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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
February 12, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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February 12, 1938

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, FEBRUARY 12, 1938 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese f Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/ WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas. under Che act of Cgress of March S, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that It may he an earnest champion o| the cause o| right, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religlon we all love so well. I extend to it my blssing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph.D.. Editor Associate Editors: Rt. Rev. Msgr. James P. M eras, LL.D.; Very Rev. Msgr. Joseph A. Gollagher0 M. A.; Rev. Lawrence Hoyt, O. S. I].; Roy. James E. O'Connell, M. A.-" Rev. Patrick M. Lynch, B. A. BUSINESS MANAGER All communicatbons about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager. and all matter intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 3001/2 WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for Advertising Rates SPONSORS OF SERVICES N. C. W. C. News Service--Anonymous Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Texarkana Council No. 2650 ................................. $12.00 Pine Bluff Cmmcil No. 1153 ................................ $12.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ................................. $12.00 Paragould Council No. 1713 ..................................... -,$12.00 Stuttgart Council No. 2770 .......... : .................................. .$ 7.0O FEBRUARY 12, 1938 THE MISSION.OF A CATHOLIC The avowed enemies of Christianity wish to abolish re- ligion among the people. Take away religion from the people and morality will soon follow; morality gone, even their phy- sical condition will soon disintegrate into corruption which breeds decrepitude, while their intellectual attainment would serve as a light to guide them to deeper depths of vice and ruin. A civilization without religion would be one of 'a struggle for existence, and the survival of the fittest,' in which cunning and strength would become the substitutes for prin- ciple, virtue, conscience and duty. Without pretending to b'e prophets or the sons of prophets, we can foresee the day when these pernicious influences after making bad Christians will make bad citizens, and no civilization worthy of the name has ever subsisted, nor can subsist without religion. Voltaire said, "Always there is an Old Man in white in the Vatican," and Our Holy Father, Pope Plus XI, is as untiring as were his predecessors, and as will be his suc- cessors, in combating the evils of the times. In this he is perpetuating the mission of Christ to bring the Kingdom of God on earth, and we as members of the true Church of Crist have a sacred duty to perform in this regard. The spread- ing of the Kingdom of God on earth is not so much dependent cn the Church as a whole body, as it is on each individual mem- ber of it. The Pope can command, and his Bishops legislate, but in the final analysis, it is the carrying out of these com- mands by the people that accomplishes the desired results. The disaster in the history of the Church can be traced invariably to the recalcitrant or indifferent people who frustrated the work of the leaders of the Church'. The English statesman who said, "The only thing that came unscathed through the World War is the Catholic Church," put in an epigram the truth that all men are com- ing to see and give testimony of, even though that testimony be often expressed in words and acts of hate. And we can boldly add that the only institution that meets the enemy with i fearlessness and courage is the Catholic Church. The average American is very frank in his admiration of the Church and will give praise to her many ;orks. He is not interested in her doctrines or practices, but when he finds his fel- low citizens more pure, more honest, more militant in preserv- ing and protecting faith and morals, more patient under the trials and disappointments of life because they are Catholics, then his interest will be aroused to investigating what it is that makes Catholics different Through that will come the knowl- edge of the Church's teachings and the gift of faith. Every Catholic bears in himself the dignity of the Church, and must share in the work of the Church for the betterment of the world. There is a fast spreading unrest in our own country and we have the remedy in our teachings. Our Catholic books, magazines and our diocesan newspapers drip with richness of treasures that the world is hungry for and we are like misers because we will not hear and will not give. The Catholic Church has the wisdom of the ages to learn from; and when she embarks on any enterprise for the com- mon good, even her bitterest enemies can afford to take it for granted that tlere is something behind it. And there is. There is her very life which depends on the fidelity of her children. And her children are lost to God unless she protects and guides them. And she protects and guides the Christian world. It is always depressing to see how little a part God plays in the affairs of men. Our papers and voluminous journals, that reflect the multitudinous activities and interests of the world, have little or no space for God; while names of heroes in sports and crime, in politics and on the stage and screen are blazoned forth, the name of God is ignored. We have the panacea for the ills of the restless world, but we must prove it by living the teachings of the Church in our daily life.mJ. A. G. CHURCH LITURGY J As a fitting preparation for Lent, which is itself prepara- tory