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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
January 15, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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January 15, 1943
 

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PAGE EIGHT "QUI VIVE?" (Continued from page I) and, finally, of coal. The O.P.A. office in Washington famous for its red tape and verbose question- naires sent out the wrong informa- tion on the mnner of computing the volume of a room. The oil shortage is due to a lack of trans- portation f,cliities, yet the rail- roads were compelled to handle huge crowds of persons who were going home for the holidays. In the meantime the folks on the east l coast were Mmost freezing in the] coldest weather in almost a con-l tury. There is a shortage of rub- ber, yet stock piles of old rubber tires have been plied up for[ months, exposed to all kinds 0f[ weather., The gamblers Fe gg" ting eve'money that thegn%viii be there wln the war is ove/' Scrap metal a ewsppers hae been collected in large quantities to lie around idle. The people are not to blame or the costly errors that have heels made by the heads of bureaus. The people are willing and patrigtic. They wast to do the right thing, but they do not enjoy being browbeaten by rau- cous-voiced government employees who axe desirous of showing their authority. We need some depart- meut heads who know what It's all about. Suvenile delinquency has been  increasing "by leaps and bounds," says former Warden Laves. The Warden should know somehing about this subject as he spent many years dealing with post- graduates ill the school of crime. IIowever, Juvenile delinquency is not a new problem. The present world conditions have simply giv- en more opportunities for' it to function. This topic is like the weather, everyone talks about it, but no one does anything about it. Parents and teachers are of course to blame. Hunmn nature does not change and children are the same today as they were a century ago. Parents and teachers are not the same. They isk the determixta- tion and the courage of their "fore- bears. They have not inspired their charges with the respect that they should have for their eiders. The educational leaders have been culpable to a great degree.. The textbooks that are commonly used in the schools have been divested of the sound principles of cottluet that were contained in the old readers. The modern school has been turning out an anomolous product. It has been training pupils for what is erroneously called  practical life. Instead of turning out pup/is who can lead a complete llfe, they have bison concentrating on training them for Jobs. Man does not Hoe by bread alone. The well-educated person must know how to use hls leisure time as well as how tomake g lie- ing. The children of tiffs er know of only one diversion md tlutt is to rush to the movies as soon as they have any free time. And what an environment of depravity they get Into when they go to movies. There they learn the les- sons of illicit love from past-mas- ters in it. Divorce and infidelity in Wedlock axe glorified. Irrespon- sible parents allow their children to spend a large part of their time at the movies. It is a sure sign that modern education has failed when the schools turn out products who can be satisfied with such en- tertainment as the Hollywood mas- ter minds turn out. It is in keep- ing with the modern system of education that in our largest city, New York, there is a new society, the Boys Brotherhood Institute. Its purpose is, guess what? To! investigate the conduct of teachers. I I m Fentress Mortuary The Only Establishment in Western Arkxnsas designed, built and dedi- cated exclusively for Funeral Serv- ices. PHONE 6178 MOTHER LOVE for C H M R O I T S H T E I R A S N Size 4 x S 1-2 Inches NEW and REVISED Edition * * $ A manual for Christian Mothers entirely re-written with in- structions of the Arch-Confra- ternity Christian M o t her s. Printed on thin text paper. Round Corners. The prayer- book that every mother should have. * sp No. 2001 Black Cloth red*dgos $1.7S No. 3801 American Seal Leather, red under gold edgae ......... $2.S0 No. 7501 Real Mereco Luther, red under gold edges ..... I.S0 Order from The Guardian Overseas for NCCS Francis P. Matthews Supreme Knights To England In Cause of NCCS Washington. (E)--On a mission for the National Catholic Com- munity Service, of which he is Chairman of the Executive Com- mittee, Francis P. Matthews, Prominent attorney of Omaha, Neb., has arrived in England. In addition to his position in the NCCS, one of the affiliated agen- cies of the use and the official agency of the Catholic Church in the United States for welfare work among the men in the armed ser- vice, Mr. Matthews is Supreme Knight of the Knights of Colum- bus. Commissioned by the Archbish- ops and Bishops of the Board of Trustees of the NCCS, Mr. Mat- thews will undertake a survey of work being done by sister Catho- lic organizations in Great Britian for American sei'vicemen. He is expected to tour England, Scot- land and Northern Ireland, where a great number of huts and can- teens are receiving financial sup- port from funds sent to Britian by the NCCS and where Canadian K. of C. are carrying on considerable work for the servicemen. His Eminence Arthur Cardinal Hinsley, Archbishop of Westmin' ster, recently announced the formation of a Coordinating and Supervisory Committee for Ameri- can Catholic welfare organizations serving American and Allied troops in Great Britian. The sum of $25,000 was recently sent to England by the NCCS for assist- ing welfare and recreational activities among the servicemen. Mr. Matthews is one of the founders of the use and one of its three vice-presidents. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the use and of its General Policy Committee. AMENDMENT (Continued from page 1) failure to appreciate this point gives rise to much of the harm inherent in the Amendment. They admit that there are at the mom- ent some laws which work down- right injustices to women. But; they stoutly affirm, the Amend- ment is in no way to cure the situation. The Amendment, in seeking to abolish these laws, also would sweep away a variety of laws which have been enacted especially for women's protection. These laws were put on the stat- ute books because it was appre- ciated that men and women are not identical. To pass the Equal Rights Amendment would not make them so. Because women are not identical with men, it has through the years been felt advisable to throw about them the protective cloak of spec- ial legislation with regard to their employment. Proponents of the "Equal Rights Amendment" take the attitude that this protective legislation is a greater hindrance than help to women. They say it prejudices prospective employers THE GUARDIAN, JANUARY 15, 1943 I I I I I IIi I I I 'Round The World With The Chaplains' urc c ave From the Feast of St. Peter s Chair, Jan. [Ni?ht Masses For Men Going Into Early Morning BattJell 18, to the Feast of the Conversion of l Pr,est in ,,Jeep,, Jaunts Through Cocoanut Grove To Frontl I St. Paul, Jan. 25 (Chair of Unity Octave) OI1 1 Form of Prayer Decreed by Pope Benedict :XV t Soldiers Request C ection Plate Be Passed On Sundays TO BE RECITED DAILY DURING THE OCTAVE (200 Days Indulgence each Octave Day) Approved and blessed by the late Pope Plus X, [ 1 [j 1909. HisHoliness, PopeBenedictXV, byaPapalBriei Dog-Yearn Carries Chaplain Over Frozen Northern Wastes dated February 25, 1916, extended its observance to t[ Universal Church enriching it with Indulgences. It has alJ the warm commendation and blessing of our present Hol (By N.C.W.C. News Service) This statement appears in a let- all the boys---Catholic and non- North Carolina: ter from the Rev. R. Ferron, O.M.I., Catholic are writing to their "We had a very inspiring sight here Christmas, ' writes the Rev. William S. O'Byrne, Auxiliary army chaplain at Camp Davis, N.C., to the Most Rev John F. O'Hara, C.S.C., Military Delegate. ,"Four Midnight Masses were celebrated at the base and practi- cally all the boys received Holy Communion," the chaplain says. "We offered the regular Masses on Christmas Day and they were all crowded. Eight priests heard Confessions and the crowd was so large that four priests had to hear during the Masses." Australia: The Rev. Austin J. Henry, an army chaplain of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee stationed m Au- stralia, reveals in a letter that in his section "many of the weekday Masses are said at night to pre- pare the boys who leave early in the morning for battle stations." '"Most of them go to Holy Com- munion just before boarding planes or boats," Father Henry adds. Southwest Pacific: "Bouncing around in a 'jeep' in and out of cocoanut woods" in the early morning darkness is one of the ways the Rev. Thomas J. Montgomery, chaplain from the Diocese of Crookston, gets to dif- ferent areas to say Mass Some- where in the Southwest Pacific. The priest says there are "no lights on the jeep because of strict blackout" and he tries to head for some spot "where the men know Mass will be offered." Hudson Bay: "As I have a dog-team of my own, from now on there will be no snow or storm to interfere with the religious life of the boys." against the hiring of women, and that, therefore, they do not en- [joy "equal opportunities" with !men in ,seeking employment. This stand sems to be based more on emotion than on reason. There is little ground for arguing that cer- tain kinds and conditions of work are less desirable for women than for men. It wouldn't make these jobs any more desirable for wo- men, even if you could make it a little less difficult for women to obtain them. This protective legislation for women takes three general forms: Restriction of hours, prohibition of night work and of female employ- meat in certain occupations, and regulation of working conditions. Back in 1926, the Women's Bu- reau of the United States Depart- ment of Labor--which vigorously opposes the "Equal Rights Amend- ment" made an intensive study and found that, contrary to the contention of the Amendment's proponents, these protective laws have little or no effect in prej- udicing employers against the hir- ing of women. Women were em- ployed as extensively in States which had restrictions on the num- ber of hours they might work as in the States that did not. Rarely was a woman found to be denied employment because the State pro- hibited night work for women. As a matter of fact, night work for men or women was at that time on the decline. As for requiring a minimum standard of working con- ditions for women, there was a Bone Dry Roofing Sheet Metal Work J. E. Hornibrook 209-11 East Markham Street Phone 4-2494 an auxiliary army chaplain in