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February 19, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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February 19, 1943

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::i] _______-- THE GUARDIAN, FEBRUARY 19, 1943 PAGE SEVEN 00olish Bishop Here To Discuss ReliefWork ,HEROIC BISHOP IN U. S. ON RELIEF MISSION U.S After Long Perilous Letter, 14Months In Mails, 000]0urney; Seeks Emergency Relief Finally Gives Details Of The In London During Raids , Washington. ()--"We are very :eful to your great President, r! ranklin D. Roosevelt, who has i Ways been a friend of invaded tlons and a symbol of justice; e are very grateful to your Bish- 1! s, true leaders o their Catholic, 0 raoeratic people; and' we are hi ateful to all Americans, who roughout their history have crlficed their blood and for- 1 ne for great ideals, and whom !j erefore the Lord will bless. Thus spoke the Most Rev. Jo- pn Gawlina, Bishop Ordinary of u Polish military forces and dinary to all Polish exiles, who s just arrived in the United :ates from Russia and the Mid- ast where he has been visit- g the Polish army and minister-  to Polish refugees. il iBLshop Gawlina, who served in e Polish army during the last az and was twice wounded, is s a distinguished journalist,  PU:ider of KAP, Polish Catholic 1( re gency, and a former direct-   z tatholic Action in Poland. He a born in Upper Silesia, in 1892, ]t d at the time of his consecration p a Years ago was the youngest  tO'lop of the Church in Poland. Second Visit to U.S. h tais is his second visit to the --ed States. After the out- -ok of war in September, 1939, wa wounded in the shoulder _face by a bomb explosion ,n killed his secretary, the Rev. Nicola Druzbacki. With the i of Poland he was able to al e with the remnants of the .sa forces that crossed into aaallia. hie Was received in audience by le Pins XII in Rome and then eat to France with the Polish [Veraraent in exile. When ace was overrun in June, 1940, ,l?_.oarded a Polish ship, the leskt, sailing from Bayonne, b ,!['_ arrived in England as the w!e i.r_a.n radio was falsely an- .aCtng the sinking of this ves- In England, Bishop Gawlin di- vided his time between London, where he experienced the worst of the Nazi air attacks, and Scotland, wnere the Polish army was again organizing to carry on the strug- gle. "During the air attacks on Lan- dau," Bishop Gawlina said, '"we took refuge in the Polish Church of Our Lady of Czcstochowv. The church remains today, but houses on both sides of it have been de- strayed." In Scotland, Bishop Gawlina or- ganized the first public Corpus !Christi procession held there since the Reformation 400 years ago. The procession, in which the President of the Polish Republic, troops, refugees and the Catholic laity of Scotland participated, was held in the city of Perth. Bishop Gawlina also celebrated the first Mass since the Reformation in Scone Palace, which formerly held the coronation stone of the mon- archs of England and Scotland. "According to an old legend," he observed, "celebration of Mass in this Palace is to be a harbinger of renewed faith in Scotland." Following the pact between Russia and Poland Bishop Gaw- lina receiving permission to go to Russia and the Middle East to assist refugees and to organize religious life among the Polish armed forces. Arriving on the African Gold Coast he flew across the Belgian Congo and the Sudan to Cairo; thence across Egypt and Palestine to Baku, Stalingrad, Moscow, and the then temporary Russian capital at Kuibychev. "Since the Polish soldiers in Russia were all Catholics," Bishop Gawlina said, "we insisted that they be accorded the rights and privileges of their religion. Priests among the Polish refugees came forward to serve as chaplains. Others ministered as well as pos- sle to the needs of Polish civil- ians. I traveled more than 1,500 miles visiting Polish troops and civilians in the area of southern Russia east of the Caspian Sea and at one point to within 70 miles of the Chinese border." Ordinary To Refugees From Russia Bishop Gawlina o,o:i C r_. /s * went to Iron and Irak. The num- ' rlnKDemer ber and disposition of Polish troops, he said, is a military secret. In October, while in Iraq, he was  . appointed by Pope Pins XII to be Bishop in Ordinary of all Polish 900 T-lah .fr,f refugees, many of whom, he said, - "" ....... are in the Middle East. He visit- Little Rock Ark ed Polish emigres whePever they a, ' " , were to be found, including those ,__  in Egypt, Syria, and Palestine. -,, "At Christmas," Bishop Gaw- Congratulation HUNT DRUG ' 400 ARK.