man then forgotten, by many of us. Medi- the fertile brain of G. K. Chesterton, could paint before he could draw. In the s(:nrice he rendered to Church and our prayers. Are we doing this? tation on this Epistle would awaken [ ;n(1 it helps to gain a true insight the ahnost startling inspiration which To love God and serve Him we our sinful lives even though we all] into the life and work of the poet. country here. ]le has been called to we call stained glass, he discovered his reward ,but he leaves us a diocese nmst know Him; to know God we are regular chinch attendants. I "In the case of any poet who has something almost more coloured than completely equipped, thoroughly of 'must study Him. If our hearts are Let us have classes and deny our-1 caught and held*our recollection," G. colour; something that bears the . . th.rc is general- same relation to mere colour that ganized, and its young life is already trained out" mind and hands will not selves the pleasures and luxuries ell K. Chester(on says " e , based on wholesome spiritual tradi- fail. preLenten (lays and during this sea- ly a particular piece of work which golden flame does to golden sand. He t ions that leave nothing to be de- How many of us are putting aside son give the money we would spend remains m our mind not as tile crown (lid not, like other artists, try in his sired, light reading for proper Ca(hole lit- on these amusements to the mission- but as the key. And ever since I pictures to paint (he sun; he made the Bishol) Garrigan was a priest of the erature which awakens our conscience ary fund and fulfill the desire of our saw in the New Witness some lines sun paint the pictures. He mixed the old school tie was one of that body to .the true meaning of our Faith; Holy Father who is pleading for help called "A Song of Colours" by May- aboriginal light with the paints upon of men that gained confidence for the causes us to meditate on the Passion in his many suffering missions. Thus nard, they have remained to me as a lfis palette." priesthood in the United States and of our Lord and the unworthiness of when the Lenten season ends we will sort of simplification, or permanent After such an introduction, wh'ich is reflected honor upon the Church. The man.for whom such appalling sacra- have clearer, better conscience, better element of the rest of the poet's only quoted in part. we too, will be ideals which lie loved were of the fice was made. hearts and we can fulfill our Easter writings; and I have felt him espec- able to think of Theodore Maynard as Good Shepherd. lie was always faith- Why not exclude ourselves from all duties without fear of our Lord's re- ially as a poet of colour. Among the "poet of color." s ful to the first choice of his heart, amusements? Social clubs with or buke: "Couldst thou not w:itch-one these others the choice is hard but C. He remained a priest while carrying without refreshments, theaters and hour ?"--Mark XIV 37. the staff of a bishop. His ideals so on are hardly promoters of the One 1 of the Laity. JJata|||'|||| zlxa,A|i T|-]|||I HI,, T other men's children have. His home were noble and powerful because he " ....... ]is going tv be put in jeopardy. took them from his faith, lie loved --- -- [ "But if you startnow--to gave """''"'"u'""""' Abstract oj the Pastoral " "" TIiRIFTISTllEOI'POSITEPOLElfiftycentsaday'radllaraday' ,,'as in Christ. He aeh,eved much Letter OF EXTRAVAGANCE AND OF]everything will be different. You will SI 1 l INI)ULGENCE SELF IN ac rare shen,tl " because he gave himself without re- I "  " , ...... q  ' g 1 of character. ou serve, for his flock. He served not r,..,,; .......  e ..... 1,   I )UL(,LNCI IS THE ROAD q:O fll develop foresight. ou will gain through constraint but willingly; not  ........... ' ........... s ....  [ SPIRITUAL RUIN. ' the precious powerwithout which for filthy lucre's sake, but voluntar- must spring in tile individual soul, and eiintually brings about conflict be-[ --- the gates of heaven are cloaed to you ily. The worht is better for his long thence diffuse itself through all our teen rich and poor. ] (Special to The Guardian.) ]--of sclf-control. And on top of that, years of unselfish se.rvice. Sioux humal relations. Industrial Relations / The Omaha World Herald, one of I m twenly years from now, when you City owes a lasting debt to God for Marriage and Divorce. The disturbances from which our in- ttle great newspapers of the middle] are still young, you will lmve several having hN, d Bishop Garrigan as its As life and its relations have their  dustries arc suffering bring home to west, has preached a sermon which !thousand dollars that are your own. first bishop. His memory will endure, origin in the home, whatever I all the 1)eople, in direct amt practical [might well have come flm the pu:pit IYu will have them in ten years, Do .... ,, you know what a few thousand dollars his ..... name will be held in reverence strengthens the famil5 tie will re- f()rm, the nted of thorough re-adjust-]of any denomination in America. l.hel ' - , , cm be made to do in the hands of an.d his spirit will be a power among dound to the good of society. On tht ment. in part, the present situation I su/)jci, of that sermon is Religion and]  ' " " " .' , ,,   man who has learned wmdom who you for all your days. contrary, all those influences and ten- is due-Co the war; but its real causes[ Ihrift end it is l)ascd on the q2hrift  " , , e knows the worth of a dol'ar Who has qhe providential designs of God ap- dcncies which weak n the bond estab- lie farHmr back in our industrial his-[campaign of the Saxings Division of "' . , . , s e , ,, , , , aeqmaed the quahtms that enable lum pear at first glance to have h)calized li.hed b. marriage art, peimick)u.iu tory. It is not merely that unwis']the Ireasury D(,partment. In a re- " "" " "' ' " ' the Church when its government w's IThey (le,troy home and cor)'upt' p.olicies have been adopted but rather[cent editorial the World Herald says: to use money wisely and we] ? ' ' .e (  ,, , " 'It means "ride endence It means f,xe(t m Rome. qhe Church, how v'r,,our socml relat, mns at the source, that these have been framed upon io the young m'm and the young "P" 'lh(  " ) tmd  se s s (he opening of th( dools of 0 pol"un has always recognized and insisted ' . C:tholic Church (hes no t wrong p'inciples and ba.'.le.s m- wom'm just sta'tig out in life, . " ,; "s p " - ..... ity It means success It means a upon the duties of laymen, priests will not sanction divorce in the ab:o- sumptions, whether single or in pairs, there can , " ,, ' ..... 2 ' ' ' , ' ...... l,  " " , ." .' ] ' _ nomeenat is ha .y and sate. htesnseh(hpelmtseth(l oft ( It is n elo to ssumt thtt the b l)e s c PP and bishops to devote themselves] ": .- ' " , , " . .' a .'" t.'." :  . e n.o T1 a more mportan, .av ,,. ,. . . [ ' aa m, , 2,ent such asults, assured :or whole-heartedly to the interests of separated parties to rema"y du'" , issues involved are l)urely economic, that of religion, than that which Is " ' "" "' " the future, worth the sacrifice entailed the country in wbich they live. The the lifetime of the others rI'he ease They are,'at bet(pin, moral and rcli- made by the Thrift campaign. And C]v rch insists with stern em))hasis :rod frequency with which (liwrce of gious. Their settlement calls for a thrift rand religion go hand-in-hand, by the saving of fifty cents or a dol- lar a (lay ? that her chihlren he religiously pat- this kind is granted, make it a nation- clear perception of the obligations The precepts of not the Christian re- riotic. She tells us that wa must al scamlal. The bond, which ought to which justice and charity impose, ligion ahme but of religion that is "And--looking away from yourself serve and love country from a motive l he most sacred, is regarded hy too In urging i:hcir respective claims, word it. salt are the precepts of for a momentdo you know what you of religious obedience. She urges us many as a trivial circumstance, as the. parties, apparently, disregard the thrift. Thrift is the opposite pole of do when you save money instead of by her authority and ex'nnple to co- s'omei.hing of less importance than an f'tct that ihe p(yople "is a whole have a extravagance of self-indu:gence, spending it for unnecessary md fool- operate to the utmost in sustainin.!o)'dinal'y business