the Hudson Bay region of Canada. "Till a few weeks ago the boys were coming to church in town," Father Ferron writes, "and they were admirable making those four or five miles in very cold weather, with the risk of being unable even to reach the church. One group, for instance, tried for three con- secutive Sundays to come to church, but could not get the trucks to their destination." It seems that Father Ferron's acquisition of a dog-team and sled has somewhat solved the problem of Mass for many of the soldiers, because now the auxiliary chap- lain can go to them, via the old- fashioned northern means of ca- nine power. New York: Chaplains' heroism is implied rather than described in the cor- respondence received by Bishop O'Hara from the priests in ser- vice. One chaplain tells hire that it is a keen pleasure to witness "the eagerness shown by our Ca- tholic chaplains to get front line duty." Another chaplain in North Africa briefly but touchingly re- lates how the Rev. Clement M. Falter, C.PP.S., "died gloriously in action whilst landing with his troops from assault boats." Still another, stationed in Alaska, says simply: "Although living condi- tions are anything but comfort- able, I don't think I've ever been happier. Perhaps it is because I can easily see the results of my humble priestly activity." Southwest Pacific: How much the presence and ministrations of a chaplain mean to the servicemen on far-flung fronts is told by a chaplain in the Southwest Pacific. "The censors inform me that gneral demand for improved work- ing conditions for both men and women. The National Council of Catho- lic Women has consistently op- posed the "Equal Rights Amend- ment" on the grounds that: If "equal rights" is interpreted to mean "identical" rights for men and women, it flaunts the facts of physiology and psychology; that adoption of the Amendment would erase all the protective legisla- tion that has been passed "to safe- guard women as women, in indus- try; protective legislation for wo- men in regard to marital and property rights;" that the passage of the Amendment would lead to the repeal of State laws relating to domestic relations, the home, the child, etc. The N.C.C.W. and the Women's Bureau of the Departmnt of Labor have been only two of an impres- sive number of important organ- izations which, through the years, !have opposed adoption of the "Equal Rights Amendment." These include: The National Consum- ers League, the National League of Women Voters, the National Board of the Y.W.C.A., the Na- tional Women's Trade Union League of America, the National Council of Jewisi] Women, the American Association of Univer- sity Women, and the Service Star League. Some observers here are in- clined to wonder how the "Equal Rights Amendment" can recur so persistently on the floor of Con- gress, faced as it is with such widespread, representative and consistent opposition. They ad- mit, of course, that it has a little that carries some appeal. But they i feel that, over the course of years, nmeh of this appeal should have been swept away. Now, they hear backers of the Amendment pre- dicting that it will be passed by the Seventy-eighth Congress. That remains to be seen, but ob- servers point to the extraordinary conditions prevailing, and affirm folks back home how happy they are they have a chaplain," the priests report "A few boys told men that when there is no chap- lain around there is no difference between Sunday and any other day. One just forgets about God and praying. Now one feels at least like trying to be good." Texas: A collection asked for by the congregation itself is the exper- ience of the Rev. Cosmas Dahl- heimer, O.S.B., army chaplain at Midland, Tex. Father Dahlheimer relates: "Since last May I have been taking a collection at Sunday Mass. The plate is placed at the rear of the chapel for anyone who wishes to give. This practice was inaugurated after repeated sug- gestions by the soldiers and through the encouragement of the Inspector General. The latter said that it was part of the Chris- tian ritual, and that we should keep it before the men, so that when they go back to civilian life the good habit will still be with them. I have bought vestments, an abundance of literature, a regular Sunday paper, and medals with the money." Southwest Pacific: At some front in the Southwest Pacific, a chaplain says, he has established religious discussion clubs. At first, the groups of soldiers met regularly, but "so many things rose to interfere" that the chaplain now holds the meet- ings "whenever and wherever possible." "Thus after Evening Mass in one area," he writes, "the group gathers about while the Mass is explained. That partic- ular group is very enthusiastic about their religion--they are al- wa,s eager for a session." ANTI-CHRIST (Continued from page 1) erring, to fight the evil and to em- brace the wounded, and to do all we can to bring any nation back again into the Western comity of peoples which accepts the .noral law of God as the foundation of civilization. Monsignor Sheen said "we are fighting against the Devil," and man is no match for the Devil. "Unless we very quickly get on God's side and trust to God's strength, we will lack the faith to see the Devil, and the moral in- dignation to oppose him," he ad- ded. "We are up against the kind of a Devil now that the disciples could not cast out when Our Lord told them, 'This kind can only