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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
February 17, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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February 17, 1923

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1923 Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of tile Diocese of Little Rock * 309 WEST SECONI) ,STRF.ET Evtered as secosd-class matter March 21, 1911, at tile postoffice at ].ittle Rock, Ark,, under tile Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. SUIIS(fRII&apos;TIt}N PRICE, $2.{)0 TIlE YEAR ('HAN(;E OF AI)IJRESS When a chafige of address is dsired the suhscriber should g:ve both the old and tle new address. 'L ( ()RIiESPONI)ENCI Matter intended for publiealion ill The Guardian she,lid reach us not later titan Wednesday mornitlg. ]lrtef news correspondence is always welcome. The kindness of the clergy In this raatter is cordially appre- ciaLed. REV. GED, II. McDERMOTT ................... Managing Editor All eomtntm[ealdons allout ",The Guardian" should be addressed to the Roy. Gee. I1. Mel}ermott. 309 West Second Street I ", i OFFICIAL APPRt)VAI. The Guardlatl" is the official organ of the Diocese of Litile Rock, and I pray God that it may he an earnest chain ion in tl e cause of r ght, -justice and truth ant atJ ardent defender of lhe religon which we all :, " love o well I extctld to it lily blessing witll tile sitlcere helle that its t: . career Illay be lOllg slid prospe ous. .  J(.JlIN B, MORRIS. Bishop of litt e Rock Little-Rock, Ark,, FebruazyiT:-i92: ............. ii ' . , Unless we do penance, we shall all likewise perish. o--o-- Ruhr coa is not being rushed into France. The poilus is a better parader than a purveyor. It takes a long**tire to fill the hod with just a bayonet. }-0 It has beewobserved that the title of Dr. Grant's church, The Ascension, is singqlarly inappro- priate for one of his views. As he denies the Resurrection, there could be no Ascension. 0-O .... In a recent talk to a St. Vincent de Paul Society, Cardinal O'Connell indulged in very severe criti- cism of rich Catholics "Most of them," said His Eminence, "do nothing for anything or anybody but themselves." ,o-o------ The Way of the Cross--let us include it with our devotions during the Lenten season. It is the only way from earth to heaven for the most of us. O ' Dissolving coalition puts William Morris Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, on the "has been" shelf with his, fellowWelshman, Lloyd George. The Laborites and high tariff dissolved the popularity of, Mr. Hughes. -0 Of the six reports of seismograph readings of the Hawaiian Islands' earthquakes, five of them ,came from Catholic college.s and universities t&roughoue the United States and Em;ope. Yet some people hold that the Church is opposed to science. Those who are familiar with the training which Apostolic_ Delegates receive will have their private opinion of President Obregon of Mexico who ex- pelled Mgr. Filippi for violating a constitutional law, the violation in thiscase consisting of the .blessing of a statue of the Sacred Heart on a pri- vate estate. , -0-O-- The competition must be keen in China when one missionary taught the natives that Catholics were not even Christians. We have this evidence of perverted zeal from Father Cohill, who has the distinction of being the first secular priest or- dained on Chinese soil. O-O Finally an editor, Lieut. David Gordon, of the Cusader, San Francisco, a British subject by the way, has been sentenced to serve six months in the county jail as a result of publication of the bog-as "Knights of Columbus Oath." Now for ome preacher-editors here in Arkansas, who have been baiting the Hillybillies with the same old worm for bigots. According to Emile Coue, the further west you :'go in America, the ruder and ruder in every way :,become our women-folk. He claims that they are tner, harder, less supple of mind and with a rrower outlook of tile world; they lack the gen- and polish to which one is accustomed in Dr. Coue only went westward as far as Chicago, that leaves our women folk of the south out such uncalled for slander. No doubt he also found as he went westward, that the people were ng wiser and wiser every mile and in every to his gold gathering auto-collections. " 0-O special "bill is about to be passed allowing thousand Armenian victims of Turkish atrocity ,to land in the United States. The gov- ernm6nt just lands them and it is then up to our philanthropic institutions to go bond for them arantee against charging it to our paternal government. It does seem as though all the Christian nations could force the Turks to hpld. up on Armenian massacre. International politics :may not get us across the seas again, but they are :: surely unloading most of their worries on pater- imlisfic America, We do not 'mind being chart,- : able but we do object to being "easy marks" for ltente method of avoiding their Christian mized Asia. , , ,  ' ( ; .., ,:,,,: .....  ":,:,/.:ia: ' A SIGNIFICANT SEASON An inspired writer tells us that all things have their season, and that there is a time to be born and a tkne to die. Following out that idea, the Church tells us that the significance of the Lenten season upon which we have entered is that it enables us to repair the logses of wasted spiritual .opportunities which contact with the world is so sure to entail. Catholics, especially in sections of the country where they are few in number and weak in influence, are forever exposed to an at- mosphere which is not congenial to the growth either of piety or of faith, and they are espe- cially enjoined to profit by the various expedients which the Church makes use of to refresh their memories on important spiritual truths, and to give them that control over their senses which all well balanced Christians like to possess. With the world around them dominated by tim philosophy which aims at multiplying human en- joyments and mitigating human sufferings, it is not strange that penitential practices are fast los- ing their attraction even for Catholics, ned it is for this reason that the Church tries to empha- size the significance of Lent by beginning the season with the dramatic settiRg of Ash Wednes- day, for when the tone of Catholic lifo has been lowered and the whole moral fibre has become flabby by contact with worldliness in its most alluring form, people must be startled before their attention is arrested. T. O-0 THE CIRCUIT RIDER We have no means at hand Of knowing what has been the efficiency of the itinerant preacher, but we do know from current literature that the circuit rider of the past has been greatly praised for his zeal, and for the hardships which he was called upon to endure in his various journeys to minister to a _scattered congregation. However, we do know that in the Catholic Church very litt!e is expected of a people who are dependent upon i an occasional visit from a priest, and we are quite I satisfied from a modest personal experience with scattered missions that the presence of many names of ancient Catholic lineage in the ranks of the various sects throughout the country nmy be largely accounted for by the lack of local priests, and the efforts of our Bishops to furnish pastors who enjoy some degree of permanence in a given place, corroborate this view. And to show that this is not a new conviction with them, we give the views of Archbishop.Carroll, of Balti- more, the first bishop in the United States: "To pass through a village where a Roman Catholic clergyman was never seen before; to borrow of the parson the rise of his meeting- house or church, in order to preach a sermon; to go or send about the village, giving notice at every house that a priest is to preach at a certain house, and there to enlarge on the doctrines of our Church; this is a mode adopted by some amongst us for the propagation of religion. But I would rather see a priest, for a continuance in the same place, with a growing congregation un- der him, than twenty such itinerant preachers. The only effect I have seen from these is to make people gaze for a time and say the preacher is a good or a bad one; but as soon as he is gone on his way to think no more about him." T. 0-0 SPIRITUAL LEADERS NEEDED It was not pleasing to our national vanity to have the Chancellor of the Exchequer of England proclaim on his return from this country that we had no ames worth while in finance, and that Congress-was filled with unintellectual men from the West who were more at home in slaughter houses than in halls of legislation. Following on the heels, of this attack on our )olitical sagacity, comes a wail on our lack of spiritual leadership, and it is all the more humil- iating because it has been uttered, not by a for- eigner, but by a native of rare self-complacency, the Episcopalian Bishop of Massachusetts. If Bishop Lawrence could only be induced to read the splendid Encyclical Letter of the Holy Father, Pope Pius XI, given to the world last week, his lament might not have been so loud, for Pius XI has already given attention to that fea- ture of the Church's life which Bishop Lawrence contends is so weak; he has made a plea for ele- vating the standard of seminaries where the spir- itual leaders of the future will be trained witch that vision which has always been associated with the Papacy; the Holy Father puts his finger