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Arkansas Catholic
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February 19, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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February 19, 1943

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PAGE FOUR I'HE GUARDIAN, FEBRUARY 19, 1943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 309/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-clasa matter March 21. 1911. t the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas. under the Act of Congress of March 8. 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DwOCESAN ORGAN Tim Guardian is the official orsan of the Diocese of Little Roe, k and I pray God that it may be an earnest chnmplon of the cause of rlsht, Justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we aU love so well. I extend to it my hlesslnf with the sincere hope that its career may be ions end prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of little Roek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled throubh the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at nOon. + REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, SOSt West Snd. Telephone 6485 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Servlcq--Knlhte of Columbus of Arkansas Psreleuld Council, No. 171S .................... S12.00 Fort Smith Council, No. S96... ...................... 22.00 Little Rock Council, No. 812 ........ h%0O Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ..................... 17.00 Blytheiile-Osceot% Council, No. 285"/ .......................... 12.00 Texarkana Council No. 26110 ...................... 17.00 Pine Bluff Council, No. 1152 ..................................... 22.00 FEBRUARY 19, i 943 i i GOLDEN JUBILEE OF FAMOUS ENCYCLICAL The Catholic Biblical Association of America, dedicated to the task of promoting the study and reading of the Holy Bible, offers this jubilee edition of Pope Leo XII1 s great biblical en- cyclical, to the priests of the United States in the hope that a restudy of this epoch-making papal pronouncement may deepen istill more their love and devotion to the inspired word of God. ENCYCLICAL LETTER OF POPE LEO Xlll PROVIDENTISSIMUS DEUS ON THE STUDY OF HOLY SCRIPTURE To Our Venerable Brethren, All Patriarchs, Primates, Archbishops, and Bishops of the Catholic World in Grace And Communion with the Apostolic See INTRODUCTORY Tha God of all Providence, who in the adorable designs of His love at first elevated the human race to the participation of the divine nature, and afterwards delivered it from universal gulh'and rfiin, restoring it to its primitive dignity, has, in con- sequence, bestowed upon man a splendid gift and safeguardD making known to him, by 'supernatural means, the hidden mysteries of His divinity, His wisdom and His mercy. For al- though in divine revelation there are contained some things which are not beyond the reach of unassisted reason, and which are made the objects of such revelation in order "that all may come to know them with facility, certainty, and safety from error, yet not on this account can supernatural revelation be said to be absolutely necessary; it is only necessary because God has ordained man to a supernatural end." This super- natural revelation, according to the belief of the universal Church, is contained both in unwritten tradition and in written books, which are, therefore, called sacred and canonical be- cause, "being written under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, they have God for their author, and as such have been delivered to the Church." This belief has been perpetually held and pro- fessed by the Church in regard to the books of both Testaments; and there are well known documents of the gravest kind, com- ing down to us from the earliest times, which proclaim that God, who spoke first by the Prophets, then by His own mouth, and lastly by the Apostles, composed also the canonical Scrip- ture, and that these are His own oracles and words--a Letter written by our Heavenly Father and transmitted by the sacred writers to the human race in its pilgrimage so far from its heavenly country. If, then, such and so great is the excellence and the dignity of the Scriptures, that God Himself has com- posed them, and that they treat of God's marvelous mysteries, counsels, and works, it follows that the branch of sacred the- ology which is concerned with the defense and elucidation of these divine books must be excellent and useful in the highest degree. Now we, who by the help of God, and not without fruit, have by frequent Letters and exhortation endeavored to pro- mote other branches of study which seemed capable of ad- vancing the glory of God and contributing to the salvation of souls, have for a long time cherished the desire to give an impulse to the noble science of Holy Scripture, and to impart to Scripture study a direction suitable to the needs of the