-MO. HIGHWAY, PARK HILL Phone 2-0167 No. Little Rock, Ark. i | | Hearty Congratulations and Best Wishes To Bishop Morris and His Ordination Class SOLDIERS SERVICE STORE 220 MAIN Phone 2-9092 Litde Rock, Arkansas Congratulations and Best Wishes Killing Of Missioners in China Noted Benedictine Relates Circumstances Surrounding Brutal Slaying of Four Priests In Kaifeing Mission In November of 1941 Washington. ()--Details of the brutal killing of a Benedictine mission prelate and three priests on his staff in the Honan (China) Province, are contained in a re- markable letter, written two weeks before the Japanese descent on Pearl Harbor projected America into war, but which the N.C.W.C News Service has received only now from Dam F. Clougherty, O:S.B., chairman of the Interna- tional Relief Committee, at Kaif- ,eng, Honan, China. i Almost prophetically, D o m Cougherty made mention of "the ever increasing international ten- sion, almost now at the breaking point" and expressed concern over "the large group of American Ca- tholic missioners still laboring here in Central China." "The report of the deaths of Msgr. Barosi and three of his priests, has just reached Calcutta. The report states that the Japan- ese caught Msgr. Barosi and the priests in that part of Kaifeng icariate which is now under Japanese occupation. Msgr. Bar- osi and his priests after being gagged, were strangled and the Japanese murderers threw the bodies into a well. The names of the murdered priests are Rev. Frs. Zanardi, Zanella and Lazzaroni." Account of Murders Fourteen months after the brutal slayings, the N.C.W.C. News Ser- vice received the letter from Dam Clougherty, who gave the detail- ed account of the murders. The letter, dated November 28, 1941 from the Benedictine Chinese Mission, Kaifeng Honan, China, reads: "I had just mailed my letter of yesterday to you when word was brought to us of a most tragic loss that confirms what I wrote of the grave dangers encompassing the missiqnaries at this time. The Rt. Rev.'Msgr. Anthony Barosi, Apostolic Administrator of Keif- "eng Vicariate and three of his young fellow missionaries were brutally done to death on Novem- ber 19th by what appears to have been a group of bandits. "The MonSignor had gone to one of his mission stations to admin- ister Confirmation. The day fol- lowing his arrival, while at din- per with three missioners, eigh- lina continued, " I had the rivi- lege of celebrating Midnight-Mass in the Church of the Nativity at Bethlehem. Many thanks are due to American airmen that I ar- rived in time. The automobile in which I was riding met with an accident and I .was standing by the roadside when a passing American army truck picked me up. I ar- rived at the Church of the Nativi- ty just five minutes before time to begin Mass, going from an American military truck to the throne at the altar. Many American soldiers were among those attend- ng Mass. Renew your subscription to The Guardian. Give a gift subscrip- tion to a friend. imam mmm m | * -k . teen men, presumably soldiers, en- tered the mission gate and asked to see the pastorin charge They were promptly ushered into the humble parlor and Father Bruno Zanella, the young pastor, hur- riedly went to welcome them. Up- on entering the parlor the young priest was suddenly seized by some o the visitors who bound him hand and feet and then gagged the Father. Father Gerolamo Laz- zaroni, the curate, suspecting something to be,wrong, soon fol- lewed the'" pastor to the parlor. He was likewise seized upon and bound by the bandits. Others of the ruffians went to the dining- room where they apprehended Monsignor Barosi and Father Maria Zanardi, searched and bound them also with ropes. The same treatment was meted out to the Monsignor's servant who was further blindfolded. "Several hundred Christians who had come to Welcome the Monsignor were at this time await- ing him in the mission chapel. The ban.dits having bound the missionaries proceeded to drive all the Christians and servants from the mission property the gate of which they closed before proceed- ing with their nefarious work. "No one was witness to what then happened to the four mis- sionaries but some women cate- chists entered the compound a few hours later and were sur- prised to find the premises en- tirely vacated. Searching about they discovered what appeared to be bodies of men stuffed into the well in the courtyard. Horrified they called for help and with the aid of some male Christians they extricated the bodies of Monsignor Barosi and his three martyred priests. The four missionaries showed signs of having been first strangled and afterwards thrown into the .open well. The bandits in order to show contempt for the religion of the martyred priests had, it seems, dragged them to the chapel and strangled them in the presence of the Holy Sacrament, thereby unwittingly allowing the fathers to die for and in the pres- ence of their Lord and Master! Chicago Parish Join Blood Donor Service Chicago. {E) Chicago parishes are cooperating as units in the Red Cross Blood Donor Service here. A let'ter was sent to all pastors by the Rt. Rev. Msgr. George J. Casey, Chancellor, urg- ing them to ask the faithful to co- operate in this vital contribution to the Red Cross program. Among the first to respond at hea.dquarters were three Lithuan- ian parishes. When the mobile unit visited St. Cajejtan's parish, in an outlying section, 225 men and women gave blood. The num- ber included four Sisters of St. Dominic from the parish school. Best Wishes Congratulations And Best Wishes to Our Most Reverend Bishop and To the ordination class of 1943 SHRADER 'Makers of Fine Photographs' Telephone 4-1193 Studio, 305 Main St. Max Pruniski Little Rock, Arkansas Congratulations to Bishop Morris and His Ordination Class 'In the United States to discuss Polish relief, the Most Rev. Joseph Gawllna, Bishop Ordinary of the I Polish Forces and Polish refugees, is pictured (left) in Washington. (Reni Newsphoto.) Bishop Gawlina celebrated Midnight Mass Christmas Eve in Bethlehem, and is pictured, right, carrying the figure of the Christ Child from the High Altar of the' Franciscan Parish Church there, to the Manger in the Grotto of the Nativity. Many soldiers and nurses of the United Nations assisted at the Mas. (OWI photo.) (N.C.W.C.) 