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February 7, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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February 7, 1920
 

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I T -- -- -- ,., l Persons of Note Rev. John A. Ryan, D. D., of the Catholic University, insists that Catholic principles must be applied to the present industrial situation. Speaking of the need for action, he says: "We are obliged to admit that, while the true and effective motives of so- cial duties are fairly well taught in the Church, her positive teaching with regard to charity and justice has not yet been applied with sufficient deft- niteness and thoroughness to the in- dustrial conditions of our time and country. Is it right that Catholics .hould spend so much money on them- selves as do the very rich, and. indeed, almost all classes, except the very poor. Lack of Instruction. "Are Catholic employers who fail to pay living wages, and who oppress their work-people in othed ways, suf- ficiently instructed concerning these re:ations and sufficiently corrected when they fail in these duties? Are the methods of getting money through monopoly, which are condemned by the general conscience of the Amer- ican people, morally right or morally wrong ? What are we to think of pro- fessing Catholics who do not hesitate to make use of these methods and to profit by them? These, and many similar questions, are extremely prac- tical and ard all moral questions. They are difficult and they are new; therefore, they cannot be fully an- swered as promptly as we should like to see them answered• Yet they must be faced, fully, frankly and honestly, and we must receive answers and so- lutions that will be at once sound, and unequivocal and comprehensive. This aspect vf social Catholic reform is fundamental and is a necessary pre- liminary to effective work in all the ether departments of social action. Are We Doing, Our Duty? If Catholics are to do effective work in solving the social qdestion and in counteracting revolutionary social theories, they must possess a definite and constructive program. Neither vague and edifying generalities, nor more opposition to socialism, will my longer suffice. The generalities are self-evident, but they bring us no- where; opposition to socia'.ism is a necessPy, but by itself, it may do us as'much harm as god. lqo loyal Catholic priest or layman is permitted to be indifferent toward the movement for Catholic social re- form. In 'the first place, we are all commended to interest ourselves in the work by the supreme authority at Rome. Pope Leo XIII enjoined every minister of religion to 'throw into the conflict all the energy of his mind, and all the strength of his endur- ance;' and reminded the laity that hey were 'not free to choose whether they will take up the cause of the poor ar n.ot; it. is a matter of s:mple duty.' "these.mandates have been more than once reaffirmed and emphasized by Plus X. In the second place, Cath- olic social reform is necessary in the interests of morality, and far the glory of God; without it millions of men, women and children, for whom Christ d;ed, wil: continue to he de- prived of the material means of living decently and serving God properly. Penalty of Apathy. "Finally, unless Catholics enter ac- tively and intelligently upon this woflc of social reform, :argo sectigns of our wage-earning co-religionists witl be drawn from their Catholic allegiance into socialism or other revolutionary nd anti-Christian organizations That danger, no one who is' moderately ac- quaind with aur working population would think of attempting to deny. "Despite the comforting assurances f complacent optimists, there exists today in our American industrial so- \\;,ciety forces and tendencies which, if ncheckcd by intelligent and sympa- thetic Catho.ic action, will lead to such a defection from the Church ,among the masses as has taken place in more than ane country in contin- ental Europe. Given essentially sim- ilar conditions, history is likely to re- peat itself. "Any one of the three considera- tions which I have jus set forth ought to be sufficient to rouse sluggish Catholics to a sense of their social bligations; taken together, they leavd the social y indifferent Catholic with- out a vestige of excuse fr his inacti- vity?' Rev. Sidney Smith, S. J., recommending the need for Social Study has this to say in a recent is- sue of that excellent periodical "The Mouth," published by the Jesuits of