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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
January 30, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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January 30, 1942

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FEBRUtRY 8th Designated "GUARDIAN SUNDAY" Qui Vive? By The Sentry may have been the other sections of the coma- Where tires were slashed, the in this locality think that in this city was Work of hoodlums. There has spirit of vandalism abroad vicinity for the past see- In some instances the were said to have by young men of and respected families. of the standing of the which such culprits be- fact renudns that a see- should be meted I Some one. Far from being the fact that a vandal i to a respectable Jamily, the matter worse. Police Say that it is haxd to deal Young criminals, because taken into the Juvenile dismissed with a lee-i procedure is wrong and good order of the corn- If the youths cannot be by law, then parents They have a grave res- to train their children If the children under Care are ruff*axis, the pr- They have, more ly, subscribed to the false that each person has life to live and should inhibitions. This notion eradicated. The child in the home and; to be obedient to Constituted authority and the rights of others. All comes from God. Pax- teachers represent God assert their authority each other. There has Sad lack of cooperation on of parents. Their attitude CaSes has been to uphold the teacher. Par= Associations are sup- Promote the proper re- between the home and In many places this functions merely as support for certain The parents and L tnust work together if the are to be trained effici- I time President Robert of Chicago Unlver- been promising to cut nUmber of college years cemple-i work necessary for an At last he has done i the bachelor's de- be awaxded at the end years of study. says that this is In accordance with .aadnot in any circumstances i In recent years college de- been mostly labels. in most schools have to have them. Since else was demanded, the developed into a ma- Any one who can ob- required degree is now [ to teach No other quail- i are necsry. Real good have no degrees are give place to a brood principal stock in air of superiority, en- degree. The school: become gradually modem leaders in loudly of equipment, with degrees. Teach- lght have improved l by studying the mat- connected with their been rushed off every take courses which or no educational value, esteemed in terms hours. It has gotten Person, who has expert of mor! and dogmatic fea not qualify as a catechism, because he no credit in semester any one needed any proof educational sys- this is proof conclu- like real poets tl0t made. A very learned in a class room all never leaxn to teach. little knowledge amount of ability to along the pth that Ld education. of Jeilovah axe to the public, be- contempt for of others has brought Unfavorable criticism. not nearly a hundred it has had many with the law. even been brought be- Court of the The highest tri- land has upheld the to freedom of d-of s distribution of lit- goes to show that can be done in the Judge Joseph F: of the Wit- recently. His title of once investigated by but no one what kind of judge Was  Missouri law- legal adviser for the founder of the died, Ruther- him. He and his been frequently the law enforce- The Witnesses wax and refuse to Their religious are distributed in denuncla- except their people, as a on Page 8 C  ,. *-t,),,  .#, o Volume XXXI "  THE OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE DIOCESE OF LITT1..E ROCK SUBSCRIPTION $2.00 A Year New rate became effective Janu- ary 1st, 1942, All new subscrilt-- teens and renewals shotfld be fill- ured at $2.00 a year. .... , 1 No. 6 , LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, JANUARY 30, 1942 I Cathol,ic Press Called.'Vital' In Present (00rave H00,our fa n--Per00Jt B,shop Appeals For Bishop Sees Urgency* Of Of Nations' 'False Tolerance' Diocesan Press Informed Catholic Body (By N. C. W. C. News Service) New York.--The intolerance of the totalitarian powers of today is the spawn of a false tolerance among so-called Christian nations, the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen, of the Catholic University of America, asserted in his address over the "Catholic Hour" here Sunday night. The "Catholic Hour" can be heard in Little Rock over as the modern world under- indifference to truth and the Indian General Brigadier General Clarence L. Tinker, of Pawhuska, Okla.. re- cently placed in charge of all United States Army Air Forces in Hawaii has been nominated by President Roosevelt a Major Gen- eral. A native Indian. he was born in the Osage Nation. and his entire family i Catholic. General Tinker entered the Army in the Philippines in 1908, (N.C.W.C.) Catholic Women Report Work For National Defense January 30. 