on the evils that are at present afflicting the world, and he presses into service the splendid organiza- tion of the Catholic Church in order to get to the people a knowledge of the remedy which he also points out. Those who have read the first Ency- clical Letter of Plus XI with reasonable care will see how he grapples with the disturbed condition of the modern world, and, instead of bewailing the lack of spiritual leadership in our time, they Will proceed to apply to their own lives---each one to hmself-Zthe splendid suggestmns for bettering te condition of the ,world which h makes;f0r the homely in order, "If each one swept before his own door, we should have a clean street." The reformah0nL " of theqndividual I must precede::he rbrniition .of the nation. T. WHAT THINK YE OF CHRIST? The Catholic doctrine of the Incarnation which is the central truth of the Christian religion is very simple when stated in broad outline, but it is full of possibilities for the speculation of theolo- gians, and when speculation is indulged in too freely one is apt to go astray. It is an article of faith that Jesus Christ is true God and true man as God, begotten of the Father before all ages; as man, born in time of Mary, his virgin Mother, but when one goes beyond this statement of the Creed, one is apt to fall into error unless the quest is carried on under the guidance of the Church who is the divinely appointed eusto'dian of all Christian teaching. The history of tied Church is the history of the various errors on the Incarnation, for from the day our Lord asked the Pharisees: "What think ye of Christ?" down to our own,-the question seemed to be most natural. At one time His humanity was attacked, at another time, His Divinity. One class of theologians in their eager- ness to avoid one error, fell into another; and this led the Church to crystallize her teaching in her various creeds, and for more than a thousand years that teaching has been not only the belief but the comfort of Christians. But after the six- teenth century a new impetus was given to thee- logical speculation, and, whilst most of the sects into which Protestantism broke up, continued orthodox on the Incarnation, the history of the early Church was repeated. At preseit we have a good example of history repeating itself in the controversy raging in the Episcopalian Church of New York. It seems that a prominent rector of one of the city churches has questioned the Divinity of Christ, and his Bishop very naturally called him to account, and now comes another rector who accuses the Bishop of heresy, for, ac- cording to the latest theological champion to enter the arena, in defending the Divinity of Christ, the Bishop has questioned the reality of the Human nature in Christ. Catholics. at any rate, are protected against such mental aberrations. Realizing hat Christ meant what He said when lie asked, "What think ye of Chris.t?" they make it their business to learn as much as possible about their Saviour without indulging in speculations beyond what is revealed, and they find all that they need in the infallible teaching of the' Church, and in the two devotions which are at once tests and touchstones of true belief in the lnearnation-:-devotion to Mary under the title of Mother of God, and de- votion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. T. 0-O SCOTT AND THE KLAN The reading of Scott's novels played an im- portant part in the first outbreak of Ku Klux Klan activities in 1886. So we are told by Dr. James T. ttatfield, Professor of German Literature in Northwestern University, in his paler, Goethe and the Ku Klux Kt which appeared in the last quarterly number of tke Publications of the Mod- ern Language Association of America. In the translation which Waler ,Scott made of Goethe's Goetz van Berlichi,ngen, ke was introduced to the workings of the so-called, Vehmic tribunals of Westphalia. Apparently, he then made a deeper study of tlmt European insti:ution,, for in the in- troduction to the second edito.n of his novel, Anne of Geierstein, he gives a long: and hhrilling trea- tise on the Vehmgevicht, taken mostly from Francis Palgrave. The novel isel'f develops the episode of the Secret Tribu:nI tin: fike second chap- ter of Book H. later was "cheap unbleached The society was founded in in May, 1886, by young looking for some harmless diversioli days following the Civil War. book learning gave the society derived from the Greek word The official title of the Klan, ville, May, 1867, "Ku-Klux Klan pire," again recalls the "Invisible7 An,.e of Geierstei,n,. Thus the novelist lives after him] TIMELY Q[ We hear so much these days of Protestant America, that we are visualize it. To our assistance