agreement. So far prior elaine. The first step, therefore, And self-indulgence is the road to ish things? You are reducing the the spirit of our country, in uphuihl- as this idea prevails, it removes the toward correcting the eyil, is to insist spiritu'fl ruin as it is the a,oa(t Ix) ma- number of men and women who have ing its character and strengthening one safeguard of decency and purity th'tt the rights of the comnmnity terial disaster and to national ruin to work to produce, th,ose things. You its institutions. We gather together in the sex rehtion. In a permanent shall prevail, th'tt la .'rod order shall It is by self-control, by self-denial, bE are helping hvert their labor into under our country's flag and thank) union, that relation p.ossesses a hu- be preserved and ihat the puhlic shall rational sacrifice today for the :sake other channels, into the production of God for the privileges of citizenship, nmn c, haracter; in a tempora,'y ar- not he made to suffer while the (,,on- of a more than compensating gain in necessities, the price of which must re- This conviction of duty in the obli- rangement, it, falls to the level of 9ni- ten(ion goes on from one mistake to the future 1hat the will-power is made main high as long as they are scarce. gations of citizenship was outstand- real impulse, another, strong" and character is built. "When you practice thrift you are ing in the life of Bishop Garrigan. This degradation of marriage leads Tile failure Vo reach an agreement The Old-Fashioned Thrift. serving your country,you are erving is due, in large measure, to the aup- the wh, o'e human family, as well as He was sincere, alert and disinterest- to a more in;ense selfishness by mak- "A reviwd of the habits of el,t- sewing yourself. And in all these ed in devotion to his country and to in individual pleasure or whim the position that class is naturally hostile, fashioned thrift, coup:cd with a re- you are sein, God, who put y6u o his city. He was a splendid bishop in one decisive factor. It consequently to class, in truth, each needs the viral of the steadying influences f earth for a more serious and noble the Church of Go.d. He was a model tends to deaden the spirit of charity other. Capital can not do without old-fashioned religion would do more 115urpose than to amuse yourself and citizen in this country. Ile will tie just where, naturally, love should be Labor. nor lhor without Capital. for the alvation of this country right gratify your appetites." remembered in both Church and eoun- strongest. This is obvious; but the more impel now and for the hal)piness of the " try as a splendid type of man. citizen, Theosense ,of justice also will bCltant point is that Capital aud l,ab,or homes tlmt are in it than all the poll- INDECENT DRESS priest and bishop. May he rest in dulled. If the obligations assumed are bound by nmtual obligations, not ticians could do if they were all w.ork- - ' peace. Farewell Bishop Garrigan! i through marriage can be so lighlly simply by mutual needs or interesta, ing ogether. ' cancelled, it is hard to see what value Irish, British and French Wom,,n Dr. IIickson shall attach to other covenants when I In fins whole question, the morro "The home whose members practice Fight Immoral Fashions. " Directiofi of th(nsychonathis l'fl)or -'these are not enforcible by law. value of man and the dignity of hu- thrift intelligently and systematically ]man labor are caMinal points. By on the one hand, and who on the other (Catholic Press Associatibn.) The Wider Social Relations. treating the laborer as a man, not as ofatrYthefsanityChicagof non-CatholicsiS ,another example ion the, Social intercourse, ia the usual-t machine, ihe empyer will make. go to church, fear God and keep hm London.