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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
February 12, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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February 12, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, FEBRUARY 12, 1943 i i ii i i i i i i iiiiiii THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/S WEST SECOND STREET I Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock. Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2,00 the year , OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of th Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent defemder of the reli|lou we all love so well. I extend to it my blesainlr with the sincere kope that its career may be ionfr and prosperous• JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop ol Little Ro "k. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L, KEANY, Ph. D. . BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the : Business Manager, and all matters Intended for publication should reach ,: The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon•  REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809 West 2nd, Telephone 5480 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service*---Knlwhts of Columbus of Arkansas Paragould Council, No. 1713 ................... $12.00 Fort Smith Council, No, a96...- ................... 22.00 Little Rock Council, No. 812 ..... IIZ.0O Pocahontas Council No. 2443 .......... 17.00 Blytheville-Osceola. Council,. No. 2857 ....................... 12.00 Texarkana Council No• 26S0 ....... 17.00 Pine Bluff Cbuneil. No. 1152 ............................ 22.00 FEBRUARY 12,11943 J " "It by liberty o[ the press, we understand merely the liberty ot discussinlg the propriety ot, public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but it it means the liberty of at- ironting, calumniating and detaining one another, I own myselt willing 'o part with my share ot it when- ever ourlegislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty Ot abusin'g'others 'for,the privilege ot not being abused • myselL"--Franklin. . ". '•'BOY SCOUTS " This week the .nation pauses to do honor to an organiza- tion which has done much for American youth during the past three decades. No greater encomium could be paid to the Boy Scouts of America tha'n the simple enunciation of their oath: "'On my honor, 1 will do my best--do my duty to God and my country, and to obey the Scout Law; help other people at all times; keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight." This oath inculcates four basic ,essentials needed in the lives of all men--love God, love of country, love of our neighbor and love of ourself. In a sense the Scout oath is nothing more t[aan an epitome of the Ten Commandments. If one loves God above all things and his neighbor as himselfl-then one is really and truly a man. • He is a man Because he is using man's greatest faculty, his • intelligence and with this power realizing his obligation to his Creator. He's a man because he realizes that all men have a " definite dignity as creatures of God and independent of per- sonal likes or dislikes theY have inalienable rights. He's a man Because he realizes his own innate dignity as a creature of God. He's a man because he has a love and reverence for his native earth. By following his Scout oath a Scout is really a man. Any organization which brings reverence and respect for Almighty God to the youth of our nation, which enkindles within their hearts a knowledge of the rights and privileges of other men, which brings to a youth the knowledge of his own innate greatness as a creature of God, and which ennobles our you'ths with a love for this country is worthy of the esteem of all Americans. Today we thank the Boy Scouts of America for their work among the youth of our land. We. thank them for bringing God and moral principles into lives which otherwise may not have known of them. We thank them for making real men of Ameri- can youths. . HOW TO GO TO CONFESSION With the reception of the Sacrament of Penance a frequent occurence for the average Catholic, it is important to keep in ' mind that the words o'f absolution spoken by the priest are not the only impcrtant part. Our sins are forgiven as soon as the confessor absolves us, only when we have done our part. There ' must be sorrow for sin ; without that, there can be no forgiveness. There must also be a firm resolve to sin no more; that also is ' necessary. :' A hurried preparation for the Sacrament of Penance is • . o dangerous. Before the examination of conscience, some time should be spent in prayer asking God for assistance. Calling to mind the commandments of God and of the Church and the duties of our state in life enables us to discover where we have offended God in thought, desire, word, deed or omission. If we do a sincere job of examining our conscience, it won't be difficult to have a hearty sorrow and detestation of our sins. We will realize the awfulness of mortal sins--so ser- ious a matter that the Son of God willingly allowed Himself to be cruelly tortured and done to death to atone for them and to save us from an eternity of punishment which we deserved. We will also see the evil of venial sin which only a thoughtless person would refer to as "only a venial sin". For sin, no matter how slight, is an offense against an all-loving, all-powerful God. 