1942 ! TO THE READERS OF THE GUARDIAN: Promotion of the Catholic Press is a major activity throughout the world for the month of February. So again, this year, while expressing my gratitude to all who have assisted in its work, 1 wish to make a personal appeal for our diocesan paper, "The Guardian." My constant interest is based upon the necessary par- ticipation of The Guardian in the Apostolate of the Dio- cese. Today, enmeshed as we are in the present world- wide conflict, we are aware of the dangers that lurk behind cloaks of "false prophets," against which Our Divine Lord has sufficiently warned us. The Catholic Press, then, has been appropriately compared to an antidote against these mental and moral poisons that are being so widely dis- seminated. More than ever we must see the necessity of giving it our fullest support. Therefore, as I inaugurate The Guardian Subscrip- tion Campaign on Sunday, February 1st, I ask that ap- propriate announcements to this effect be made in all parishes. I further designate Sunday, February 8th, as "Guardian Sunday," and ask also that sermons and other necessary announchments be given that day in all parishes in the Diocese. With deepest appreciation for your whole-hearted cooperation and prayer that God will bless and protect you and your dear ones in this time of war, I am John B. Morris, Bishop of Little Rock. Priest's Synthetic Rubber IProcess In Nation's Spotlight Press Department Head Lauds Editors, Readers for Forward March of U. S. Catholic Press By Most Rev. John Mark Gsnnon, (Episcopal Chairman, Press Department, "National Catholic Welfare Conference). We are at an all-time low on earth in human relationship. Almost all nations have resorted to death and destruction of each other to settle their contentions. No doubt, a new Magna Charts must be cre'ated,to adjust and harmonize the relations between groups of men and be- tween nations. The Catholic Church is deeply concerned, over the plight both of her children and of society, with which she has labored for centuries, and over the new civil instrument to be created by statesmen as a chart for the future government of the human race. Under these lowering skies, once more I come to the Catholic body of the United States at Catholic Press Month. It Papa, Secretary Cit,.=s Plans. For Pope s Jubilee Vatican City. {ELReemphasiz- ing the plans being made by the Central Committee on celebration of the 25th anniversary of His Holiness Pope Plus XII's episcopal consecration, His Eminence Luigt Cardinal Maglione, Papal Secre- tary of State, has invited Papal Nuncios, Apostolic Delegates and other representatives of the Pope throughout the world to call the attention of Bishops in their ter- ritories to these coordinated un- dertakings. In this connection His Excel- lency the Most Rev. Francesco Borgongini Duca, Papal Nuncio to Italy, has addressed a letter to the Bishops of Italy recalling the Pope's desires with regard to the observance. The jubilee, which will be ob- served from May 13, 1942, to May Rubber Shortage Calls to Fore Pioneer Work of Notre Dame Scientist, Who Discovered Process (By N. C. W. C. News Service) The nation's current plans for development of a synthetic 13, 1943, commemorates the con- rubber supply that will free the United States from dependence, secration of the present Holy Fa- ther as Titular Archbishop of Sar- for military purposes, on the natural rubber plantations of the des on May 13, 1917. Wishes ex- V.ast Indies were made possible, it is recalled, chiefly through pressed by the Pope with regard discoveries made by a Catholic priest, to observance of the jubilee It was the late Rev. Dr. Julius Arthur Nieuwland, C. S/C., throughout the Catholic world are: 1. The observances must be Professor of Chemistry at the University of Notre Dame, a primarily of a religious and spir- botanist of distinction and one of the most brilliant chemists itual character in accord with the of the century, who, through difficult times through which the ly-announced $400,000,000 emer- world is passing. gency plant-financing program of the Government. Process Long Sought For years before Father Nieuw- land's discovery, chemists and rubber manufacturers sought in vain for an artificial rubber pro- cess that would be comparatively cheap and at the same time yield a product comparable in resist- ance, durability and elasticity to natural rubber. See RUBBER on page 8 research carried on over a per- iod of almost 30 years, made possible the development of the first commercially successful arti- ficial rubber ever produced in this country. Processes developed from Father Nieuwland's researches and dis- coveries in the field