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Arkansas Catholic
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January 22, 1982     Arkansas Catholic
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January 22, 1982

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::.i:ii:i:i:i:i:iii:i:ii:i:i:i:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::;i::i::::i:i::i:i:::::::::::::.::::::::::::::.:..:.:.::::.:.:.:.:.:::::...:.:.:..:.::.:.:.:.:.:.:..:.:.:.:.:+:..:.:.::.:-:.:..:.:.:.:.:..:.:..:.:..:.:..:.:.:.:.:.:.:.::.::.:.:..:.:.:.:.:...:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.::::::::::;5:::::;:;:. [The00Guaran J ---N U----Y-R Y- "'r178 I f " ial_ t'ubl,. Mion ot the Oio.c,',c. e[PAGF.L lille t, oL h J 2 J ,,, [,,,,, ,ev. J00,ome,00o,el,, O.,.,. Bleeding Poland, bloodied Poland ! Poland bent but unbowed! Like the individuals who comprise it, each nation is unique, each with a poignant past, some with an ominous future, such as Poland. Where is there a government more corrupt but individuals' integrity more unquestionable? Where is pain more acute, but self-pity so absent? Where is life bleaker and food lines longer, but eyes brighter and faith more luminous? Where is regimentation more required, but self- determination more pronounced? It is a script well known to the point of predictability, with the proper nouns, Germany and Russia, interchangeable: a belligerent nation,-strong but scared, unleashes itself on a buffer zone between it and an age-old aggressor. The an- tagonist in turn - depending on who at the moment is dominant -- craves space between its border and its arch-enemy and sets about acquiring it, no holds barred, no rules obeyed. In the vying between Communism and capitalism, the victim is Poland, beloved Poland, Poland ravaged. How much more than merely symbolic is the icon of Our Lady of Czestochowa at Jasna Gora ("Bright Hill"), her melancholic face with parallel cuts from a 15th-century Hungarian sword and a scar on her neck, the result of a Tar- tar's arrow some years before. She mourns, this modern day Our Lady of Sorrows, again, as Poland bleeds and is bloodied as it has done so often before. May it now be " " ' " sustamed as tt attempts to sustain the weight of sorrow once again. Catholic Free Press Worcester, Mass. Essays in Theology Christianity and Democracy By Father Richard P. McBrien The Institute on Religion and Democracy, which in- cludes among its board of advisors Peter Berger, Michael Novak and Richard Neuhaus, two months ago issued a lengthy statement entitled "Christianity and Democracy." A press con- ference in New York City heralded its release. Too much attention, it seems to me, was devoted at the time to the political character of the document and nat enough to the fact, it doesn't merit en- dorsement. The statement's theology, not its politics, interests me here. "Christianity and Democracy" is a Protestant declaration, not a Catholic one. This is not to suggest that it is bad because it is Protestant, but only that Catholics ought not to be quick to embrace it. The statement describes the Church as a community of faith and discipline under the theological. Lordship of Jesus Christ, with Thus,;$0me deenlled|eir, a mission to proclaim and decision to sign the statement demonstrate the Gospel to all on the grounds that we are indeed locked in a global struggle between the forces of democratic freedom and the forces of Communist totalitarianism. According to its proponents, the statement usefully, even prophetically, defines the terms of that struggle. Others explained their refusal to sign in light of the same issue. There are other totalitarian forces at work in the world, they argued, and some of these forces are allied with the United States, not with the Soviet Union. Since people. For the Catholic tradition, there is more to the Church and its mission than that. The Church is not only the community of disciples, but the very sacrament of Christ's' presence in the world as well. It is, as-the Second Vatican Council put it, a mystery, i.e., "a reality imbued with the hidden presence of God" (to use Pope Paul VI's apt definition). As such, the Church's call to "demonstrate" the Gospel requires it to be a community which not only proclaims the statement, for all prac- justice, but practices it; tical purposes, ignores, this which not only proclaims the - Media Evaluation ----" Pope John Paul II has urged Catholics to make known their reactions to presentations by the press, radio, and television. Guardian readers may do this by mailing their com- ments to: Communications Department Diocese of Little Rock P.O. Box 7417. Little Rock. Ark. 72217 Letters will be duplicated and forwarded to networks, . stations, sponsors or newspapers involved. Question: -- Occasionally, I see priests wear their stole over the chasuble. I can't remember that