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February 24, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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February 24, 1923
 

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THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1923 PAGE FIVN NOTE Cunningh,am, prominent literary of the Bos- has been elected diocesan North Am- TEXAS NULLIFIES ANTI-PAROCHIAL SCHOOL MEASURE (By,N. C. W. C. News Service) Austin, Tex., Feb. 15.--By a vote of 72 to 54 the lower house of the Rome. His Emi- Legislature has killed the Baker Anti- II, himself a Parochial School bill, which would the North Ameri-] hav e given to county superintendenta a member of the or- the authority to make quarterly in- ed the princi- the aSaual meeting Week. pastor of St. orcbester, after grad- College, where of gold for excel- COmpleted his thee- Rome an, was or- Iaraccnl ill the Lateran, in 1889. of several eel- "Songs of One of 'his most "The War is the study of ir- from the earliest at Rome, Father selected to write ode expressing the people to of his gold- been all editorial one of the old- in America, organ of the J. Walsh, and writer, pro- board for news sex stories allure, people to imitate. in the New to regu- news of crimes suggested last J. Walsh, exten- Universi- of Physiological College, in spections of private and parochial schools. The vote struck the enact-i ing clause from the bill and the meas- ure is now disposed of, so far as the present Legislature is concerned. The State Senate for its part has rejected the bills introduced by Sena- tor Clark and others requiring the teaching of the Bible in public, pri- vate and parochial schools of Texas. The Clark bill had been pending for some time on the calendar and when it was finally called up, a motion pre- vailed to postpone the measure indef- initely. There is a similar bill pending in the House, introduced by Representa- tive McDonald, former chaplain of the Huntsville state penitentiary, but so far he has been unable to obtain consideration of the measure. There is little chance of the bill passing the House. but should it by chance be ac- cepted, it would be defeated ill the up- per branch, as the Senate has ;already indicated its attitude on the proposal.' Legislator Speaks His Mind I That tile Legislature will not at the present regular session pass any or the so-called regulatory measures dealing with matters of this kind is indicated in announcements made by a number of legislators. Members of the Legislature who have been asked for their opinions in regard to such measures have uniformly condemned this form of legislation. Among these is Representative LeSturgeon, of San Antonio, who characterizes such legislation as "vicious and in! conflict with American ideals of re- ligious freedom." "Such bills as the Bible reading Society of Med- the New York bill, the anti-parochial school bill, and Dr. Walsh other legislation designated to limit or Crime gave it an or curtail the freedom of religious l re " " did not act'as a de- thought or exp ssmn, says Repre-l sentative LeSturgeon, "are unwise t I o have something I t may be some-I Said. "I remember I say to me: 'Do' had anything }lave never even car that killed some- of craving do riot permit picture of a find that boys it. I believe that if a crime is shown be shown on the how the details affects the people is attached to apparently, is to all, nobody is good. of how long they New Brunswick page. Not only the stories, the sexual inci- but maga- a point to print news of crime is so that in the fu- itted. Were committed the news of all d in dtail ? The different from present of regulation by Boards of he added, tances we Health for for the body2 Is we should have Don't you that the last by a boy of him to do read the dime ago to steal his away to He- y to pre- of these details ? lard of Psycholo- but er- ie abuse--- BURNED of the control called are to be de- on mag- from the sag}s- dismissed by allega- obscene and an indecent ] and contrary to American ideals. I shall oppose them. [ "In America we are taught to be- lieve that religion and politics do not  mix. The best elements of our peo- ple have always felt that liberty of conscience is too sacred a right to be jeopardized by confusing it with pc-, litical questions." i ] Klan Not in Control of St nate I While it is generally conceded that a majority of the 150 members of the, lower house of the Texas Legislature] are either members of the Ku Klux] Klan or sympathizers of that secret I organization, the Senate is of differ- ent complexion. On more than one occasion that body has demonstrated that a majority of its 31 members are not Klansmen and not ill harmony with the principles of the Klan. For this reason there is little or no chance that any so-called regulatory bills af- fecting religion and parochial schools will be passed at the present session. A few days ago an effort was made in the Senate by the Klan sympathiz- ers to recommit a bill by Senator Joe Burkett of Eastland, during the ab-! sense of the latter, and in fact the[ bill was recommitted, but the anti- Klan element when it discovered what had occurred, had the bill replaced on the calendar and subject to call. This is the bill which would require all se- cret organizations to file a list of their membership with the county clerk for pub.lie inspection. ANGLICANS PROPOSE UNION WITH CATHOLICS TO SAFEGUARD SCHOOLS (By N. C. W C. News Service) London, Feb. 12.