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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
February 27, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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February 27, 1942
 

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ICapital's Attention Diverted From Post-WarProblem00 Here's something new in Service Banners. Symbolizing "Vocation Month," which is being observed in March, this Spiritual Servic0 Flag of the University of Dayton has a star gor each former stu- dent who has consecrated his life to God. Rev. Lawrence Monheim, S. M. {left). head of the University's Department of Religion, and R, C. Brown, alumni secretary, view the banner, which has 152 star (N.C.W.C.) of Mission I le JD, ect, Char,ce to F!ee T: 00eatened jab Atl 2cle (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, (E).--Eyewitness accounts of how the Most Rev. Thomas Wade, S. M., Vicar Apostolic of the North Solomon Islands, refused an opportunity of transporation to safety with other resi- dents of Kieta when a Japanese warship stood outside the unde- fended harbor are included in reports received here. One account, reaching here by way of Australia, was that of M. C. Mann, a member of the party of white residents evacuated from Kieta to Port Moresby, Territory of New Guinea, by boat. Bishop Wade "declined to come with us," Mr. Mann reported. "He said he would don his robes, meet the invaders and ask them to respect his religion. He would not think of leaving the natives and his work, and told us to seek safety." Refugees reaching Port Moresby are reported to have said IrAeta was occupied January '23. Priests at the Marist College here, where Bishop Wade studied for the priesthood and where the headquarters of the Washington Province of the Society of Mary is located, said' the last word they have had directly from Bishop Wade is a letter, dated October 2, which has just arrived. In that letter His Exeelloney reported "consoling" progress in his missions in the preceding year. Baptisms numbered 3,305 in the year, he said, bringing the total Catholic population of the Vicari- ate to 30,043. The letter added that five alum- ni of Marist College here were in the central part of Bougainville Island with about 13,000 natives under their care. "All are in fine form and doing good work,!' the letter said. Bishop Wade's jurisdiction com- prises the islands of Bougainville, on which Kieta is situated, and Buka and a number of smaller islands. Much of the missionary work has been carried on in small boats, even for travel to various parts of the same island, and the interiors have been entirely in- accessible until recently. When Bishop Wade visited the United States at the time of his first ad limina visit to Rome in 1935, he said that one of his great desires was to open up the inter- ior of the islands. Current reports state that prior to the evacuation f civilians from Kieta the Bish- op had sent 30 white missionary nuns to the interior of Bougain- ville island for safety. In addition to eight American Marist Fathers in the Missions under Bishop Wade, there is a priest of the Archdiocese of Bos- ton, the Rev. James Hennessy, who became interested in the mis- aion work in the course of Bishop Wade's 1935 visit here. For the past five years he has been do- ing missionary work and conduct- ing a native training school at Buka. Bishop Wade, who has headed the Vicariate of the North Solo- men Islands since its establish- ment in 1930, has been in the is- lands for 20 years. He was or- dained June 19, 1920. Bishop Inaugurates Radio Series on Bible Rochester. (E).The Most Rev. James E. Kearney, Bishop of Rochester, has inaugurated a ser- ies of religious discussion club radio programs on "The Bible: Testament of God's Love'." Bishop Kearney spoke on "The Word of God." The series is being broadcast each Sunday on the Rochester Catholic H o u r over Station WHAM. Subsequent addresses will be given by six priests of the Rochester Diocese. Points Out Worthy Victory Fruit of Prayer Dubuque. (El."There will be no victory worth winning unless it is won through prayer," the Most Rev. Francis J. L. Beckman, Archbishop of Dubuque, declares in" his Lenten Pastoral. The Archbishop writes to his people: "If you would taste vic- tory, enjoy again the fruits of peace and shorten the period of your tribulation--get down on your knees and pray to the God' of the Universe. Ask nothing brethern, for we are not in a posi- tion to seek favors, but acknowl- edge the measure of your guilt. Accept cheerfully the sacrifices which are coming, grumble not make your trials willingly en- dured, one vast resounding pray- er for peace. We have not yet