pres- ent day. The solicitude of the apostolic office naturally urges and even compels Us, not only to desire that this grand source of Catholic revelation should be made safely and abundantly accessible to the flock of Jesus Christ, but also not to suffer any attempt to defile or corrupt it, either on the part of those who impiously and openly assail the Scriptures, or of those who are led astray into fallacious and irpprudent novelties. We are not ignorant, indeed, Venerable Brethren, that there are not a few Catholics, men of talent and learning, who do devote themselves with ardor to the defence of the sacred writings and to making them better known and understood. But whilst giving to these the commendation they deserve, We cannot but earnestly exhort others also, from whose skill and piety and learning We have a right to expect good re- sults, to give themselves to the same most praiseworthy work. It is Our wish and fervent desire to see an increase in the number of the approved and persevering laborers in the cause of Holy Scripture; and more especially that those whom divine grace has called to Holy Orders, should, day by day, as their state demands, display greater diligence and industry in read- ing, meditating, and explaining it. I MOTIVES FOR THE STUDY AND USE OF HOLY SCRIPTURE A ITS UTILITY I: Doctrinal.Among the reasons for. which the Holy Scripture is so worthy of commendationin addition to its own excellence and to the homage which we owe to God's Word--the chief of all is, the innumerable benefits of which it is the source; according to the infallible testimony of the Holy Ghost Himself, who says: "All Scripture is inspired by God and useful for teaching, for reproving, for correcting, for instructing in justice; that the man of God may be perfect, equipped for every good work" (2 Tim. 3:16-17). / a. Words and Example of Christ. That such was the purpose of God in giving the Scripture to men is shown by the example of Christ our Lord and of His Apostles. For He Himsilf who "obtained authority by miracles, merited belief by authority, and by belief drew to Himself the multitude" was accustomed in the exercise of His divine mission, to ap- peal to the Scriptures. He uses them at times to prove that He is sent by God, and is God Himself. From them He cites instructions for His disciples and confirmation of his Doctrine. He vindicates them from the calumnies of objectors; He quotes them against Sadducees and Pharisees and retorts from them upon Satan'himself when he dares to tempt Him. At the close of His life His utterances are from the Holy Scripture, and it is the Scripture that He expounds to His disciples after His resurrection, until He ascends to the glory of His Father. b. The Apostles. Faith to His precepts, the Apostles, although He Himself granted "signs and wonders to be done by their hands" (Acts 14:3), nevertheless used with the greatest effect the sacred writings, in order to persuade thenations every- where of the wisdom of Christianity, to conquer the obstinacy of the Jews, and to suppress the outbreak of heresy. This is plainly seen in their discourses, especially in those Of St. Peter: these were often little less than a series of citations frorp the Old Testament making in the strongest manner for the new "dispensa- tion. We find the same thing in the Gospels of St. Matthew and St. John and in the Catholic Epistles; and most remarkably of all in the words of him who "boasts that he learned the law at the feet of Gamaliel, in order that, being armed with spiritual weapons, he might afterwards say with confidence, 'the arms of our warfare are not carnal but mighty unto God.' " Let all, therefore, especially the novices of the ecclesiastical army, understand how deeply the sacred books should be es- teemed, and with what eagerness and reverence they should approach this great arsenal of heavenly arms. For those whose duty it is to handle Catholic doctrine before the learned or the unlearned will nowhere find more ample matter or more abund- ant exhortation, whether on the subject of God, the supreme Good and tb.e all-perfect Being, or of the works which display His glory and His love. Nowhere is there anything more full or more express on the subject of the Savior of the world than is to be found in the whole range of the Bible. As St. Jerome says, "to be ignorant of the Scripture is not to know Christ." In its pages His Image stands out, living and breathing; diffusing everywhere around consolation in trouble, encouragement to virtue, and attraction to the love of God. And as to the Church, her institutions, her nature, her office, and her gifts, we find in Holy Scripture so many references and so many ready and convincing arguments, that a St. Jerome again most truly says: "A man who is well grounded in the testi. monies of the Scripture is the bulwark of the Church.' And if we come to morality and discipline, an apostolic man finds in the sacred writings abundant and excellent assistance; most holy precepts, gentle and strong exhortation, splendid examples of every virtue, and finally the promise of eternal reward and the threat of eternal punishment, uttered in terms of solemn im- port, in God's name and in God's own words. 