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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
February 28, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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February 28, 1920

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PAGE FOUR gii0000miv-i00iau Published Weekly by TIIE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of tho Diocese of Little Rock. 309 WEST SFCOND STREET&apos; Entete[ ae aeond-clasJ mar'at March 21, J9Ez, a! the postoffice It Little Rockj A1k,% under the /t( t oI Congress of March 3, 1879. Subscription Prfi:e, $2.00 the year Change el Address When a chan of eddrca is desired the subscriber should give both the old and the new address. Correspnndence Matter intended for publicatioin The Guardian shouk] reach us lot later than Wednee4ay morning. Brief news correspoudencc is llways welcome. The kin{hess ot tim clergy in this matter is cordially lpreeiated. Vet7 Rev. A, Stooker, O. S. B., D. D ............. ..... Editor-in-Chiet li.. EdWard A. Flanncry ........................ Contributing Editor Ihre. Ge, 1I. McDermott ........................... Managing Editor All communications about "The Guardian" should be addressed to Rev. Gee. U. McDermott, 3o9 West Second Street OFFICIAL APPROVAL The Guardian is the ofllcial organ of the diocese of Little Rock, and I pray God that it may be an earnest eh&mpmn in the cause of right, justice ad truth and an ardent defender of tbe religion which we all love so well. I oxtend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its e.areer may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. Litle Rock, Saturday, February 28, 3.920. Does Bl'yan expect a nonJliatioll valenLlne this year? O-O Snowbound New Eng'land, with an auto for every four of its population, found itself on the verge of starvation, because the autoes could not do the food supply work, and horses were not to l)e had at any price. It was just a ca-> of shovel and carry. Cash did not alnouut t) a nruc]l as a dig mM pul, when Mr. l,]mza,'(l was on the job. p O-O Pro]!. A. B. ltart of Harvar(1 University is qm}ted as saying that Eurolm will s{,e war, again, within five years. With stPeol rtols (,v{,ry week in Berlin: with |he l'olisl] Czech(l-NhB and Italian forces in the fiehl; with 2(}),(hi9 British sol{liers l)nt roling Ireland : x'qtn abmd seven differefit aPmics, white, red mid vell,)w, in S il,e,'ia, :i00"ssia. IC, Finlm.I mid the Casldans. does the lh'ot'c:or think that Etll'opo is now in peace? O-O anulel (-onll)e].s says, .... oug'ress ]|as t,t- terly failed in any kind el! a fight to l)rotcct el,', people of the t mt{ States from the rPusts aim protiteers." "'1 i i. '{'e million union men, witil ,.', man3, more yet unaffiliated with unionism :, the same thing. Congress lie.' s not made g'uo{t as a ret)resentathm of pub]b, ol}inion (}n these vital questions. Corn(, to thiuk of it, what hm: Congress done of."]at(,. ? -0- D --- Aln ,] I{.,lllS a]'e (' " '" going t{) h, unp()plflar in Europe mltil this comltry cancels lhi. 10 I)iii,on debt owed it hy the entente pow(rs. They do not think that we l]eed tll,; money and ape ing upon our 17rielldshil) and g, merosity I;o vil> ():ff t]'( S ] r[  I Thev can never ,'(,t from (,(,P- many the hnge hums they haw.: l!ol)ed for. tlmPe- fore they. find tllcms(.lvl, , ,s as victors w;rv mt.:,J out el" pocket and wwy much in debt to Li, United m ,s.' "e Now f,,r Europ{,an I {,,,a,} '-'.' ", at Uncle Sam's treasury departnlent. l O-O ' The S{',out nmvement (ndeavors to SUl)pl. the required environnmnt and anll)iti{,ns through games mld out-(leer activities, l-loam movement is a first essential lmwever, and (,ath- olic paronts nmst give that Catholic environ- ment to their children in their {)wn h,)mc:. which will lie. a dir ,etive ag'ency in the valu(. ,)I; outdoor amusements aM'  " ihysical activitie,% No su.