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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
January 29, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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January 29, 1938

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, JANUARY 29, 1938 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED XVEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock, ArkanSas 3091/2 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second.class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at LittI, e Rock, Arkansas under the act of Cogrcss of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is tile official re'Fan of the Diocese ot Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champlovt of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the siucerv hope that its career may be long and prosperous. 4 JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND TttOMAS L. KEANY, Ph.D., Editor Associate Editors: Rt. Rev. Msgr. James P. Moran, LL. D.; Very Rev. Msgr. Joseph A. Gallagher, M. A.; Rev, Lawrence Hoyt, O. S. B.; Rev. James E. O'Connell0 M. A.; Rev. Patrick M. Lynch, B. A. BUSINESS MANAGER All communicstlons nbout The Guardian must be handled through the Puslness Manager, end all matter intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 3091/I WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for Advertising Rates SPONSORS OF SERVICES N. C. W. C. News Service Anonymous Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Texarkana Council No. 2650 ............................................... $12.00 Pine Bluff Cmmcil No. 1153 .................................................... $12.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 $12.00 Paragould Council No. 1713 .................................................. $12.00 Stuttgart Council No. 2770 ........................................................ $ 7.00 JANUARY 29, 1938 A GOOD EXAMPLE If a Catholic were asked what is the greatest enemy of your Faith, he would give varying answers. Some would say it is ignorance or bigotry; others, atheism; while the larger number would say Communism. All of these, it is true, are enemies of our Faith, but they are not the greatest, according to a recent survey of the alumni of one of our outstanding col- leges. The bad example of careless and indifferent Catholics was given as the leading obstacle to the spreading of our Faith. If one will give this matter a little serious thought, he too will be forced to agree that the bad example of Catholics is the greatest hindrance which the Church faces in our times and which, therefore, in evey sense of the word is her greatest enemy. Books, arguments, and sermons are all helps in the suppression of misunderstanding among our separated brethren and do aid in a better understanding of the Faith, but good example on the part of our Catholic people can do more to bring about a revival of interest in the teachings of the Church than any thing else. I Indifferent and careless Catholics are not always poorly educated Catholics. They are generally ignorant of their re- sponsibihy'. They miss Mass on the slightest provocation. They take little or no interest in the activities of their Church, and they do nothing in support of its educational or charitable works. They fail to realize that, as Catholics, they are constantly on "parade." Everything they do or say is noted and whether they realize it or not ,their religion is judged accordingly. They seem to forget the words of Christ, "lie that is not with Me, FEASTS OF THE WEEK I SUNDAY, January 30.  Saint Bathildes, Queen, was an English- woman who was carried over to France while quite young and sold as a slave to Erkenwald, Mayor of the Palace under King Clovis II. When she grew up, the King took her for his royal consort. As soon as her son Clotaire be- came old enough to govern she re- tired to a convent at Chelles. She I died January 30, 680. MONDAY, January 31. -- Saint Marcella, widow, after the death of her husband consecrated the remainder of her days to God and lived in a most abstemious man- ner. When Goths under Alaric entered Rome in 410 the Saint was cruelly scourged in an attempt to make her reveal the hiding place of treasures she was believed to possess. Iter entreaties, however, prevailed upon the barbarians to spare her spiritual daugtlter Prin- cipia. She died shortly after- I wards. TUESDAY, February 1. -- St. Brigid, Abbess and patroness of Ireland, was born in Ulster in 453. She consecrated her life to God i [ and founded the first convent in I; Ireland. Later on she established many other religious houses and from the settlement that grew up around one of these institutions the town of Kildare, which later became a metroFolitan see, was formed. She died February 1, 523. WEDNESDAY, February 2. The Purification or Candlemas- Day. On this day the Blessed Virgin complied with the law of Moses which provided that a wo- man should present herself at the temple to be purified a certain number of days after a child was born. The feast is called Candle- mas because the Church blesses the candles to be borne in the procession of the day. THURSDAY, February 3.  