2. Oratorical. And it is this peculiar and singular power of Holy Scripture, arising from the inspiration' of the Holy Ghost, which gives authority to the sacred orator, fills him with apostolic liberty of speech, and communicates force and power to his eloquence. a. Holy Scripture. For those who infuse into their ef- forts and spirit and strength of the Word of God speak "not in word only but in power also, and in the Holy Spirit, and in much fulness" (I Thess. 1:5). Hence, those preachers are foolish and improvident who, in speaking of religion and pro- claiming the things of God, use no words but those of human science and human prudence, trusting to their own reasonings rather than to those of God. Their discourses may be brilliant and fine, but they must be feeble and they must be cold, for they are with out the fire of the utterance of God and they must fall far short of that might power which the speech of God possesses: "for the Word of God is living and effectual, and keener than any two-edged sword; and extending unto the division of the soul and the spirit" (Heb. 4:12). But, indeed, all those who have a right to speak are agreed that there is in the Holy Scripture an eloquence that is wonderfully varied and rich, and worthy of great themes. This St. Augustine thoroughly understood and has abundantly set forttl. This, also, is confirmed by the best preachers of all ages, who have gratefully acknowledged that they owed their repute chiefly to the assiduous use of the Bible, and to devout meditation on its pages. b. The Fathers. The holy Father.s well knew all this by practical experience, and they never cease to extol the sacred Scripture and its fruits. In innumerable passages of their writ- ings we find them applying to it such phrases as "an inex- haustible treasury of heavenly doctrine," or "overflowing foun- tain of salvation," or putting it before us as fertile pastures and beautiful gardens in which the flockl of the Lord is marvel- ously refreshed and delighted. Let us listen to the words of St. Jerome, in his Epistle to Neptian: "Often read the divine Scriptures; yet, let holy reading be always in thy hand; study that which thou thyself must preach .... Let the speech of the priest be ever seasoned with scriptural reading." St. Gregory the Great, than whom no one has more admirably described the pastoral office, writes in the same sense. "Those," he says, '"who are zealous in the work of preaching must never cease the study of the written Word of God." St. Augustine, how- ever, warns us that "vainly does the preacher utter the Word of God exteriorly unless he listens to it interiorly;" and St. Greg- ory instructs sacred orators "first to find in Holy Scripture the knowledge of themselves, and then carry it to others, lest in reproving others they forget themselves." Admonitions such as these had, indeed, been uttered long before by the apostolic voice which had learn its lesson from Christ Himself, who "began to do and teach." It was not to Timothy alone, but to the whole order of the clergy, that the commandwas addressed: "Take heed to thyself and to thy teaching, be earnest in them. For in so doing thou wilt save both thyself and those who hear thee" (I Tim. 4:16). For the saving and for the perfection of ourselves and of others there is at hand the very best of help in the Holy Scriptures, as the Books of Psalms, among others so constantly insists; but those only will find it who bring to this divine reading not only docility and attention but also piety and an innocent life. For the sacred Scripture is not like other books, Dictated by the Holy Ghost, it contains things of the deepest importance, which, in many instances, are most difficult and obscure. To under- stand and explain such things there is always required the "coming" of the same Holy Spirit; that is to say, His light and His grace; and these, as the Royal Psalmist so frequently insists, are to be sought by humble pt, ayer and guarded by holiness of life. To Be Continued Next Week Q UES TION B OX Notice--lt is importan: that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelops. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Why So Many Different Postures When We Pray, Especially At Mass? Acts of religion must abo2e all be interior, that is, be performed with mind and heart. The Chul'ch recognizes this.fact in her insistence on the value of purely mental prayer. But also these acts of religion must reveal themselves externally, apppear visibly and in a manner become corporeal. The virtue of religion, as it must be exercised by ,'nan, comprises, therefore, interior and exterior acts. At tlae same time it must not be forgotten, that exterior acts of divine worship, to be pleasing to God and condusive to His honor should always be animated and enlivened by the interior. The exterior acts of religion should proceed from the heart, Why is It said that we are bound should express the interior life of to love our enemies? This seems the soul, and practically show forth the mind's religious rever- ence and submission, according to the words of the Psalmist: "My heart and my flesh have rejoiced in the living God." We can readily see why this should be so. Man is not, as the angels, purely spiritual but is ,a creature com- posed of body and soul. As such he must honor and' glorify God in a manner appropriate to this cor- poreal and rational nature. But man renders the homage of his whole nature only .when his body also takes part in his acts of di- vine worship so that the interior worship is manifested by outward acts. Man in his entire being, created by God and dependent up- on Him belongs in body and soul to God; therefore is man bound' to serve and to worship God, his Creator, Preserver, and Lord, with the powers of his soul and body, by spiritual and corporeal acts. Moreover the body of a Christian is the temple of the Holy Ghost, for it becomes sanctified by grace and is to be transfigured by glory. Hence the Church implores God to grant that we may serve and please Him not only with the soul but also with the body. I have been asked what author- ity from the Bible we have for baptizing infants. What is the answer? There is no express mention of the baptism of infants in the New Testament, but it is at least prob- able that there were infants among the whole families that were bap- tized by St. Paul of which we are told in the Acts of the Apostles and his Epistl to the Corinthians. The necessity of infant baptism follows from the fact that they have cootracted the guilt of orig- inal sin which baptism alone can remit. Christ in giving His com- mission to baptize, made no re- striction,-He said all men and that general commission includes in- fants. The early Fathers of the Church are unanimous in insisting upon infant baptism, basing it on the above mentioned universal command of Christ to baptize all, and on its divine power to cleanse from original sin. St. Ireneaeus (140-205) writes: "He came to save all who through Him are born again unto God: infants, and children, boys and you.ths and eld- ers." Origen (185-255) declares infant baptism an Apostolic in- stitution, and necessary to cleanse infants from their original sin. St. Cyprian taught that children should be baptized as soon as pos- sible after birth. Their baptism was not to be deferred until the eighth day as some maintained. This is a faithful echo of teachings of the Apostles as St. Augustine remarked. The Council of Mile- vis (416) taught the necessity of infant baptism and this doctrine was repeated in the Councils of the Fouth Lateran, Vienne, Flor- ence and Trent. rather difficult. Christ laid down the precept of love of our neighbors. To that law of charity there is no excep- tion. Not even our enemies and those who injure us are excluded from this law of charity; in spite of their ill will and malice they re- main our neighbors and Our Lord expressly bade us to love them: "I say to you: Love your enemies; do good to them that hate you, and pray for them that persecute and calumniate you." We are bound by this precept to put out of our hearts all ill feeling and desire for revenge against those who dis- like and wrong us, and further- more, we are bound to show them those common marks of Christian charity which are due to all and may be refused to none. What those common marks of Christian charity are depends much upon the usages of time and place and of the society to which the parties belong. Those marks which are common to members of the same family are not due to outsiders; those which are mutually shown to neighbors of the same social standing are not due to utter strangers or to persons in a low- er social position. Among the common signs of charity which may be refused to none are reck- oned the following: general pray- er for all which we offer up when we say the Our Father; answering a question or returning a salute; selling in open market to all com- ers; refraining from excluding in- dividuals from general invitations or general benefactions. It is not of precept but of counsel to show one's enemies unusual signs of forgiveness and charity. Such signs are: to pray expressly for an enemy in particular; to visit him; to console him in afflication; to treat familiarly with him. In certain circumstances, however, we may be bound to show even these unusual signs of charity to our enemy, as when they cannot be refused without scandal to others who may think that these signs are refused through hatred or when they are required to prevent our enemy from falling into serious sin, as, for example, by conceiving a deep- er hatred for us. Is "Sister" Kenney A Catholic? We have been asked whether or not "Sister" Elizabeth Kenney, who is credited with a new and ef- fective way for the treatment of infantile paralysis, is a Catholic. The title "sister" is, we under- stand, used in Australia to indi- cvte "nurse," and' has no religious connection. We have made inquiries and find that while Miss Kenney was born in Ireland, she is not a Ca- tholic.