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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
January 30, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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January 30, 1942

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, JANUARY 30, 1942 ] THE GUARDIAN PUBLISIED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLJC.&TION SOCIETY Of the Dlecese of Little Rook. Arkanlms 309/t WEST SECOND STREET Entered as eeeond-elss matter Mo, rch 21,1911. at the post of 2]ee at Little Hock. Arkaus. under the Act of Gort-s of Marsh 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DIGCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the offlc/sJ irrgms of the DJoce of LAttle Rock and I pray Gad that it may he an ernast champion of the cause nf risht, imtco and truth aad an ardent defender of the religion we all love so weB. i extend to it my blessing with the shaCero hope that it1 career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MOR]PiS. Bishop of Ltttle Rock. EI)ITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. , .. , ,, BU$INI, SS MANAGER All communications "about The Guardian must be hsndlsd throulrh the Business MaaQ, er, end all matters intended for pubneatiou ihold iJR6h The Guardian office n later thatt Tuesday at anon. REVEREND I"PM.A5 $. PRENDF.GAST Business and Editorial Office, S0S West 2nd, Telephone 54116 Advertisll[ Office, ale Center, Telephone 4-4012 SPONTORS OF SER/CE Picture rvle*--4Kntshts 87 Co[uuabus of s ParaSOUdd 0sun.t1. No. tyt3 .................... $120 Stuttgm't-otmvn Cll, No. JffllO ..... __.l LJttre Rock .mnm'l, No. SlZ Jam Fort Smith Cmdlt No. fS .......................... ,'N. ..... JANLIARY 30, 1942 " "/f by liberty of ihe press, We unaerstmd merelF the liberty of disc.assing the propriety of punic measures and politlcal op. inions, let us have as much o! it as you please; but If it means the liberty of M- fronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share of it when- evdr our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheerfully consent to exchange my liberty at abusing others for the privilege of not being abused mY self."--Franklin. QUIZ CONTEST Who preached the following from what church? Read carefully or listen well. "To my mind, there are three ways in which America can win thin war: Self-abnegation and self-sacrifice, work, and recognition, of the duties and obligatiors owed to our God, the Creator. Without these three things, America can lose--- yes, great, big, rich America that has never lost a war and is proud of it and cites past history as an almost infallible reason why this one cannot go the other way. I wonder if the trouble with nearly all of us, from the head man to the low!lest crossing-sweeper, figuratively speaking, isn't that we don t love our country or our God any more, but love instead our profits, comforts, privileges, our social or industrial emi- nence, ourselves? I wonder if the trouble with us is that we have made gods out of our material riches and lust for power--= and that it is these gods we fear we shall lose?" Now that all the answers are in (as the m. c. on the radio program might say) you are all wrong. These words are not taken from a sermon nor from the Catholic Hour pro- gram nor from a convention of Catholic societies though they might well have been. They hav.e the true Catholic ring of the folly of putting false gods before Him Who is the Lord God of Creation. As a matter of fact they come from Beaks Carter, the noted syndicated columnist of the secular press. Surely these words are pregnant of meaning in two sig- nificant ways. They set before us the apostasy of man from God which is the cause of the world's ills and tkey indicate a necessitous return to God if we are to set those ills right. This coincides exactly with the statement of our Bishops made more than a year ago. r They ar, e very significant as the views of a secular writer. They show that the truth is sinking into the minds of those who are not necessarily theologians or preachers by vocation of the Word of God. If they are generally accepted by the public we shall have traveled a long way on the road that really leads us back to God. That is the greatest need of the age. When it is accomplished we shall find that all nations will be enjoying a peace founded on charity and justice.