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Litlte Rock, Arkansas
February 19, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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February 19, 1938

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY "THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the act of Cgress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $I.00 the year OIFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian Is the official re'san of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. [ extend to it my blpssing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. / JOHN B. MORRIS. Bishop of Little Rock EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph.D., Editor Associate Editors : Rt. Rev. Msgr. James P. Moran, LL.D.; Very Rev. Msgr. Joseph A. GalLagher, M. A.; Roy. Lawrence Hoyt, O. S. B.; Roy. James E. O'Connel], M. A.; Rev. Patrick M. Lynch, B. A. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Esiness Manager. end all matter intended for publication should reach 'The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 3091/s WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for Advertising Rates SPONSORS OF SERVICES N. C. W, C. News Service--Anonymous Picture Service--Knlghts of Columbus of Arkansas Toxarkana Council No. 2650 ......... $12.00 Pine Bluff Council No, 1153 ............................... $12.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ........................... $12.00 Paragould Council No. 1713 .......................................... $12,00 Stuttgart Council No. 2770 ................................................. _$ 7.00 FEBRUARY 19, ! 938 MEETING THE ENEMY q Senator Mark Hanna, the great Republican leader, wrote to President McKinley, apropos of the American Protective As- sociation that was then functioning: "The day is not far dis- tant when we shall have a greater crisis in this country than any we have yet passed through. The Catholic Church has at all times furnished some of the most loyal defenders of our flag, but I look to it to do still more. The day is coming when treason will rear its head and Socialism become rampant; and in that hour the flag must rely on its staunch friends; and among them, in my opinion, our greatest protectors will be... and the Ro- man Catholic Church." Times have changed considerably since Senator Hanna's day. It is the spectre of Communism that looms over modern civilization with a menace of ruin, which may well cause ser- ious alarm. How it was formed, how it grew to its present proportions, what dangers it entails; are questions of the most vital and immediate interest to all manner of men, and they are answered clearly and vigorously by our gifted radio preacher, Monsignor Fulton J. Sheen, whose scholarly defense of the Church against Communism, evokes our admiration and grati- tude and makes our National Catholic Hour a most valuable weapon in meeting the enemy. To the most casual observer it is dear that a tremendous amount of time and energy is spent in propagating the principles of Communism. Various motives impel its proponents to take part in its agitation. In some it is a real desire to mitigate the hardships of the poor, in others it is envy of those higher placed than them- selves, and the desire to secure their own elevation by the overthrow of the existing order. The most serious feature of Communism' is that it has or is a religion. Like all aggregations of men, it can not get along without it, and like all false re- ligions, it develops fanaticism which it can not control. Com- munists dedicate themselves to a war against all prevailing ideas of religion. To them the idea of God is the keystone of a perverted civilization, and it is needful to sweep it from the face of the earth. To them God and humanity are two irreconcilable enemies, and to them the first duty of an en- lightened man is to drive away mercilessly the idea of God from the mind and conscience. Among the disastrous consequences of all this is first, it perverts the will of man and makes the baser passions of men dominate, while it authorizes and applauds robbery and murder. Secondly, it aims at the destruction of the family, and thirdly, it not only inculcates individual and domestic anarchy, but it professedly aims at the ruin of all existing governments. Finally it is absolutely destructive of all human liberty. Thus liberty, family, government--all are menaced by this new power that threatens almost every country in the world. The only intrepid opponent of this modern scourge is the Catholic Church and her weapons of attack and defense are' the Encyclicals of her Popes. To eliminate the evil and secure the good is the only purpose of the Church. She is not un- prepared for the fight as we can testify in the remarkable lucid and informing series of talks by Monsignor Sheen. She expects the fight, and though she may seem to some beaten at first, she will ultimately triumph: She has had ex- perience before. To the clamor of the "International Brotherhood," the I Catholic Church boldly answers, "'I alone can give it to you." My very name implies that. With the Church, poverty is no disgrace; it is an honor, and the rich and poor, white and black, meet on the same evel at her altars. She alone is the apostle of liberty. She alone preaches true quality for all men, and the humblest can occupy, and have occupied the most splendid posts in her hierarchy. Persecutions have not only not harmed the Church, but have made her stronger. Always the fury of her enemies against her has brought her to the notice of the multitudes who have seen, wondered and believed. The futile dashings and danglngs of the gates of hell against the Rock of Peter have invariably drawn men's minds to the truths of the Church that they never would have known had it not been for the clamor against her that roused them, "first to wonder, then to study and then to believe. With every outbreak against the Church, the scene of Calvary is re-enacted with the devout mlngling with the vicious and been saved. And this is the fruit that the National Catholic and bn savd. And this  the fruit that the National Catholic THE GUARDIAN, FEBRUARY 19, 1938 Hour will bear in our campaign to make the Church better known and understood.