--Under ,be patronage ()2 ] commandments, will house neither St. Bridget, Irish' Women have found suhject of spiritism now so a:itating sense, responds to a demand of our t him a better workingman. By re- 'reds' nor profiteers. And when the ed a league, eyery member of wl-,ch the country. "If the Ouija fad and hunmn nature. It is an effectual Spiritualism craze continue" says he, means 1' drawing more closely the specting his own mral dignity as a storms desceml and the winds come, i pledged t 0 modesty" in dress ",, deportment nmn, the laborer will compel the re- as come they will, all unexpectedly, "we will find practically every de- I bonds of charity. And it often gives, pect of his employer and of the corn- some fine day, that home will stand British Catholic ladies of socie.x merited semidemented, undeveloped occasion for joint endeavor in furtleI'- munity, on a solid rock tliough all abc, ut it are and praeeox case in the country anc.e of the common good. The rfght of Labor to a living' wage, the shifting sands. talking (i the :d'; ::dl'(i ' To attain these worthy ends, social f CI 1 enjoyment must remain within rea- with decent maintenance for the pres- "The World Herald urges its read- Dr. H'ckson .,' "' , o .... '- cag0ans are daily losing their ration-] sonable limits. When it interferes entgenerally, and provisiOnr(.cognized., for the, l, he, future,rigkt ofis young,ers' especitllYto think" thoseerious..yWhO boutStill "aethe I all(y, if not their reason over the with the du(ics.of home, it defeats its , . i ( I aze ' r I Ouija Board ant Spook c" ... l'e own best purpose. When it becomes Capital to a'fa r day s work fr a fair meaning and purpose f the '?hrift day!s pay, is equally plain. To secure campaign. [aWF:g7 '' is the key to the lunatic extravagant and develops acitze for ' Take the question borne y . , pleasure, it is likely to pervert the the 1) recognition and exercise to yourself. Consider it, if you please, vor of beauty and morality, ana re. T'ke -- 'the crucifix m your hand, and'Whle meaning of life. K people that of both rights, good will, no less than selfishly, for your own good, rather l ' lives o):t excitement and sensation will adherence to justice, is required. Ani- that( from the viewpoint of your coun- r t "y s good. ]ask yourself whether this is tlm re- soon h)se its moral fiber. The pwcr mosity and mistrust houhl first be I ' ligion of the soft, easy, luxurious, of endurance is directly prop)rtioned c.lared away. When this is tone, "Ha,e y, ou ever stopped to conslde worldly days "in which we live; to the power of self-restraint. And when tke parties meet in a friendly, what it meansTO YOUthat the whether the crucifix does not teach this we surely need at the present 'ather than a militant, sph't, it will majority (ff men and women, who live you a lesson of mortification, of self- time when America is passing tirough bc possible to effect , conciliation. , to be sixty-five years phi, aa depend- denial, of crucifixion of the flesh? (be graves( criss in its history We are coifident that the good ell( on their' friends or relatives for John Adam lIess :m old r(sithmt of Wheeling, W. Va., is quite entitled to an honorable men- tion not only in this but in every Catholic paper in the country for dis- tributing an estate of $111,000.00 among the following Catholic insti- tutions of the diocese. Sisters of Charity, $2000,000; Wheeling }Iospital, $20,000; St. Vin- cent Home for Girls. $10,000; St. John 1 Home for Boys, $10,000; Bishop Don- ahue, $6,000; Carmelite Monastery, $5,000; St. Alphonsus Orphan Home, $5,000; other institutions of Wheel- ing, $35,000. Bishop Garrigan of Sioux (,it),, h)wa, who died re- "eently was paid this handsome tri- bute by Archbishop Keane of Dubu- ,que. , When the Cathohc Umver. tty of America was opened in 1889, Bishop arrigan was made Vice-Rector, and was associated with Archbishop Keane, then Rector and later my pre- decessor in the see of Dubuque. The records of his service of the Univer- sity during the difficult days of its beginning show the force, the practi- ,cal wisdom, the disinterested conse- cration that remained as characteris- tics throughout the days of his hmp: and saintly life. The duties of his' position as Vice-Rector of the Univer- sity exhausted neither his sympathy nor his energies. Ite interested (him- self in the foundation of Trinity Col- lege and became perhap. the strong- est figure in shaping its plans :, carrying them to their happy reali- zation. The remarkable success of the college, the great role that it has CM:on in to llfe of C, atlmllc woman- hood of the United States, gives ade- quate prooflof his wisdom, and places us forever in his debt. When the Aachbishop of Dubuque The charactcr of covetousness is what a nmn l'nneral]y acquires rnore, through some niggardliness or ill i a'race in little, and inconsiderable, things, than in expenses of any con- sequence. A very few pounds a year would ease that man of the scandal of avarice.