{ce, ssfu] '  ' ..... S{:.)ut mOVelnelll; t'oP (,atl o],s C'" : can be built upon a .hfl(lhood lacking Catholi,, home influence (mtholic home. environm( i first, and an(l a .home touch in all (mS dooP ,if- {mrs. .... o-o- (Jcorm Creel, chairman ot! the I'ul}tic: y ]-mrtml, a Iw}inted by I}rc;si(lent Wilson, oir,_,' p  for awl file as the, friend of Ireland's t'ree.dom. returns to %meriva and s,;nses the,',,- CoUalan squal}ble, rl!o hold Ins ,job argl to back Ms boss, he nmkes a cowardly attack on Justice '  " '  ' e  ) f ;' ]}anile l.: Cohahn of the Sup{,m (.{ur'r ,, . New Y()rk State, calling .,}lilll all in{am(urn trait,)r. (h'ee] now admits that he lost his "holl lie nl[/de S/loll fin outrageous attack, bat T :  r, r " " like th{ N. . lBcnin, Marl. may haw:, to icy dearly for his libel of one of the. leading diti- zens (I' Auerica. It is inhn'esting to know til,'i,t I O I y "a , Wilson's grouch against Judg{. Cohahan l.){.,<a]t, away lmek in the Democratic convention ;vi:m tim Judge, an ITnderwood man, hehl up t.l:,: nmninatim of' Wilson for.thirty hours. Wilson has 1}({,,n, "rnad at Colalmn" ever since, and like th{, stul)borr child, would not even s])eak l,, r 131 'n him np,):n tllat never to l}e forgotten ilso, :, ' ) departure Ir{m America,and America:, ideals. ................... O-O Al) V ERTISE M E NT S " ' )When you are desirous of obtaining' a truthflfl analysis of the dangers of a certain r THE GUARDIAN, SATUR DAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1920. illness, you do not go to an advertis(mlenl; o1" a ,'(mm(ly that is commended as a cure or llr{wen- tion(,f tl., disease ill question. Ilffll.mnza. con- stipation, a cold. the nicotin( habit.--1)ad enoug'h ]Jo doubt in the.Jr obje, ctive nature---1)eeonm ex- c(:ssively t:rightl'ut in adv,'rt, iscm(,nt stories. Tim more you are at'raM o1' an ilhmss, the am{el ready you will lm to catch at a l)ro]nised pPo- (:e.ction. .An{1 tim virtue of an a(Ivertise,)](,nt is I to get. a sah, l!or the a(tvertisc{l artMe, lien{e, th(,se nnwarranted exagg'erations! In the Aral:ansas Gazette we hav{. he(,n readin advertisements of Mm'm(mism. Ol; ,',om'se, the, Church was a ]'(gular hotl)e(l ot" cor- ruptions until she was save(l I'rom her al}omina- tions 1)y Mormonism! That's the g'emlino re- ligion 01; Jesus Christ the curt; for all theail- ments of the soul! ' Our wonder at this is twofold: First, that the Mormons have money to tl:'ow away on so futile and self-stnltifyin a sort of prol)agml{la : and, secondly, that the Arkansa. Gazette, at her wise oht ag,.; of over a ]lurMred years, shouhl print even for n]oney, such a(lvertising stulT a that. S. O-O. MINERS AND MINE OWNERS The St-. Louis Amerika f()r February 6 gives (,xcm'pts tTronl and comm(;nt on n recently ]ml)lished statement of i:he Bureau I'or Lal)or ,tatistics, eonce, rnin the lahor time of 40.509 soft-coal miners in 4.01 mines of 18 st'tes. This publication bears out our contention of some l:ime ago that ]niners, far