--J. A. G. PROPAGANDA The quality of American liberty is oftentimes extolled in the freedom of the press, but dangerously is this ungoverned right beset by a confusion of conflicting propagandas. A favor- able public opinion in America is the prize coveted by every faction in Europe and Asia and all the enormous power of modern propaganda is let loose in every one of the forty-eight United States. Because, the American citizen is rather gullible to propaganda, he imagines he enjoys a free press and is not so much on his guard, forgetting in fact that a press unregi- mented by Government restrictions may be dangerously regi- mented by other forces. Atheistic and materialistic propaganda that has already reeked havoc on a cultured and Catholic Europe is so deftly concealed in the news sections of the American "free" press, that few are able to penetrate its disguise. Thus, unaware that he is a victim of vast and varied misinformatioh, the American citizen breathes in hugh draughts of propaganda every week without even knowing it. Almost every time a Catholic picks up a secular newspaper he commences inhaling propaganda on issues intimately af- fecting the welfare of the Church. If he happens to be a Catholic who reads the Catholic Press, he will be somewhat like the nurses and doctors who wear gauze filters over their noses and mouths when in a germ-filled atmosphere. Catholics, then, must first of all be made aware of the propaganda that swirls about them, by being united in a campaign to read and support their own and the only truly American free press.---X. II I ] Washington and Liberty By Rev. Francis S. Guy, Ph. D. The anniversary of our first President's birthday brings with it the usual abundance of stories glorifying h i s deeds and char- acter. No figure in our history is s o universally loved and honor- ed by Americans as George Wash- ington. The entire drama of his career has been woven and re- woven by generation after gen- eration into a tapestry portray- ing the ineffable worth of the mail. Many myths have developed about Washington's youth -- such as the cherry tree story--but the only historical link we have with his boyhood is a little notebook lib which he had copied, at the age of fourteen, the one hundred and ten directions of a French Jesuit manual of conduct for schools boys entitled "Rules of CiVility." This little notebook is hailed by all his biographers as a vital key to the character of Washing- ton. "With these rules," Owen Wister has written, "the boy's strong-built, rough and passion- ate nature was deeply instilled before he stepped forth upon his adventurous journey in the world. The part they played in his life-- since his public and private acts show their spirit and teaching at every turn--was of the first im- portance, not to him alone, but also to his country." Of these rules the one which seems to be predominant in his character is "Learn to keep alive in your breast that little spark of celestial fire called conscience." Armed with this shield of Cath- olic college admonitions Washing- ton never faltered once the ser- ious duties of responsibility came. He always met problems with a magnanimous and tolerant heart. This is especially evident in the stand he took at Cambridge on November 5, 1775, shortly after .assuming command of the army. The anniversary of the "Gun- powder-Plot" was regularly cele- brated in England and the colonies as an anti-Catholic holiday, but Washington lssue a command which prohibited the observance of the ridiculous and childish custom, as he called it, of burn- ing the effigy of the Pope. This was the first note struck for re- ligious freedom in the rising re- public. Some attempt to interpret this command are a mere gesture, in consideration of his close Catholic friends who were serving in the army with him- Colonel John Fitzgerald, his aide-de-camp, and Stephen Moylan, the Muster- Master General of the Continc.ntal Army. However, Washington had shown his disposition toward re- ligion some months earlier, when, in his instructions to Benedict Ar- nold, who was about to invade Canada, he warned Arnold that he was to respect and protect the free exercise of the Catholic faith in that country, and that any American officer or soldier show- ing contempt or ridicule for that (Continued on page 6) i SUNDAY, February 20.--Saint Eucherius, Bishop, was born at Orleans, of a very illustrious fam- ily. He decided to quit the world and about the year 712 retired to the abbey of Jumiege in Nor- mandy. He was consecrated in 72.l and banished by Charles Mar- tel in 73;/. He devoted himself to prayer and meditation until his death in 743. MONDAY, February 21.--Saint Severianus, martyr, Bishop. No one resisted with greater zeal than did Severianus, Bishop of Scytho- pols, the persecution raised by Theodosius, an ignorant Eutych- tan monk, under the protection of the Empress Eudoxia. Severianus' reward was the martyr's crown. He was dragged from the city by the infuriated soldiers and mas- sacred in the latter part of the year 452 or in the early part of 453. TUESDAY, February 22.