'Catholic cric00n' At St. 'John's l ,00:a'icated 7 o0000The Sacre00t Heart "To keep the faithful faithful" is a primary work of the Catholic Church. It was this fact which inspired His Excellency, the Most Reverend Auxiliary Bishop when he spoke to the Seminarians of St. John's "If we can make the home more Catholic, the Church will be better able to do its'work. This spc:ml blessing of the Sacred Heart, it seems to me, is the best kind of guarantee for effective work by us in the Catholic home." With these words as a prelude, Bishop Fletcher then developed his plan to have the Sacred Heart enshrined in every Catholic home. picture. The only conditions are that the picture be framed, erect- ed in a permanent place in the home, and the family consecratec to the Sacred Heart. 900 Holy Name Men Led In Prayer By Archbishop New York. (E)The Most Rev. Francis J. Spellan, Archbishop of New York, led 900 delegates at- tending the annual meeting of the Archdiocesan Union of the Holy Name Society in Cathedral High School in prayers yesterday for 474 members of the union who The records of the Catholic have been killed in action. Homd Committee of St. John's Declaring that the heroism of testify to the soundness of Bishop Catholic heroes "'came from a good Fletcher's plan. Pastors through- mother and father," he instructed out the State were notified of the priests and laymen to "pray and Bishop's offer to send a beautiful I work'" that the home and the fam- [picture of the Sacred Heart to lily "will ever remain secure." He anyone making a request. The ,. I ...... r'" I pramea Commander John Shea and 131ocesan urgan, The tua o.tan, I ........... ne live :Ulllvan DOyS O iowa, re- also helped m the spread of the devotion by its good offices of ported missing in action. i publicity" I "The is the foundation of : To date, many hundreds of the I our national life," he said. "If it beautiful pictures of the Sacred I-, a .... " .  .  ........ I oec ys, so aocs our nauon. ear nave oeen maneo oy nel ........... Tne vms ev epnen d ona- Cathohc Home Committee of St. ], . . ,  , .  - nue, Auxiliary Bishop of New aonn s. equess nave been re-/., ..... , .. forK, anomer speaker, sala fle ceved not only from the Dmcese [ .......... ......   - . - - ,-^/neecl for Gab:none Action nas never as: lttle 'OCK, DU also [um/.  _ _ /'2.afrala ('.llf,,,rda PPnn.qvl-[Dee greaer tnan at the present . ..... / tme Morgan J Burke, Jr, a law- vama ann Iyllssourl. l " , , :, .. : . ,, yer, was elecel plesloen o ne These pictures of the Sacred . .. " ,, ,, orgamzauon Heart are done in 14 x 18 por- trait size, in beautiful and dell-  ---- cate coloring, and have been sent without obligation to each family that has personally applied for a (oates & Congratulations Hungarian Catholic Press In Protest New York. (Ng A strong pro- test against "unfair treatment" of the Catholic Press and Catholic literature by censors in Hungary, which has a large Catholic pop- ulation, has been made by Dr. Ladislaus Toth, editor of the Hun- garian Catholic paper, ..Nemzeti UJsag, according to advices re- ceived by the Office of War In- fornation here. The OWI quoted Dr. Toth as stating in his newspaper: "We know full well censorship is necessary in wartime, and won't discuss today how far it may go. We will, 'however, demand with the greatest insistence that the Catholic Press and literature be at least favorably treated by cen- sorship as the others, and that any publications aiming at social peace and the preservation of national unity be applied equally to every[ body." I Congratulations and Best Wishes Little R ock Shade Cos 3300 West 12th St. Little Rock, Ark. I IIII II II I Raines Inc I E. E, RAINES, President SMITH DRUG STORE Insurance General Agents. 51 Years of Continuous Service COUNTRY CLUB STATION 410 Spring Street SINCE 1871 Little Rock. Arkansas LITTLE ROCK, ARK. Congratulations E. ZINI EAT SHOP Good Cold Beer Good Barbecue Sandwiches of All Kinds Phone 2-9873 401 West tli Street Ill II I I I I I I I I THE NEW MISSAL FOR EVERYDAY Also by Father Laeanee Follow the Mass with this fine prayerbookA complete Missal in English with instruction note nd a book of prayer. $ $ * It provides complete hook, in small hendy size and ontslns a large ollec. Central Loan & Union National Inves,tment Co. Bank Little Rock, Arkansas Character Loans--Mortgage Lons InsuraneeInvestments 200 West Snd Little Rook Best Wishes FAGAN, ELECTRIC COs 901 Spring Phone 4-2366 Little Rock, Arkansas tlon of seneral prayers. Its simple ar- rangement makes it easy fur anyone to follow the Mass as said by the priest from day to day. The meaning of the various eere- monies, the reasons for the sitar and other sanctua reues/tes are clearly explalned $ $ * '1,344 Imges, lss 3 l-I z S l-I No. 159-2001 ld[it. Leather, limp, round corners, red odlrea  I[l0 No. ISO-Z01G American Seal Leather, limp, round wrne @old edts ISS0 Order from The Guardian II \