fPom desiring to work liss han heretofore!, have been suffering fron enforced idleness. In Utah the min(;s have been in ol)eration from one-f.urth to three-fourths of tim full time: :in Colorado, Illinois, Indiamu Iowa and Kentucky, t'ro]n one-fourth to full time: in Ala- bama, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, Pmmsy]- vania, '.l"emmsse{,, Virginia, West Virginia an{1 Wyoming, frmn one-half to full tinle: in New Mexico, ()hie and ()kla],oma from thre,,,-t'ourths to full tim{,. .Arkansas is not n{,ntione(1 in tlm r(q}ort, lint l'ro]n whnf we know I'rom actlml ox- e ,'  , l ]) ,1 l(.n(.{, it. wouhl ra]lk among tile least favored states. Ill the report of th(. eonunission a])poini:ed t}y the president for aseePtaining the facts in the eoM ]nirers' strike, the lhlited Mine Work- ere fiR,'tlre with a 8tatelnent from their satisti- {dan all(mS the llro:fits {)t7 l;he, miuP, ,)wners()He great coal (',on)pany ea.rned in 1918 si.x tinms as mucll a: in 1,{)14: nnother one made in 1917-1S seven times as much as in 1914; and these e prof- its amonni:e(I t.o an avera:zl, ot' $(;.()1) Imr niner. From a eomparison of the profits with the C}l}ital invested it appears that 1,000 comps- rues made in 1917. 1"real 25 to 50 per cent: 150 companies, over 100 per cent: and 8 companies ovei' 1,000 er cent. These figures correspon(t on the whole, with ex-Sebretary McAdoo's dec- laration made during the strike. Conlm(mting. o] thes( figures ill('. ({litor of Ameril:a says: "Statistics like these on the working tinle <)l" lal)orers on lhe elm h'uM and the g'ains of mine owners on the other lmnd do not indicate a specially l!avorable economic sit- uation ()f' th{; workern. Th(, inse{,urity of earn- ings is great and therewith disc, intent natm'al- 13' grows. One gains the inlpression that stea(ly enu)loyment is even nmre important than the seal(; of wages. A refornmtion in this matter is iml)erative, a](l the firsl means to:erfe, ct it will lm the operation of mine.s under one con- trol, so as to cut out the eh, nlent ,ff conrpetiiiom "Besides the excellencies who ow the mines will have to exphdn several thin's. Tll consumers will wan t9 know why, with the corm Ironies ' enormous profits, it should not lm l}OS - sil)le to pay the miner,'. 1letter wn,,.,es witl mut raising the ])rice of co{if. Coal lnining is not merely a private Imsiness. ]t is an industr'v quite ,,ssentially connected with the interests ot' the c{mmmnity. Therefore th{; I)resi(lent's Colmuission will ha, re to shed such a fh}od of light on the whole affair as to leave n{) corner unillunfinated." S. -o-o- NEEI) OF A SOLI1) FOITNDATION I. "This is not a time for nmkeshifts," ways the Bishops' Pastoral. "The facts are lml'ol'e us. plainly an(t roughly. T/my cannot b(! 'set asid(; with mere expedients or fornmlities that smooth the surt'acc, of thing's lint hmve ih(, vi- rus within." When an organism is dise'tsed pal- liatives lnay mleceed for a while t,) produce a toleral)le condition of comfort, but a crisis may arise wher{; to be or not tp l),' is the question. An ope, ration must be resorted to as the only hop(; for saving lifo. Such a crisis, to judge from a combination o1' symptoms, has arisen, as in th,' w,)rM a.t large, so in our country. Palliative measures and compromises will not sul'fice any longer to restore even tempor%ry tran(luility. "An opera- t iion must eut out the fatal virus from the social I organism. "Rig'ht]y