'Once we comprehend the mistake we have made in choos- ing our way in preference to God s and the consequent sin, we will want to avoid a like mistake in the future. A determination to do better, we know, must be part of our contribution. Surely if we are telling God that we are sorry for having offended Him, we know that He expects a promise not to transgress His law in the future. Those who find themselves falling back into the same ins---almost as a matter of routine--will possibly ind the cause in their indifferent preparation, careless examination of conscience, and lukewarm contrition. Wise is he who, when he goes to confession, considers it as the last confession 'he will ever have an opportunity of making. WILL ROME BE BOMBED? Remarks attributed to Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden of England in recent days have recalled to attention the subject of the aerial bombardment of Rome, but the x Vatican maintains an absolute reserve and all signs indicate its attitude on the question is unchanged. Mr. Eden has been quoted as saying Prime Minister Churchill had made it plain that "we have as much right to bomb Rome as the Italians had to bomb London, and we should not leitate to do so to the best of our ability and as heavily as possible if the course of the war should render such action con- venient and helpful." No precautions whatever have been taken against air raids either in Vatican City itself or in Vatican buildings located in the City of Rome. There has been considerable comment on this subject in the Swiss press. Basler Nachrichten, referring to recent rumors regarding Vatican efforts to sound out the belligerents regard- ing the sparing of Rome, says "not only persons with religious ,sentiments but also all who love culture and have the regard for the destiny of irreplaceable values that they have for human right would warmly welcome any such effort." Why bomb Rome? Rome is the Eternal City, the capital of Christendom, the home of the Pope, the cradle of Christian- ity, the vessel of western civilization. If we are fighting to save Christian civilization, why destroy the city that most perfectly symbolizes it? Rome saw the end of the first Caesars and she will see the end of the sawdust Caesar who now struts about her streets as a dictator. Mussolini is not of Rome; he is a cancerous growth whose very life has the seeds of death. It is not neces- sary to blow to powder sacred shrines and ancient churches in order to blast Mussolini and his Fascists out of Rome. Rome it- Self will conquer them., Evennow the Italian people would join up with the Allies if such an alliance were physically possible. The common people of Italy are on our side. We would only antagonize them and drive them against us by bombing the city they revere as sacred. There is little in Rome that is of military importance. A government airport, about ten miles outside the city could be bombed without harning the city. In the city it- self the railway station, as a center of communication, is about the only strategic point. Rome has so many churches, hardly a bomb could be dropped without hitting one of them. In the blitz over London the Nazis destroyed churches and revered shrines? If we bomb Rome, we can not but imitate the Nazis in this respect. Is this what We are fighting for?--(The Witness). : : f' il ls r.., ] CatholicInfonnationSoolety| k.alnollc 00__.,olactlCe P o, Box Lou Ambers --a sort of love tete-a-tete in which makes the Nine First Fridays-- On the night of September 3rd, 936, Lou Ambers fought through fifteen blistering rounds to become Lightweight Champion of the World. That's history. At the celebration aftei" the fight, Thursday night changed into Friday morning and Lou re- fused food and d'rink because he was making the Nine First Fri- days. That was news, for it was reported in the daily press. But why news? Catholics from every state of life are frequently making the Nine First Fridays. It's a rather common practice. Common, yet so superlatively lovely, that one might not expect a pubilist to so engage himself. But that's Catholicism. To make the Nine First Fridays one goes to Mass and Holy Com- munion on each of the first Fri- days of nine consecutive months. On each