--Universe Bulletin. THOSE QUEER IRISH English statesmen were wont to complain that they found it difficult to understand the Irish. Judged by "many present day standards the Irish have not changed in this respect. The Dublin correspondent of tle English Daily Telegram bitterly complains of the activities of the Irish Film Censorship. The complaint is based on the rejection by the censors of eighty per cent of the films imported into Ireland. The rejected films deals largely with illicit sex relations or show a tendency to foment crime. The correspondent of the English paper cannot under- stand why the Irish censors should reject films that attract large crowds in England and the United States. It is past under- standing that proprietors of theaters in Ireland agree that so far from being a hurt to their business the policy of the censors is a help. The managers of the theaters say that the Irish peo- ple do not want dubious films and if producers will not comply with the Irish moral code they cannot complain if the Irish censors reject their films. People who wish to sell amusements to the Irish must conform to the ideas of the right nd wrong that prevail in Ireland. These must be quee r people, the Irish, with their strange ideas of right and wrong. They actually re- fuse to patronize moving pictures dealing with illicit sex rela- tions or which glorify crime. This must convulse Hollywood with laughter. Just to think of it! No picture in Ireland of marital triangles, or scenes smacking of the brothel. Nothing to show Irish girls the easy road to the divorce court. Irish boys cannot learn from the screen of the attractive life of the gun toting gangsters or profitable business and adventurous career of the hijacker. A man cn take his wife and daughter to a show in Ireland without that it will cause them to blush. Among those queer people, those Irish, women and even men still know how to blush. Other people may fail to understand the Irish but God and His Angels understand them. They are of those whom our Lord declares blessed, the clean of heart.---Southwest Courier. WHERE TO FIND CATHOLIC TRUTH Some uninformed Catholics at times question the necessity for Catholic papers. Some cynically inquire about the need for the report of news in the columns of such papers, when we have the great dailies throughout the country. Others, who approve of Catholic papers, but would have them contain nothing except educational and apologetic articles, ask the why and wherefore of Catholic news stories. The answer to these queries is simple and convincing. As to the need for Catholic papers, this has been often explained and more clearly and convincingly than we could ever attempt and by so many high authorities that we deem it useless to attempt to dd another word on the subject. But the point of Catholic news is another matter, though part of the same subject. Catholic papers supply "Catholic news." Very often, the secular press fails to carry" a great deal that is im- portant news to Catholic readers, either through lack of space, through policy or through failure to have the incident covered or reported. Again, such papers often fail to catch the Catholic viewpoint or spirit of statements that are of deep interest to the faithful, or at times these are so garbed through lack of sym- pathetic understanding that they fail to carry the message intended. To supply all that is lacking, to tell correctly of Catholic persons and events and to give the maximum of Catholic news these are some of the purposes of the news stories in Catholic papers. But more--there is dissemination of such Catholic news to keep us informed as to what is occurring in Catholic circles in other parts of the country and of the world; to encourage and edify the faithful by example of virtue, self-sacrifice and dis- play of courageous faith elsewhere; to remind us of our suffer- ing brethren in other less fortunate lands to show how problems of other sections have been met and solved, and to post us on coming Catholic events. Again, Catholic news storids help to keep the record straight for us. The erroneous report given in a rush of the moment, the distorted incident, the propaganda stories accepted in haste as genuine news, t false statements of the anti-religious and anti-clericals made at some public meetingall of these are sifted, investigated and corrected in the Catholic news stories. Q UES TION BOX Are The Prayers After Mass Recited For The Russian People? Yes; "His Holiness, Plus XI, in an address on June 30, 1930, said: Christ, the Redeemer of the human race, is therefore to be implored to permit tranquility and freedom to profess the faith to be restored to the afflicted people of Russia. And, that all may be able to make this prayer with very little trouble and difficulty, we desire that those same prayers which our predecessor oI happy memory, Leo XlII, ordered priests to recite with the people after Mass, shall be said for this in- tention, that is, for Russia. Bishops and the clergy, both secular and religious, should be most zealous in giving notice of this to their people or to all who assist at Mass, and should frequently remind them of it." What is