or wrongly," t:he Pastoral leontinucs, th( mov{m{.nts "ahi{h ar{. shaldng / ill( foundation of order, eom(, out of m(.n S souls. ]'h{y (mbodv a demand l'6r right, lh, v nlqy I)e stayed for a while or diverted; bat if, in kee.lring with Am(',rican 1)rincil)]es, order is to reel Oll ihe wil]ing'lleSS of the l)(,Ol)]e and their l'Pee co-ol){wation, their souls nmst 1)e reaclw(l, r.plmy must 1}{. trained to think rig'ht- ly and to do as they think." In other words, th(,y nee(1 a new mind an(I a new. heart a ]l(,W luind to harl)or right thoughts, n new h{,art to love and do the right things. The operation, the1], el" whMl we el)eke at}()ve nmst (u)nsis in replacing' the o](l mind and ]mart, wiih a new mind and heart. 7I1 the literal s{,ns{ sm'ge, ry, thou'h wond(,'tTul in its feats, ]ms never yet sul)stitute(1 a new nnd h,;althy I)rai.n or ]](mm for a dis(rased one. Bui in the nmtal}h,,rica] sense a hig'her surgery can /)reduce such ]narvels. 1Asten to whal (]()d says throu,.z'h the pr{tl)het Ez{,chie] (3(;-26): "And ] will give you a rlew h{!art, and iluta new spirit within you: and I will take away the st(my heart out of your I'lesh, and will give you a heart of flesh. And I will lm! My spirii in the nfidst of you, mid I will ('arm(; you to walk n] lay eonl]landnl('nts, an(l to lwel) my ju,lg- lllerl|S, alld do then]." Both a new lnind and a new heart are nec- essary fop a enre, i. (,. for a guaranl;ee oI" (}rder in the social organisnl. "Ignorance is an evil." avers the Pastoral. as such it nmst 1}e removed. But it is not the {)lily evil. What we have chiefly to l'{mr is educaled irtelligenc{ de- v,)id of ]noral princil}le the nmn who uses his knowledre to abuse his freedom. Logically the new inind is I)rior to the new heart, ac.{,rding 1:o the 1)sychoh)gien] principh that the will gels all its light from the i:nte]h('l:. Tim. 1lest el' in- teniions sometimes work hav.e l)ecanse they are wr(m'ty diP('cted: and the clearest know- h,d:', {ffL(,n remains 1)arrel ll{,caus( ol'm per- versity in tile will or mart. Both. ther(,t'ore. must be regenerated, l[ow this is to 1)e accom- I)lished will 1}e shown in ill(, sequel. S. O-O WI[Y ARE CATIIOIA(?S OPI)()SEI) TO S PH{[TIS M ? A friend wrote lo us the ofher (lay : "Say, (',;illolic, 1)eli(,vo in nliraeles, in nmssages ['r,ml rl t sninls, in visions, in ttw stigmata, (d:e. Ih{u why the adamant opposition re the]- ism or spiPitism of Sir Oliver Lo(Ige an(l the others?" What c,nnes here m-(]er ('onsid(n'atio] is {,speeia]ly visions, mess'.lgcs or private reve]n- lions, tranc(s and eeslasies, all of whi(,h things we eom(, across in l.I]o history o1" Catholic mys- tieis]n. As to nliraeDs neitheP Catholics nor sl)iritualists thinl of them in ;ommctio, with Sl-)iriiis]n. FoP w'hat{,ver ])l]el]om(,na can h,, i}rodlwe(l 1)y finite agents, even thongt 1hey are 1}eyon(] the pow{w of n)a]l, fall short of tho stl'ict {'r)u('(,])t of I]li!'acle.% Now it seems to us l.]mt tim{,, at,, three l/rincipal ,tiITeronces 1)etwe(m the experi(,nc(,s ,)t" Catholic mysticism an(1 ,)P-spiritism. First. (atho]ics are not suppos(,d to take the initia- tive in sn(.h l}reternatuval phenomena. O1! Ihe COlll I'al'y, t}ley nl'e stro]tg|y (lisc()urag((l to have a hankering' fop visions and revelations. The general l)ersnasion is that if they (q' for su(;h thirIKs they are shags! sure lo fall a pr(,y to illusions and hallu{finations. Secondly, even if they are visited w;th vis- i,ms and ]rlessag'es with-oul; an ef/'ort on their ()wn lmrt. they are taught to meet th{qn with skeptical franle of nlind. ]ncredulity fir this rogard is considered a virtue, fro" they must know th at "Satan trm/s I',)rln{,l:h ],imselP ini.o  u n uel of lig'ht. '" Thirdly, in no case do ih{,y exile(,{ fronl lhoso exl:Pa-nlll]ldalle COlllnnllli(atiOllS fl 'i?,('If,' Pewdation. Ttmy stand with St. Paul who. said', " angel from ]leaven in'each a gospel t,) you 1)esidcs that whictl we have preached i:,) you. h,t him t)e anathenla." Which ix an (4o- qllellt expression of the thou'ht that any I)rencher of a ne, w gospel Wolll(1 ('erta]llly ]1(){; I)(, an a]Ige] from ]maven. While the 0]{1 Tes, lanlellt lna(l{  provisioll and ]llade, I'O0111 fOP all- ,)tlft'r reVe]atio]u Christ's amssage, in the be- lief of Catholics. is absolutely final. ]n all these three resl)ects spiritism is al' Ol}posite 1}oles with Catholic mysticism, l're- ternatural phenomena are sought and invited ai set put]lose: e,)mmunication are, received with ready confidence, as glimpses from 1)e- yond; and, what in more serious, an avenue is SUl)tlosed thus to 1)e {)pen{<l to a new re.velation which' ]nay eventually SUl}l}lant tile r,;ve]ation of (hristianity. AlLy(me thePe['ore who has an a(tanmnt faith in Christianiiy. and all ,dncere Chris- liens hnve such a faith--knows a priori that stfiritiSm is ml the wronR' tra('k. We do no de- ny the truth ()f ihe extra{,r(linar3, phenomena that are rel:)(irte(1, hut we know fronl iL'e very ('losl}el thlfl Satan wi]l try. with ]vin signs 'nd wonders. () se(hl{'e even lhe elect. S1)irit- is,n. in our jldglne]lt, is one of those seductive ngen(,i{,s wtfi('h Providence p,rmits an a trial and test of our Christian faith, lhlt it ix the task and duly ,}f the Church t,) wa, rn her chil- dren Itgainst the dangers of seduction. That's ihe why of the'ada]nant opposition of the Cath- olic Chur0h to the nl)irjtism {if Sir Oliver Lodge and the. others. S. QUESTION BOX , f With a vtew of furnishing m/ormaton on points nf doctrmm diaeipline not touched upon in our leading articles we ar ntl thin column to ft. "lhose whn are seeking infnrmation shoold d iu questions early in the week. When ,will our bod,tes and souls be united? Our bodie, s will rise from the grave and be nnited o:ach to its prol)(;r soul on the. {lay el the Last Judgment: This union will be accomplished 1)y the l)ower of Almighty (l()(l, Who will come ill the 1)erson of Ills Non to judge us as crea- tu r(,s COml}osed of body an(l slml. If venial sn. are forgiven outside of the Cofessional, as ly Holy Communion, why must we crm, fe.'.s' them? We do not confess sins only that we n _receiw.* absolution for th(,m. C, onl'ession is a 4 " aeranle]lt an(l gives its own pecuhar grace To eonl'ess our sins is ('ondu(tive {)1' lmmiliLy, even though these sins 1)e only venial and the priesL ix al)h; to give advice which the penitent would not el}lain if he did not conhms these sins. When one is in nmrtal sin the Sacrament of Penance restores sanctifying grace. ]t remits mortal sin an{1 its eternal lmnishnmnt. ]it remits all venial sin t'or which the penitent is sincerely sorry and gives special grace to avoid sin in the future. Is o,e alloa, ed to follow the dictates o]: his cotscb'uce i'n. all things? Conscience is the most intimate and high- est law. W(; are never alh)wed to act against its (lictates. ]t is therefore very inlportm]t that our cons{feline