this was done in the past. Is this proper? A. -- A study on "The Vesting of Liturgical Ministers" in Worship magazine (January, 1980) states that the importance of the chasuble as "the principal Eucharistic vestment, the outer garment" has been obscured recently by the practice of using alb and stole for concelebration. There are two types of albs now, an undergarment and an outergarment. Confusion of the second type of alb with the chasuble has led to this usage of the stole. Question: -- What documentation, if any, is there on the Church's stand against reincarnation? A. -- Reincarnation is the doctrine that souls migrate from one body to another until complete purification has been achieved. It is integral to Buddhism and Brahmanism in India and to some other religions. The doctrine is fundamentally at variance with the Christian doctrine of the resurrection of the body documented in the Bible and in decrees of Church councils. Reincarnation is implicitly condemned in the decrees of the Councils of Lyons (1274) and Florence (1439) which state that after death, the soul goes immediately to heaven, purgatory or hell. Question: -- Can you prove from the Bible that the soul is immortal? A. -- The Bible does not ordinarily speak in terms of the immortality of the sou!, a way of speaking which reflects the Greek division of a person into body and soul. The Hebrew authors usually conceive of a person as an indivisible totality and might characterize their belief rather in terms d' Col manence of the lU. cw death (as Jesus . ml _toe example in John.. . ' -lneo St. Paul does in 1 thaes ' 15:35-58 ). .'iso] A persuasive )lu about the immort tc soul is found in G authored Book of af "The souls of the ;on the hand of God" ( -1 " tt Father Jeromt questions from | thl subscribers. Q 0 pl should be addn ,off, Rev. Jerome t.E, O.S.B., New Subi ma. 72865. Infi e pn Priests Need Continuiu!00i Theology Study.- Pope Witherr'e we rnel Vatican City (NC) -- Pope John Paul II gave strong backing to continuing theological and philosophical education for priests. Speaking to administrators of Italy's major seminaries, the Pope said that seminaries should create in their students "the awareness that whatever they learn in the seminary does not exhaust their obligation for study but ought instead to stimulate in them the desire for continual renewal." The pontiff said that the seminary program should form in its students a habit of prayer and discipline of life, as well as provide a thorough intellectual formation. The Pope highlighted the importance of spiritual training and said that the student should be assisted toward a "personal ex- perience of the Lord." For this reason, he said, spiritual direction should not "be reduced to simple listening, to an exchange of ideas or opinions, nor should it be confused with group dialogue, nor conceived of as a personal unity of all human beings, but manifests and sustains that unity within its own household. To the extent that the Church itself is a counter-sign of what it is and of what it proclaims, it is called always to renewal and reform. But the statement says nothing about the Church's own responsibility to be a zone of freedom and an exemplar of human rights, transcending always the barriers of race, sex and economic status. The statement correctly asserts that the Church must testify to the ultimate sovereignty of the one Lord and of the one Kingdom of God, but for the Catholic there is continuity, not complete separation, between what God will accomplish at the end of history and what we can accomplish here and now in the world (see the Pastoral Constitution on the Church, n. 39). What we do in history is "of vital concern" to the Kingdom of God. Neither is there any mention of the Church's call to worship. The Church not only proclaims the Gospel; it celebrates it. And there is an intrinsic connection between the two. Paul-had to remind the earliest communities that social divisions rooted in economic power cannot be carried into the Eucharist assembly itself (First Corinthians 11:17-22, 33-34). On the contrary. The statement, "Christianity and dialogue, even if spontaneous, which is born in the intimacy of friendship. "Spiritual direction ought to be a matter of a lively and deep faith, lived under the responsibility of a priest who is well-prepared and ap- pointed especially for that task by the bishop," he added. Spiritual direction should be offered, the pontiff said, with a biblical foundation and "with particular attention to the situation of the young person, to the physical and sociological reactions of young people and to the cultural change of the society of our day." Regarding formation in self-discipline, the Pope said that "domination oneself" and the "subor- dination of spontaneity to obligation" are necessary for the "harmonious develop- ment of personality" and for "the demands of life within a community." The Pope praised the "growing importance at- tributed to study in the prep.oration of future priests" and called applying oneself to learning, "along with piety, the great daily obligation of the seminarian, his professional work." He said that a seminarian's education should include "the knowledge of movements of philosophical thought and of Democracy," is also more Protestant than Catholic in its social ethics. It acknowledges, rather weakly, that owners of property are stewards of God, but it says nothing about the fun- damental principle  of Catholic social doctrine that all ownership of property is subject to the common good and, therefore, is never ab- solute (see, for example, Pope John Paul II's latest en= cyclical letter, "Laborem E xercens" ). When the statement does try to link itself explicitly with a major Catholic figure like John Courtney Murray, S.J., it does not do complete justice to its source. Murray, of course, placed the free exercise of religion very high on the list of human rights, but, unlike this statement, he always linked freedom of religion with other human rights, including those pertaining to the socio- economic order. The same is true of Catholic social doctrine generally. One need only compare this statement with the opening section of Pope John XXIII's "Pacem in Terris," where the right to worship God ac- cording to one's conscience comes after such rights as the literature and the reading of preciate the essenl aL, the events of history and of of faithandofpray ms the cultural and social for- " M marion of peoples." "They show I vo The Pope expressed more eager for tr m pleasure with current the Pope of an seminary education and said seminarians, a r that from reports he had demonstrate a t lot received, he believed that "choices that are kor today's seminarians "ap- andtotal." ,us, !Cou tek f, Baptizes Babies :IS. Vatican City (NC) -- Pope Seminary Day i beh, John Paul II baptized 13 Catholic churches, i ] children and spent four hours "The problem oi I I with Latin American priests vocations is one I ati studying in Rome Jan. 10. which most concern nt The Pope's busy Sunday because new priO followed a relatively quiet didates assure the i he Saturday, which included and the future of lot private audiences with life," he said. st French Foreign Minister "If on the one ha ) a I Claude Cheysson, Chicago- reason for hopeand av( born Archbishop Paul Mar- the constant ast cinkus and Bishop John A. registered in the "ore Marshall of Burlington, Vt. years in the m aus The baptism of the Italian aspirants totheprie th infants took place at 7 A.M. in the other hand in .' L o: the Vatican,s Pauline Chapel Rome, where the  as I and marked the feast of the demographic expan 'orrt Baptism of Our Lord and the slackening, we mus closing of the church's the disproportion b ; 1 liturgical cycle, spiritually needy , in "The most profound s.carcity of labol significance of baptism is in servants," the Pope the fact that we bring about a In the afternoon, l i new and extraordinary Paul went to t relationship of grace between American Colle! ; God and these creatures, who which houses 65-p are already human persons in 10 countries who the full sense of.the word, to various universities II whom the godparents give The Pope's four-! I voice and responses," Pope to the college includ JohnPaulsaid. a concert of Latin - Parents and godparents Se Baptizeso, have a special duty to educate e , . children responsibly "to help ( d It them to groW in a Christian Ua ,t: manner," he added. a..,,f,.,,o. o lu At noon [he Pope made his Pubhhed Weekly by TI usual Sunday appearance at Pe,,c 9 the window of his apartment oo  ry, s, L,me R overlooking St. Peter's " e.eeao.Oa. 1, 1911. 8t the post ot|ice Square, where about 30,000 ,, .ae me AO people had gathered. a s,  ' He strongly denounced the seo-,ac,a,o,a continued imposition of Ltt,teRo(k. Atk$ martial law in his native SUOSCRIPTIONP $1 00 per year in the Unl Poland and asked prayers for Cana $, 00 Fe,t vocations in Rome. Jan. 10 was observed as Rome PUBLISHER OST REvEREP ANDREW J McOONA | right to life, food, clothing, S,t.otL...m shelter, work, economic PRIEST CONSUL*' X i security and so forth, and is REV BERNAROE O# seen always as part of this larger network of human and MANAGING EOI  civil rights. MR WILLIAMW O'DONI  This is not to say that the EDITOR statement as a whole is R. KARLA. CHI without merit. It is an in- Acklrl,$AN[hlftmenl FORREST PARK STATI( telligent, sophisticated and TelephoaelUla- unmistakably Christian ex- position of a very complex au,,e issue: the relationship bet- .M.t. ween the Church and society, taroq Many, however, might have .,tu,,n found it a much stronger  u,y statement if it were more Catholic in its ecclesiology t. o and social ethics. And also if it Pro,. were a lot shorter. LKa* n0,,