--Dissatisfiedwith the Government's proposals in the new Education Bill, and pressing for the proper safeguarding of definite Christian teaching, the Christian ele- ments in the county of Lancashire. have put forward an interesting proposal. A resolution passed at the Angli- can diocesan conference at Manches- ter, that the Catholics should be call- ed upon to unite with the Anglicans and the Protestant Dissenters, to de- vise a scheme of religious education in all the confessional schools in the county. The proposal does not concern itself with any kind of religious instruction to be given; it is not an attempt in the direction of interdenominational- ism. Its scope is to draw up condi- tions for safeguarding the religious rights of the schools of the different creeds; the conditions under which the instruction shall be given; and to put a stiff front against any central- ized interference with each denomi- nation's concept of religious educa- tion. _ _ q. MARCH: TItE SANCTITY OF MARRIAGE fly R. V. O'Conncll, S. J, in the What could be less sacred than tile nrtrriage-tie in the eyes of modenl paganism ? For those who regard' it as a merely human contracL falling in every respect within the province of human legislation, it has become lit- tle better than a solemn jest. An in- stitution which, in the designs of na- I ture, apart from any question of reve-, lation, is destined to fulfil the itnpor- [ tant function of perpetuating the hu-I, man race, and preparing generation' after generation to bear the burden of t the race, has become on an incredibly wide and ever-increasing scale an in-. S .... ' ' 1 i trument for the grahtlcatlon oi mere animal lust. Loose Notions And, oh. the degradation, when shameless men and brazen women op- . enly flout the convictions of their tel- t lows, and advocate theorie3 and prac- I tices which are directly opposed to all I the lawful purposes of matrimony! What wonder, if, eveo among Chris- I tians and loyal children of the Church, [ certain loose notions should little by little be gaining ground, when views are freely advanced in the press and in ordinary conversation, which are utterly subversive of sound doctrine, or, if Christian modesty has lost not a little of its delicacy, when topics are blatantly discussed in the street and on the paltform, which heretofore were regarded as subjects to be han- dled with the greatest caution, and with all the safeguards of the strict- est priwmy ? True Ideal But Catholics, at any rate, must not lose sight of the true ideal of Chris- tian marriage. They are the salt ell the earth, "but if the salt lose its I savor wherewith shall it be salted?" (Matt. v. 13). If they themselves be- come infected with the false notions. so prevalent everywhere in our day, who will save mankind from universal degeneracy If, then, we would clarify our outlook, we must go back to the very origin of things, and to the first institution of Matrimony. It is our Lord Himself, who refers us back, as it is He, also, who has restored mar- riage to its original condition. Mosaic Law No doubt, there llad been certain concessions prior to His coming which: without being approved, had been tol- erated in the Mosaic legislation. These had their motive and their justifica- I tion in the hardness of the human] heart, and this under a dispensation I where grace was less plentifully be- I stowed than now. They had to do] mainly ith the unity and inviolabil-1 ity of the marriage-bond. "But, from the beginning, it was not so" (Matt. xix. 8). And our Lord, as the su- preme Lawgiver, reiterates the sol- emn charge which goes back to the creation itself of mankind. Indissol able "Have you not read," He asks, "that He who made man from the begin- ning, made them male and female?" And He said: "For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and] shall cleave to his wife, and they two I I " shall be i one flesh. Whence our I Lord proceeds to argue that marriage I ,, ,, J is one and indissoluble: Therefore, He says, "now they are not two, but one flesh." And then, with all the force and energy of His own Divine authority, He concludes: "What, therefore, God hath joined together, let no man put