meant hy eocleslastieal burial? May only those etitled to ecclesiastical buriai he interred in CathoHo cemeteries? Ecclesiastical burial consists in (a) the transfer of the body from the house to the church, (b) the ceremonies in the church, (c) bur- ial in blessed ground or grave. For sufficiently grave reason it is sometimes permitted to bury non-Catholics, and others deprived of Christian burial, in Catholic cemeteries. Thus, according to special indult the Holy Office, March 30, 1859, allowed the burial of schismatics, heretics in Catho- lic family plots or vaults. This indult was later incorporated in the Decrees of the Second Coun- cil of Baltimore. Even though, the new Code of Canon Law has since been published (1918), by virtue of Canon Four of the Code, this indult is still invoked. The prac- tice in our own section of the country has been to allow such burials in family plots, provided no service other than Catholic is read. Does it not seem strange that God should allow  to be tempt- ed before we go to tIoly Commun- ion even after we have made Why is it said that people who get married are the ministers of the sacrament and not the priest who of ficltes? The basic reason why the con- tracting parties confer on each other the sacrament of Matrimony is that by divine institution the marital contract is identical with the sacrament. In other words Christ did not annex a sacrament to the natural contract of marri- age; but He made the natural con- tract itself (between two baptiz- ed persons) a sacrament. This doctrine is not an article of faith; but it is theologically certain, and has frequently been taught au- thoritatively by the Church in leg- islative and doctrinal pronounce- ments, e. g., by Pope Pius IX, Pope Leo XII1, and the Code o Canon Law. This doctrine, now explicitly taught and believed, was admitted implicitly ever by the early Church in that it was . always recognized that when two Christians are validly married they always receive the sacrament of Matrimony. Now since the con- tract is identical with the sacra- ment the same persons who make the contract---that is, the parties entering marriage--also connect the sacrament; conferring it on each other. * $ * Why is it necessaxy that the priest receive lloly Communion under the form of wine since our Lord is present under each form? The priest receives Communion during the Mass that he may complete the sacrifice. To re- ceive the Sacrament of the Eucha- asunder." Matth. 19, 6. "Everyone out that perpetual bond, and in that putteth away his wife and that case is no marriage, but an marrieth another committeth adul- illicit union opposed of its very tery, and he that married her that nature to the divine law, which is put away from her husband therefrom cannot, be entered into committeth adultery." Luke 16, 18. or maintained." It is in reference to this note of Marriage is a sacred bond permanency that St. Augustine divinely instituted; It is says: "In the sacrament it is pro- pernment union, that no olvtl vided that the marriage bond law can dissolve. These should not be broken, and that a thoughts keep in your heart husband or wife, if separated, and mind, should not be joined to another even for the sake for offspring." God Himself instituted marriage A man stood near the helms- as the first and most binding hu- man. It was a calm and pleasant man contract. After He created evening, and no one dreamed of Adam and placed him in Paradise, a possible danger to the ship, but He said: "It is not good for man a sudden flapping of a sail, as if to be alone; let us make him a the wind had shifted, caught the helper like unto hlmselfY And ear of the officer on watch, and He created Eve to be Adam's he examined closely the compass. helpmate. When Eve was present- "You are half a point off the ed to Adam as his wife, Aiam course!" he said sharply to the said: "This now is bone of my man at the wheel. bone, and flesh of my flesh . . . "You must steer very accurate- Wherefore a man shall leave fa- ly," said the on-looker, "when ther and mother, and shall cleave only half a pptnt is so much to his wife: and they shall be two thought of." in one flesh." Gem 2, 23. "AhI half a point in many No power on earth has the right places might bring us directly on to interfere with a God-made in- the rocks," he said. stitution. Man may resort to the So it is in life. Half a point from formality of declaring dissolved strict truthfulness strands us upon the union between man and wife the rocks of falsehood. Half a before God it remains binding, point from perfect honesty, and This is true of every valid marri- we are steering for the rocks of age, whether the parties are Cath- crime. And so of kindred vices. olics, heretics or pagans. Thus The beginnings are always small. snoke