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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
February 7, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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February 7, 1920

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sirahle than that Catholic tapers and Catholic literature should have alarge circulation, so that every one may t have every day good reading which instructs and warns, and strengthens | and promotes the Christian virtues. I --BENEDICTUS, PP., XV0 ! - - " qmk. [ A Catholic Paper is a 1 | Perpetual Mission-- | ! Pope Leo XIII I | "The Guardian" in / every home--our Motto. t 9 " - " The Official Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas Volume 9 Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, February 7, 1920 Number 34 PRFSS CONVLNIION AT WASHINGTON FI.,L STRENGTH OF CATItOI,IC WELFARE COUNCIL TItROWN BACK OF CATItt)LIC NEWS- PAPERS.--WORLI)-WIDE NEWS SERVICE eN. C. W. C. Press Bureau.) Washington, D. C., Jan. 25.---The first great turning point in the recent- ] inaugurated national policy of the Amertcan Catholic Hierarchy, whirls began with the formation of the Na- tional Catholic Welfare "Council, to succeed the National Catholic War Council, was reached and triumphant- ly passed in the Capital City. Appear- ing before a representative g&apos;tthering of Catholic editors and publishers, the delegates to the convention of the Catholic Press Association, held in the National Catholic War Council's Community House, 601 E street, Right Reverend William T. Russell, D. D., Bishop of Charleston, C. S., the chair- man of the Department of Press, Pub- licity and Literature of the National Catholic Welfare Council, made public for tlm first time the broad, compre- hensive, future-building plan which he has created for the formation, guid- ance, and growth of this branch of tlm great work undertaken by the Bisops, and which was adopted by the convention. It was an occasion of capital im- portance. It marked the end of one epoch of Catholic jomalism in the United States, and the beginning of another. It ended the era of pioneer- ing', and of hard, steadfast, self-sacri- ficing, personal efforts, and brought into being another era, not less noble, it is hoped, nor less rich with self- sacrifice and personal devotion, but one the mark of which will be co-opera- tion, and the utilization of deeper, stronger resources than were possible under former conditions. The dele- gates to the convention were keen to realize the wonderful importance of the historic scene at which they as- sisted so effectively. "I regard the message of Bishop Russell as a message from Almighty God," said the Roy. M. J. Foley, editor of the Western Catholic. "I see the hand of God in that message, and I am heart and soul in favor of it." "I believe that this is the day that the most of us who started the Cath- olic Press Association have looked forward to," said Charles J. Jaegle, of the Pittsburgh Observer. And in like manner did member after member exprdss himself, either in the course ef the proceedings, or in private comment upon them. Won- derful was the spirit of Catholic con- cord and unity which held together during the two days of strenuous la- bors the delegates to this historic con- vention of the men and women of the press--the press which, as Bishop Shah an told the delegates, was part of the army of the Church of Christ, vn active service in the trdnches', out on the firing lines, battling for God ' and counhT. And wholly Catholic was the act by which the delegates proved their spirit of service and of co-operation, the act by which they unanimously voted to turn over to the National Catholic Welfare Council the entire news gathering and news distributing machinery of the Catholic Press Asso- ciation as soon as the Council was ready to accept it, and was able to guarantee a service of at least equal value to that already being given by the Association to its constituent members. This will include the cable and telegraph and'mail news selwice, in every branch save pu'ely local fields. The convention assembled for its first sssion in the spacious gymna- Mum of the buihting operated as a Community Center by the National Catholic War Council at 601 E street at 11 o'clock, January 23. Presldcnt Thomas P. Hart, of the Cincinnati Telegraph, was in the chair. After prayer by Bishop Russell. the meeting was called to order. The roster of those present was as follows: Ca4.holic Delegaies Dr. Thomas P. Hart. Catholic Tele- gratfl, Cincinnati. Ohio; Charles J. Jaegal, Pittsburgh Observer, Pitts= bm'gh, Pa.; Roy. O. T. Magnell, Cath- olic Transcript, Hartford, Conn.; John