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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
February 27, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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February 27, 1942

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Little Rock, Arkaness, Inder ......... the Act of Cs at larch S, lSS. The Holy Father's plan strikes at the root of these disorders, vv ,H, ,tvt,/J#w,,w vj t,t z.,to, / ,,.L,# ,##,.,#eo Ju, g, x ,,M,, . I, Reao each of the following OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of LAttle Rack mzd I pray God that it may be an marnest champion eI the r2mee of risbt, Jms and truth and an ardent defender of the relIma we all Jove so wl. I extend to It my bJessfng with the Jdncere hope that Its career m ho lank and prosperous. JOHN B. MORR]B,. Bishop of Little limit. KDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All eommunlcations about The Gaardima must be handled thrmal the Business Manager, and all matters lntAraded fer pub]leatlon should m The Guardian offloe not later than Tuesday at z.- REVEREND THOMAJI J. PRENDERGA/IT Business and Editorial Office, S09  West 2nd, Telephone |48{i j SPONSORS OF SERVICE I Picture 9ervlce---Knishts of Columbus of Arlkasas Paragauld Council, No. 1713 ....................... $1R.@0 Stuttgart-Slovactewn Council, No. 27S0. 12.00 Little Rock Council, No. 812__ Ii.00 Fort Smith Council, No. 96 ............................... .e0 FEBRUARY 27, 1942 ';I/by liberty of the press, we un[erstand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but H it means the liberty ot at- tronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall "please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others for the privilege ot not being abused myselL"Franklin. Pastoral (Continued from Last Week) Editor's Note: In the opening paragraphs of his Lenten Pastoral, Bishop Morris reminded of the grave obligation which Catholics have toward the defense of their country, ltis Excellency pointed out with wht freedom the Church has flourished in Ameriea, free from persecution by the Government. Ite called for penance for our mis- deeds and stressed particularly the necessity of winning the peace. His Excellency's diseussion of the five point peace program of Ills Itoliuess, the Pope, by which we may best shape the post war course, follows. The trouble with too many of us is that we talk too much and do too little. We talk constantly about the needs of the Country without doing the slightest thing of a constructive na- ture to supply these needs. How much more profitable it would be for us personally and for the Country if we would try, before beginning to talk, to know a little more about what the Holy Father thinks are the fundamental requirements for a lasting peace. It is true, he does not claim infallibility in his statements regarding questions not pertaining to faith or morals. But there is possibly no one in the world as well qualified to advise us in these critical times s is the Holy Father. First.of all, his vision is clear and unclouded by national prejudices---- his spiritual domain is the entire world; he is truly seeking the well-being and happiness of the human family. Secondly, on account of his position as Head of the Church, with an intimate knowledge of conditions throughout the world which led to this universal catastrophe, he is best able to lead the world back to the ways of peace. Thirdly, he has the experience of the Church, the only Institution on earth which has grown stronger with the ages, to guide him. If he had been harkened to at the end' of the last World War, things might be different today. It may be that the Head of Christendom will have no voice in the deliberations following th present war. But he is not waiting until the end of the war to make his convictions known. In these times of war, he is trying to lay the foundation for a lasting peace after the war. He is not confiding his views to a few around the conf8rence table, but proclaiming them to all the peoples of the world. The peoples of the world would do well to consider them. Particularly is this true of us in the United States. This is a representative government. The action of the heads of the nation is influenced and determined by the people. It is our individual responsibility to think ahead, and there is no better teacher or adviser in our future actions than the Head of that Institution which draws its experience from the past twenty centuries. Let us not say that we are too few to bring about a general recognition in this Country o,f the Pope's Peace Plan, and a conviction that it states in principle the basis of a lasting peace. Such an objection on our part would not be prompted by either reason or experience, but simply a teodency to draw back and shrink from the responsibility which is ours. If we are ourselves convinced of a solution to a problem and if that problem is sufficiently important, no amount of work will be too much. Single individuals have been known to away a nation. Nor might our task be as difficult as we anticipate, for our fellow Americans, who are not members of the Catholic Church, want true peace as much as we do. They are seeking the formula like ourselves. They are disposed to listen to the Holy Father. A great majority of them respect him and the great Church he represents. Although not blessed with the gift of' Faith, innumerable non-Catholics are willing to give a fair and unbiased consideration to the advice of the Holy Father. It is our duty as Americans and 'Catholics to seek the formula of peace even now when