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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
February 19, 1927     Arkansas Catholic
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February 19, 1927

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Page .... THE GUARDIAN, FEBRUARY 19,1927 ! t it== ............................... teered without fee to defend the P bU.h,d Wee y Davis, which he believed to be'j --~ CATHOLICof the Dioee~ePUBLICATIONof Arkansa, ,SOCIETY Io,l THE CAccTHsOLlI~Sra OF THE SOUTH WasotheraSSisteddistinguishedbY Mr. RichardCatholic Iem matte, ,arch Z,, 1911. *t the,., W ,ostorfi, | .... ' same ime, Mrs. Jefferson Davis was ce~nd-ciaes ~ ~,a~f. ~k, Ark., under the Act ot Congress of Uareh ...... in Georgia, deserted and pe~lniless. ~UBBCRIPT1ON PRICE, $2,00 THE YEAR CHANGE OF ADDRESS ~r.~..,~. ~ eh~aste of ad&ress is deMred the ~ub~eriber should give ,,~ i~* a~ an~t the sew addrees. CORRESI~ONDENCE tr, .~t~r ~,~;~nded for I~ublie~tion in The Guardian ~houhl reach u~ ~2~ tLl~la We6ne~day morning. Brief newn correspondence ii ~*~m?~ wetom. The kindness of the clergy in this matter is cor- ~. G~. IL RIeDERMOTT .................................... Managing Editor "&~ R~v. (~. I~ McDermott, 807 West Second Street. OFFICIAL ORGAN i.f~e Ona~dian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, ~. ]." l~y God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of I~bg~ ~s~ and truth and sil ardent defender of the religion which ~ at| love ~ well. I extend to it my blesMng with th$ sincere hol~ ~tt its ~rm~ may be long and proeperoua. ~I~ JNO. B. MO~IS. ~ Bishop of Little Rock. FEBRUARY 19, 1927 Sexigesima Sunday. 0 % The Missal is the book which contains the complete service for Mass throughout tl e ?(ear. O' "But that on the good ground, are they who in a good and a very good heart, hearing the word, keep it, bringing forth fruit in patience." Gospel. O The cassock was originally the ordinary dress common to laymen. Its use was continued by the clergy while the laity, after the immigration of the Northern nations, began to wear shorter clothing. Thus it became associated with the ecclesiatsical s ate. 0 To the clergy of all ranks and orders serving Christ in the world, not bound by vows or by rule of life, the term "secular" seems to have been first applied in the twelfth century. Hen-, orius II (1125) permitted the monks of Cluny to give their habit to secular clerks who desired to join them. "THE MERCIER OF MEXICO." (America, N. Y.) When the Rt. Rev. Pascual Diaz, D. D', Bishop of Tabasco in Mexico, landed in New York on February 1, the country had an opportunity of greeting a genuine American. For the valiant Bish op is an Ifidian; but beyond the fact of his native origin, hff is the most noteworthy living champioi of principles which we Americans first announced in the Declaration of Independ- ence. With a courage that recalls the impavidum fCrient ruinae of the Roman poet, Bishop Diaz has fought and suffered in the cause of liberty. When the Communist groups, misnamed "the govermnent," confiscated, in the name of' lib- erty, asylums reared by the piety of Catholics, the Bisthop and his episcopal brethren stood forth to defend these last refuges for thousands of o phans and the 'aged. Tyranny sought to make the Catholic Church the serf of br utal politicil ns, a td the Bishop with his brethren % answered that not even a legitimate govern- meat could Claim jurisdiction in matters of co -I science and religion. And when Calles and his ruffians closed the only schools in which the Catholic children,of Catholic parents could be i, nstructed in religion, and strove to force them into institutions in which God and religion are blasphemed, the Bishops answered by denounc- ing the principle that education must be com- pletely Controlled by the Stat . From first to last the record pictures the Bishops in Mexico steadfastly defending the Catholic and American principle, enshrined in the Declaration, that man has by nature rights with which no government may interfere. rhe same record bears witness that every principle of civil and religious liberty has been sylstem- atically outraged by-Calles and his commur/ists. We Americans cannot remain indifferent to this spectacle of'barbarism at our very doors. That many Afnericans are unmoved by it, and that others approve it, must 'be attributed in part to religious prejudice, but in larger part to the Calles propaganda in the United St ,tes. From letters recently published in the Congres- sional Record it is plain that their writers labor Under the delusion that Calles and his associates are figh ting for the establishment of constitu- tional principles of freedom as we understand them hi the.United States. The presence in our midst of a'prelate sent into exil 5ecause he championed political and religious liberty should do much to dispel that unfortunate illusion. Ted years ago the whole world applauded when in the name of his brethren in the 4aier- archy, Cardinal Mercier denied the right of a regime resting on bayonets, to rule his people. In a field that is smaller, but with a courage that is greater, the Bishops in Mexico have pro- tested the pagan doctrine that might makes right. And Pascual Diaz, an.eXile becausd he hated injustice and defended the weak, is among the noblest champions of freedom. " THE CATHOLICS 0F THE SOU -- I Mr. BRUCE. Mr. President, I would like toI have inserted in the tLecord at th!,s point, as aI i art of my remarks, a very interesting and val-I sable lector written by Mr. GeOrge Gordon Bat- ;!e, a distinguished New York lawyer, to the ditor of the New York World. It is entitled "The Catholics of the