--Pope. It has been truly said that the promises of the world arc all false :rod full of deceit. It promises one thing, nd gives another. It promises hat)piness and glyes disquiet. It gives, and quickly takes away; or if it takes not quickly, it does but the more af- flier its mpassioned h)vers, who have their desires placed in the mire. MISSAL" for EVERY DAY=MASS in English at THE BOOKERY. In this nmtter we appeal with all possible earnestness to Catholic wom- en. We u)'ge them especially to coun- teract, with tlle force of exan, ple, lhose tendencies to (.xcess wllereby the prescriptions 'of plain decency, and even the slightest restraints of con- vention too often are disregarded. As every Ca{helle understands, society no less than its individual members, sense of our pople will find a way out of the present ituation. As the confusion occasi(met by war subsides, cahner judgment will prevail. Man will see that inerna| peace and the co-operation of all clases must be secured, if our country is to enjoy prosper{ty at home and respec abroad. America's gre'tt o!poctunity must not be sacrificed to selfish aims support at th:t time? What It Mans to Be. Thrifty. "Have you s*.'opped to think that reseat as your f\\;ture seems, you will probably be inclu(id in that maj.ority, when the time comes, unless you start takig, now, the sffre and safe and rea,onable means of guardirg against it? "Do you know it is a fact proved by is subject to God's law. Neither cus- or partisan interests. We made war tom nor fashion "can" justify sin. If upon greed and selfish ambition We [we are prompt to remove the causes shall not let them triumph within our ,:If bodily disease, we shouhl be at own borders. least, equally energetic in banishing , Reorganization. moral contagion. Catholics will d,o their full share 1 requently, it is the cravln for no- towar(l iho" cmpplete restoration of torie!y that unhalances eert'dn minds. [peaty,. With one mind and heart they ]n others, fondnes for display leads will labor for our country's advantage. to lavish expenditure, arouses the As their patriotic efforts were united envy of the less fortunate classes, to such good effec't through the Na- spars them to foolish imitation, and (Contirmed on Page 6.) all human experience that there is no future that is safe,-no character that is safe, unless it rests on a basis Of[ present-day thrift ? I "The man who spends aE his money ] as he earns it is going to develop mL[ a flabby sort of an individual, with a] flabl)y sort of a soul. And when the time comes that his earning capacity ]falls off he is going to know what poverty means. His children are go- ing to be denied the advantages that are imitating their Paris sisters, and going to the fountian-head to stp the flood of indecent fashions. In oher words, they have appeale( t to the great dressmakers and the' desi.;n:- ers of costumes to modify the pv'- vailing ugliness and indecency in fa- adapt the styles of dress adcordingl Money is a good servant, but a dan- gerous master.--Bohours. The United States Government has a coal yard at Washington, D. C, with a capacity of 80,000 tons for depart- ment use. The fulfilhnent of duty is so neces- sary to our good, that even SO1TOWS and ddath, which seem to be our most immediate evils, are accepted with joy by him who generously suffers and dies with the desire of helping others, and of conforming himself to the blessed commandments of God.---. Pel- lice. We haye been toht that never arc we so near to the ]tessed Virgin a:., " when near the Cross. Remember hat .... . in our measure, we all have to Suffer; am| suffdrg must either our or sweeten, us, according as we face it. God means it to sweeten us and' to teach us pity. So it worked in Mary,. our Mother; so may it ever w0r in us!