England. He says that there is great ned of study among us in socia] mat- ters, not because the subject is ab- stract or abstruse, but because of the conflicting theories not yet empirical- ly tested, and the confusion tat re- sults when "althmetic becomes ting- ed with emotion:" Catholics, he says, (have still anoth- THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1920. er reason for studying the social ques- tion carefully, because if they do not, they may be found condemning what may perhaps be justifiable, and thus bring their faith irate disrepute. "They should not be misleJ by mere phrases but endeavor to get at realities, and avoid, above all, thejfettering of lib- erty of specu.ation by undue dogma- tism. The Archbishop of Liverpool recently uttered a timely warning on this point, Speaking" of economic theories, his Grace said. 'When the Churchm has no spoken there is al- ways liberty: if Rome speaks, there is an end to the matter.' It is not for any cleric or layman, however zealous, to go ahead of the decisions of au- thority in moral matters. So long as there is social theory which is merely economic, and social arrangements which are merely conventional, liberty of discussion and action is therein un- fettered. There are Catholics, for in- stance, who he'd that for one man to employ another primarily for his own profit is not intrinsically immoral but so ine4itably connected with in justice as to be incapable of being rendered morally right. Production they say, should be for welfare not for wealth, for us not for profit: the wage,system mus go tlo way of slavery and serfdom. To ethers the evil of 'the system seems accidental. and readily removable by admitting the wage-earners to partnership ann a hare in the profits. The difference is rather a question of fact than of princip:e, and each may abound in his own sense." In this country there is even greater need of social study than in England because our ignorance of social prob- lems is abysmal; yet, unfortunately, every systematic effort so far made to build up social study clubs, especially among the working people, where they are most needed, has met with failure• EUROPEAN NOTES (C. P. A. Special to The Guardian.) Red Cross Appeals to Pope. The Red Cross International Society of Geneva has addressed to the Sov- ereign Pontiff an appeal asking his aid in favor of the 200,000 prisoners still interned it1 Siberia, whose condi- tion is frightful. The International Commitee pays eloquent testimony In this d.ocumcnt to the generosity an4 efficacy of the pontifical intervention. on beha.f of the helpless and suffer- ing during the war. Beendict XV. has welcomcd so much more warmly this appeal of the committee because on his own initiative, he was about to re- sume his efforts, interpreted by the Russian Revolution, be save from cer- tain death the unhappy people intern- ed in Siberia. His Holiness had given to Msgr. Maglione instructions to place himself irt communication to this end with the International Com- mittee of the Red Cross• Negotiations With Germany. Msgr. Pacelli has been in Berlin and has now returned to Munich. He has been negotiating a new arrange- men with the German Government. Under the new GelTnan Constitution each religious body may choose its own Minister of Cults. This necessia tates dthe modification of the Bu 1 "De salute animarum" of 1821, which provided for the King's consent to all measures regarding the cults before they could become law. ANGLICANISM REACHING CRISIS (C. P. A. Special to Tile Guardian.) London, Feb. 2.--Anglicanism is reaching a crisis in this country. For one thing, it is becoming so tied up, that only those who have m) sense of consistency, can remain in its fo:d For instance, this Christmas several Anglican churches went further than usual, and actually hd ˘'midnigl Mass;" yet only a few days attar- wards an Anglican ecclesiastical court decided that it would be illegal to erect a crucifix even outside the church, asa war memorial to the dead, to say nothing of having one inside the church. The way in which futive glances are thrown towards the Church is shown by the fact that there is to be a "Life and Liberty" Congress at Oxford, at which all the sects are to speak on "Is Christianity of Use in the Present Crisis of Human Affairs; and,, if so, What Message Has it for Humanity 2" The Catho:ic Church al has been invited to give her views at this con- grei and it is probable that some of the Jesuits, who have dane such fine work at Oxford of recent years and who are largely responsible for the success" of the Catholic Social Guild, wil lpresent the Church's views to this importemt gathering of under graduates. Death Has Been Busy. It is understood that unianimous Death has been busy amongst Cath- agreement has been reached between • • ]ohcs during the past few days and the the Roman Curia and the Assembly of Church has suffered a great loss by Federated States At present it 1 • .  .  I the death of Canon Keating, brother true there xs only one representative • " [of the Bishop of Northampton, who for all the Gelunan States accredited  ,- ...........  .........  to the aVtican, but Herr Bergen, the ] ":*" ,,=*'^ '-:--'am Diocese l | wlbll D/IlIIII[II  , first Mmmte of Prusa to the He y] • " " " ' In the ranks of the laity two im- See, has gone to Rome and is taking portant losses are Mr. Hemelryk of up his residence at the Palazzo Buo- Liverpool and Mr. Walms'.ey of naparte. "Baron vn Rutter, Minister Lancashire. The first was xice-; presi- of Barvaria to the Holy See, is el- dent fr England of the St Vincent ready in residence in Rome; so it is hardly like.y that, as some people de Paul Society, and was prominent in all Catholic works. The second came aver, the representation of all the of a very old Lancashire family, German States wil be merged in one which had given many sons to the representative. Church. Solemn requiem Mass was Father Hull Catholic European League. sung for him at Farm Street this noted Jesuit shows why fortune tell- Another matter they talk much week, after which the interment took ing is wlx)ng., about in Rome just now is the possi place at Kensal Green, the absolu- Father Hull, S.J., writes with his bility .of the establishment of a Euro, t;°ns being given by the Bishop of usual clarity of thought and style on pean League of Catholic countries, in- Porstmouth. R.I.P. a subject curiously interesting to cluding Poland, Austria, Hungary many persons. He says in the Bom- Bavaria, Italy and Juge-Slovakia. The Bishop Gibergues Dead. bay Examiner in reply to a query: greatest obstacle in the way of the The French episcopate has sustain- "" e " v " . I rea:ization of such a dream is the eco- ed a great loss in the death of Msgr. w na e often answered questionS:nomic situation, which becomes more Gibergues; Bishop of Valence, which on nis suojec, Put can satisfv our l , ............. • -  :an(l lnoro CllInCUlt ˘mny, ann in wmcn occurred on Sunday morning last at correspondent as fololws I ,' o have • ' : . the Jews and the I reemas ns the house of the Bro'hers of St. John "The Church condemns palmistry such a .go lar sh:are, of God. The fatigues and axieties and astrol.ogy, not because its pro- Msgr. No'lens, head of the Catholic of the past few years had to'd greatl.v nouncements frighten people, but be- Paly in Holland and representative '.nn the Bishop, and they were auRa- cause they are superstitious• of the Dutch Government at the Inter- mentcd by the terrible catastrophe of "According to our theology, no hu- national Conference of Labor, ha last year. when so many of his flock man mind can known the future, ex- made a very interesting deciaratio were k;lled in a nanic, which occmred cept so far as it can be rationally cal- at the conference• He is a disting- a* a cinema exhibition of the life of culated from the present. For in- uished Catholic ecclesiastic, who has Jeanne d'Arc in Salle St. Marie. stance, ]: can se that a barrel of long held a leading place in the publio The Bishop had received the last powder wilt explode as soon as the t:ife of Holland, Member of Pm!lia- sacrament fifteen days ago, and corn- burning fuse reaches it. I can know merit since 1896, and charge in 1918 to municaed daily to the end. During Ihat certain vices will undeuine f, orm a cabinet, he declined the prom- the war he lost no less than seven of health ud bring diseas'e. I can know iership. His declaration at the Labor his nephews• that the sun' will rise tomorrow--un- Conference was as follows:, I Born at Paris in 1855, he made ess the last judgment intervenes-- "In tle present international situa- br'lliant studies at the school 9f th because natu works in certain regu- tion, it is necessary to have the con- aCrmelites andl Rome and at'or serv- far lines• viction--essentially a religious one ing on the mission at Auteiul and that all men, of whatever nation oo elsevhere, he became superior of the "But this is merely calculation from race, are one great family, between diocesan missionaries in 1890, whom cause to effect. I cannot