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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
February 22, 1974     Arkansas Catholic
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February 22, 1974

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PAGE 2 THE GUARDIAN, FEBRUARY 22, 1974 From the Managing Editor's Desk.. ii If anyone needs evidence of the corruption besetting the ........ United States today, let him read the re- port on the slaughter of innocents on Page I of this edition. America's once proud Christian way-of-life has been eroded over the years to the point where life itself is no longer sacred. First, it was the legalization of divorce. Next came the promotion of contraception, at first privately and finally by government edict. Then came social unrest for ridding the country of illegal abortion and the ultimate insult in accomplishing this was making the crime legal, Now euthanasia is in the mill, and one may reasonably expect that eventually the aged, the sick, the infirm and the in- competent will be legally "put to sleep." Intentions for which to pray during Lent are legion. But restoration of a Christian spirit in America could well head the list. i Reading The Guardian KEEPS A CATHOLIC INFORMED i Join the STAG Line '  EMMETT HOFFMAN Distributor DAIRY PRODUCTS Archeologists at Work Question of Mary's Burial Place Comes to Fore Again Jerusalem (NC) -- The historic dispute as to whether the Blessed Virgin Mary died in Ephesus in Asia Minor or in Jerusalem may never be kset- fled, but archeologists claim they have uncovered new evidence to support Jerusalem's claim. Literature on the "dormition" or "falling asleep" of Mary leaves much confusion. Early writings contain an account of the life of Mary after the first Pentecost nd tell how John the Beloved Disciple took her with him to Ephesus. Ever since the fifth century, however, western Christian writers have claimed Mary died in Jerusalem, and one of the showplaces outside the city's walls in the Kidron Valley is the "Tomb of Mary, the Mother of Jesus." Tradition says Mary was buried here and from here was assumed bodily into heaven. Until 1972, scholars were inclined to lend more credence to the Ephesus tradition than to that of Jerusalem, if only because the former was more ancient. Now, however, this view is being re-evaluated. The Church of the Tomb of Mary is far below street level. A huge flight of steps leads down to it. The dungeon-like interior is mistily lighted with a few candles. The shrine itself is a little house inside the un- derground church. There, tradition says, is the burial place of Mary. The level, far below the street, indicates a very ancient monument, for with centuries of war and destruction, the level of old towns like Jerusalem has risen many feet, in parts more than 40 feet. Recent theological studies and archeologica| investig-at]ons have brought fascinating discoveries about the bomb of Mary at Jerusalem. Question Reopened In 1972 the ancient question was reopened when, in the rainy season of that year, flood waters swamped the church and dangerously eroded the foundations of Mary's tomb. The Greeks and Armenians who own the church asked a Franciscan theologian and archaeologist, a Father Bagatti, to see the damage and give his advice. Father Bagatti began investigating the sub- structure to discover the authenticity of Mary's last resting place. Ancient Eastern documents speak of Mary as living on Mount Zion after the Ascension of her Son. Holy Land tradition says she died there and "was carried by all the Apostles to a newly made tomb in the Kidron Valley according to the wishes of the Lord." Varying texts of Latin, Syriac and Ethiopian versions exist. The topographical details mentioned in the texts have for long been a puzzle to scholars. The texts speak of the Apostles placing the body of Mary in "a new tomb," in a "monument." The Syriac version records the instructions given to St. Peter to place the body on "the bench cut out of the rock;" the Ethiopian text, not having the word for bench, uses the word "bed" in a strange sense: her there and place her on the bed," or "a raised seat." Another odd feat0re in the texts indicates that Our Lady was taken to a regular burial place but placed in a tomb newly constructed in an inner room behind an existing grave. Scholars who visited the church of the tomb of Mary have searched for these details and have never found any sign of other tombs or the inner room. Father Bagatti's discoveries were the first opportunity for a Western scholar to get behind the masonry of centuries and see what was claimed to be the actual tomb of Mary. The flood of 1972 rendered unstable much of the masonry around the tomb. With the care of an archaeologist, Father Bagatti was able to remove some of the stonework decorating the inside and the outside of the tomb monument. It became necessary also to remove the altar stone and the stone facing of the actual tomb. Structurally weakened by the rain, the building had to be examined down to the rock foundations. So by stages, Father Bagatti's team was able to uncover the actual rock shrine itself and piece together the stages of development over the centuries. The most exciting part was the discovery of the secret of those topographical details in the documents which had been obscure to centuries of scholars. Father Bagatti found under the Lenten Preacher Father James P. McDonnell, above, of Holy "Souls parish, l,ittle Rock, will give a series of Lenten homilies in St. Patrick's Church, North Little Rock, beginning Ash Wednesday, Feb. 27, and continuing each Wednesday during Lent. The sermons will relate "The Seven Last . Words of Christ" to the modern world and will be preached during a 7:30 P.M. Mass. Friday evening