St. Blase, Bishop/and 'martyr, devot- ed the earlier years of his life to the study of philosophy and afterwards became a physician. He became Bishop of Sebaste in Armenia and was seized and hur- ried off to prison by Agricolous, the governor. On his way to prison, a distracted mother whose child was suffering from a disease of the throat implored his aid. At his Xintercession the child was cured and since that time his aid has often been solicited in cases of a similar disease. After cruel tortures the saint was beheaded in 316. FRIDAY, February 4. -- St. is against Me," and surely by their lives and their actions they Jane of Valois was the daughter are not with Him. They do nothing to help the Church, but of Louis XI of France and the wife they do much to harm her.M. [ of the Duke of Orleans, who later became King Louis XII. After he ascended the throne his first act was to repudiate his wife who had DANGEROUS DRAMA been faithful and loyal to him for t  22 years. She retired to Bourges where she realized her desire to The dramatic critics of some of our leading metropolitan establish the Order of the An- dailies and magazines are running loose again with superlatives in their reviews of a play that is as sordid in its stark realism: of characterization, unseemly and suggestive in dialogue and gesture as "Tobacco Road" which they hail as a great play and justified it for the public by declarations that the pro-i . ,,' ducers were shedding hght on appalling socml conditions. "Of Mice and Men" is another "dirt" play that adds to the increasing indecency and lewdness of the American theatre and helps to hasten the death of the legitimate stage, body and soul and died for the Jus t when we thought that the critics had exhausted the I love of chastity, when the Gov- ernor, Quintanus, found that he adjectives of praise for smut and claptrap, along comes this could not prevail upon her to sin apology for a drama that moves the'men of the press to tears i either through threats or tortures and emotion, and presto-superlatives are rushed before the l or offers of safety. deadline to announce to an apathetic and guillible public, that another masterpiece, another enduing chapter has been added ll to the story of our theatre. i! "'Of Mice and Men" is nothing more than sheer ribald, tabloid telling of a study in degeneracy in the Rabelaisian patois of the bunkhouse. The author justifies the death of a hulking half-wit as a mercy killing. He thus gives to the drama a murderous principle that has no limit to its possibilities, and it is amazing that so-called reputable dailies permit recommenda- tions of a play that is so violently adverse to the religious be- liefs of millions of people. When the critics, blinded by sob-sister sentimentality, can not see the difference between a soulful man and a soulless mouse, they can not see the "difference between a water pistol and a machine gun. They are dangerous as moulders of opinion by lavishly acclaiming the propaganda drama and killing the worth while by adverse criticism or faint praise. The Catholic Theatre Movement has arrived at the saving hour and is deserving of all who realize its potentialities for inculcating Catholic doctrine, for furthering the mission of Christ in plays that are clearly imbued with Catholic philosophy and at the same time true to the most exacting demand of the art of the theatre.-:-J. A. G. COURAGE i "'And if I should win, may I win by the code, With my faith and courage held high; And if I should fall, may I stand by the road, And cee as the winners go by."--Author Unknown. nunciation in honor of the Mother of God. She died in 1505. SATURDAY, January 5.--St. Agatha, virgin and martyr, was born in Sicily of noble and rich parents and was consecrated from her earliest infancy to God. In the midst of dangers arrd temptations she served Christ in purity of V/hat lJn Ynn Know? A Catholic Memory Test (Continued on Page 8) 1. What is a confirmation name? Why are confirmation names taken? 2. What is the meaning of the Latin expression, Domine, non sum dignus, words of the centurion to Our Lord when He offered to go to his house to cure his daughter; repeated by the priest at Mass thrice before he communicates and thrice also before giving Communion to the people? 3. What is the name of the saint and doctor of the Church who was Bishop of Geneva and who is the patron of Catholic journalists? What was the name of the saint in collaboration with whom he founded the Vis- itation Order for nursing the sick and teaching? 4. What is the blessing of St. Blaise? 5. Why is the Lord's Pray- er sometimes called the Pater Noster? Why is this prayer called the Lord's Prayer? What can be said about its use? (N. C. W. C, Features) Words of Encouragement Plenty of Work A soldier in a campaign is not astonished if he is wounded or overdone from fatigue. Neither must I say in my sphere of life there is no work open to me. There s always work. If I have a bad temper there is plenty of work cut out for me for years to come. If we have that degerous gift of saying smart things, even when our best friends have the benefit of our wit at their expense, that is a thing to fight against. I should fight like a true soi- dier--full of courage, full of high hopes. Survive the Storms Finally, do not be astonished if there are storms, if there is op- position, if friends say, "Why, what has come to So-and-so? He is becoming a perfect nuisance with his piety. Why this fervor all of a sudden?" For in a seem- ingly monotonous, uneventful, un- successful life, there may be more peace, joy, and true happiness than in that of a person who is surrounded with every luxury, every satisfaction, and the love and 'admiration of everyone with whom he comes in contact. St. Paul says: "I will chastise my body and bring it into sub- jection, lest, having preached to others, I myself become a cast- away." Bodily Austerities It is a great mistake to think hat without bodily austerities we cannot draw very near to God. Without bodily austerities we can withdraw all obstacles between Himself and ourselves; we can get a very intimate knowledge of Him and can please Him very much. He will not keep His choicest gifts from us because of the way in which' we are circumstanced. Bear With Yourself In the days of great austerities nerves did not exist. They are a product of our times. Nerves are the austerities we have to bear today. BEAR WITH YOURSELF your depression, gloom, moods, variability of temper. To bear