occasion he must be free from grievous sin and must ab- stain from food and drink from midnight till after Mass. That is the practice and the obligation. That's what Lou Ambers was do- ing; but listen to his reason for doing it. the Catholic tells his Saviour how much he is trying to realize and appreciate the infinite love of God for man; and how hard he is try- ing to love God in an extraordinary manner to make up for the lack of love on the part of the millions who know not God or who have turned their backs upon Him. And finally the Catholic prays with full confidence for the grace of final perseverence in his • quest of Heaven and for the infinite graces of the Sacraments before he dies. Friday, September 4th, 1936 12.01 a.m. Please visualize the scene. A twenty- two -year -old Italian boy, being acclaimed world's champion. "What will you have, Champ?" "Nothing, thank you, I'm making the Nine First Fridays." News? Much more than news. 'Twas an event of far-reaching ef- fect. For world champions of the ring are more adulated and imitat- ed than world leaders of arts and sciences, of professions and indus- tries, of kingdoms and empires. Lou Ambers, here's to you; May your fifteen-round victories and your Nine First Fridays go on and on. May you ever shine forth as a model of physical and spiritual QUES' ION BOX Notice--It ts Important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Are CatholiCs Allowed To Read Any Version Of The Bible? Catholics are forbidden to read unauthorized versions of the Bible for the reason that the unaltered text and true explanation of it are found only in the Catholic Church. It was to His Church alone that Christ promised the gift of the Holy Spirit, an that "The gates of Hell shall not prevail against it." Hence, The Holy Scripture, out of which the Catholic Church draws her teachings, cannot possibly be essentially altered or corrupted. Heretics have, on the other hand, sometimes changed the meaning of particular passages in their own favor, or have omitted whole por- tions if these did not please them. Thus Luther rejected the Epistle of St. James because the Apostle says that faith without good work is dead, which is directly opposed to Luther's doctrine of faith alone'. The difficulty of understanding Holy Scripture is a further reason for the Church's restriction. How few there are who can honestly say that they thoroughly under- stand the Epistles that are read at Mass--and these are chosen for their simple and practical char- acter. St. Peter himself says that in the Epistles of St. Paul there are some things hard' to understand, and that the unstable would per- vert these to their own destruction• St. Augustine declares: "There are more things in the Bible which I cannot understand than those I can understand." The prophetical books are especially obscure. Hence the necessity of an authen- tic exposition of the Bible. Heretics often give half a dozen different meanings to the same passage. And since we must be- lieve all that Christ taught and just as he taught it, it is necessary that the meaning of each passage be made clear to us. The Catholic Church is the authority that God has appointed to explain Holy Scripture; for to her the Holy Spirit has been given to safeguard her from teaching error. Are the pryer after Ma' re- cited for the Russlaa people? Yes; "His Holiness, Plus XI, in an address on June 3, 1930, said Christ, the Redeemer of the hu- man race, is therefore to be im- plored to permit tranquility and freedom to profess the faith to be restored to the afflicted people of Russia. And, that all may be able to make those prayers with very little trouble 'and difficulty, we desire that those same prayers which our predecessor of happy memory, Leo XIII, ordered priests to recite with the people after Mas§, shall be said for this inten- tion, that is, for Russia. "Bishops and the clergy, both secular and religious, should be most zealous in giving notice of this to their people or to all who assist at Mass, and should fre- quently remind them of it." Why is the Church always ready to receive sinners on their death heft? The Church is ready and even anxious to welcome repentant sin- ners at the end of their lives be- cause her commission is to help souls to reach heaven. In imitation of Christ, her Founder, who par- d'oned the Good Thief on the cross and promised him Paradise that very day, the Church shows mercy to any sinner who is sincerely sor- ry for his sins. However, the fact tha the Church receives sinners on their death bed is not to be interpretd as an encouragement to careless living, nor a guarantee Why do women In this modern day still have to wear hats in Church? Wouldn't  bare head be prefer- able to using a handkerchief? The law of the Church requiring women to have their head covered in church is based on the