Paul Chew. Church Progress. St. Louis, Me.; Rev. Joseph L. Early, The Field Afar, Ossining, N. Y.; Rev. E. A'. Garesche, The Queen's Work. St. Louis, Me.; Roy. John I. Whelan. "(Continued on Page 8.) INFLUENCE OF CARDINAL TIlE CHURCIt MIDDLE AGES WITNESSED UN- PARALLEIED PEA(_E DUE TO BENEFICENT POWER OF THE POPES. The time from Leo lIl., who, on Christmas Day in the year 800, crowned Clmrlemagne Emperor, down to tlm end of tim reign of Boniface VIII. (1303) is the epoch of the great- est influence of the Church on the life of the nations. Again aml again, (luring that period, emperors and kings laid their quarrels at the feet of the Pope and accepted his judg- ment as arbiter; innumerable cases are recorded of 13mir coming to Rome for a settlement of controversies. One nmy form whatever ju(tgment of the l'apacy one wiA; the epocb from 800 o 1303 marks a period of history (uring which the Church pu into practice what is nvw being attempted. , 1 acts of Hmtory. History teaches us tbat occidental Europe enjoyed an unparalleled meas- ure of liberty, while in the East-Rom- an Empire and later in Russia arbi- trary absolutism reigned. The chief reason for this difference in develop- merit lies in the fact that the West lind the 'Pope, and the East did not. The Church has, in the past, shown herself a strong and prudent mvthcr of all the peoples who have shared in her material blessings; States and na- tions have been her chihlren as well as individuals. And she would, if per= mitted, exercise the same wholesome influence ',again over 'the pwerful ones of the earth in behalf of all the people. The Voice of Rome. The elder Archbishop Spalding once very pperly reminded an opponent of the Papacy (Miscellanies, Vol. I., p. 56): He "sbould have bme in mind that, but for the efforts of the Popes and for the power they acquired in temporal matters by the free consent of the European nations, Europe wouM, in all probability, never have risen fl,om barbarism nor progressed in civilization. That Fewer was al- most always put in requisition to check tyranny and to succour the op- pressed." "The voice of Rome liberated the captive, struck off the chains of the serf, cheered the oppressed, and stlck terror into the hearts of ty- rants. Protestants have admitted all this." Whatever international power, au- thority or tribunal may be established to protect the interests of all the peo- ples of the world, its functions would have to be the counterpart of those exercised by the Papacy in the past. Will the new pov,er be able to act as impartially, as wisely and as efficient- ly s Rome (lid ?--C. B. of the C. V. PAPAL BRIEF RECEIVEI} CONFERRING THE DIGNITY OF DOMESTIC PRELATE UPON REV. W. W. HUM E, D.D., AT RE- QUEST OF ARCHBISHOP OF MEXICO. New Orleans,--Rev. W. W. Hume secretary to Archbishop Shaw, has re- ceived, through His Eminence, Cardi- nal Gasparri, Secretary of State, the Papal brief, conferring upon him the dignity of Domestic Prelate to His Holiness. Pope Benedict XV. The of- fice carries with it the title of Mon- sigamr, and has been conferred by the ]toly Father at the request of Mosf Rev. Jose Mora. Archbishop and Pri- mate of Mexico, in recognition and appreciation of Msgr. Hume's labors in behalf of the pvo exiled clergy of Mexico since 1914. The lonor, conferred at the request of the Primate of Mexico is the ex- pression of the appreciation of tim Holy See of all that Father Hume did for the poor and the suffering mem- bers of the Clmrch in the saddest days of the hist,ory of the Church in Mex- ice. The veneralfle Archbishop Mora has shown his personal appreciation of Msgr. Hmne's labors by naming" him Honorary Canon of the National Shrine Basilica of Our Lady of Guad- alupe. GIBBONS ENDORSE00ENT GOVERNMENT INVITES PAROCHIAL SCHOOL CHILDREN TO JOIN NATIONAL ESSAY CON- TEST. "'= ' '" ' IRIZE Tnl00' MIARI)IAN 0100I00ERS A I00I00;AUTIFUI00 ' ' Subject: "What Are lhe Benefits Of An Enlistment in the United States Army." Washington, D. C., Feb. 2.