be cast out by prayer and fasting.'" He cited the three-fold essence o totalitarianism, saying 'it de- nies the value of a person by af- firming the primacy of the na- tion, the race, the class, the dynas- ty; it denies the equality of men: it affirms that evil is the method and goal of the revolution." tie asserted that "the basic principles of democracy is the sacredness of the individual as a creature en- dowed by God with ina]ienable rights" and that "American demo- cracy is founded on the principle of the essential spiritual equality of all men," while "totalitarianism denies this basic equality of all men as children of God." Head Of Trappists Succumbs In Rome Vatican City. (E)--The Most Rev. Herman Joseph Smets, Abbot General of the Cistercians of the Strict Observance (Trappists), died in Rome on, Monday. that, unless some straight thinking is done in the matter, a lot of peo- ple may be stampeded on this issue. Father now gloriously reigning who graciously offers t[ Holy Sacrifice on the first day of the Octave for its ii tention. A Plenary Indulgence has been granted by the Ho Father to every one of the faithful who on the first last day of the Octave shall receive Holy Communi0 under the usual conditions. Also, two hundred days' It dulgence may be gained each day during the Octave I the recitation of the authorized prayers. All of the above Indulgences may be offered for t souls in Purgatory. Antiphon. That they all may be One, as Thou, Father in Me and I in Thee; that they also may be one in Us; that the world may believe that Thou hast sent Me.--St. John xvii: 21. V. I say unto thee thou art Peter; R. And upon this Rock I will build My Church. Prayer O Lord Jesus Christ, Who saidst unto Thine Apostles: Peace I leave with you, My Peace I give unto you; regard not my sins, but the faith of Thy Church, and grant unto her that peace and unity which are agreeable to Thy will, Who livest and reignest God forever and ever. Amen. Lord Jesus, most gracious Saviour of the world, we hum- bly beg of Thee by Thy most Sacred Heart, that all the sheep now wandering astray may be converted to Thee, the Shepherd and Bishop of their souls: Who livest and reignest through all eternity. Amen. Indulgence of 300 days. (Plus X., Oct. 26, 1905). N.B.--It is also recommend- ed that at least one decade of the Rosary be said for the particular intention of ea day; also that Holy Comm ion be received as often as p0 sible during the Octave, dai if possible, certainly, on tl Sunday within the Octave. The Daily Intentions January 18. Feast of Sat Peter's Chair at Rome. The l turn of all the "other shoe to the one Fold of St. Pet the One Shepherd. January 19. The return all Oriental Separatists Communion with the Apostol See. January 20. The submissiq of Angelicans to the authori of the Vicar of Christ. ! January 21. That the L therans and all other Prote$ ants of Continental Europe n. find their way "Back to I-tel Church." . January 22. That Chrmtial in America may become o$ in communion with the Ch of St. Peter. i January 23. The return to t2 Sacraments of lapsed Catholl! January 24. The conversi of the Jews. January 25. Feast of the Co version of St. Paul, the Mt sionary conquest of the wol for Christ. HEART (Continued from page 1) souls: Agnus DeI, qui tollis peceata mundi, dons nobls I)acem. Peace is the exclusive gift of God, and does not result from the strategy of leaders, the bravery of armies, or the diplomacy of negotiations. True peace is from Christ. But peace is also the work of men. Jesus Christ did not promise it at Bethlehem to all men---only to men of goodwill. While men con- tinue to harden their hearts in apostasy of God; while the infam- ous reign of murd'erous egoism re- mains on earth; while paganism in customs still sway, there will not be, there cannot be, peace on earth, and every man will continue to be a wolf to his brother." The distinguished Mexican writ- er Alfonso Junco, who attended the Congress as the special guest of Salvadorean Catholic Youth; speaking at the same session, re- ferred to the Vatican Hill as "a new Golgotha" where the Holy Father "suffers an agonizes, crucified for world peace." "The Ecumenical Father--the visibb n image of the one Father in W we are all brothers--sows pea! Senor Junco sal. ""In this rived Gethsemani, faced formidable agonies, he watches prays as did the Master, and horts us--as He did--to pray watch with him. In his pate'. heart ebbs and flow all the guish, all the desolation that world is suffering." A heroic-sized marble statut{ Christ the King, dedicated Archbishop Chavez, stands on Plaza de Las Americas as a minder of E1 Salvador's First] tional Eucharistic Congress; the Salvadorean people are apt to forget so important event in their history. Orgar to commemorate the fourth tenary of the founding of tl Capital, the Congress was degn by a special address by the 1 Father, broadcast in Spanish the Vatican radio station. It casioned the greatest assembl: Archbishops and Bishops San vador had ever witnessed, took on the significance of a t:'al American Congress. IH THE CATHOLIC GIRL'S GUIDE by Father Lasance "This prayerbook is intended for girls from the time of their leaving school to their settle- ment in life." No. 211  Catholic Girl's Guide, Imit. leather, limp, round corners, red edges ................... $2.00 No. 212  Catholic Girl's Guide. 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