with one's self is an act of great virtue. A very great deal of evil comes from the fact that a fit of nerves is so often isaken for something wrong with the soul. Bool00 Reviews QUESTION BOX What is Fundamentalism? Fundamentalism is the name given in the United States to that form of Protestantism which re- gards Holy Scripture as a com- plete, sufficient, and final author- ity when its words are interpreted literally. $ * * If a Catholic girl nrries a non- Catholic boy in the rectory of her church and is later remarried in his church, is she forbidden to at- tend church and receive the sacra- ments even though her husband now promises to become a Cath- olic? A Catholic who, before or after the Catholic wedding, approaches either in person or by proxy a non- Catholic minister as minister of religion to give or renew the Mat- rimonial consent is punished with excommunication incurred ) ipso facto and reserved to the Ordinary (canons 1063 and 2319) and is therefore denied the privileges of attending Mass and receiving the sacraments until the excommuni- cation is lifted. The woman should go to Confession and have the ex- communication lifted. Is it possible for  Catholic woman to obtMn an annulment of her marriage to a Catholic man ff he said that he married her for her money, according to the sworn testimony of competent Catholic witnesses? The man lived with the woman only three months, and has been separated from her for seven years. Deceptions and mistakes (e. g., as to wealth, position, character, etc.) do not invalidate marriage. Only an error as to the identity of the person or an error concerning a certain quality that amounts to an error in the person, or if one contracts marriage with a person whom he believed to be free, while in fact that person is a slave I strictly so called, renders the mar- riage null and void (canon 1083). In the present case, what has to be considered is not what would have been done if such a fact had been known, but what has been done in reality. When that which is essential in marriage is ex- cluded by a positive act of the will, the marriage can be declared null ond void, for then there could be no valid marriage because in the same act of the will the person The Mystery of St. Regis by Nell Boyton, S. J. (Benziger Brothers New York. Price $1.50). This exciting murder mystery for boj, s is full of enough thrilling experiences to satisfy even an adult's for adventure. Things hap- pen to the two little Silver Fox Scouts, Paul Patrick Lenehan and Miekte Renzuli, in such rapid sue- cession that one is totally unpre- pared for the ending. The author has a keen understanding of boys and in this book portrays partic- ularly well the life of a Catholic school boy in a large city. Grace of the Way by Sister Monica. (Benziger Brothers, New York. Price $1.50). Many beautiful thonghts and in- spirations can be derived from Sister Monica's charming little volume of less than two hundred pages, but which is full of spiritual studies for everyone, and ap- I olicable to persons in all wMks of life. The story is primarily that of the Mystery of the Incarnation and of St. J'oseph's devoted care to his little family. Sister Monica brings out the human interest of the divine story as applied to mod- ern life. Meditative moralization furnishes food for thought in abundance. It is a delightful lit- tle volum, e to have at hand as much pleasure may be derived from a casual reading of a chance chapter. It is written a little on the order of the Following of Christ with practical reflections and prayers now and then at the end of the chapters. Song of Slon by ReV. $0hn J. Laux. (Benziger Brothers.._ Price $1.50). The Psalms being religious and inspired poetry, and touching sometimes upon the most difficult problems of our supernatural life, one can readily see need of eluci- dation for the average reader This English edition by Father Laux with its special introduction to each and foot notes will do much towards making the religious songs of the Hebrews better known and appreciated by all. wants marriage and does not want marriage (that is, marriage as ordained by Christ). This condi- tion is not present in your case. I \\; May the altar be decorated with flowers at a funeral Mass or a Mass of Requiem? No, the flowers should be re- moved from the altar at Requiem Masses. Nothing whatsoever should be placed upon the altar / but what pertains to the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass or the orna- mentation of the altar itself (Mat- ters Liturg. by Wuest-Mullaney, page 43). So often a person prays fervent- ly for a favor and does not get it. Does this not lead one to doubl that their prayers are heard? When we pray for any favor we pray that it may be granted to us if it be the will of God. We fully recognize that sometimes we ask GOd for things which would prove a danger to us. In such cases God does not nswer our prayers !in the manner that we wish but He answers them in the way which is best for us. Sickness may be a i real blessing the the source ot I many graces. If you prayed thai God would spare you from a cer- tain sickness and you were not spared from it you may feel quite sure that God Who always does the best for us, had some special purpose in mind. Is it a sin to refuse to speak to a person whom we do not Hke We should not bear hatred to- ward any one. If the refusal t( speak aries from this cause it is sin. Under certain circumstances il is not advisable to associate with another, but we can greet that other, in any case, with a bow and smile. Ordinarily speaking we should strive to be on friendly terms with all. Are priests in Greece allowe to marry and have families, th( same as Protestant ministers ar in the United States? In certain Oriental rites mar. ried men are admitted to thc priesthood and many therefor( raise a family. It is