--An im- portant announcement has been made by the War Department of tim United States Government which is of special interest to all principals, teachers and pupi:s of the parochial schools of the country. The War Department has in- vited the children of the parochial schools to unite with the children of all other schools m a national essay contest on the subject "What are the Benefits of an Enlistment in the United States Army ?" The competition is open without entry fee to pupils of all schools in America. except colleges and universi- ties. Students of public graded or high schools, private schools, sectarian or non-sectarian, white or black, red or brown, male or female, American or foreign-l)orn, are eligible to com- pete. Commenting upon the national es- say contest on the subject of "The Benefits of Enlistment in te United States Army," in which the Catholic parochial schools have been entered through the Catholic War Council. Cardinal Gibbons has made the fol= lowing obsewation on the mny in a communication to the Adjutant Gen- eral, General Harris: Cardinal's Resider ce 408 N. Charles St. Baltimore. January 22, 1920. General P. C. Harris, U. S. A., War Department. Adjutant General's Office, Washing- ton, D. C. My Dear General: The plan of "The Come Back" to hold an essay contest on the "Benefits of an Enlist- ment in the U. S. Army," I hemily commend. Whatever contributes to the maitnenance of our mlny ann add. to its efficiency ahvays finds favor in my eye. Such a contest will arouse the interest of our future citizens in our a'my and will help to educate them to the necessity of guarding our interests with an efficient army. I trust the contestwill be a success and will meet with favor on all sides. promoted un(ter the auspices of the "Come Back" the Adjutant General wrote the following to Archbishop J. C:u:dinal Gibbons: J. Cardinal Gibbons: l ti's Eminence, James Cardinal Gib- bons, The Cathedral, Baltimore, Md. Your Eminence: As a means of pmoting Americanism, and in order t tt the young people of the nation mv become more fanuhar with the aPmy and the everyday life of the sohtier. '"The Come Back." published in the interest of disabled soldiers at Walter Reed Hospital, has inaugu- rated a national essay contest on "The Benefits of an Enlistment in the U. S. Army." This contest is open to all elemenr, ary and high schools throughout the country. The terms of the contest are attach- ed hereto h've been explained to Reverend Father Burke of the Na- tional Catholic War Council. He has endorsed the project and urged the Catholic educators to participate. In view of the traditional friendship betwen the American Doughboy and the!.child, which finds exemplification in ivery campaign and in evmT coun- try t and in order to give positive m(t invaluable stimulis to this contest, I am writing this to request that, if not inconsistent with your policy, you say a word of endorsement. Such an en- dorsement, if your Eminence feels in- clirted to give it, would be printed ii "The Come Back" and would be of inestimable value. I am very inter- ested in "The Come Beck" and in this essay contest and am addressing you on the request of the Editorial Staff. With assurances of high personal consideration, I am Very respectfully, P.C. Harris, The Adjutant General. The Guardian's Prize 1  , . / he Guardmn, the officml organ of [the Diocese of Little Rock, has offer- ed a pair of beautiful gold rosary beads to the Catholic boy or girl who "is successful in this contest. The I am conditions for the contest appeared Faithfully yours, . in the last weeks issue of The Guard- J. Cm:d. Gbbons,. l ian, page six. The District Recruiting ncnmshop of Balbmore. Officer's headquarters is at 821 Main In regard to essay contest being street, IAttle Rock, Ark. 0I,00 HIT I, ROFITI00I00I00S POPE SEXTUS V AND THE ROM- AN PROFITEERSHOW THEY WERE CRUSHED. ']here were food hoarders and profiteers in the sixtenth century as there are today. Rome was not free fro mthem, but there they were promptly dealt with by the reigning oPntiff, Pope Sixtus V. De Mentor, in his "Lives aml Times of the Roman Pontiffs." tells the story thus: he w t "n or of 168o t lo86 was ver ysevere, and the people suffered much, both frmn co:d and scarcity. Sixtus had ordered that grain should be sold at a low price, but the p- (tent measures that he had decreed had not been carried ou., and the con- servators of the Senate of Rome were guilty of negligence. When they pre- sented themselves to wish the Pontiff a happy New Year. he interupted thtdr compliment by saying: 'We perceive hat you are determined to lose the little that the kindness of the Holy See has left to you, and also what little ideas you have of the true principles of government. You still have charge of all relating to meat an<t bread, and your conduct strong- ly inclines us t,o take that from you, in order that the poor may not. to our great displettsure, suffer so much by yem" nee'feet. Do you understand ?-- (Avete capito ?)' " "Subsequently, learning that many wealthy men who had concealed stores of grain, nevertheless kept buyin bread in the market, he ordered Car- As  esult of reate o<u  ".. g', "p" t ct'on as (tinals Cesi, Gaetani and Gustavilani, well as price, the total value of farm, oJhn Pellicano, Senator f Rome products of this country in 1919 rose Benedistl Giugtiniani, ,:roasure-gen- be the record amount of $24,982,000,- eral, and Fabina de ]a C ma, clerk 000. 