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Litlte Rock, Arkansas
January 15, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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PAGE FOUR t THE GUARDIAN, JANUARY ! 5, 1943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 30SVs WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21. 1911, a the post office at Little Rock. Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DwOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official arBan of the DioceSe of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of risht, Justiea and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blcssinf with the sincere hope that its career may he ions and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rook. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINE MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809/s West 2nd. Telephone 6486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service---Knlfrhts of Columbus of Arkansas Fort Smith Council, No. 996 ............................ 22.00 Parasould Council. No. l?t3 ....................... $1Z.O0 Little Rock Council, No. 812 g.uu Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ........................ |7.00 B lytheville-Oceola Council. No. 2857 ........................... 12.00 JANUARY 15, i 943 "'It by liberty ot the press, we understand merely the liberty ot discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but if it means the liberty ot al- &onting, calumniating and detaming one another, I own myselt willing to. part with my share ot it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others for the privilege ot not being abused myselt."mFranklin. THE CHURCH UNITY OCTAVE This coming Monday, January 18, the Feast of Saint Peters' Chair at Rome, will mark the beginning of the Church Unity Octave, an eight day period of prayer during which Catholics the world over will unite in asking God to bless all Christians with the great gift of religious unity. At Rome, His Holiness, Pope Plus XII, will open the Octave observance by celebrating the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass for the intention of Christian Unity. Bishops and priests in many countries will follow the in- spiring example of the Supreme Pontiff in offering Mass for the intentions of the Octave. Lay people everywhere will once more join i- beseeching God during the eight day period for the fulfillment of the prayer of Christ, "that All may be one." The Church Unity Octave had its origin at the Mother- house of the Society of the Atonement, Graymoor, Garrison, N. Y., in 1908. The Very Rev. Father Paul James Francis, S.A., Founder of the Society, which was at that time an An- glican congregation, conceived the idea of using the period which extends from January 18, the Feast of St. Peter's Chair at Rome, to January 25, the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul, as a time of prayerful supplication for the healing of the wounds caused by the evils of disunion among the followers of Christ. Public observance of the Octave was held in the community chapel in the Friars at Graymoor for the first time in January, 1909, and in the month of October of the same year Father Paul Francis and his congregation were granted the grace of con- version and were received into the Church as a corporate entity, thus becoming, as it were, the first fruits of the Octave of prayer for Unity. Since that time the Society of the Atonement has had as one of its principle objectives the promotion of the ork for Church Unity, and each year sends forth a call for the general observace of the Octave. In many churches appropriate services are held, in which the particular intention of each day of the Octave is explained, and the parish school children make the prayers of the Octave a part of their daily devotions. Catholic organizations too, are active in sponsoring the Octave observance, and the members of Religious Orders have been fervent in their prayers for this sublime cause. Catholics should need no persuasion for a deeper and more serious realization of the problems that beset the world as a result of the division stirred up by fomenters of schism and heresy. The said effects of such divisions were never more manifest than at the present time when countless thousands of souls are yearning for spiritual nourishment and, failing to find it in the dissident Christian sects, are turning away from tradi- tional Christianity. Communism and Nazism have reaped an enormous harvest among people that have rejected Christianity because of its lack of a common teaching. Atheism has flourish- ed in states once openly Christian. Hatred and the spirit of vengeance now motivate the enemies of Christianity, and these have transposed their ideas into channels of deliberate and cruel persecutioh, whilst great masses of innocent souls stand bewild- ered knowing not where to find the truths that will enable them to stand up against the forces of paganism now loose upon the world. Catholics have the answer--there is one Church which Christ founded and which He commissioned to teach Divine Truth to the world. The walls built by prejudice and misun- derstanding can be broken only by the spirit of charity. Prayer for Unity is one of the best means Catholics have to win men back to belief in the undivided Church. The prayers of the Church Unity Octave have been taken from among the most eloquent and moving prayers of the Liturgy, and encompass the needs of all men. By actively taking part in the observance of the Octave, especially the public ones, Catholic layfolks can accomplish much towards the solution of the world's ills. THE ROCI THAT IS PETER The feast of the Chair of Peter celebrated Monday, Jan- uary 18, is a reminder of the allegiance and devotion that are due the Holy See, the indestructible Rock of our Faith, the Rock unmoved