foresee any- the members of which theer must be he founded with the help of his friend, thing future which is not written in good faith and mutual confidence• ] the ate Bishop of Digne. He was pro- causes present before my eyes. I can- am persuaded ihat the world might bo meted to the episcopate in 1912, when not foresee that So-and-So will pro- saved many conplications and diffi- pose at the age of twenty-one and be culties in the economic domain by he went to Valance• refused, or that he wil: be ldlled by the coo-peration of al: organize'; The funeral service book place yes-' lightning next year but one, or that bodies and all groups for domestic 'erday at Valance. and was presided, he wilt meet with financial ruin at the peace, while in the moral domain by over by Card:nal Amette. R. I. P age of forty-one. If a man cannot the influence,  essentially and pos- foresee such purely future events erfully mol of the Holy See." DECLARES SOCIALISM IS neither can any created mind, angel ADVANCING TO BREAKDOWN or devils, do so either. God alone Ireland. . with His infinite mind, has the power Ireland stiF occupies public atten- Engl:sh Social Worke Says Theries .of knowing the future, because the tion, and is generally regarded as th , Incompatible With Facts of Life. past, present and future are equally great stumbling block to peace• in His consciousness. Card;nal Logue has recenqy issued AS a movement, the history vf So- "Any claim conlrary to thi. princi- a pastoral deploring the outages now cialism showns not development, bu ple nmst be a fraud or delusion, ano being committed, ascribing them tc disintegration, in the opinion 'of Hen- therefore superstition. There is no secret societies, and repeating h:t ry Somerville, M. A., organizing sac- conceivable way by which such future recent warning to the young men of rotary of the Catlmlic Social Gui d of events can be written in the stars or the country arainst such socieqes. in a man's palm• Hence these acts The Archbishop of Tuam has also England, who lectured on the subject are condemned by the Church, be- spoken in his cnthedral against the to a meeting of the Livepool Catholic cause tley assert a form of know:- attempt on the viceroy, and against University S'.udents' Society recently• edge which does not exist, and inter- the feeUns of hatrei and murder The lecturer pointed ou that the nret the universal in terms contradic- His Grace has. moreover, issued a let. first stage ,of Socialism was the Uto- tory be those in which God created it. tar regarding the roopsed Irish Edu plan/stage, whose representatives tried to found lit'Ae communistic cation Bill which he stinatizes as an , , , "If any one pretends to acquire thi. attempt" to' angicize" nrst  ' ann" the eoiouies, .... nicn failed, says the Cath- knowledge by dealing with occult secularme" " lr" 's'n eouca" tion. rt'+e consid I olic: Times, . and Opinion of England spiritual beings we answer: "Such " " ................. a Marx s system of "scientific, Social- ers me m i anso|ue|y zami zo zne r - . .... beings can only have that knowledge .......... 'ic lsm I ol oed, claiming to show how •lonat aspramn an ne tae if God has revealed it to them.' It is Socialism would inevitably glow out contrarT to God's ways to leeval such knowledge, except to His own accred- ited prophetswho must prove that they are really sent by Gd. If spir- its pretend to have such knowledge, they must be evil spirits trying to de- ceive mankind: and all dea'ings with evil spirits is treason against God and forbidden by His commandments. "Therefore, if these arts pretend to be purely scientific, they are to be discredited as frauds and delusions• I they pretend to rest on communica- tions of Pirits they. are not only frapdtllb:since the spirit does trot possess such knowledge-but also criminal, and:offensive to God." . ,;  ,4 ':1 '- tongue. An extraordinary rumor has become current that it is proposed to send London police to Dublin, but any such movement will be a false one. since most of the, olmdon police are Irishmen, and thus there will be no infusion of new blod into the rulers of the city. The future remains dark; but, as Cardinal Logue says, the pres. ant situat;on must be solved before peace can be concluded. RIDDLES What ship has no soft berths? Hardships. What ships do Quakers prefer? Friendship. of capitalism. Capitalism did not de- velop in this way, he said. and So- cialists abandoned his nethods for I this reason and because their refusal to work for immediate reforms brought