ander McGaffin, associate pastor terian Church of the Covenant, haps the most representative of its in that city He replied to a local newspaper recently and several aspects of Protestantism, questipns that Dr. McGaffin was reply to were: "Is "It is putting religion in rianism and senseless antiquated a schismatic movement, it is in or what are the enemies of "Bigoted sectarians---they pieces; doctrinarians and crats are the sticklers. The tian people just want to worship G ]Christ after the manner of the services of the Son of Man. rieties of Presbyterians in the enteen of Baptists and Methodists kinds of Lutherans--there are gious bodies in the United StateS, latest statistics, 197 of which are Protestant and comparatively Christians know or care what it "Is not re-ordination a barrier?" also the Nicene Creed. As far as I I would be willing, in the church, to become a low church be ordained twenty times! I have the world will be redeemed by cal culture societies; nothing man will do it." Rev. Mr. McGaffin evidently the publicity congregations of churches. He knows the Gospel, intelligent congregation and even though the truth hurts. The "spiritual ideal of ed in Washington, D. C., by the $10,000,000 Episcopalian the Capitol, will be the more copal church is less vague in trine. Getting these two tem, it may stand forth as among the several other America, already holding forth at Just at present its ideals are the Hudson, bu that would not ideal wftness on the banks of the vided the prom/sory notes were not Those who re d'esirous of crete examples ha, t more acfivitiz of religion exist in Engltnff ttin Stated, may be referred'  two cently took place in England, rett, O. P:,, who, dbateff. "The the Rev. Walter Limbrick, testant Reformation SOciety, That the novels of Scott ea, rried' a especial ap-- ......... ,   -m St peal for tle people of the S'ou.them States, is at- ;miicanne;i:;:SG:raon z;'r tested by a ew York publlsher o that periocl, _ g ........ P .... who said he ld sent Scott'S worlks, South in car- Angm-tmmom quesuon[ _. ---- load lots. Varilliam E. Dodti', gn l: recent work, I ..... , ..... ,, ,, - r. 1 uses to ae saia, lI you The Cotton Kingdom, observes:' Before 180 ........ %, , . ' , I pare Ior war, ou lvtajor t,,, it was good, form for Southern geltleaen to place ............... , .... iis oI ne oDlnlon xnl: wnc' P Sn" Walter Scott s novels on th, ir' lbrary shelves, [. i ......... and for all' Southern boys a,n i'Is to read these, ,,,,  ,,,,,,,o. ,r omc, ,mu ,,c,o,,,. ,,,,, -,. --ti:-'[''er"''';'['ru :'=:ar books as t.m great models of, [.fe: and good breed- , -,, r.em.o r, wa' ,-i ,,- -.: ,." - --- ;, ing. Fear men ever had a gTeater influence vertacc ['=='':':::hd' :,.,,,,w.,,o,,,o-,s.,.--- the cotto-planters than the betO.ved Scottish bard .......... _ ........... _.: ,...a. -, a ...a ,,,|, ie the and noelist. Scott's romanti'ci,sm and hero-wo-Ill :'::]:''*'A;di:*thi;'i:nuecti'On.,,.s ship s'ed their taste an brace their social s ys- wise suggestion : "Our army tem.., and he, furnished rmtter enough for the Mgest of lhe idle: dya o a lonely on plantation." Mark Twaiiu, in *'Life,. on the Mississippi," speaks of the Sir VCalter Scott disease which is responsible for the character of the Southerner, as it existed before the tar. Were it nt; for the influence of ScokL the South would be fully a genera,inn further, a0/vanced than it is, and per- haps th civil srif would never have occurred, Whatever one may think of the great humorist's drasttc expression on the Southern character, the fact that Anne of Geierstein was a iotent factor in the creationof the Klan, can hardly be denied Scott's devotees in the South did not balk at ac- cepting the ill-starred 'Anne at par value. The "fiery cross," the trial "by secret tribunal," or "by his peers," the severe penalty for revealing secrets of the order, the designation "dens" for the lodges of the orderall these are but borrowings from Scott, In Scott's novel the members of the court are all "muffled in black cloaks," and' accordingly the costumes of the Klan were usually black, only lains in particular should tadY effts of ,ar so as to el'p'our pacifists in preventing war by irtead of aggravating i by a spirit." The Book of Prayer, the Creed and the signed statement. Ministers on doctrinal and appearing in the daily press, the sincere members of the allow<f wonderment as to the their church is resting. Rev, Dumbell of Darien, Conn. ,a c Manning, but a friend of Dr. of thea brought to trial, the linarian, the Rev. Doctor as an. Dumbell declares that "the self most frightfully fallible wrong it must be set right. gin to speak out the ever. I think the fact is many church deserves to die."