not permittec that a priest marry. Should married priest become a widowe] he would be compelled to remalr in that condition. Catholic Evidence o. Narberth. P:. WIIEN A LOVED ONE PASSES ON Gently the doctor replaced the wrist of the woman on the white bedspread. Sympathetically he turned to the kneeling man and said: "Your wife, Mr. Jones--your wife has left us. '* Dead! Impos- sible. The one person who really !meant anything to himgone for- ever. Nothing more could he do for her, and before him stretched wretched, lonely years. What a comfort for the Cath- olic at such a time to know that he still can aid--that by his pray- ers to the compassionate Lord, he can help wipe out her tiny sins and the temporal punishment to all her forgiven sins--and that she, by her prayers for him, may help him toward his heavenly goal. Such is the dogma of Purgatory and it's all so logical. Surel nothing defiled can enter into th purity of Heaven; and by the sam token nothing but the grossest life unrepented deserves the everlast. ing punishment of hell fire. There. fore, there must be a midwa place of punishment and of clean. sing, that almost all of us ente to stay until we are fit to resid with Jesus in Heaven. This the Apostles preached an, practiced. This the early Father: taught and wrote. This the Bibh in many places presupposes ir such a way that no man with ar open mind can doubt the meaning Of this the catacombs gives lie. ing testimony today. QUI VIVE? (Continued from Page 1) Newton D. Baker and would ordi- narily be called a course in etiqu- ette. Perhaps this course is new to the course of study, but it is an old institution In Catholic schools and colleges. It had no special hour on the daily, class program, but it was taught every hour of the day, in season and out of season. Table manners were very strictly enforced for years and years in these .schools and proper attitudes toward superiors and towards equals. It may seem neoesry at the present time to introduce a special class in etiqu- ette, but there is a danger that viewed as a class subject it may be forgotten as most class matter is, once the students pass through the portals of the class room. Cor- rect behavior is something that is not put on for occasions. It is an indispensable element in the life of every man. Because this is so[ it must be engendered by rigid, J constant training, every hour in] the day and in every phase of life. ] Just as the soldier is hourly train- ed for the emergency of battle until by the constant repetition of scomlngly insignificant acts, he: becomes the disciplined unit in a great army, so must men be train- ; ed to live lives of courtesy and discipline so that wherever they are and whatever they are doing, good breeding will stand out in their conduct. This result can be obtained only by hard and as- siduous training in every action of the day. Mrs. Ella A. Boole is the world president of the Women's Chris- tian Temperaxtco Union. Some few years back, her remarks were frequent and conspicuous. Since the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment, she has been in a sort of dormant condition. Re- cently, she roused herse long enough to say that the business depression is one of the negative results of repeal. No doubt women like M. Boole are sincere, but evidently they are not gifted with much ability to settle momentous questions. It is rather difficult for the ordinary observer to figure out, how the creation of so-much new industry as there is in the liquor and beer business can be Cat: In American HENRY A. Dr. Brann was a scholar who achieved an ing reputation as a lessor, writer, and ist. During these years' also a devoted pastor. He came to this Ireland when he was 12 and received his early at St. Mary's College, ton, Delaware, and at Xavier's College, New pursued his theological i St. Suplice in Paris. :', !the first student at the College in Rome to be Returning to this came vice president and of theology at Seton lege. Subsequently he acted $ ant priest in a number of and as pastor at Fort He built the Church of in Englewood and building of the Church of Trinity in Hackensack. time he joined the as a teacher of theology. He acted as the seminary at Virginia, during the sence at the Vatican Returning to New came pastor at Fort where he built St. church. During his long here he found time for writing and produced a his most important was pastor of St. New York City, for 32 was created a domestic Pope Pius X. Among are: "Curious Question-, and Error," "The Age son," "An Essay on the "Christian Education," Strays," and "The the Soul." Dr. Brann in Parkstown, County Ireland, in 1837, and York in 1921. (N. C. W. C. * * @ * * * * * * * * * A CATHOLIC * OF * WIT * * $ * * * * * * * * Greai wits to' "ma are near allied, And thin partitions bounds True wit is nature to age drest, What oft was thou ne'er so well Something whose vinc'd at sight we That gives us back the of our mind.--Pope. Wit and judgment at strife, Though meant to be er's aid like man The occasions for of genius are rare; the ties for the exercise of and discretion occur Cardinal Gibbons. The father of humor but its mother was O'Malley. There are many ing witty and they are if one but keep clear and filth.Bishop J. b, ing. Don't put too fine a your wit, for fear it blunted,Cervantes. the cause of a stump. are now working and in a legitimate which during the were under the control ters, cut throats and reputable person, who to defy the law. The they fully realized the tlon of the been wished upon their majesty and thre' sham. Everyone knows exist now as they have the liquor traffic in the thiug to do is to Let some legislation the people Insist that lecture and sale of liquors be carried on by will observe the law laws should be severe afford ample Away with the pocrlsy of the W. C. T, reason and Just law sitnatlou.