'gf the chamber, to enforce ,n edict ?1 3 , ISSUM} CltALLEN6E TO MEI)IUMS JOSEPH F. RINN WILl, HAND MONEY OVER TO PSYCHIC SO- CIETY ON PROOF OF THE SUP- ERNATURAL. Joseph F. Rinn, a fomner member of the Society of Psychical Research, wh.a took part in the. exposure of Pal- ladino and has made a bobby for years of exposing so-called supernat- ural phenomena, wrote a check for $5,000 which he offered to that so- ciety as part of its endowment, if the society or Sir Oliver Lodge or any one else, couhl produce a medium who couM offer under scientific conditions the slightest tenable evidence of com- munication with the spMt world or supern'tural feats of any kind. "And 1 will offer another $5.000 for the emlowment which tbe Socict); for Psychical Research is asking, "as a basis of havinz further frauds per- petuated on it," said Mr. Rinn. "If the society, Sit- Oliver Lodge, or any one else, will meet this simple test. "They tell us that there are honest mediums and quacks. Dr. Hyslop says hc has been and now is in communi- cation, through mediums, with the late Dr. Richard lIodgson. He gets spirit messages from Dr. H)dge, on all the time. Now, I used to be a friend and co-worker of Dr. Hodgson and Dr Hyslop, and seven hours before his death 1)r. Hodgson wrote me a lette.r which I have in my safe. I will give the $5,000, if they can find a medium who can tell what is in that letter These a ahnost the last words of Dr. Hodgson. Now, if he does communi- cate from the other world, what would be simpler than for him to 11 its contents ? "I will give the $5,000 if they can produce a medium whose tricks cannel be duplicated by myse:f and other conjurers. I will give $5,000 to any one who will prove, under scientifi( conditions, any vi)lation of what we call the laws of nature. "The fact is that men of the type of Sir Oliver Lodge and Dr. Hyslop are the easiest marks in the world for these creatures. I can give Sir Oliver. Lodge slate messages or any other kind of messages from his son Ray- mend under the lrecise 'conditions under which he thinks he got them from 'psychics' in England. "It is not an assertion, but a fact of history, that these great men of science are the easy dupes in the world for clever fakers. Pailadino came over here with the indorsement of Lombroso, Binet, Flammarion, Sir Oliver Lodge and other men of the greatest eminence. We proved abso- lutely that she had nothing but a bag of tricks. Their attempted investiga- compelling all citizens to declare the tion of facts, for which they were not quantity of grain in their possession, fitted to investigate, was ridiculous to and to sell in open market the portion any man who has a knowledge of indicated by the edict. In fact, in- these tricks." vestigation brought to luight so much Terms of lhe Challenge. grain that abundance immediately Mr. Rinn's challenge is for a public prevailed." demonstration, at which a unbiased Another proof that the Popes were committee can pass on the work which any mediums selected by Sir Oliver the friend of the poor, and knew Lodge, Dr. Hyslop or any other export- how to deal with such evils as we are ent of psychical research shall at- suffering from at the present <lay. tempt to sow their art under condi- '-'[1tIS= - %ions laid down by him, his forfeits to IS A MAN'S PRAYER Ibe posted publicly. Mr. Rinn gave an - ]exhibition n Monday evening at the " a, - M  I Do Unto Others as I WouldICafe Boulevard at a meeting of the Have Them I)o Unto Me." ISunr se Club, which lasted into early [yesterday. morning,, in which he dupli- Teach m h l (Continued on Page 8 ) ,'  t at 60 minutes make an, hour, 16 ounces one pound, and 100[ one so  ? )  cents dollar. Help me to live IRISlt I ISHOI S that I ean lie down at night with a clear conscience, without a pistol un- CONI)Ii]MN I/ILL der my pillow and unhaunted by the faces of those to whom I have brought STRONG OPPOSYr[ON TO PRO- )ain. 1  OSLD EDUCATIONAL BILL Grant that I may earn my meal HELD TO BE MOST I)EMORA- icktet on the square, and that in LIZING SINCE ACT OF UNION. earning it I may do unto others as I would have them do unt me. Deafen Maynooth, Ire.. Feb . 1.