to the great Easter festival, we have the three Sundays preceding the Lenten season--Septuagesima, Sexageslma, and Quinquagesima Sunday. These Sundays signify the seventieth, sixtieth and fiftieth days before the glorious feast of the Resur- rection of the Saviour. They serve as an introduction to the penitential season of Lent and give us an opportunity to make resolutions for the proper celebration of this holy Lenten season. Practical Christians should not celebrate these days in a spirit of revelry, taking as it were, one "last fling" at the pleas- ures and the fleshpots of the world, before putting them aside for the fast and penances of Lent, but they should, if they are serious about their soul's salvation, make of them a period of real serious thought and meditation. In this manner does the ecclesiastical year which is neither more nor less than a manifestation of Jesus Christ and His mysteries mark out this particular period for the serious, meditative consideration of all her children. The ecclesiastical year, which is planned for us by the Church herself, produces a drama, the most sublime and heart-thrilling that ever has been offered for the consideration of man. God intervening for the sanctification and salvation of man, the reconciliation of justice with mercy, the humiliation and the sufferings and the glories of the God Man, the descent of the Holy Spirit and His workings in humanity and in the faithful souls, and the mission of the Church--all are portrayed in a most effective and impressive manner. Each mystery has its time and place. It was over 1900 years ago that this drama began to unfold itself. Its anniversary is kept in the liturgy of its Church, and its lessons are impressed each year in the minds of the faithful, with a freshness, as if God Himself were then doing, what He did so many centuries ago. Human ingenuity could never have devised a system such as this. Those who are so foolish as to assert that Christianity has no longer any influence in the world, do not take in con- sideration these undying realities--this vigor and continuance of the liturgy of the Church year. Liturgy is but an affinity of the works of God, an acknowl- edgement of divine facts, which although they were done but once are imperishable in man's remembrance, and are each year renewed by the commemoration he makes of them. The Church lives her life with the Saviour, year after year, and so at this particular time she would have us spend these three weeks preceding the holy season of Lent in a spirit of meditation and serious thought, regarding the condition of our soul and the efforts we intend to put forth for its salvation in the days that are before us. Careless and indifferent Catholics may not heed the les- sons which these days of preparat|on teach us. Theirs' is the loss. For those who are serious about the salvation of their souls, renewed effort will be made, that they too, like the Master, may be prepared to go into the desert, to separate themselves from the things of this world and there "in a good and perfect heart, hearing the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit in patience."uM. vu i i i t I i SUNDAY, February 13.--Saint Catherine of Ricci was born in Florence and entered the Third Order of St. Dominic at the age of 13. She had the Sacred Stig- mata, t he wound in the left side and the crown of thorns and was miraculously permitted to partici- pate in the Passion of the Saviour. MONDAY, February 14.--Saint Valentine suffered persecution un- der Claudius II and was behead- ed in 270. He is responsible for having given a Christian character to the feast of the goddess Juno in February. TUESDAY, February 15--Saints Faustinus and Jovita were broth- ers who preached during the early persecutions in the city of Brescia. They were martyred in 121. WEDNESDAY, February 16.-- St. Onesinus was converted and baptized by St. Paul in the prison in Rome. tie suffered martyr- dom in the year 96. THURSDAY, February 17.--St. Flavian, Bishop, martyr, was elect- ed Patriarch of Constantinople in 447. From the first he was des- tined to conflict and persecution and in 448 was faced with the grave problem of condemning the heresy of the monk Eutyches. In the difficulties which arose Saint Flavian was abused and carried into banishment. FRIDAY, February 18.--Saint Simeon, Bishop, martyr, was the son of Cleophas, otherwise called Alpheus, brother of St. Joseph, and of Mary, sister of the Blessed Virgin. He was therefore nephew both to St. Joseph and to the Bles- sed Virgin and a cousin to Our Saviour. When the Jews mas- sacred St. James the Lesser, his brother, Simeon reproached them for their atrocious cruelty and was chosen to succeed his brother as Bishop of Jerusalem. He died in the year 107 after having under- gone horrible tortures for several days, despite his 120 years of age. SATURDAY, February 19.--St. Barbatus, Bishop, was born in the  territory of Benevento in Italy, to- ward the end of the pontificate of St. Gregory the Great, in the be- ginning of the seventh. Taking Holy Orders he was immediately employed by his bishop in preach- ing, for which he had an extra- ordinary talent. He died Febru- ary 29, 682, at the age of 70 Recommended to you are great evenness of temper, sweetness and gentleness of heart; for these vir- tues, like the oil of a lamp, main- rain the flame of good example, for there ts nothing more edify- to our neighbor than charitable kindliness. Words of Encouragement Holding God's Hand We ought to 'go through life holding God's hand. There is much suffering that has to be gone through in this life, and it makes all the difference of pleasure or pain whether we have our hand in God's or not. It will make a joy of even mortification. The Angel Gabriel said to our Lady, The Lord is with thee. We ought to make the intention