a former Vicar of Christ, Plus VI: "It is clear that mar- Among you all, who is the hap- riage even in the state of nature, ptest and the most useful? Is it and certainly long before it was not the soul which is most united raised to the dignity of a sacra- to God? It would be enlightening to many persons to take up a Catholic good confession and a resolution fist it is enough to receive under to avoid sin? only one form. The priest not only paper and note the number of such corrections and explana- To remove the source of receives the Sacrament of the Eu- tions that are carried on secular news agency reports, especi- temptation it would be necessary charist but offers the Sacrifice of for God to reconstruct the universe the Mass. When he offers this ally those of foreign origin, or to work a miracle. Bear in Sacrifice in the Name of Ctrist Catholic news stories have a definite and valuable role mind that temptation is not neces- he offers Christ as the Victim sarily a sin unless we deliberately of our sins in an unbloody man- in the Catholic papers. The old sayings that half the world look for it. To resist temptation ner, it being the same Sacrifice doesn't know how the other half lives, and that there is another means a growth in virtue. God that Christ offered on Mount Cal- permits temptation, even from the vary by shedding His Blood for side to every story, are eminently true of our own selves and devil, because He has given us the the redemption of the human race. also as regards changes and attacks and stories on Catholic power of disregarding or of over- The Sacrifice of the Mass is iden- coming it. St. Paul described one tical with the Sacrifice of the persons and events in the secular press. The truth of th.e Catholic of his temptations as follows: Cross, there being both the same ,side will always be found in the news stories of the Catholic "Lest the greatness of the revela- Priest and the same Victim. The tions should exalt me, there was separate consecration of the Action of the South, New Orleans. given me a sting of my flesh, an bread and wine is a mystical angel of Satan to buffet me. For representation of the separation Ma ig APe tB d whichthinglti00ricehesugi00tti'e''chiist'sFieshan`t0000dat rt a e- rmanen OH Lord that it might depart from Itis death. The priest consumes me. And He said to me: My grace the Blessed Sacrament under (Very Rev. Msgr. John B. Scheper, S. T.D.) is sufficient for thee: for power is both siecies to complete the Sac- (This is the second of a series of articles on Cbristian Marriage made perfect in infirmity. Gladly rifice, the completion of the sac- with speeial reference to the prescribed investigation to be made be- therefore will I glory in my in- rifice demanding the complete fore marriage.) firmities, that the power of ChrLt destruction of the Victim. When Why is the Church so concerned about my private af- may dwell in me." the faithful go to Holy Commun- fairs) Why must I answer all these questions) Why am I not * ion they receive our Lord as food Are all secret societies forbidden for their souls but do not offer permitted to make my own choice without any interference by the Church? sacrifice. In the one instance it on the part of the priest? It may be that thoughts llke these The Catholic Church does is the reception of the Sacrament are confusing your mind. Selfish pride may be urging you to not condemn any society merel of the Eucharist, while in the ignore the Church s command. Before you make any decision, because it is secret in its transac'- other it is the offering of the tions of business. Every society Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. be honest with yourself and seek an answer to the above ques- may have its lawful secrets. A * * * siena. Surely the Church found- family is a society, and no family Is it wrong for a C,hoHo to ed by Christ, is an institution ment, was divinely instituted in is obliged to call in strangers and employ a Mn? such a way that it should carry exb_tbit all its affairs to the public No. The Mason may have no of great experience and wi with it a perpetual and indis- gaze. But the Church does con- personal antipathy toward Catho- dam. Her sole aim and pur- soluble bond which cannot there- demn those societies whose form lies at all, and, even if he had, fore be dissolved by any civil law. of secrecy can be dangerous to the Catholic can profitably follow pose is to lead men to God Therefore although the sacra- religion, to the state, or to moral- the admonition of Christ, "Do good and eternal happiness. By all mental element may be absent ity. Many Catholic societies which to those who hate you." means at her disposal, she seeks from marriage as is the case have their own legitimate secret , . to lead her children