them failure at the polls. Then came the "revisionist" stage of Socialism, now dominant, which is a repudiat;on of Marx. as Marxism was a repudiation of the Utopians These various changes in Socialisti theory, he sad, were due to a real- ization of i's incompatibility with the facts of :ire. On the whoh, re suggested that the movement has been one of gradual breakdown. PAG FIYI s ROMAN NEWS (C. P. A. Special to The Guardian.) ' Notable Event. A notable event occurred in Jerusa- lem on the nd inst,, when Cardina] Dubois who is at present visiting the only Land on a mission for France, lid the foundation stone of the new Votive Basilica of the Sacred Heart, which is to be erected on the national ground of Carmel on the Mount o Olive. The ceremany was performed in presence of all the Allied consuls and a great number of the faithful. The first Mass on the site was cele- brated by the Bishop of Gap; and a thrilling discourse was preached by the Bishop of Mans. "Peace on Eearth." The Nations] Congress of the Cath- olic Young Men of Italy has just voted a resolution that everything possible should be done to hasten the realiza- tion of the profoundly Christian aspi- rations of peoples, who desire an in- teruational entente to avoid the re- newal of bloody, vonflicts. The as. sembly charged its president to excite amongst Catholics of all countries an international entente, not with the aim of a Socia:istic Eutopia nor with the negation of patriotism, but in the Christian harmonization of all coun- tries as the first step towards the great idea of universal fraternity,. A copy of this resolution, having been presented to the Pope, His Holi- ness replied by the Cardinal Secre- tary of State that the Holy See ferv- ently hoped that this work of the Catholic youth of Italy wutd help in the realization of the social reign of Christ, umque sourse of peace, order and blessings• The Seine in Flood. The new year has brought a new and great anxiety to aPris, .the steady UNIQUE PROFIT SHARING PLAN INDUSTRIAL EXPERIMENT TO BE TRIED EMBRACING MANY ADVANTAGES FOR EMPLOYES " WHO ARE TO SHARE IN ,PROF- IT AND LOSS. (Special to The Guardian.) The following proposition offered its employes and acceptdd unanimous- ly by them, was recently presented by a manufacturing concern at Wake- field, Mass. The firm to start this novel experiment, has been in the busi- ness of manufacturing underwear and other woolen and cotton clothing for over 30 years and the present plan will undoubtedly be followed with keep interest by employers and labor the world over. It could well be ap- plied to al lindustrial equations, whether of the shop, the store or the farm. Its significant features em- brace the foLowing propositions: Firm i$ to split its annual net profits 50-50 with employes. Emph)yes of one year's standing re- ceive, in addition to wages, an interest equal to 20 per cent of their earnings for tile past year; those who have been employed logner to have 1 per cent additional for each year of ser- vice. Each employe will receive in casb 50 per cent of the share of profits due him and certificates for the balance, which remains in the business, .at 6 per cent interest. Employes share in losses as well as the profits of the business. Dependent widows of emp:oy,es and children under 14 years me provided for from the general expenses of the company's business. An employe of rice or more years' standing, who has reached the age of 60, ha. the right to withdraw each rising of the Seine threatening the lyear 50 per cent of the amount credit- city with inundation. A:ready the i ed to him in the business. river traffic has ceased, with great loss I The employe ]rmy employ theit to merchandise• Cardinal Amette has i own accountant to ascertain the net ordered special prayers in the lprofits of the business for a year. churches to avert the new menace to] ,the communal life. The threatened catastrophe brought more Parisians than ever on January 3 to pray at the tomb of St. Genev- ieve. This year, on account of the victory achieved, the ceremonies at St. Etienne du Mont were of more than usual granduer. It is a tradition with all the parishes of aPris, even ut to Versailles, that they shall come in pilgrimage to the shrine of the great saint of the city, headed by their clergy to make their vows or of- far their thanksgiving. The sermon this year was preached by the Abbe Boulin, Cure of the Trinite; and the music of the Beendiction was sung by a group of the best singers from the various choirs of aPris. On th 3rd a novena