every time we say the Hail Mary of asking our Lord to be with us. Try and Love God Try and love God. He wants us all to be saints. It is our own fault if we are not. In spite of darkness and despondency we must keep on asking Him to be with us. The troubles I have are the troubles He had. For in- stance, monotony. He was year after year a common carpenter not even a joiner. Everything He did He did in the hope that we should imitate Him. A Full Heart God judges us not so much by details as by the whole, the pur- pose of life. To be drifting, to have no settled aim in life, is un- satisfactory for everyone; work- ing nothing out, ending in noth- ing. Everyone ought to be liv- ing, working, for something. What are you at? The nearer a soul gets to God,' the more it loves to dwell on our Lord's human nature. Like a sponge plunged into the ocean, so :must you lose yourself in the Sac- red Heart of Jesus, that the waters of love may surround and deluge your soul on every side. The love of God can FILL your heart. QUESTION BOX Is there any historic proof that the Anglican church traces its his- tory back to St. Paul? Tlmre is not the slightest evi- dence to establish this claim. There is no proof that St. Paul ever preached in Britain. Is it a sin if one makes a prom- ise to go to Mass every day for a certain time and then attends only occasionally? More than likely the promise was only a good resolution and its non-fulfillment involves no sin. If the individual remains doubtful, he should mention it to his con- lessor. If we intend to bind our- selves under sin to keep a promise, we really make a vow that we must keep if we are not dispensed from it. Can you tell me what we mean by the expression, "the super- natural order," or supernatural in general? I have often meant to ask this question and now turn to you for Information? God's creative act was entirely free. Our existence as creatures is a gift of His Divine liberality. Once created, however; all human beings have a claim to certain spe- cific perfections, requisite for their continued existence, development and the accomplishment of their I destiny. Taken in the aggregate, the sum-total of all these perfec- tions in creatures constitutes the natural order. Restricting the question to mankind, we discover that men might have had actual existence in this natural order alone. From the very dawn of ra- tional creation, however, God su- per-imposed on nature, without abrogating it in any sense, a new, undeserved, wholly gratuitous out- lay of perfections, beyond all cre- ated nature's capacities and as- piration. The crown and consum- mation of this liberal and utterly free endowment is the possession of God Himself in the life to come, by intuitive knowledge and love. Its concrete expi'ession in Life on earth is the order of grace. Parallel with the course of nature, the su- pernatural order of grace marks every step of the just man's de- velopment. The root and principal of natural activity is the human soul; the root and principle of su- pernatural activity is sanctifying grace, that inherent permanent quality adorning the soul and ren- dering it competent to elicit acts of knowledge and love otherwise restricted to God's personal omni- potence. The natural faculties of intellect and will are enriched by the infused virtues, those strictly supernatural principles of activity capable of elevating the natural thoughts and affections of man- kind into salutary and meritor- J ious acts of faith, hope and charity. For every natural virtue there is a supernatural counterpart, so that no element of human mental structure lacks its peculiar super- natural equivalent; no thought, word or desire reed be merely natural; all may have a bearing on the sublime ,supernatural des- tiny ordained by God for man's everlasting happiness. The corn- plexus of this transcendent des- tiny, and the connatural, propor- tioned means of its achievement, which is built by nature, designed for nature and operates with na- ture, constitutes the ordar of grace, or the supernatural order. Is it sinful for Catholics to sub- scribe to the popular picture maga- zines? It is not always easy to deter- mine in particular cases when a thing is obscene from its very na- ture, but the following general rules can be given: (a) Pictures, statues and other images are ob- scene when they represent scenes of immoral acts or lascivious at- titudes or postures; (b) they may be obscene by reason of the les- son taught (as when purity is de- rided) and by reason of the thing represented (as when the main theme is suggestive of immoral- ity). No Catholic has to be taught that he must avoid everything ob- scene, that is, words, acts, or ob- jects by which impure thoughts are conveyed, or impure desires or ac- tion are suggested. Books and magazines are not to be classed as obscene, however, on account of isolated passages or pictures un- suited for the reading of children or other susceptible persons, or excitable to prurient or impure minds. At the same time, all maga- zines that cater to the brute in- stincts in man must be rated by public opinion as obscene and sin- ful. We have seen picture maga- zines that were not obscene. Thc" are, however, nearly all trashy. Should the eonfessleri keep one from becoming a Catholic if they believe in all the other doctrines? If one believes that the Catholic Church is the church established by Christ he must believe that the Church is infallible in matters of faith and morals. Believing this he will be willing to accept teaching of the Church in the matter of the Sacrament of Penance as the di- vinely appointed way to obtain pardon of sin. When one acknowl- edges the divine character of the Church one must logically submit to her teachings in all things per- taining to faith and morals. To confess one's sins to a priest is hard