South." sets forth the xtent to which the Catholic element in the South is intimately and inseparably a sociated with everything that is best in the history and in the traditions and in the spirit of the South. The VICE PRESIDENT. Without objee.tion, it is so ordered. The letter is as follows: The Catholics of the Soutl . (By George Gordon Battle.) New York, June 29, 1924. To the Editor of the World. Sir: It is well known that Gov. Alfred E. Smith, of New York, is a member of the Catholic Church; and that fact is frequently mentioned in discussing his merits as a candidate for Presi- dent. His high character and spotless record, his great ability and experience in public af- fairs, and his extraordinary popularity with all classes of voters are conceded. But the fact that he worships God according to the dictation of his conscience, in the church to which his parents belonged and in which he was reared, is whispered bout as an argument against his candidacy. It is said by some that this prejudice is pe- culiarly strong in the ,Southern Sthtes., This should not be so, for of all the sections of this country the South has claimed, and with reason, to be most free from bigotry and religious intol- erance. And certainly there is no part of our country that owes a greater debt of gratitude to the members of'that ancient church in whose fold our governor is to be found. As a man of Southern birth and traditions, a Protestant, and a Mason, I protest with all the strength of which. I am capable against any effort to import into my native Sollth considera- tions and emotions of medieval and outworn bigotry old, unhappy, far-off things. The South has always prided itself upon its early estab- lishment of religious ,freedom. It was in Mary,- land that Lord Baltimore and his government promulgated the toleration act of 1649. It was a Virginian, Thomas Jefferson, the founder of the Democratic party, who was so devoted to this cause that he considered his authorship of the Virginia statute of religious freedom of 1786 as his chief title to fame, causing that fact to be inscribed in his epitaph, although he did not state in that epitaph that he had been twice President of the United States and had effected the Louisiana Purchase. In this statute which was drawn by him it is said: "Our civil rights have no dependence on our religious opinions more than ,on our opinions on physics or [eometry; that therefore the pre- scribing of ]tny citizen as unworthy to public confidence by'laying upon him an incapacity being called to the offices of trust and emolu- sent, unless he professes or renounces tMs orI that religious opinion, is depriving him unjustlyI of those privileges and advantages to which,] in common with his fellow citizens, he has a natural right." The Democratic party, which Mr. Jefferson founded, has under Jackson, Van Bursa, leve- land, and Wilson, followed those noble princi- ples enunciated in the great Virginia charter of liberty. And, urther nore, the Southern Catholics have always lived in peace and amity with their P otestant neighbors. They have formed an honorable and an importafit part of their re- spective communities, and they have done their full duty in building up the country in which they have made their homes. In Maryland, Charles Carroll, of Carrollton; was the wealthi-, est man of the'lSeriod. He signed the Declaraf tion of Independence and devoted his life and his fortune to the cause of his country. Always in Maryland members of the Catholic Church have been among the most distinguished citi- zens. The late and lamented Cardinal Gibbons was beloved and revered not only throughout the South but by the entire nation. James Ryder Randall, the author of the noble ! ,, ,, a the n, Maryland, My Maryland, was a CathoIic. In Louisiana, with its phases of French and Spanish domination, there has al- ways been a very large Catholic population, which played a great part in the history of th'at State. , In this connection it is interesting to note that the two Chief Justices of our Supreme Court whb were of the Catholic faith were both of Southern birth and antecedents---Chief Jus- tice Taney, of Maryland, and Chief Justice White, of Louisiana. ' And in the othe Southern States, while the n Catholics h ve not bee so n mer6us, m:any of them have held high office, they hi ve al- ways been among the best citizens. In North Carolina, for example, Judge William Gaston, of Newborn, a d v?ut Catholic and an early student at Georgetown University, was for many years a judg'e of the highest court and by corn- husband was being freely de counsel Qf Northern birth, she was by Sisters of Charity, who, memoirs of Davis, offered her the sum total of their savings, and care of her sick children. men consent, one of the most prominent, useful, And a still later day in the and beloved men of his time. At his death theI General Assembly of North Carolina passed reconstruction, it was to-the resolutions deploring his loss and stating "that York, New Jersey, and of C led by Catholic statesmen, that in the course of a long and varied life his bright career has left to us an example worthy of imi- tation, and his unsullied character is one of the brightest jewels of the State." He was the auth6r of the State anthem beginning with the words: "Carolina! Carolina! Heaven's bless- ings attend her." And in all the Southern States there have been like instances of eminent and beloved men and women who have been mmebers of this ancient faith. Gov. John Floyd, of Virginia, and his son, John B. Floyd, also governor of that State, were Catholics. There have been very many distinguished members of the John- ston family of Virginia who belonged to