opened, which lasted till the 11th. Cardinal Amette presided at the opening and conducted the close. The latter was marked by the cele- brated procession of the relics carried by the ancient company of Porters of the Relinquariesp. On this day also Cardinal Amette blessed solemny the ex vote, which is to be placed in the shrine to commemorate the event of September, 1914, the victory of the Marne, which, eew at that. early stage, turned the whole course of thc war. Immodest Dances. To do away with all uncertainty re- garding his recent pastoral letter on immodest dancing and to prevent any attempts to evade the real issues, Cardinal Amette has named lhe dances which he dimtpproved and which he now absolutely interdicts rhese are the tango and the fx trot; and no Catho'i.c can now participate ri them, although certain persons: says the .Cardinal, have hitherto imag- incd they could execute them in a proper and gracefu 1 manner. His Eminence felicitates the Christian women and young girls who have al- ready confomed to his instructions DIED DUING SLEEP Vicar-General of Savanuah Found Dead in Bed. Augusta, Ga.Very Ray. P. H. Mc- Mahon, D.D., Vicar-General of the Diocese of Savannah, was inte'ed here in the crypt under St, Patrick Church, of which he was pastor for many years. Father McMahon passed away in his sleep early last Thursday morning; and txis death was discover- ed when he failed to appear for his customary 8 o'clock Mass. The funeral was very largely attended by the .peo- ple of Augusta amongf whom he wa generally love(L without legard to race or creed. Father McMahon was in his sixty- sixth year, and was born in Savannah• He was educated for the priesthood at AI: Hallows in Ireland, and was con- sidered one of the most learned men in this section of the state. He estab- lished the Church of Saints Peter and Paul in Atlanta. nw known as the Sacred Heart Church, and at various times filled pastorates in Savannah Albany and Washington.. He wa made VcaGeneral in 1916 upon the death of Very Ray. Louis Baz|n, Proprietors retain right of full con- trol of the business, powers to dis- charge, enlarge or decrease the force. If at any time the interests of the employes exceed that of the prop- prietors in. the business, either ide may initiate steps to form a corpora- tion to run the business. The proprietors are bound to give the experiment, a two years' trial, at the end of which time the agreement may be abrogated or continued as de- sirable. CONSCIENCE MONEY $11,500 is Returned to Firm Tht*ugh Priest. The Halifax Morning Chronicle of recent date states that L. R, Acker, proprietor of various theaters throughout Nova Scotia, was handed $11,500 conscience money by a Cath- olic priest, who declined to state from whom the money was obtained. The Halifax Herald announces that a prominent business man was given $11,000 in conscience money by a clergyman, who had received it from a man who said it had been stolen in a poker game. THE CHURCH AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (Continued from Page 1.) minor l@aee in the plan of the world and does duty promptly and finds compensation within the heart? If the ideal of democracy is a maxim of olxier and justice with a minimum of coercion, democry implies that education, religion, home, public opin- ion, public leaders, do their full first share in setting up effective ideals [of life, leaving to coercion a minor but more or less honorable ro'e in bringing trder to the weed. Con- science, not a jailer, is the symbol o: democracy. I "New understanding of the place of society in the life of the individual is imperative. No social institution that is founded on rebellious hearts, can be staple• Our moral, spiritual, social and cultural agencies must undertake to purify and strengthen the general sense tf duty; to convince the world of the social, no less than the spirit- ual, value of renunciation and aacri- rice. "This is in the last analysis a moral :/: task. It is professedly the task Of i thct religious forces af the, Nation If religion has this social mission in the work f personal welfare, may.. we not feel reassured since our own dear Church brings so much of truth • in its message, so much of its resources, so much of its sacramental ministry, so much of sp;ritual awpeal in its effective\\;word  : and its historical power? "If each of us will but nderstand the glory af ths pre.ent opportunity for us and for the Church, may we not hone that as a bod.v w shMl stand for our own witnesses by the grae of God?"