devotions, consisting of the Stations of the Cross and Benediction, also are scheduled for 7:30. found the other mysterious "bench of rock" or "bed of stone" or "raised seat." Under the altar stone, the traditional site of the burial, they found not a coffin-shaped aperture, but a simple flat surface, carved out of the living rock. Flat on this surface was the "holy place." floor of the church, the traces of There was no room for a body or burial places on three sides of a place for any earthly remains. the shrine. The burial places In this way theology, ar- had been removed and the rock cut away at a very early stage. Looking back at the scene Father Bagatti could see, again with the eye of an archaeologist, the details of the original documents: a burial place used regularly in the first century -- chaeology and tradition seemed to converge: here Mary was placed, and from here her body was taken into heaven. Seen in this light many of the puzzles of the tomb of Mary were solved. The silence of Western literature in the first The Guardi00 Published Weekly by The Guardian Pre l$ 2500 N. Tyler St.. Llffle Rock. Ark. as$$ matter MarO. Entered 1911, at the post office of Little Rock, Ar - sos, under the Act of Congress of Mer 1897. Second-class postage paid at Little Rock, Arkansas SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $5.00 per year in the United States Canada $6.50- Foreign $7.50 PUBLISHER MOST REVEREND ANDREW J. MCDONALD, D.D. Bishop of Little Rock EDITOR REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. O. MOunt St. Mery Academy Little Rock, Arkansas 72207 MANAGING EDITOR MR. WILLIAM W. O'DONNELL Address All Departments P.O. Box 14 F OR R E S T peA,Re.f: T6I OoNI  Z,P * - text Ashes CONT,NUED FROM PAGI ld reunion in Lent will far surd our desire for ashes, lien Some suggestions for ris Wednesday and Lent: The Ashes should be bl and given after the homill every Mass. If the rite oc ta after Mass, there should be: Liturgy of the Word. If a! are given after the homil)  Mass, the penitential rite omitted. During the penitential ,r, it would be fitting to kneel ; ' l have mercy" could fittingl our response for the GeO Intercessions; make sur Alleluias are omitted d '1 Lent, even in folk and temporary idioms, i Lastly, we urge priests. people to receive ashes great Sign of what we inte. do in the coming days andi don't intend to get involve the Church's preparation 1 Easter, then perhaps shouldn't receive ashes at Feb., 9 in St. Agnes Church, Mena, with the pastor, Father Thomas W. Keller, officiating. The bride, the former Rebecca Sharum, is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. David Sharum of Fort Smith, formerly of Mena. The bridegroom, an Airman Second Class in the Air Force, is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Ronaid McMillan of Mena. The couple now resides in Jacksonville. Janet Weindell was maid of honor at the wedding. Frank McNeil was best man. Music was by Janet Konkler and Mrs. Gary Cardwell. BIG STAR Gateway 1 Shopping Center [ " OSCEOLA, ARKANSAS  ' ] in ooooeogoeooeooeeeoooeoeoeeoeeoeo oooeoeeeeoe io [! Ftrst Nattonal Bank m Osceola :: I! Offices at Joiner and Luxora ! m- 'MEMBER OF FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORP. :  leo eoooeooe eel oeeeo eeeeeeoeeeeeeeoeeeoeeod DIAMOND LIQUORS Rixie Exit- Highway 67 North 1974 ARKANSAS TOUR OF HAWAI Personally Escorted by R. S. "Bob" Peters, Jr. 11 DAYS BEGINNING APRIL 20, 1974 .f., Round Trip {[ a A Call .lll,''L11 " From 'na tl 666-07..42 ttle Rock --I- i For Reserva[ 2813 Kavaaaugh, Little ROCk, Ark. i : I'I00FI:)It, I.I00Tq : th00really effective! Park Plaza Canter I Phone 664-2880 I  , d Learn00 l The Tutoring Center L Watch For... MEN'S SHOES" . Florsheim . Rand . Bass . Portage . Acme Boots Hush Puppies 2 Latin Regimes Washington (NC) -- The Administrative Board of the United States Catholic Con- ference (USCC)' has protested violations of human rights in Brazil and Chile and urged the U.S. government to consider halting financial aid to the two countries if their policies do not change. In protesting the actions of the two South American military regimes, the board said it was acting "in solidarity with the Church" in both countries. "fhere you will find a bed, carry tombs on three sides of the five centuries was accounted Buy It From shrine, and behind, in an inner for by the simple fact that in the f'flr'g 'g' imt Nearest Food Store. " chamber, the special tomb. days of St. Jerome, St. Cyril of 'Th ......... KET5 to Examine Inside the monument they Jerusalem this church was not he Pulaski County | owned by the Western Church. Catholic Board of EduC ExoFcJst  EXOrCiSm Only after these places came will meet next Thursday,|  "/--P  into the hands of Western 28, at 7:30P.M. in the Cha Conway -- Station KETS, churches is mention made in Office, 2415 North Tyler .St Channel 2, has scheduled a 30- Western literature of a tomb of Little Rock. Barry B. Fi0 minute panel discussion of the Mary in Jerusalem. president, will preside, i movie, "The Exorcist," and the Rite of Exorcism for 8:30 P.M. next Thursday, Feb. 28. The . HEN television program will be :, BLAIOtATOIIH, I. .   '__ ..... YOU RE INSUREO repeated Saturday, March 2, at5:30 P.M. Father John F.    P[]'[ ; / O'Donnell, V.F., pastor of st. d___A_--I-   Call 374-6469i f* 't7 "Since 1958" Joseph's parish, Pine Bluff, will 00,un00rous t , Wrzte": Box 25[ 'ZJ_ be one of four panelists. Another  Little Rock - '/ will represent the Arkansas Institute of Psychic Science. ..n=.----=--. , CALL Tom Cullivon ! 205 Donaghey Building Phone 376-4707 Wed in Mena  FOR S- OF HOMES, HOWARD HARDIN " LARRY WILSON JACK GARDNER USCC Board Raps Mr. and Mrs. Allen Mc-  .... ;' FARMS & ACREAG| Millan, above, were married CULLIVAN REALTY " F' 5301 LEE L.tL - PHONE 6879