explicit teaching of St. Paul on this sub- ject. "Every woman," St. Paul says, "praying or prophesying with her head not covered disgraces her head", (I Cor. 11,5). The reason for St. Paul's prohibition is that a woman's hair is her crowning glory and hence as an aqt of morti- fication when she is worshipping God her head is to be covered. As St. Paul does not mention the na- ture or size of head covering to be worn, it seems that when no other Rural Catholic Committee of the South by Rev. Anthony Lachows C. S. Sp. (General Diocesan Chalrm IMPORTANCE OF THE FI GARDEN Many shallow farm have been exploded by the which is now in progress. are only now beginning to kind of thinking we should done when the war first With the first stroke of war the- idea of soldiers, more soldiers. Now we are ginning to see real danger we were not as careful as should have been when we our men for the Army. Arkansas Gazette, Thursday, 4, 1942, Senator Bankhead (I Ala.) declared, that nearly 000 men must be released army and navy to avert an shortage of food, while (Dem. Texas) called new power orders a threat to the ervation of the family in life. The war then, has out the fact that agriculture basic thing in this nations covering is available a clean ture, and without it the handkerchief is permissible, cannot for long endure • • • life. My boy Is In service and In a let- Major Gem Lewis B. ter he said that the ehaplaln gave Selective Service Director, them general absolution. Please fled in secret before a sub- explain what this means? mittee Bankhead heads. This is the forgiveness of sins refused to discuss Hershey's given in the Sacrament of Penance to a whole group of persons, with- out confession of sins, when such confession is impossible. Sailors, for example, on board a ship that his been torpedoed and is sinking, would be given general absolu- tion, or soldiers who are about to advance under fire, There is an obligation, however, on the part of the persons  who have been thus absolved, to mention their sins the next time they go to confession. When one has no sins to confess since the last confession, what does one do about this in order to re- ceive the graces of the sacrament of Penance? In that case mention a sin from a past confession that you com- mitted before your last confes- sion. The Church allows us in confession to often confess and ex- press sorrow for sins even though they have already been forgiven and confessed'. What should one do when im- modest talk Is carried on in one's presence? If you can easily leave such com- pany, leave it at once. If you can not conveniently leave, show by your silence or seriousness that you are displeased. A wise con- versationalist will introduce an- ether topic of conversation or even tactfully suggest something like this: "Let's elevate this conversa- tion to a higher level." Such con- versation among the young, espec- ially in mixed groups, are the ource of much spiritual harm. I often say my rosary 'in prts, a decade or two at  time, sa.that I finish the five mysteries before retiring. I find I can get in my rosary with more devotion and more surely. Can I gain the rosary indulgences by saying it tn this Installment way? Yes, you can; provided, you say at least one full decade (one Our Father and ten Hail Marys) at a time. It is no longer necessary to say the five decades at one time. Let us also mention that one need mony but said "we now have food scarcity, which is worse" as a result of the drain on form labor. "Any largement of the armed fo 'co cause us to fall far short of plying the military ourselves, with adequate Bankhead asserted and said' an acute shortage can be only by the release of soldiers and sailors. would have been better cause in the long run to our farm boys on the farms to have saved the millions, of lars required for their traintn equipment. It is quit e how important the food is and what a grave rests upon the farmer to even minus sufficient help machinery. The time is here right now each and every person who small plot of ground and' is to handle a hoe and a spade out and plant and ab!es, enough to take care own needs and in this solve the food problems. very long ago when the farmer thought he could not to put aside much land for a supply of vegetables. The and empty commercial propal had' taught him that it was er to buy vegetables in in cans at the store. The mereial farmer concentrates cash crop and soon forgets ctfltivate other crops and show much ambition to lorocesses of intelligent The thought that should occ,. minds at present is survival. farming and our gardening be done with that in mind. farm program should be on a safe and sound base. mined effort should be mal produce more per acre at les per pound, whether in live-stock. In our section of the vdaere so many of the comparatively small farms, bolh beef and