of acetylene chemistry will be the chief ones used in producing 400,000 tons of artificial rubber annually, accord- ing to proposals under the recent- 2. The faithful should be in- vited locally to join in prayers for I the Pope's intentions in the Ca- See JUBILEE on page 8 Station KARK at 5 p. m.. Declaring that "tolerance, stands it, has very bad roots," primacy of politics over relig- ion, Monsignor Sheen said "it prepared for a terrible reaction the new intolerance of the totali- tarian states." Men Took Religion Seriously In the sixteenth and seven- teenth centuries, Monsignor Sheen recalled, men took religion ser- iously enough to fight over it, but in the eighteenth century began a so-called tolerance, "not a tol- erance born of Faith, Hope and Charity, but of disillusionment, synicism, and doubt; not a toler- ance of persons, but a tolerance which was only indifference to truth." There also followed, he added, a tolerance for religious belief as an expedient means of avoiding obstacles to trade and commercial profit. "Anyone with foresight could have seen that tolerance ground- ed on such political pragmatism was only a snare, and the begin- ning of a secular state where worldly interests would beput above the heavenly," Monsignor Sheen said. "The Divine was now subordinated to material well-be- rag, as economic utility and not God's law became the sole criter- ion of both truth and charity. There was not health in this kind of tolerance, which was indifferent to truth and the primacy of the spiritual." Stressing that the human heart craves for an absolute, "some- thing which it can adore, before which it can prostrate itself, and for whom it can show unbounded love and sacrifice," Monsignor Sheen declared that "from a stage of false tolerance, where men were indifferent to God's truth be- . * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Your attention is called this * * week to the second in a series * * of articles on Christain Mar- * * riage and the new legislation * * governing the Sacrament. One * * of these articles appears each * *, week on the editorial page. * * Turn to page 4. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * cause they thought either that there is no truth or that commerce ]s more important, the world reached a stage of intolerance for a dictator's truth: 'For there is no God but Caesar.'" "From the old era of tolerance where politics and economics were considered as unrelated to relig- ion and morality," he went on, "the world reacted to a new era of false intolerance w h e r e politics and economics were con- sidered the source of religion and morality. Enthusiasm .for religion, .which became chilled to indiffer- See TOLERANCE on page 5 W e s t Memphis.  Excellent progress in the aid of national de- lense was reported here Sunday by the Catholic women's organiza- tions at the quarterly meeting ot District 9 of the Diocesan Coun- cil of Catholic Women. St. Michael's Auxiliary was hostess to 30 delegates from Hel- ena, Forrest City, Crawfordsville, Earle, Marion and West Memphis. Reports covering defense acti- vities were given as follows: Mrs. L. J. Bell of Helena re- ported wholehearted cooperation with the Red Cross in Helena, dis- tribution of Catholic literature and an e,*-inment p,ogram spon- See NCCW on page Endowment for St. John's Re,a,:hes $100,000 Twelve Seminary 8urses Complefed Elsewhere in The Guardian pages of this issue will be found a newly edited list of burses at St. John's Home Missions Semi- nary. His Excellency, Bishop Mor-. ris, and the seminary staff are happy to announce that the En- dowment Fund, which is made up of monies received for burses, has now passed the one hundred thousand dollar mark. In grati- tude, they wish to express sincere thanks to all of those who have given bhrses or who have contri- buted to them. Outght Gifts--Gradual Accumulations--Responsible. It will be noted that 12 com- plete burses are listed. Some of these have been outright gifts of individuals; others have been com- pleted through gradual accumula- tion of donations from many per- sons. At least three have been out- right gifts from persons who wish that their names be withheld. The Burse in honor of Bishop Byrne was started by His Excellency, !Bishop Morris, and was largely completed by contributions from His Excellency. The priests of the Diocese are responsible for the Burse in honor of Bishop Morris; as also; for the Alumni Burse in honor of St. John the Baptist. Monsignor Tobin, Monsignor Mo- ran and Father Galloni gave the burses that bear their names. Monsignor Carroll of Hot Springs is the donor o the St. Mary's Parish Burse. The various Coun- cils of the Knights of Columbus over the state of Arkansas gave the Knights of Columbus Burse. Other completed burses were