on the way among unbelievers, still in such business are permitted by t h e to heaven, encouraging them on a marriage, inasmuch as it is a Church. But, before giving her Can a wedding ring be repla. the way to sanctity, warning them true marriage there must remain sanction, the Church makes sure ed? against dangers and pitfalls, and and indeed there does rdmain that that such secret business is lira- If a wedding ring is lost or extending a helping hand in time perpetual bond which by divine ited to lawful matters, and that destroyed, a new ring may be of trouble, right is so bound up with matri- the constitution of such societies blessed privately with the same ThUs the Church wants to be mony from its first institution are based upon Christian prin- blessing used in the course of the at your side when you are about that it is not subject to any civil ciples, marriage ceremony. to make the most important deci- power. And so, whatever marriage sion of your life, the choice of a is said to be contracted, either It mate fr all the years t cme" isscntractedthat it is really a S T    (   U T T .U Ei Marriage is a solemn contract that true marriage, in which case it ' - binds, not for a year, or two or carries with it that enduring L.|ttJs-Known Facts [or Catholics five--but forever, i. e., as long as bond which bY divine right is in- both parties are alive. "What God herent in every true marriage; or  M. ]. MUFgRAV, ' mtma..w.aM" a'9: has joined together let no man put it is thought to be contracted with- If the statement is true, the "T." If a statement is or wholly false, check the [] T. 1. The Church [] F. blind oaths taken in olic secret societies. [] T. 2. The Church chose [] F. day as the Lord's cause Christ was Sunday. [] T. 3. It is a sin not to []F. [] T. 4. One may work on [] F. day if it is relieve poverty, sick, etc. [] T. 5. When we pray to [ F. we intend that she grant us favor. St. John's Correspondence St. John's Home Missions nary, Little Rock, Ark. The "True or False" above are excerpts from the' test sheets, which make John's Religious Course. Our Seminarians the Course by mail for are interested in obtaining information on the Catholic ion. There is no charge or Lion, although spontaneous ings, to help maintain the of materials used, are received. We supply the ing 200 page book of Bishc "Father Smith Instructs which takes the form of s versatton between a priest gentleman who is inquiring the Church. The answers, fore, are brief and to the Several hundred persons, of them living outside the of our State, have com Course and many have their satisfaction with the in which it is conducted. An Army chaplain tells reason why our Course is with the soldiers. To quot "Soldier boys like mail up at midnight on receive it." And a soldier tells us: "1'11 send the tests in as I have completed them. on guard duty my first daY so I couldn't spend all mY on the tests and tomorro find me doingaK P withS waiter to follow "the next but I promise to use all mY e on the tests. tim"I am sending you two of my tests and I do hope get good marks as I'm terested in my work and I it very much. It has opened my eyes ta' I never knew." Last week's answers: 1. True. 2. False. 3. True. 4. True. 5. False. Words of On Despising Temptations, Are you too sensible to tions? Do you think of them too much? If you they could do you no harrY. You have a love of you desire to have not a $ thought against it; as soon single thought crosses your you are sad and troubled: are too jealous of this faith. Let the wind blow, not fancy that the rustling leaves is the clash or armS, Lately I happened to be ing near some bee-hives, of the bees settled on my was going to put u my hs brush them off. "No, no, peasant, "do not fear, do them and they will not sting I did as he said, not one bees stung me. Do not temptations, do not touch and they will not harm To despise them, both rations and the tempter, end to them more fighting with them. temptations is a great of progress in virtue; s0 a strong confidence in t1e of battles, who fights for we pray earnestly during tacks of the tempter. The smaller enemies are annoying than the on account of their importunity; but the them is frequently more to God than, many others in the eyes of the world, more meritorious. St. Aloysius de Gonzsga was about to assist at a which he desired very hear, was summoned to s and he was advised to "No," he replied; "I was to the lecture in order how to conquer myself. have an opportunity of directly that virtue." Nothing pfelaares the the grace of God so well happiness which we it. God reserves to the right of converting by ing and misfortune. Chastisement seems like which crushes. Prayer Is hand which holds it the fault is exniated. they lead tranquil lives who think of praying?