to human nature, Catholic human nature as well as any other. But, properly explained, the obli- gation of confession is easily un- derstood. There is no mystery, it is evident from the words of Christ and satisfies every human instinct. *** A Catholic girl friend of mine is keeping company with a divorced man, a non-Catholic. I would like to know if she could marry ]tim lawfully if he becomes a Catholic? She cannot marry him lawfully if his first marriage was valid in the eyes of the Church. It may have been valid or invalid depend- ing on the circumstances. These circumstances must be carefully examined before one can say whether that marriage was valid or invalld. If the first marriage was invalid, upon the declaration of nullity by the proper ecclesias- tical authority, the couple may be married. We advise that your friend consult some priest, who will inform her what can and must be done. Lincoln and Tolerance By Rev. Francis S. Guy, Ph.D. Perhaps, no character in Ameri- can history is, at the same time, Keep your heartwell under con- so honored and so maligned as trol, beware of over-anxiety. Place Abraham Lincoln. The people of your confidence in the providence of our Lord. Be fully convinced that heaven and earth shall pass away rather than that our Lord shall fail to protect you while you are His obedient servant, or, at least, desirous to obey Him. Do not be vexed at the annoy- ances which come from the com- plexity of business; true virtue is not nourished in exterior repose any more than good fish in stag- nant water. The great secret in prayer is simply to follow the attractions of the heart. We must go on in good faith and with pure intention to reach God, to love Him, and unite ourselves to Him. True love has little method. the past century i took their politics and religion ser- iously. One could not remain indif- ferent to the man.y spirited questions of the day. Consequent- ly, such partisanship developed as to obscure the honest and sincere motives of a leader, and often to attribute to a leading figure mo- tives or convictions which he did not have. In the many serious problems of the day Lincoln launched him- self with all his vigor. A strong character and undaunted cour- age were his inheritance. He was radically opposed to anything un- American. The proscriptive pre-] judices of the era rankled in his i heart, and the calumnies invented! to justify the tyranny roused his combative spirit. An issue of this period with far- reaching and disastrous effects was the Nativistic movement di- rected against Catholics and for- eigners to deprive them of private and civil rights. The adherents of this movement were called "Know-Nothings" because of their habit of answering "I don't know" to all questions relating to their affairs. During the brief life of this fanaticism the property and persons of its innocent victims were subjected to revolting ex- amples of mob violence. Some-people have attempted to associate Lincoln with this move- ment; seeing in his crusade against things un-American an indictment against the Catholic Church which they, in their fanatical and bigoted minds, Considered a grave danger to America. Abraham Lincoln was too big a man and too true a patriot ever to have descended to the petty malignity attributed to him by * $ $ $ * * * $ * a $ A CATHOLIC OF TRIFLES * * * * * * * * * @ $ Trifles make fcction itself is no Angels. The chains which craml are those which weigh Madame Swetchine. There is no real mind in a contempt of It is, on the contrary, narrow views that we those things of little Which have, in effect, sive conseq The stream of time and straws, but lets solid sink; therefore we ties that happened in our i hood, and forget important J O'Malley. The mind of the on earth is not so circumstances as not to convenienced by the zing noise about him... wonder that he reasons now; a fly is buzzing by it is quite enough to for giving good A-little oil may save automobile.---OWialley. : Men who have done. memorable feats may miserable by failure in Bishop J. L. (N. C. W. C. this coarse forgery. His with the Catholic Church [ways cordial and !correspondence and Archbishop Hughes of are part of .the history Civil War.--a part which honor on the shows what implicit Lincoln had in his influence. The taken from Lincoln's and Letters" by Charles shows Lincoln's hatred of bigotry: ] Springfield, Aug! Dear Speed: "You know what a respondent I am. You where I now stand. I Know-Nothing; that is i !How could I be? How one who abhors the !Negroes be in favor of I classes of white people? gress in degeneracy to be pretty rapid. As a l we began by declaring are created equal.' We tically read it, 'all men atcd equal except Negroes. the Know-Nothings get will read, 'all men are equal except Negroes and ers and Catholics.' When to this I shall prefer to some country where no pretense of loving Russia, for instance, where; tism can be taken pure and out the base alloy of My kindest regards to On the leading subject of ter I have more of her than I have of yours, and me say I am your A. What Do Know? (Answers on Page 8) 1. What are the two either one of which used to designate an holder, a metal vessal shape of a vase or CUp, r; cover suspended used for burning solemn offices of the 2. Briefly, what is the ference in Christian tween counsel and 3. How do we know Lord, in saying to Peter, are Peter; and upon .. " (St. Matt. xvi, 18), to identify Peter with the! upon which He should His Church? 4. What was the of the secret society whicll organized in the southern following the Civil War reaction against the the Carpetbaggers, and made its appearance some 10 or 12 years ago though it has now hppeared) as an organization, with a fade of secrecy, fantastic tumes and comic titles? 5. What is meant by the "omen?" What is the ttitude toward ! (N. C. W. C.