--Strong me to Ue jingle of tainted money, and conehmmation of the proposed Irish to the rustle of unholy skirts. Blind Education Bill was expressed tday me to the faults of the other fellow, at the assembly bere of ,the cardinal, but reveal to me my own. archbishops and bishops. Guide me so that each night wheri Speakers described the measure as look across the table at my wife, the most demoralizing scheme put for- wlm has been a blessing t me. I will ward for h-eland since the ac ot h-ve nothing- to conceal. Keep me union, qh(:y declared that until Ire- younff enough to laugh with little hind was governing herself any at- chihh'on and sympathetic enough to tempt to abolish the existing boards be considerate of ohl age. of education, as prop.osed by this biJ. would be resisted, as the measure de- And when comes day of darkened prived the clergy f control. sh'Mes and the smell of flowers, the If it were pu in force it was in. tread, of footsteps md crunching 1 sisted it wofld be the duty of the whels in the .va. "dmake the core- hierarchy t instruct Catholic parents mony short, and the eJtaph short-- regarding" the education of their chil- "Mere lies a man." dren. THE CHURCH AND SOCIAL SCIENCE A WELL-KNOWN SOCIOLOGIST SAYS THAT CATHOLICS MUST REALIZE MORE CIVIC AND SO= CIAL DUTIES. "The Chureh and Social Science'" was the subjec discussed by Rev Wiliam J. Kirby, D.D., secretary of National Catholic Charities and pro- fessor at the Catholic University, be- fore the [ague of Catholic Women in Notre Dame Academy, Fenway. In analyzing the causes of the pres- ent need for constactive work, he said, in part: "We have insisd in the history of our dem)cracy, on our rights and exemptions, and we have slurred civic and social duties to such a degree that moral and social confusion have eversrwhere prevailed. If, in the past, property has been conscious of its obligations and generous in inter- preting them, we could not have ex- perienced the social c;eavage that has reached t the foundations of life. If industrial power, after gain- ing lordship over millions of lives had been as keen in understading the social limitations under which it should have worked, the laboring class had never been led into condi- tions that we have known. "If the laboring class itself,, in spite f colossM wrongs and long" de- layed justice, had been able to main- tain the balanced sense of duty that holds men true to the larger ideals at whatsoever cost, we might have been spared many sad pages in our history. If those to wbose hands civil authority was given as a sacred trust, had had the gift of wider vision an4 steYner consecration to general wel- fare, he rights of the weaker classes w)uld have had earlier definition and far more effective sanction than they have known. "ttad this moral and spiritual bal- once been maintained, we would have been adequately protected against those allm'ements of futile and radi- cal idealism that are causing so much disturbance today. And, fuher- more, had our citizens been as noble in fulfilling all of their civil duties as they have been alert in claiming their civil rights, we might have been spared much grave concern. "A citizenship that hates taxes and loves dividends is not fit for (tem- crecy. A citizenship that feels no stirring or moral indignation at so- cial injustice, is no fit for demo- cracy. A citizenship that is indiffer- ent to outstanding types of civic virtue amt trims its vision of duty to fit the demands of partisanship, seeks lower and not higher types of civic behaviour for imitation, is not fit for democracy, D mocracF m pmmamly an experi- ence in character. We can conceive of noble character without a nble sense of duty, with a certain tena- cious lmmility that accepts one's (Con'duud on Page 5) A COLORED PRIESTHOOD FOR THE COLORED No one who has read the recent "Annual Message of the Negro Mis- sions" of the Society of the Divine Word could fail to notice how per- sistently the necessity of a co;ored clergy for the South is urged. "A eo0]red priesthood for the colored" is adopted slogan of those who now ha#e toiled and worked there err ten years. That this is not a mere private opin- ion. is shown by the fact that other societies engaged in the same field are hcu-t and soul for the same cause and furthermore, by the fact that a few weeks later the very same thought was mst earnestly put forth by our Holy Father Benedict XV. He writes: "For as the Church of God is catholic and is a stranger to no nation and no race, it is but fitting that helpers be drown from every nation, whom their coutnrymen may follow as their su- periors and their guides. Wherever a sufficient native clergy, Well in- structed md worthy of their vocation, is found, theer we may safely affirm, the work of the missionaryqs giori- ous]y crowned and the Church itelf solidly established." When, then. will the Catholics of America (for on them rests the blame) respond and drop the race etiviiion ? When will they penn it these men fo realize what they and s) many others feel to he a aa  neces- sity? Any one interested in thts question may Communicate his views t Re,. P. Wendel, S:.D, :1,91418th Ave., Meridan, Miss.