--Saint Peter's Chair at Antioch. That St. Peter, before he went to Rome, founded the See of Antioch is at- tested by many Saints. St. Leo says we ought to celebrate the chair of St. Peter with no less joy than the day of his martyrdom; ;for as in this he was exalted to a throne of glory in heaven, so by the former he was installed head of the Church on earth. WEDNESDAY, February :23. St. Peter Damian was born in 988 and achieved great distincon at the University f Parma. He de- serted the world and eventually became head of the monks of Font- Avellano. Seven Popes in suc- cession made him their constant advisor and he was at last cre- ated Cardinal Bishop of Ostia. He withstood Henry IV of Germany and labored in defense of Alex- ander III against the Antipope, whom he forced to yield and seek for pardon. THURSDAY, February 24.---St. Matthias, apostle. Matthias was selected, after prayer, to fill the vacancy among the Apostles left: by the defalcation of Judas. He was above all remarkable for his mortification of the flesh. FRIDAY, February 25.  Saint Tarasius was born at Constanti- nople about the middle of the eighth century, of a noble family. He was made consul and after- wards first secretary of state to the Emperor Constantine and the Empress Irene, his mother. In the "midst of the court he led a religious life and was chosen unanimously to be the successor of Paul, patriarch of Constanti- nople. SATURDAY, February 26.St. Porphyry, Bishop. At the age of 25, Porphyry, a rich citizen of Thessalonfea, left the world for one of the great religious houses in the desert of Scete. His health was broken through austerities, but upon his selling all of his possessions and distributing the returns to the poor, he was re- turned to perfect health. He was ordained in 393 and three years  later was made Bishop of Gaza. He died in 420. QUESTION BOX What are Agnus Deis, and how plete general Confession, tell all are they worn? i the sins you have committed since Agnus Deis are medallions of Baptism and the umber of times the purest wax blessed by the Pope at the beginning of his pontificate, and every seven years afterwards. They are called Agnus Deis be- cause the figure of a lamb is stamped on them. This is, of course, a symbol of the Lamb of God, while the purity of the wax is intended to signify His absolute freedom from all taint. The wax that is used in the consecration of the Agnus Deis is taken from the paschal candle of the Sistine chapel and the other churches and basili- cas of Rome. The wax disks are distributed throughout the world md from tiny pieces of wax are taken and enclosed in the heart- shaped cases that areommonly worn suspended from the neck, known as Agnus Deis. Agnus Deis are piously kept a'c home, ,and are instruments of ntlmerous fav- ors, chiefly of preservation from harm in behalf of those who use them in a spirit of faith and de- votion. Who was St. Nicholas? St. Nicholas or Nicholaus, of whom the modern Santa Claus is a vulgar caricature, was Bishop of Myra in Asia Minor. Most prob- ably he took part in the Council of Nice, the 16th centenary of which was celebrated several years ago. St. Nicholas was noted especi- ally for his love and care for the young and thus became the patron of children. His feast is celebrated December 6. Is the Pope infallible when he formally canonizes a Saint? Yes, the possibility of error is excluded by his infallible author- ity. Pope 'Benedict XIV explains thus: "The universal Church can not be led into error by the Su- preme Pontiff in matters of morals. But this would be the case if he were not infallible in the canoniza- tion of Saints." $ $ $ Is It true that flowers cannot be brought into the church when a you have been guilty of them. Ordinarily we should make a gen- eral Confession when we enter a new state of life, etc. But we should speak to our father con- fessor about it beforehand and, if he advises against it, we should obey him, for general Confessions are not often recommended for scrupulous persons. In any Con- fession, we are bound to tell only the sins committed since our last "worthy Confession, and also such mortal sins as we have not pre- viously confessed( those previ- ously forgotten). We are not bound to confess any but mortal sins, but are advised to include also our venial sins. Will you kindly tell me how many books are there in the Bible? In the entire Bible there are 72 books. The old testament num- bers 45 and those of tim New Testament 27. Did the Blessed Virgin die? If so, on what day, and where? Yes; the Blessed Virgin did die; though she did not have to do so; for she was sinless, and death is a punishment for sin. Our Lady wished to die in order to be more like her Divine Son, Who died a cruel death upon the cross for the redemption of mankind. She like- wise wished to die in order to show us how easy and beautiful death Can be if we are true to God in life. She died a painless death, died of ecstatic love and longing for her Jesus, true God and true Man. After her death she was taken up, body and soul, into heav- en, where she now reigns as Queen of that blessed abode. Tradition has it that she died in Jerusalem. Holy Church solemnly commemo- rates her death and assumPtion on August 15, the great feast of the Assumption. Please explain what the Miracu- lous Medal is? Catholics In American PHILIP FISHER: Father Fisher was one early Jesuit worked in this colonial times. He was with Father Andrew White er of the Catholic colony of Maryland. The Hughes speaks of him most distinguished man i the 14 Jesuits