begun to pray. We must pray loud- er, in great insistent unison--loud enough to drown out the blas- phemies of the world. And, be- lieve me, dearly beloved, there will be no victory worth winning unless it is won through prayer." Citing the evils of "material- ism, divorce, adultery, loose liv- ing, contraception, abortion, dis- honesty, treachery and deceit in politics and in business, and de- faulted religious leadership," the Archbishop says, "if our prayer is to be effective the first condition is that we leave off sinning and turn again wlth our whole hearts and souls to the God of all love." With the country at war, he adds "religion cannot and should not promote material defense of America except as it contributes indirectly to the maintenance of the morale of the nation," nor should there be any compromis- ing of religion or "shelving" of God's precepts, he added. The Archbishop warns against "the insidious attack of Commu- nism which has been steadily gaining momentum under the cov- er of the 'military' alliance be- tween Soviet Russia and the United States." He charges that Communists "already are plotting the failure of our war objectives, hoping that in the ensuing chaos they can achieve the long-dream- ed of revolution in America." Make all the days of your life a constant preparation and thanks- i giving for Holy Communion. 'All-0ut' Military Effort Takes Fore (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington., ().--The changing attitude of Congress, not to mention many overnment officials, is currently reflected in various ways. From the beginning of hostilities two objectives have beeh kept in mind. One is to prepare for war, to build fleets and to organize and equip armies. The other is to prepare for the peace to follow. Gradually the interest has been shifted to the preparations for war and interest in the preparations for peace has noticeably dimin- ished. One of the plans long under consideration to take up the slack when war production is halted and to provide employment for war workers and soldiers is an elaborate program of public works to be launched as soon as the country goes on a peace-time basis. By a substantial majority the House rejected the measure. Although some of the members approved the purpose of the bill but voted against it on the ground that the terms were too general, the debate indicated that the House was more inter- ested in the war than in the prob- lems of readjustment that will follow in its wake. Much of the same attitude was reflected in the discussion of the reorganization of the Office of Civilian Defense. The Director frowned on the so-called "edu- cational and morale-building" ac- tivities, aimed at  post-war as well as war conditions, and made it clear that the Office would con- cern itself with defense activities. In the meantime, there are signs that Congress will scrutinize more carefully than usual proposed ap- propriations for governmental ac- tivities which are not directly as- sociated with the prosecution of the war, although they accord with social and economic policies aimed at peace-time objectives. Activities of this kind will prob- ably be curtailed somewhat, not because they do not serve a use- ful purpose but because the urgency of war needs has become compelling and all available re- sources must be directed to that end. Normal peace-time preoc- cupations must be set aside for the duration of the emergency. It means that social problems and social adjustments will be left in greater measure to individual effort. Government will be too busy fighting the war. Washington, in other words, is becoming more and more war- minded. For the moment the ques- tion of' reconstruction and prob- lems of world readjustment have been pushed into the background. As Assistant Secretary of State Berle indicates, the defense psy- chology no longer prevails. The idea that the purpose of the war, from the point of view of the United States, is the safeguarding of national security has been dis- carded. On the contrary, it is to conquer the enemies that threaten this security by an aggressive ef- fort. One is beginning to hear the phrase---"the fruits of victory." These are to go to the free peoples of the world. Just what these "fruits" might be is not specified. Neither are they being considered. Attention is becoming too completely ab- sorbed by the task of winning the war to consider what shall be done when it is won. It is not a time for speculation concerning the problems that will arise when the objectives have been reached and the way is open to establish a world regime based upon the democratic principles formulated in the Atlantic charter by the President of the United States and the British