we are engaged in war. It will not paralyze our war efforts but rather instill un added determina- tion to win. Actually, the Holy Father's five points for winning the peace, are also five points for winning the war. Take them one by one and see for yourself if this is not true. The reason is very easy to understand: these points are based on God's changeless law to which man is always subject. It would be foolish for a man, who is subject to the law of gravitation, to walk off of a cliff and expect not to fall. The reason is: he is subject to the law. There are other laws as important as gravita- tion which man must follow on account of the fact that he is a human being. When he violates a law of this kind, man suffers; when he obeys such a law he prospers. If 1 violate the law of temperance in eating and drinking, or in any other kind of excessive indulgence, nature requires its toll. In a similar way, human society and the family of nations are regulated by car- States to consider the Holy Father's plan. First, we have in common With all Americans a desire for lasting peace after the war. For this reason, any peace plan, prepared by any great national leader, would command our respect and thoughtful consideration. But in addition to this reason, Catholics feel that the Holy Path,or is especially qualified to propose such a plan. I have already mentioned some of these reasons -- they were natural reasons which might appeal to any thinking person. There is, in addition to these, a reason which is supernatural: We believe that the Vicar of Christ on earth is God's authorized and official interpreter of natural law in things that concern man's eternal salvation. It is true, in formulating a plan of peace for the worM, he is not infallible in his judgments. But we do feel that, because of his High Office which guarantees our Lord's help in carrying out its fearful duties and responsi- bilities as Shepherd of the Fold, he is especially directed and assisted by God in knowing how to help our restless, rebellious spirits find again the harbor of a lasting peace. The promo- tion of peace has been the outstanding work of his pontificate. He is properly called "'the Pope of Peace." He has practically dedicated his life to the work of bringing back this treasure to a distracted, suffering world. He has been aided in his endea- vors by the prayers of the faithful, especially of little children, which he has so frequently requested. In view of all these rea- sons, which are strong to a man of faith, do we not have ample grounds for expecting to find in the Holy Father's words on peace a God-given message which we should heed if we truly love our Country? Let us try to understand them better and be- come apostles of this kind of peace by spreading the gospel of a lasting peace after the war  a peace founded on justice and charity. Such a peace cannot be expected until we have won this war. No one but God knows how long we must wait. In the meantime, the hardships, sacrifices and sufferings of war must be paid as the price of peace. Such a price is not too high if the peace which comes is not a counterfeit. Unless it is a lasting peace, based on jdstice and charity, it is not worth fighting for. Whether or not it will be this kind of peace depends on us and our fellow Americans. My dear children in Christ: I know I need not appeal to you to be patriotic in these days of war. Your sense of duty and loyalty to our Country has been developed in you by your home, your Church, your Catholic school training. It is the kind which runs deep and is expressed more by works than by words. We must, and I know we will, live up to our past traditions. Never before have we had more at stake. With the departure of husbands and sons and brothers to the front, the realization of war has struck home to us. They are doing their full share--- let us do ours. They have been called upon to give their un- divided service to the defense of their Country. They have willingly answered this call, many times at great personal sacri- fice. But they are no more Americans than we. The Country is as much ours as theirs to defend. As much should be ex- pected from us as from them. Whenever the Country calls upon us, let us answer like true Americans should, with ready obedience, without complaint, with selfless devotion. Let us be loyal, patient, reliant, frugal, helpful, respectful, devout, prayer- ful, God-fearing, with true Christ-like charity for all. Modern warfare makes soldiers of all of ussoldiers in what may at any time become the front line. Let us not be complacent in our apparent security far from actual warfare. Those whom we have chosen to lead us know better than we do. Without alarm, let us always do immediately what we are told by our civil and military superiors to do. Let us learn from the tragic examples of those who rested quietly in the false conviction that "it cannot happen here". In other words, be good faithful Catholics. If you are, you will perform all your patriotic duties and be good Ameri- cans. And do not forget to pray .... Commend yourseh;es, your families, our armed forces, our fellow countrymen, our Country itself to the keeping of our merciful Lord. Approach the Sacra. ments regularly and frequently; join with Our Lord in offering the great Sacrifice of the New Law. "Fill up", as Saint Paul says, "that which is lacking in the sufferings of Christ,'" by giving Him your sufferings to offer at Mass in place of His own, since He Himself can no lc, nger suffer. We will need more than ever the strength and fortitude, which only our Holy Faith gives, before this war is over. \\; Let us face the future with confidence and unafraid. "Not tha we are anything ourselves, as of ourselves; but our strength is from God." God is still the Ruler of His world. With trust in Him, Who will not forsake us if we seek Him, ht us do our part. He will not fail to do His. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. Words of Today00 Parable Encouragement Father Stedman, Catty of the Precious Blood, True Happiness. Brooklyn, N. Y. Deep in the nature God has "BROTHER, CAN YOU SPARE?" given us is a constant craving for A reporter was recently asked happiness. From the first dawn of consciousness to our latest dying for a dime by a man who was breath our hands are stretched down and out. The reporter did forth longingly for aught that may more. He took the derelict in tow, relieve this hunger of our soul took him to a public bath, to a And yet, how few there are who barber shop, to a clothes shop. know true happiness. And why? It He spent five hours and $35.00 is because too often joy is sought until the down-and-out looked where joy of soul cannot be found, like an up-and-coming man. It is because too often we are wont Many of us might not have the to strive to quench the thirsting of $35.00. But not one of us but our heart as poisoned springs of hasn't it within his means to help empty earthly pleasures. And the someone who is down and out bitterness that follows is the best spiritually, to get on his feet. proof of our folly. Brother, you can spare a spiritual What, then, are we to do? For hand-out. It is expected of you. we must have happiness. We must You have a "talent"your relig- learn of Jesus, our Model of per- ion. : fect contentment. He will tea'ch us You know what our Lord ex- See WORDS on pge 5 See PARABLE on page 5 The Grace of A Happy Death? Not necessarily. Any one, who dies in the state of grace, has a happy death, no matter how much suffering and agony he may ex- perience since his soul is saved and he will be happy forever in Heaven. Therefore, a dying person, who has committed no mortal sin since his last good confession, or one who has fallen into the state of mortal sin since his last confession but makes an act of per- fect contrition (including the de- sire of confession ihe has the op- portunity), can rrave a happy death without the last sacramenta and the presence of a priest. ,, I have notice; the*American flag displayed in several Cthollc churches. Is it proper? No organization teaches more definitely and positively the obli- gation of national patriotism than the Catholic Church. In keeping with this fact, it does not seem at all improper that the American Flag be displayed in our churches. In substantiation of this fact, the Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office issued a special communi- cation to Cardinal Diomede Fal- conio, Apostolic Delegate to the United States, on March 1, 1911, stating in brief that provided there was no contempt of. the Church or of Sacred Liturgy there was nothing to impede the display of our National Flag. Was Napoleon Bonaps, rte a Catholic and did he practice his religion? While Napoleon was a Catholic in the sense that he was bap- tized and raised in the faith, he was not a practical Catholic dur- ing the days of his glory. He did not deny his faith and had a cer- tain respect for the religion, even though he put the Pope in prison. In the first year of his captivity at St. Helena, he asked for a chaplain, saying: "It would rest my soul to hear Mass." A chap- lain was appointed to him, to whom he said shortly before his death: "I was born in the Cath- olic religion, I wish to fuffill the duties it imposes and receive the succor which it administers." During those days he spoke feelingly of Pope Pius VII, call- ing him a man "full of tolerance and light." He expressed deep regret for the un-Christian con- duct he had shown towards the Vicar of Christ, and it is quite certain that he received the Last Sacraments of the Church. What is the origin of the lw of celibacy? The law of celibacy flows out of the Christian sense of the dig- nity of the priesthood. It was vohmtary in the apostolic times but was made a law of the Church in the fourth century. It was enforced under severest penalty by Gregory VII in the Roman Synod of 1074. This leg- islation was nothing, more than a revival of the old discipline of the Church. The law of celibacy is a matter of discipline and not of dogma. If you own a relic, is it neces- sary to keep a vigil light burning in front of it? Someone told me that has to be done. There is no such requirement laid down as a regulation by the Church in regard to relics. How- ever, a relic must be handled rev- erently and preserved against dis- respect, but we must also avoid exaggerations that are contrary to the mind of the Church. Is it not true St. Joseph is In Heaven? The soul of St. Joseph is in Heaven but the body will not be in Heaven until the day of Gen- eral Resurrection. Is there a Biblical basis for the fate that befell Adam and Eve after their fa21 from grace? In Genesis, chapter iii, verse 16- 24, we read: "To the woman, the Lord said: "I will multiply thy sorrows and thy conceptions; In sorrow shalt thou bring forth chil- dren; thou shalt be under thy husband's power...' And to Adam He said: '...Cursed is the earth in thy work; with labor and toil shalt thou eat thereof all the days of thy life. Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herbs of the earth. In the sweat of thy brow shalt thou eat bread till thou re- turn to the earth...' And the Lord sent him out of the paradise of pleasure." I have heard it Md that Pro- testant churches are founded on personal trust, and freedom as to how and where we shall meet Our Lord in prayer. The Catholic Church does not exclude personal trust in Our Lord. She insists upon it. And Catholics are perfectly free to seek union with Him in prayer when- ever they wish. But the Catholic Church rightly forbids Catholics to seek union with assemblies of others who profess doctrines other than hers. Whatever charity we have for others, we cannot extend approval to their erroneous teach- ings and forms of religious wor- ship. You may be my friend; but your religion is not my religion; and you should not expect me to behave as if it were. Is it a sin to remain in a com- Pany when bad stories are being told? If your company indulge in im- proper language and you feel that an admonition would put a stop to such talk it would be proper for you to admonish them. If it would not cause too much embar- rassment you should leave such company. They cannot have the proper respect for themselves or for you when they talk misprop- erly in your presence. If you feel that an admonition would serve no good purpose and you can not leave the company, the only thing for you to do is to pay no attention to the tlk and show by your silence that you do not ap- prove. Does chewing gum used after twelve o'clock break the Eucha- ristic fast? If the gum is placed in the mouth after 12 o'clock or immedi- ately before 12 o'clock the fast is broken because substances are obtained from the gum and swal- lowed. If gum was placed in the mouth an appreciable time before 12 o'clock, the substance obtain- ed from the gum would have been swallowed before the hour. rhy is it that a priest is allow- ed to say only one Mass on week dys? Because such is the law of the Church. He is permitted to say a second Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation when it is necessary to provide the peo- ple with the means to fulfill the obligation to hear Mass. On Christ- mas Day and on All Souls Day a priest is permitted to say three Masses. TR,,A.N__G_E_ B_U.T TR_u E Li00le-Know. Facts tar CaTh00ies y M. |. MURRAY, ments carefully and draw l under the word' or phrase completes it most correctly. in the bracket at the left statement write the the word or phrase have chosen. () 1. By the First merit God forbids: (1) the l ing of images and statues; kneeling before images and ues; (3) all adoration of or anyone but the one true (4) veneration of the B. V. saints. () 2. Pictures and the saints are placed in to: (1) make the churches beautiful; (2) show us saints looked like; (3) aid our reverence and give us something visible to ship. : () 3. The Second Corn ment forbids: (1) all irreve:i in the use of the name ofl (2) all use of God's name ezli in prayer; (3) the taking of  ': in purely civil lawsuits; (4) taking() 4.fCursingaths exceptis agaiin nastta ' i Second ommandment p because it: (1) is ungentle (2) is disrepectful to otherS;][" leads to and is expressive of (4) calls on God to do evil t0l sons or things. () 5. The Commandments intended: (1) remove sin; (2) part grace; (3) teach us what wants us to do and what He l hibits. ST. JOHN'S CORRESPONDENCE COUI ST. JOHN'S SEMINAR LITFLE ROCK, ARI Last week s answers: i l. Peter alone (2). 2. No one (1). 3. To Purgatory (3). .,,i 4. Receive Heaven as a gl1! 5. God' alone (1). - | 'Catholics in History: Charles Carroll, signer of Declaration of Independence, gan the first American rail r America is called after cus Vespucci, a Catholic. .,.J The founder of the Red  St. Camillus of Lellis, was a ' olic. , " Copernicus, world' greateSL [ tronomer, was a Catholic ec r" astic. Fabre, world's greatest ntO ist, was a Catholic. N-ew--00an Libra00 ,o w,t pitol 'ii More Lenten Suggestions: Be sure to let us know i  if you want a Holy Week I All good Catholics are desirO spend this week, above all otl well and profitably and the b tiful ceremonies of Hol Y which we in Little Rock are vileged to attend, are not fully preciated or understood wi this little book. They are only cents and using them only week of the year should lS lifetime. Why not too see that by the whole family has his or. rosary, prayerbook or missalS, have them at all prices so it s * not be hard to do this. They no more than a lunch down or a picture show. We also the authorized new translati' the New Testament in F Stedman's two recent arr,, merits. "My Daily Reading the Four Gospels" and '"MY, Reading from the New s. ment"only twenty-five cen* thirty-five cents. THE GOLDEN HAIL I/LI One fervent Hail Mary wi r [ and thought said Is better than volumes of pr poorly read. If time and one's duties preYS long prayer, Just say one Hail Mary witl vor and care. The "golden Hail Mary" V/: from the heart springs, The greatest of blessings Mary it brings; t.,,m  And we never will know J fore Mary's throne .,d How that daily Hail Mary bW'! us to her home. ,( If we dwell on the words "" Mother of God," Do we not honor Jesus, her and her Lord? , And"pray for us now and S' : hour of our death" , That moment when spiritUm "| will be met. Ah! that is the moment, we'll t# ly need aid; And to Mary we'll turn, that ## lowly, hand-maid, t Be sure she will help you you say  jtt # One single Hail Mary every day. Lent is not intended ,t-a,! kill-joy, to usher in a 1I.  . gloom. Lent is not planned t life, but to prepare for s abundant joy in life. EverY . the farmer breaks up, plO nara xrozen soil. Then the . spring showers reach dowm . the earth, make it ready fo Yes, the plow of penance , work to do before we re s" fruits of Easter. The wise Christian, at prayers, will include the "Grace of a happy