asunder" (Matt. xix, 4-6). Divorce There can, then, be no possible doubt that divorce is absolutely irrec- oncilable with the mind of Christ. It can have no place in the Christian Church. "Whosoever," He says, "shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her. And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to an- other, she committeth adultery" (St. Mark, x, 11-12). Our Lord does not mince words. It was a question of restoring a lost ideal, and of putting marriage once more on the lofty foot- ing from which human passion had thrust it down. Law for Christians St. Paul, the great Apostle of the Gentiles, and the faithful and author- itative.interpreter to them of the will of Christ, is no less explicit in what he lays down as the law of Christians, than his Divine Master who sent him. tie is legislating for all nations and for all times, but his words are ad- dressed directly to neophytes, who for the most part had been lately recruit- ed from the midgt of a thoroughly degraded paganism. For the condi- tions of the Roman world, while simi- lar to our own in the prevailing lust- fulness and general contempt for the sacredness of the marriage-bond, was even more shameless in its open dis- Messenger of the Sacred Heart regard of the common decencies of life. IAffty Standard And the Apostle was under no illu- sion as to the tremendous difficulty of enforcing the lofty standard of Christian morality in communities of men and women surrounded by such corrupting influences. Nevertheless, he,too, proclaims again and again the unity and indissolubility of matt}. sony. "To them that are married," he says, "not I, but the Lord com-I mandeth, that the wife depart not from lier husband, and if she depart, I that she remain unnmrried, or be rec- f onciled to her husband. And let not the husband put away his wife" {I Cor. vii, 10-11). Divine Law The law has not been made by St. Paul, but by the Lord Himself. It is not human but Divine. The one thing which can alone intervene to loose the bond of Christian marrmge is death. "For the wonmn that hath a husband, whilst her husband liveth, is bound to the law. But if her husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her hus- band. Therefore, whilst her husband liveth, she shall be called an adulter- ess, if she be with another man; but if her husband be dead. she is deliver- ed from tile law of her husband" (Ro- t roans, vii, 2, 3)). Relies on Grace The teaching is clear and uncom- promising. The Apostle will not abate one jot of its severity for ,he purpose of accommodating himself to human frailty. And the doctrine was unhesitatingly accepted by the early Christians, as it has heen by the du- since. The Apostle did not rely for its observance on any merely natural resom'ces, hut on the all-powerful grace of Christ. l, or him, Christian:' marriage is symbolical of the union of Christ with His Church, a union which is altogether an affair of the Divine grace, begun by grace: nmintained by grace, consummated by grace. The marriage then, of a Christian man and woman must undoubtedly insure to them an abundant outpouring of Heavenly grace, without which their union wouht lack the chief element of resemblance to that of Christ and the Church. Great Sacrament No wonder, then, that St. Paul says of it that it is "a great Sacrament," in other words, a mystery of serious im- port (by reason of its hidden sacred meaning), but, as the Apostle hastens to add, that must be understood only of marriage in the Church of Christ. "But I speak," he says, "in Christ and in the Church." Model Union The union, then, between Christ and His Church must be the model for the Christian husband and wife. ""Let the women be subject to their hus- bands as to the Lord; because the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ is the Head of the Church. Therefore, as the Church is subject to Christ, so also le the wives be to their husbands in all things. Hus- bands, love your wives, as Christ also loved the Church, and delivered Him- self up for it" (Eph. v, 22-25). Mutual Love The foremost obligation for the Christian man and woman, who are united by the bonds of holy matri- nmny, is that of mutual love True, in the married state, as in every soci- ety, there must be a principle of au- thority, which, as between man and wife, is vested in the man, who is the head of the woman, just as Christ is the head of His Church. Not that the Wife is inferior to'the husbandshh may be his suitor}or both nmrally and intellectually---but because there must be order everywhere, and if only there is true and unselfish love, there will be no wrangling as to the limits of that authority which one possesses over the other. Love's Surrender Marriage under normal conditions is the outcome of love, and a love which can be satisfied with nothing abort of a complete and