Prime Minister as a guide to post-war policy. That, of course, will come later. Just now attention is focused upon fighting, to the exclusion of every- thing else. The burden of the ap- peals made by government leaders is to devote all of the nation's energy to building up of an invin- cible war machine and to that alone. Armies must be recruited and trained. Navies must be set afloat. Men and women must work harder and sacrifice their comforts until all that is accomplished, and until it is accomplished it is futile to think of anything else. This transition from a defense psychology to an aggressive war psychology has come about almost overnight in Washington. There is no longer any mention of build- ing bulwarks to protect the coun- try, or even the Western Hemis- phere, against the menace of Nazi and Fascist aggression. Those bul- warks are already down and' the world is the battlefield. The task to be done is to smash the ag- i gressors and destroy the evil that menaces free peoples wherever they may be. To this one all- absorbing undertaking everything else must be subordinated. Pioneer Dominican Nun Dead. Milwaukee. {Et-A--Funeral serv- ices for Mother Iwelda of Jesus, O. P., 72, one of the founders of Convent of the Perpetual Rosary here and its prioress from 1921 to 1927, were held at the Convent February 14. A native of Newark, N. J., she entered the Perpetual Rosary Convent, Union City, N. J., in 1882. She was one of seven Sis- ters who founded the convent here in 1897. During your work days fre- quently say: All for Thee, O most Sacred Heart of Jesus. lHi i i m. I 1 Plumbing And / Heating | , REPAIR SPEOIAIJST , | GEe. M. WOODS " I tS-li Z-$34S Little Rock | :- i ( F "QUI VIVE?" (.Continued from Page 1) publicl would help some. At least, it is safe to say that they have no business in high schools. Children of high school age are still too young to lmss proper judgment upon the worthiness of candidates. Their decisions are[ prompted by their feelings and such standards arc very unfair and unstable. Experience has shown that many pupils who can ill afford it, some how or other get the money necessary to pay their fees and dues in these or- ganizations. Their parents have been known to neglect to pay their honest debts and instead have used the money to gratify their own longing and that of their children for r- very empty social distinction. Belonging to a frat- ernity or a sorority will never make a person something which he is not, at least in the estima- tion of any one who is of sound mind. Such mistakes as thinking that such distinctions do count are costing us plent at present in lives and property. In our snob- bish way, we have been looking down upon the Japs as dirty, lit- tle ellow men, too far beneath us to deserve any consideration. However the refuse to be squel- ched by our high school fraternity methods. It will require more than an air of superiority to put them in their place. We shah have to abandon our fraternity notion and really whip them into line. Amertcan dislike to be alone, says Miss Mary Ellen Chase, pro- lessor of English literature at Smith College. According to Miss Chase, Americans tre unaccus- tomed to being alone, stud afraid to he alone. Facts seem to hear out her contention. One of the i most popular indoor sports in this country is attending luncheons, where some one is engaged to ex- press his views on almost any subject, while the eating goes on. The generality of people in this country are very poor thinkers. That is the reason that they need so much distraction, because try- ing to think might hurt them. Sol- itude suggests thinking. It is its proper environment. It is ideal for self-examination. The spiritual writers, all advise certain periods of silence and solitude during each day, for tll, who live a/religious life and strive for perfection. Dur- ing retreats the laity become acquainted with the advantages of silent commuuion with God. It is a splendid medicine for the soul and helps men t understand the real purpose of Hie. This is a "jittery" age. Its chief character- ISUo is exemplified by the type of music that is so prevalent, plent of noise and very little of music. Last week's number one song on the "hit parade" was "Blues in the Night." An nation that picks a leader in music like that needs to have its collective head examined. The modern danc- ing also indicates a hectic people. The smooth gliding waltz has given way to the clumsy gyrations of the jitter bug. It all looks like an attempt on the part of peo- ple to get away from serious thought, which might lead to nor- mal living. Modern conversations and entertainments are shallow, i There is no sign of intelligence In either of them. There can be