the same church. But it was when the need of the South was greatest that its Catholic sons and daughters stood nobly by its flag and its destinies, offer- ing up freely their lives and fortunes for the cause which they, in common with their fellow countrymen, deemed to be right. Many of their great chieftains were of this religious belief. General Beauregard and General Hardee were lifelong Catholics. General Longstreet died in that faith. Admiral Raphael Semmes, who car- ried the Confederate flag upon the Shenandoah in'all the seven seas, was a follower of the same faith. Col. John W. Mallet, who was at the head of the ordnance service, making munitions of war for the Confederate government, was a Catholic. Gem Patrick R. Cleburne, who laid down his life for the Southern cause, was a Catholic, and so was Gen. William Lewis Cabell and very many others who followed the stand- ards of Lee and of Jackson. And those Catholics served the cause of the South with their pens as well as by their swords. Theodore O'Hara,-who was in the Confederate army, wrote the beautiful and well-known poem, The Bivouac of the Dead, which referred, however, to the burial of Southern troops killed in the Mexican War. The Southern at# of Dixie was written by a Catholic, Daniel Emmett. The stirring war song, Hurrah! Hurrah! For the Bonnie Blue Flag that Bears a Single Star, was written by another Catholic, Capt. Harry McCarthy, of Ar- kansas. 'And we of the South can never for- get the touching and immortal lines of the poet laureate of the Lost Cause, Father Ryan, a Fran- ciscan priest, who died in a monastery at Louis: ville, remember, among our earliest recol- lections, the stanzas of The Conquered Banner and of The Sword of Robert Lee. I venture to quote three verses from The ,Conquered Banner: ,Furl that banner, for 'tis weary ; Round its staff 'tis drooping dreary; Furl'it fold it, it is best; For there's imt a man to waive it, And there's not a sword to save it, And there's not one left to lave it In the blood which heroes gave it; And its foes now scorn and, brave it; Furl it, hide itlet it rest! For, though conquered, they adore it! Love the cold, dead hands that bore it! Weep for those who fell before it! Pardon those who trailed and tore it! But, oh! wildly they deplor9 it, NoW who furl and fold it so. Furl that banner, softly, slowly! Treat it gently it is holy For it droops above the dead. Touch it' not---unfold it never, Let it droop there furled forever, For it droops above the dead. And we can never forget the last lines of The Sword of Robert E. Lee: tForth from its scabbard all in vain Bright flashed the sword of Lee; 'Tis shrouded now in its sheath again, It sleeps the sleep of our noble slain, for protection against'the legislatio the bigots of the Republican party ing to humiliate and to destroy her. l as.Senator Kernan and Senator York, were among those who st Southern Senators and Congressmen ing time. * * * It can not be believed and it that after these memories there will or any ill feeling among the South against our Catholic b cleat church. Indeed, in Louisiana the Catholics are number, there is no vestige of Anyone who would attempt to sue in either of those States and ridiculed. It is only where the are neglikible in number and Ignorance of the true nature that there remains some of the borne of Old World quarrels standings. This present admirable opportunity for our from the South and from other country to learn to know more olic fellow citizens. With and fuller understanding these dices will vanish like a mit the rays of the sun. By every consideration of and tradition, by all the rude and friendship and loyaltY, women,of the South should cleat creed of religious tel not take it against any man for public office that he the faith of his fathers. Faithfully, George tEDITORIAL WEALTH NOT Many today are obsessed with that wealth is happiness. TheY day by day, to accumulate riches hand down to their posterity. often they are depriving things of life,-and placing upon a handicap to happiness in this life to come. Western Alberta. O DEMPSEY'S The Chrfstian, Science Monitor the idea of a Catholic being the American navy. So it takes the modore Barry. to confer it phries, who managed the first American ships were built. u that, Jack Dempsey can hold P i all, he riveted ships during Gene Tunney was merely a The Queen's Work, St. Louis. O ~" A LIST OF B()OKS. James Gibbons Huneker, in hi.' teal Steeplejack tells how he of books, the best be, He did it in the imme youth. But, his project was all its presumption. He writes: part of my study-book is that to read and re-read every book in original project was a flve-year possible project; fifty ears it has That is not so bad a old man in touch to the end his youth.--The Monitor, San F O. THE NORDIC IN Everybody is discussin days and it is not surprising should enter the lists. Denis Defeated, yet without a stain, poet, in his new collection of Proudly and peacefully, fewlines to "The Nordics.' .G dom,ade the English, the Father Ryan was chaplain in the Confederate very many other races the army; his brother, Capt. David J. Ryan, was. killed in that service. It is hard to see how 'God made others, any man of Southern memories can bear alay ran#or against faith which has produced friends of his native land. And after the War between the States, when it was sought by the more bitter enemies of the outh to convict and execute President Davis, a 0"Conner, great'Catholic lawyer, Charles the leader of the bar of the whole country, volun I can't recall; Fa*ct is, children, God made them all." . "But Nordics, grandpa, Who made these?" "Oh, the Nordics By the Ph.D.'s/' The Sentinel .J