irrevocable surrender of oneself. For Christians for whom the espousals of Christ and the Church are the patteru of their union, it is plain how perfect that love should be, how faithful, how patient, how endur- ing, how entirely self-effacing, and self-sacrificing. The qualities of na- ture are of themselves too frail and brittle to serve as a basra for a union of permanent affection. The spright- liness of youth gives way to the in- firmities of age, the features lose their charm, the disposition itself is often altered through care or through disease, the feelings are frequently embitter by reverses of fortune and the various haps and mishaps of life, and the outlook would indeed be gloomy, and well nigh hopeless, were not Christ at hand to aid His ores- tures to struggle courageously to- WORLD PSYCHOLOGY wards the ideal which Iie Himself has set for then,. A CURIOUS THING Supernatural Help This He has done by raising Mat- SAYS CHESTERTON rimony in His Church to the dignity of a Sacrament. The nmrriage con- tract itself is, by the institulion of Rationalism is Now Found Oni] in Christ, a means of conferring sancti- " ChurchLot of Vague Skepticism tying grace upon those who engage m a Tired World. in it with worthy disposition, and a source to them of a perennial flow of : (By N C. W. C. News Serivce) actual graces or supernatural helps to New York, Feb. 19.--Gilbert K. enable then) to discharge all their ob- ChestertoL the noted English writer ligations faithfully, and to hear all who has recently embraced the Catho- lic faith, is quoted in an interview their burdens, whatever they may be, and how grievous soever they may with Ivor Nicholsen in the "New York appear, resignedly and even cheerful- Times" as havin, declared that lhere ly. has beena marked decline in adher- Surest Passport to Peace ence to materialistic philosophy dur- ing the past few years. When asked Perfect happiness i notattainable if, in his opinion, materialism is the in this life. Mutual love and mutual t,()st important of present clay evils, forbearance are the surest passports Mr. Chesterton replied: to that measure of peace'and content- Due to l, atigae ment to which we may aspire this side "T he psychology of the world smce of our Heavenly country. Nor is the the war is a very curious thing. It rigid taw, whereby the Church ex- may be due to fatigue. Certainly a cludes diw)rce, an enemy to the love lot of vague skepticism has come ,to which binds husband and wife, but its the surface and been confessed. There surest safeguard. Once upon the is not so much dogmatic nmteriaiism. door to the possibility of severing the When I was a young man the men of hond between them, and you will mul- my day believed in a clockwork cos- tiply without end the causes which sos and did not. consider that there . make for domestic strife, and will take must have been a beginning to the from the married life a prime incen- story. Now I strongly suspect most tire to avoid all sources of friction, young men of being agnostic rather and to foster more and more a spirit than materialistic. They admit in all of generous self-restraint, sincerity that they do not know. Cer- Increase and blu,ltip:y tainly, among all psychological the- [ The union of the Heavenly Bride- cries, rationalism has disappeared. groom with the Church has for its end The Catholic Church is the only ra- te fill Heaven with Saints; to lnulti- tionalistic thing left, because it de- ply here on earth the children of God, elates reason to be a Divine gift and to make them live more and more the upaolds i as such. 't'he idea is that life of God, and by the aid of the whereas in the old days the Catholic Sacraments to fortify them against Church upheld mysticism and }magi- the assaults of the evil one, so as to nation against the exaggerated ration- bring them at length through many alistic creeds of the day, now, when perils to the land of everlasting bless- every one hammers about mysticism, edness. That, too, is the chief end of etc. Christian nmrriage. It su:ely is a Happiness Depends lofty and a noble end: to be associated Mr. Chesterton remarked that new with God Himself in the exercise of sensations made possible by the ap .... His creative energy, and to be an in- plication of modern inventions do not strument in the hands of Christ and in themselves bring happiness "One His Spouse in the rearing of citizens thing that the Middle Ages were sen- for Heaven. What could be more glo- sible about," he said, "was that they rious thai) to be employed in the work realized (and. the Catholic Church of fashioning the inmge of the Crea- continues to realize) tlmt happiness (: nor in the hearts of the tittle ones? and unhappin6ss depend on the state And in Heaven what fuller joy, after of the soul." the beatific vision itself, than the sight of those living portraits of the CARDINAL BACILIERI Divinity which one's own hands have I DIES, FOLLOWING FALL chiseled! SUSTAINED AT ALTAR Heroic Sacrifice No doubt the whole work of bring- (By N, C W. C. News Service) ing chihiren into the worht, of nurs- Rome, Feb. 17.