--N.C.W.C. News Service Would a person who had bee baptized in infancy but never raised in the Church be considered a Catholic? Such a person is a Catholic and always will be a Catholic. If they have never been instructed in the Catholic faith and were raised out of the Church from infancy, they are not considered a Catholic in so far as the ecclesiastical impedi- ments to marriage are concerned. Rural Catholic Committee of the South by Rev. Anthony C.S. Sp. (General Diocesan We are looking forward great increase in 1943 of food and products for ouri preservation, and for our program. We are taking granted. We are not ing a drought, or climatic conditions. We are le ing for a bumper crop '| g 1 ot The farmer as a genera 'i;, realizes that everything doeSz[? altogether depend upon the efl he puts forth, being so cloSCPn, nature he sees the presenced God all around him. The ae he so carefully plants must el watered by the rains let l" from heavens by Him Who s trols the elements. The sun lell be allowed to let its warmth 1 e the tender plants. In a e Christian like way, the fs plants his seeds, and with labor tills the soil and wt prayer he leaves the rest to vine Providence, saying "O Source and Giver of all lth Who dost manifest Thy " majesty, power and goodneSa: the earth about us, we give " honor and glory. For the sun][at lad the rain, for the manifold f of our fields, for the increase, our herds and flocks, we tl, Thee. Supreme Lg:g;f tuh: l  vest graciously bless the fruits of our toil,S we may reap in abundance reward of our efforts through  goodness and bounty." With_ prayer on our lips we are h0 and expecting our pantry shB to be filled with canned  tables, fruits and meats. .Ie Every home this year shoUlafla- turned into a cannery. Farmsl[ ' gardens must produce l greens and vegetables than before, to supply the want those who are looking forws.-] fill their jars. Young should be allowed to grow so:'" a Iarger quantity of meat C be procured. Fruit trees sl' be given special attention. 1 I ing, spraying and soil ma.a ment are necessary. Pru necessary from the time th g. is planted so that when it re S: bearing age, it will be of 0 crete, enough to bear its load of l without splitting at the The tree must be kept fr  dead wood and thin enough tl h low the entrance of sunlighf, t to enable spraying and har'Sl to be done thoroughly and ." veniently. Pruning is ust I done in the dormant season tar most of the leaves have fl 0 and before the buds open  s spring. As the tree is bare at: time it is easy for the see what he is doing and to 1 intelligently between limbs i should be removed and' L should be left. Pruning t wood is frozen should be a Occasionally it is necessary off a large limb thus considerable area of wood ed. No stub should be left s the wound should be covered a pruning compound, or ' good house paint to which kind of antiseptic, has been t o or with water glass, t many insects and diseases , are injurious to fruits and trees. One way to control of these insects and by thorough and judiciotls ing. Those who go into t raising extensively use four s : The "Dormant Spray" is before growth,starts in the 1 The "Pink Spray" is all orchards as soon as the sore buds separate in the The "Calyx Spray" is the petals fall and' before - cmyzes close. The "After I r " " Sp ay s apphed about ten or two weeks after the spray, to control the codling , Most people have only a fegr but these trees should be spr once or twice, if any fruit be picked. $1 We are all going to make |e tempt at .gardening this yea'[ as patrmtm, and necessary.  dening is a very old art. , Egyptians were well versed..'0o gardening, at least two htlk years before Christ. Her O says that there was an inscrll on the Great Pyramid, stating!0 1600 talents had been exp- for the omens, radishes, and:,'l; lic consumed by the laborerSl ing its erection. A large ntltH of vegetables and herbs' W th use at the time of Christ. ';,'.,mh. Gardening is economical; . sures a superior health die provides one with products o|- best quality. In these days 0| tinning it will mean food oJ shelves. The vegetables we. will supply us with the nl alts and vitamins we need. :"t arance should be kept in it when plantin'g a garden. TB,i[*s rangement may be made soraelha as follows: radishes, lJ beans, peas, peppers, torl sweet corn, and pole beans. f, should be collected for the] become scarce. A wonderf|Ji portunity will be given boY,J girls this year to plant and ;,0 vate the vegetable garden. l:: tainly it will be a good outl aq surplus energy and a rea!'___ tribution to the food pr  Boys will be busy in the and girls in the kitchen a| healthy atmosphere for boq|