given by laymen. Revenue of Two Burses Needed To Support One Student. A Burse is a sum of $5,000.00, wlfich, held in trust and invested, will produce a revenue which can be used hy the seminary in the training of young men for the priesthood. Originally, this sum, bearing five per cent interest and therefore producing $250.00 a year, was ample for the education of one student. Until this past year the seminary charged but $250.00 a year for board and' tuition. To- day it requires the revenue from two burses to take care of one student. Pziests of Diocese Completing Second Burse. In the listing of Incomplete Burses there is an item caption- ed "donations by persons request- ing that their names be withheld." This represents donations not yet assigned to burses or accumula- tions to burses not ready for pub- lication. The Alumni Burse in honor of the Blessed Trinity, is the second burse being completed by the is a grave momentahead lie fateful acts and decisions for God and Country. ltalls Press Achievements At this same moment too, a sur- vey shows that many units of the American Catholic Press have soared to the highest circulations in their histories. Many evidences indicate that our Press has other- wise attaineff to greater influence and prestige. I thank God this is sol I hail the editors and other workers whose tireless labors under many diffi- culties, have made this vigorous advance for the welfare of the Church and our Country. And I congratulate the bene- ficiaries, the Catholic people them- selves. At a time when, as never before, they have needed to be informed of the tumultuous, often tragic, news of the Church, and the reports and counsels of its au- gust, the Vicar of Christ, and its Episcopal leaders everywhere, the Catholic Press has not been found wanting. Nowhere but in Catholic papers in the last year has there been printed the full record of such news. Invites More to Read While I congratulate the ever- widening millions who read the Catholic Press, I devoutly wish for their own sake as well as for the common good  that these readers may be multiplied. More and more, non-Catholics are com- ing to look to the Catholic I-ess i for a rounded information. In such a time, a Catholic to be at all adequately informed must be a reader of his own Press. Let us consider the grave ques- tions before us, which so urgently impel us to keep ourselves posted: Since the beginning of the pre- sent World War, the Bishops of See PRESS on page 8 Press Bishop Sounds Call priests of the Diocese and the alumni of the seminary. The Catholic Daughters of America Burse was started three years ago and is making excellent progress. Bishop Morris Contributes Most to Another Burse. The Burse in honor of Bishop Fitzgerald, second bishop of Little Rock, was started by a substantial contribution from Monsignor A. P. Gallagher of Mena. Here again, although there have been sizable contributions from priests and lay people who knew Bishop Fitzgerald, most of the accumula- tions to this burse have been con- tributed by His Excellency, Bishop Morris. It is hoped that some lay person who knew and loved Bish- op Fitzgerald will contribute an amount sufficient to complete this burse. Sacred Heart Burse Is Most Popular. The Burse in honor of The Sac- red Heart of Jesus is growing steadily and represents an expres- sion of devotion to The Sacred Heart and of thankfulness for favors received. This burse will always be popular and will be the recipient, for the most part, of small donations. The St. Edward's Parish Burse, Texarkana, was started about three years ag o by the pastor, the . i Rev. Thomas H. Lillis. The rapid progress in the fulfillment of this burse is an example of what or- ganized and interested effort can accomplish. The pastor and the people'of St, Edward's Parish ex- pect to complete the parish burse before the end of 1942. What Paxish Will Be Next to Establish a Burse? To some people a hundred thou- sand dollars may seem to be a large amount of money. To un- derstand how little it is in the operation and maintenance of an institution of the size of the semi- nary, let each one compute for himself or herself the amount of annual revenue such a sum will earn. Remember, the principal may not be touched by the officers of the seminary--only the revenue that it will earn through invest- ment goes into the operating ac- count, in these days of curtailed interest rates, the revenue from $100,000 is not large. For security, --to really be able to do the work that it should do,--your semi- nary needs not an endowment of $100,000, but an endowment of $400,000 or $500,000. Who will be the first to give a burse towards the realiaztion of that goal? What parish will be next to establish a burse in honor of the parish, or in honor of a former pastor?