dairy herds, hogs should be given The Nine First Fridays is a de- strength for every little boy--yea, that God in His mercy will give not have the rosary in the hands, votion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus and for every great big man. the special grace of final conver- if the hands are busy, e.g., as at sion to those who have deliberately work, driving a car; provided, the ' 1 spurnedt His grace during their rosary is on ones person--in one's lifetime, clothes, or purse. R.uE Words of y's Parable Father Stedman, Confraternity, S F ˘'$  C'-QTh Encouragement ; of thePrecious Blood, T R A N G E B U T , T Brooklyn. N.Y. l -- ItOLY SADNESS Abandoned Little-Known a ol,cs Wakens Prayer and Hope The sadness which is good for us, causes no chagrin, and far from deadening the powers of the mind renders it active and diligent, it does not cast down the heart, but wakens it to prayer and hope; and the soul is transported with a fer- vent devotion. Instead of bitterness it brings forth the sweetest consolation, fol- lowing the precept of the great St. Augustine, that the penitent should always be sad, but always also re- joice in his sadness. The sadness, says Cassianus, which works solid repentance, is good, for it is obedient, humble and' meek, sweet and patient, for it springeth forth from charity, so that extending itself to every pain of the mind hnd body it is still joy- ous, animated, retaining all the sweetness of affability and meek- ness, having all the fruits of the Holy Spirit, charity, joy, peace, longanimity, goodness, benignity, faith, meekness annd continence. Neither Sad Nor Melancholy Such is true repentence and such is holy sadness, in fact, it is neith- er sad nor melancholy, but mere- ly affectionate and tender, in re- jecting and preventing the evil of sin, both past and future for the love of God, and without any mix- ture of imperfect love, without re- garding punishment or eternal re- ward. Behold the result of this loving repentance, the general practice of which is by aspirations or",eleva- tions of the heart of God after the manner of the penitent of old. "I See WORDS on page 5 The old door of the little church creaked, its rusty hinges 15rotest- ing. Out from the door stepped a beautiful lady. A little boy held her hand. "I do not think that nyone will ever come. We have waited so long", said the Blessed Lady, "and no one has com to visit us". Down the ragged road the Queen and Child took their way and at a turn in the road pas- sed out of sight. An old legend which has wandered down to us from an abandoned church in a de- serted village. Yet these aban- doned tabernacles where Jesus waits in vain for someone to come and see Him, are as often in those loneliest spots of earth--the hearts of big cities. For here, people so crowd their lives with empty dis- tractions and money-chasing that they never pause in a day's rush to visit Jesus. Our Lord loved nothing so well as to "g9 apart" with His dis- ciples, and talk heart to heart with them. That is why He deliberate- ly imprisoned Himself in the Holy Eucharist--to await our visit. If we cannot actua,ly visit Him, we can go in prayer o some aban- doned tahernaele. Project your- self spiritually with a prayer to Jesus abandoned so that in all the world there may be not one aban- doned abernacle. Practice the sweet devotion of the Rosary, so simple, so easy and so powerful. Remain submissive to God's providence, united to him, without thinking or doing any- thing, but satisfied in being near him. By M. j. MURRAY Cowriht 1945. N. C, W. €. N tention. The crops best ad our section and a home ply that will help take care home needs with as much to as possible, should be our dearer. Our la.d should be intelligent attenllon for in have the most secure Most of the soils we farm, to medium, and must be Many good farming or soil servation practices put fect now will icrease turns in the harvest of 1943. a shortage of help we the most out of the smallest ber of acres. Never before has the American farmers been so] as this year. Our armed out' workers in this our allies are all the farmers of this nation; necessity we must reco farm and the fhrmer. We recognize the part we take in the food program All available gardens put in 100 per cent that enough vegetables stuff will be put up in jars care of our needs, that tthO might be used for our armed'. and allies. The farm should be larger this ever, for we must have Putting Religion Back Curriculum  The versity in considering establishment of a religion is commented on welcome sign of realistic . tional philosophy" by The fact that religion in s0 universities has been "unworthy of academic "wrought a baneful the training of ially of the teachers in schools," it was pointed ;,A pilgrimage to the may never be mine, but could more frequently grimage to the altar.