who had !in Maryland." He was the eldest prominent English His ancestors had in the reign of Queen and the family had Spain. Upon his arival in land in 1637 he took of the mission, "a at that time required ness men than he was a man of great ability. Some eight years later wantonly seized along White, and taken in chainS land. He remained in for three years. Upon he set out again for He found his flock in a ous state, notwithstandin erimination and which they had been At this time Father to be able to carry his work into Virginia, but it known whether he was carry this project a letter written in 1646 "A road has lately been through the forest will make it but a journey, and both places be united in one mission.:; Easter I shall wait upon ernor of Virginia upon of great importance." Fisher was born in in 1595, and died in 1652. (N. C. W. C. $ $ $ @ $ $ * $ * $ $ $ A CATHOLIC OF THOUGHT  COURAGE funeral Mass is said? Bringing the flowers into the church at a funeral Mass is forbid- den. The funeral Mass is a prayer of petition to God. The custom of piling flowers over the casket is, after all, purely pagan. Not so long ago a certain American was present at a Chinese funeral. No- ticing the custom of placing a full course dinner over the grave, the American laughingly asked, "When do you expect your friend to come out of his grave and eat this feast?" The wily Chinese answer- ed: "When your friend comes up to smell the flowers." $ $ $ What should be told in a gen- eral Confession? If you want to make a corn- The medal of our Blessed Moth- Courage does not er which is commonly called the culation, but in fighting Miraculous Medal is a result of a chances.Cardinal The difference between grel and a thoroughbred, brute or man, is not in beauty or endurance, but age.--O'Malley. What Do You Know? Answers on page 7 1. Can you name the six commandments of the Church noted in the catechism officially promulgated in the United States? 2. What unusually notecor- thy event occurred in the Church on February 11, 19297 3. Who was the American statesman and military leader who said in a letter to the citi- zens of the United States: "I presume that your fellow-citi- zens will not forget the patriotic part which you took in the ac- complishment of their Revolu- tion ,and the establishment of your Government, or the im- portant assistance which they received from a nation in which the Roman Catholic faith is professed?" 4. What, briefly, is the les- son of the parable of the Old and New Wine in which our Lord speaks of the old wine and new bottles and of the old garment and new patches to explain to some questioners why He did not impose the practices c the Pharisees and of St. John the Baptist on His own disciples? 5. What is the name, in one word, for a prayer consisting of a few words only which can be repated often and at any time, as "Jesus, Mercy! Mary help!" etc.? (N. C. W. C. Features) vision vouchsafed to Sister Cath- erine Laboure who was declared Blessed in 1933. This vision occur- red in Paris in 1830 at the Moth- erhouse of the Sisters of Charity. The Blessed Virgin urged the humble religious to have medals made and distributed according to the design which she furnished and which is now so familiar. It is the Medal of the Immaculate Con- ception but commonly called the Miraculous Medal through the wonderful favors granted to those who devoutly wear it. A special feast in honor of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal was granted by Pope Leo XIII. Words of Encouragement Your Own Good Bear the burden of life cheer- fully, and we are half-way to be- ing saints. If God treats us in the way that He treated Mary and her Son we should be only too pleased. Health, money, success are not His best gifts. He rarely gives them to His dearest friends. Tell Him So We say, I should like to be set- tled in life; have more money, beauty, talents. Are you certain they would be good for you? If so, He would certainly give them to you. Our Lord is always won- dering how He can best help us to love Him. If you find life dif- ficult, tell Him so; hard to be good, tell Him so. You are suf- fering, or at any rate you cannot pray--you regret it--tell God so, that is prayer. The Disciples Embarked If you try to do these things of your own strength you will never succeed. If you go through life holding His hand, love will make everything easy. "Forthwith Jesus obliged His disciples to go up into the boat, and to go before Him over the water." (Matt. xlv. 22). A voyage thus begun we should have thought would be most prosperous, undertaken by a direct command of our Lord Himself. The Disciples embarked and began their journey in order to do the Will of God. Surely it will be a most favorable one! Courage from hearts from numbers All desp'rate hazards do create, As he plays frankly, least estate: Presence of mind, and c age in distress, Are more than armies, cure success.Dryde'i Caution courage never the Courage is a wise Spalding. The courage to which ourselves by reflection cipline is not only more invincible than is merely constitutional. virtue of a man, not of an animal.Bishop J. ing. What we find difficult IS because we lack age and skill.--Spalding. Stay and take courage; of life is from God.--St. One has always enough! and resolution--for Bazin. (N. C. W. C. Met An Adverse On the contrary, they adverse wind, rough everything that was ' "But the boat in the sea was tossed with the for the wind was xiv. 24). The sea raged, howled, the lttle boat about---and Jessu was Our Lord was with was His Will they this difficulty. It is necessary to troubles in His service, we are most truly doing