lie t'ullv enlightened and ])ro])erly guide(l. '_l?he Church is the al)l)()inLcd teacher and g'ui(le, l ler colnlnissiol from Christ is "'(/{ring, teach y{, all nations." '"Whats(,,ver th{,n y(; shall ]find on earth shall 1}e hound in lleaven. It ix ouP duty,to listen to tim a{tvice of this Divinely altth()ri"zed teacher, l(nowing that we would need gui(lanee Christ instiiut(,d the Hacrament ot! l)(,]]a]ce, in which w, may ]'e- ceive the advice that we lined it' our eb]lscience is in doul}t or is trlnlbhd. It' our conscience 1)e guide(l Ily this l)ivinc te'wher it will neve, r lead us astray. Is it riflht [or a, prn'eut to pray lhat his chi/(lre may become reli:/io',s? ]it is prais(,worthy in a parent to pray that his child may give his life t(i the intimate service.of Almighty (l,,d. Our IoPd invited the young man to sell his goods, give th(-ln to the poor and follmv llim. The sam(; invitation is givel to the young ]na]i or y,)ung w{mla] who would live th{, life of a religious. I'arents may well pray that such a lllessi]lg be given to Lheir chihh'en. They shouhl l)e prudent and not exer- \\; else t/ndue i nthw.n(;{, evel for such a good end hecause, the choosing el' a state of life primarily .I hi,' does not mean that 1)e]ongs to the (;hiM. " "s they nmy ]tot en{',mrag( and foster a religious vocati<}n. It means only that they nmst not in any way force it on the c]lihl. At the same tinm they nmst take e{lua'l care that they do not in any way by word or act disconrage their chihI t'ron[ mitering the religious life. I)arents shouI{l' I}ear in ]nin(I the future ha l}piness of their ehiIdren both here and he.reafter depends in a Iarge ,legr(e llt}(}n th0. choic{ 01! a state of life. ]l' God wants them to serve l[im in the nmre intinmto way of the religious life it would l')e, :thwarting" this sp,,cia] wish of God if! a parent woul(1 {liscourage or prevent a child in the. ch6ice of a religious (}]" 1)riestly ]if. J How can a C'atholic h,m,yer plead i,n a di- v'o:rc,e case. since his Church co'm.leinns divorce? The civil la.w {;onsiders marriage as a civil era{tract and nothi]u.," else. and 'the. lawyer ex- plains and plea(ls tim civil law. The Catholic Chureh teaches that nmtrilnony is a sacrament, but a{lnfits that in lnarriag'e th(q'(' ape, civil ef- f(',ts over whiell the civil law possess(s full ,jurisdi{'tim. Marriag,; art'{win l)rOl){,rly riphts and the guardianshil.} {)l' chihlP{m, nnd Lhe civil Iaw nmst safeguard these rights. The Chm'ch aline teaches that in ,'ePtain extrenm easen hus- band and wil'e may separate, a n{l that sel)ara- tion may involve civil effects. The Catholic lawyer ],as the right to act in an advisory capa- city, nmy ]lresent i,h, ease ot' his (.lienl to the court. 'aid may ask I'ov a ciVil divdree which amomltS to a legal separation. Ot' {'orlrse, the civil law {h)es not sloll h{,re: it gPants divorce with i lermissio]f to remarry. Th(, lawyer has nothing to do with this side of ihe (rose, l'lo, .m(r{',]y" explains the eivil ]a.w t<) his client and undertakes to protect his civil rights. I[! the Cath(llie lawyer a{tvised his clbnt lo a ltempt another marriage, he wouhl 1}e a('.tin' contrary to the, teachings of his religion and would be oversteiiping hi position as a lawyer. Th6 Cath{lih, judge is in the stone position as the Catholic lawyer. There are many Catholic lawyers who will not take a {livorce (;as(;; lint they are t'ree to do as tlmy desire in the matter. (