no sign of it because modern educa- tion develops none. It goes in for quantity without quality. It is voluminous but erupt like a cir- cus balloon. The individual loses himself and his responsibility in the din of modern living. War Casualty ;]11=, homas A. 8hanahan, S. J., Werbury, Conn., professor at tb aggeneo de Manila, first Amer. iican missionary reported wounded in the. Battle of Manila. Father Shanahan has been removed by boat to Darwin, Australia. The ifaculty of the University had vol- iunteered to help air raid vtcUms. (N.C,W:C.) NAZI (Continued from page 1) ances, can only be nased upon an amazing dose of naivete or else on an officious impudence. Live 'Close to Nature' "In contrast to. this, we Na- tional Socialists claim to live as close as possible to the laws of life and nature. The more we re- cognize, respect and observe these laws of nature and of life, the more we follow the will of Omni- potence. The better we understand' the will of Omnipotence, the great- er will be our achievements. "The consequence of the irre- concilability of National Socialist and Christian ideologies is that we must refuse to strengthen any ex- isting Christian confession or pro- mote the formation of a new one. At this point no differentiation should be made between the var- ious Christian confessions. For this reason and because the Protestant Church is just as hostile to us as the Catholic Church, the idea of uniting the different Protestant confessions and thereby establish ing one Protestant Church of the Reich, has been definitely aban- doned. Any strengthening of the Protestant Church would only be detrimental to us. "The German emperors of the middle ages committed the histori- cal error of continually trying to bring order into the Vatican in Rome. We Germans in general are unfortunately all too subject to the mistake of trying to make order where we ought to be in- terested in destruetiou and dis- cord. The Hohenstaufen ought to have had the greatest interest in splitting the different factions within the Church as widely apart as possible. From the point of view of the Reich it would have been most fortunate if instead of one pope there had been at least two popes, or if possible even more, fighting each other. Instead the German emperors, especially the Hohenstaufen/ always sought order in the Church, always help- ed one pope to power against other contenders, with the result that as soon as the pope was again strong enough, the first in turn to come in for a papal brow- :beating were the emperors. The Church, however, for the streng- thening of her own position and power repeatedly took advantage of the petty interests of princes and later of parties, and made every effort to foment them. "In former generations national leadership was exclusively in the hands of the Church. The State was satisfied with making laws and regulations and with estab- lishing them firmly before aH else. But the real leadership was not in the hands of the State but in the hands of the churches. They, through the parish priests, wield- ed the strongest influence on the life of every individual, of the families and of the community. And whatever did not fit into I l i Pamphlet Price Increased. London (E)--The Catholic Truth Campbell, Mallory Society has increased the stand- ard price of its pamphlets from & Throgmorton two pence (4 cents) to three pence, IN$KANi OF ALL KTI: owing to increased printing costs and the paper shortage. Penny Aetmt FI Wlla pamphlets will remain at this price lne 4-S until present stocks are exhausted. 1_ II II [I I II  _ 2__ II _ DR ANNIE M. BREMgR [ P=etea Hospital Beds Invalid Chairs I1 Icne, Its (hlUl- ,m. s. For Rent I1 pho. s-=s4 Phone 4-3533 ]tJii[ 310 E. Sth I '''''ml Little Rock Ark. Free Delivery Night Phone 4-2801 i Hospital MORRILTON, ARKs ]1 716 Main Street /[ Scarred Tobruk Church Stands After Wounds Of 1,000 Bombings (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Melbourne, Australia. (Ek--After more than 30 weeks of with over 1,000 bombing attacks, Tobruk's church still tribute to a creed which is "much older and more enduring twentieth century creed of Adolf Hitler," a dispatch to the Herald from its correspondent in Libya, John Hetherington, "This afternoon," wrote Mr. Hetherington, "I strolled Catholic Church which faces what once was T0bruk's main Church has suffered. I remember it when the Australians : Tobruk last January. It bore a few scars then, but they were no ! than superficial wounds Now it is a wreck. Axi bombs have torn great i]oles in the wall behind the altar. Sunlight filters throug [roof where tiles have been blasted away. Sacred statues have 'chipped and defacd by flying steel. The church is no longer use{ worship The altar is covered with dust from the desert. So, alsa the plain wooden forms on Tobruk's population sat their plans was crushed with un- the services before war precedented ruthlessness. Libya. Course Through Centuries "It was all ,rather p "In the course of centuries the walked round the church State bought the influential CO-]pntl v mo nn th operauon o the tnu cnvy an lnrinted in lea---il sorts of concessions. The Church fi,-p .. ,.  " ' ...... i .... I W [e Wall: rlease remm nag me power m Gee e wnemer ._ r,... ,, __ ]is a Catholl .u..  t would help someooay or oP-la s much o an-, a*holi pose him The State was subser- :7 ."' J..':. '"  .......... as  oes to tanans or L vlent to ecclesiastical al(l anet ere ......... . ] oz any omer nauon lease pended on the Church ur neces ........... ' , It ...... . z. An Jngnsn bauor. slty, durlng the mlame ages ana in modern times as well the fight "An English 'Tommy' came*Ji theretl of s i [ery minU = of the German emperors against the pope failed again and again because not the emperor but the church was in control of national leadership. "This concept of the State's de- pendence on the Church, this abandonment of national leader- ship to the Church, had' become a matter of course, to such an ex- tent that nobody dared to oppose it seriously. Until we took over power in Germany it was con- sidered absurd and stupid for any- one not to reckon with this state of affairs from the beginning as with an inevitable fact. "For the first time in German history, the Fuehrer has taken na- tional leadership consciously and exclusively into his own hands Through the Party, its member organizations and the associations depending from it the Fuehrer has forged for himself and thus for the German Government an instrument which makes him in- dependent of the Church. Every influence which might diminish or even injure this leadership which the Fuehrer has developed with the aid of the NSDAP must be eliminated. The people must be liberated more and more from the churches and their organs, the priests. Obviously from their own point of view, the churches must and will resist this restriction of their power. But never again can the churches be allowed any in- b fluence in national leadership. Such influence must be broken, absolutely and definitely. Only the Government of the Reich, and by its order the Party, its member groups and affiliated associations, has the right to leadership. Just as the obnoxious influence of as- trologists, soothsayers and other swindlers has been suppressed and eliminated by the State, the power and influence of the churches :must be annihilated forever. Only after this has been achieved will the State have full influence over the individual members of our Na- tion. Only then will the existence of Nation and Reich be assured forever. "We would only be repeating the mistakes so disastrous to the Reich in past centuries, if, after recognizing the ideological op- position of the Christian confes- sions, we were to contribute in any ways towards the strengthen- ing of any one of the divers churches. It is not in the disap- pearance, bIt in the maintenance and growth of ecclesiastic particu- larism that the interest of the Reich lies. "(Signed) M. Bormann, Reichleiter." II I the church while I was climbed a steep flight of leading to a narrow gallery the front door. After a so, he started playing on, church's hand-organ. I d0._ know what he played; it was l,,  tional music of some sort. t]! was a fine organist, and the ! of the music in that ruined cll was strangely beautiful. I liSt$1 for a while, then walked clll: out of the church, leaving 'Tommy' to express in hiS.i way his faith in a creed whl older and mere enduring thS twentieth century creed of Hitler. Here at least was  thing that all the bombs coUlP..i smash and destroy." _i!! 5 Abstinence Modified in ' Lenten Fast Dispensed,  Buffalo. (E).--A general dt sation from the Lenten fast/] modification of the law a ence have been granted t0 Catholics of his Diocese b Most Rev. John A. Duffy, Buffalo. ifAll the changes were ms virtue of faculties granted h Holy Father. ii The law of fasting has beel,l pensed for all and the law stinence changed so that Ca are bound to abstain fromlt meat and its juices only on F t Ash Wednesday, the forerO.,; Holy Saturday and the v Pentecost, All Saints and mas. A happy death is the g.[ grace we can ask of God. A 1],, death means a Heaven of hP. for all eternity. A bad aLat meneSaSnsa Hell of eternal miSeil _.AL TO GET RID OPl COLV A 00uaav g| S. & B. "SPRATU It is Just the cl remed to quickly and If used L tLme..: often prevent it, and other tr .0 that follow a cold. 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