--Cardinal Ilartholo- lng and providing for them, of watch- maw Bacilieri, Bishop of Verona, who tng" over them, and guiding their foot- was seriously iniured as a result of a steps aright all through the long'fall sustained while eelebrating ma years of childhood and of youth, is I on Sunday, died later from his in- attended with many hardships and juries. The aged Cardinal struck his privations, and calls for much cour- head when he fell. Following an ex- age, and' oftentimes heroic self-sacri- I am}nation, physicians held out " little rice. But does not the end in view] hope for his recovery. justify the cost? Is not the thought Cardinal Bacilieri was one of the of the service rendered to Christ and oldest members of the Sacred College, His Church inducement enough to and was in his eighty-first year, hay- make gladly all the sacrifices invol- ing been born March 28, 1842, in Bre- ed? Shall Christian parents, through on}o, in the diocese of Verona. He a cowardly shrinking from the respon- was created a member of the Sacred sibilities which they have freely in- College by Leo XIII in the consistory curred, refuse to God the glory which of April 15, 1901, and was a member their unborn chih|ren might have giv- of the Congregation of Seminaries en to Him, or to these the priceless and Universities and of the Congre. boon of life, and its unlimited oppor- gation of the Council. tun}ties ? The death of Cardinal Bacilierl Living For God marks the second loss that the [hi- The ideal of the Christian life is to cred College has sustained this year, live primarily for God. "For all Cardinal Prisco, then the oldest mere- things are yours, and you are Christ's, bet of the College, havihg died a few and Christ is God's" (I Cor. iii, 22, days previous to Cardinal Bacilieri, 23). It is only a few comparatively his associate on the who are called upon to break com- Seminagies and Universities. pletely with the world, in order the nals Vannulli, more fully.to live for God. But it is Logue are the only members of the the example of those who fox" the love Sacred! College who have reached an . , of Christ lead a life of celibacy in age more adv%nced than that of Car- the world or in the cloister, which las dinal Bacilieii. taught men and women in the mar- ried state that it is possible to om- CRIPPLED GIRL'S CHIEF ply to the full with the rigid law of JOY IN NEW YORK WAS the Church concerning marriage. It is VISIT TO ST: PATRICK'S their example which has kept before. the eyes of mankind at large theirt New York, Feb, l$.Helen V. Col- eternal destiny, reminding them of ,lins,. the little crippled girl whose let- the brevity of life and the vanity or ter to a New York newspaper asking all earthly things," that they who for a chance to have "one good tie" live may not now live to themselves, before she died, brought box one but unto Him who died for them, and week of bounteous entertainment "as rose again" (II Cor. v, 15). the guest of Mr, and Mrs. George Me- .Appropriate Intention Marius, has returned to her homeAn The intention for which we are ask- Amsterdam, N.Y. The most ed to unite  our prayers this month esting thing she saw in New York/ could not be more appropriate. For she said, was St. Patrick's Cathedral. March is tile month of St. Joseph, and In response to a question as to the most chaste Spouse of Mary is what incident or thing was most . the cherished Patron of Christian prominent in her recollections of the marriage. Who more self-effacing, week she said: "Oh, St. Patrick's Ca- more self-sacrificing than he ? Whose thedral where you took me last Sat- life was lived more entirely for God, urday afternoon and .where I offered without ever a thought of self? We up a prayer of thanksgiving t o the shall pray, then, most earnestly to the good God above and a prayer for all Sacred Heart of Jesus, through our of you who have been so good to me, Blessed Lady and St. Joseph, tha, He[The next thing was the grand opera. may grant to all the children of Holy i It" was simply wonderful." Chm:h a right appreciation of the ...... sanctity of marriage, and that He Heart of Mary, I offer Thee may keep them far removed from the ers, works, ansi sufferings contagion of a world that is set in for all the intentions of Thy wickedness, and from the false views, Heart in union with and sinful practices, which are now flee of the 1 so prevalent, and which are nothing I in reparation for my sins, less than a revival of paganism.  tentions' of all our Asslst, and in The Morning Ofefring " particular for the ,Sanctity of Mar- 0 Jesus, through, the Imntaeulate riage.