and immovable amid the roaring billows of the. centuries, the foundation stone and the head of the corner for the edifice that Christ reared as the House of Salvation, vic- torious over the assaults of Hell and triumphant over the gnaw- ing tooth of all-devouring time. None shall ever overturn that foundation. For Christ, the Son of God, has laid it. This He makes abundantly clear in His Gospel beyond all the cavilings and subtleties of heresy and sophistry and error, beyond all the twistings and turning and distortions of the preverse mind of man. It is noteworthy that the two doctrines must clearly, most incontestably, most incantravertibly lead down by Christ, His Real Presence in the Eucharist and the supremacy of the Holy See, are the very doctrines of all His teachings the most fur- iously attacked and the most ferociously assailed. The name of the first occupant of the Holy See Christ changes to Rock to signify his office as the indestructible stay and support and foundation stone of the Faith He revealed and of the Church He founded. He promised to preserve the Rock that is Peter until the end of time. Peter, Christ constitutes the bulwark of the Faith for the rest of his followers; He prays for Peter in an especial manner that he may confirm his brethren; Peter He makes the universal shepherd of all His sheep and the feeder of His entire flock; that is, their teacher, their guide, and their ruler. Peter, of course, means Rock. From the time of Christ His dispositions as regards Peter are accepted faithfully by the Christian Church and the great lights of the ancient Christian World. For the past nineteen hundred years Peter has been what Christ made him from the beginning,--the universal shepherd of the sheel3 that are Christ's. For the past n,.'neteen hundred years through Peter and his suc- cessors in the Holy See and only through them the prayer and the ideal of Christ as regards His followers have been realized "that they all be one, as Thou, Peter, in Me and I in Thee." From the Chair of Peter no sort of glory has been lacking. From the Chair went forth the missionaries who converted the nations of the world without a single exception. The glory of the world for fifteen hundred years, according to the celebrated Gladstone, was practically the glory of the Papacy. Echoing the voice of history De Maistre says: "The most frantic enemy of the Holy See would not ven- ture to deny, with history in his hand, that on no throne of the world has there existed, everything considered, more wisdom, more virtue, and more science than on that of the Sovereign Pontiffs. "The Popes were the founders, the tutors, the saviors, and the real constituent minds of the social state of Europe." (Eu- rope, be it noted here, is the mother of America, North and South. ) For the past nineteen hundred years the Popes have safe- guarded the Faith of Christ and fed His flock with His saving truth and preserved His followers from the poison of error.-- The Witness. Opposition To Mixed Marriage On Two Fronts Numerous articles on the prob- Lutheran Church which tren- lem of mixed marriage have ap- chantly renounces the very thought peered in the Catholic press since of a Lutheran entering a marriage the onset of the war. For the most contract with a Catholic. part they have warned Catholics At the time when Henry Ford II in the service to beware of mar- converted and was married in a rying women not of their faith. And while writers do not present Catholic Church, the 'Walther up-to-date figures on the subject, League Messenger,' Lutheran or- lheir contentions, that mixed mar- gan, urged its readers to pray that riages is on the increase, seem to young Lutherans "may not be be borne out by observation, blinded by the glamor of unthink- From these articles it might be Jng affection, and consequently inferred that the Catholic Church become unequally yoked together with a Catholic husband or wife." is the only agency or institution The publication further insisted it interested in the question. Such, is morally wrong for Lutherans however, is not the case. From to sign any pledge to raise the time to time leaders of various children born of such a marriage Protestant denominations inveigh in the Catholic faith. On the con- against the marriage of their men- trary, it asserted, Lutlerans bers to Catholics and even to should demand a written promise. members of other Protestant sects, from the Catholic parties to raise Outstanding in tlis regard is the See MARRIAGE on page 5 IEncouragement| a t h €/f S;:n'oC:[! td, lt  1 lleputation Reputation is like a sign-board Praying Bands Tim greatest drawing of hands pointing out the residence of vir- ever made was that by Albrecht tue. Virtue itself should be ever Durer. Do you know the story of preferred before it• If you are called a hyprocrite, these hands? A young artist--but not with the genius of Durer-- because you have become religious, brought his latest painting to the it you are regarded with contempt master for criticism. In an agony because you have pardoned an in- of anxiety (for.if Durer's words jury, laugh at it, for besides these wasn't favorable, he had decided persons who judge you being often to give up painting) he convul- far from estimable, it is much bet- sively clasped his hands together. ter to give up your reputation than Durst suddenly turned, saw him to renounce virtue, thus, said: "Stay just as you arc" Fruits are preferable to leaves, and started to draw this study of sp.iritual gifts to all exterior bless- "Praying Hands"• lags. We may be jealous of our reputation, but we are not to make That man could never be the an idol of it; for if we may not artist Durer was. His work died scandalize the good, we are not with him. called upon to content the wicked. But, unintentionally, when he Renounce any frivolous habit least expected it, he served a very hurtful to your character, for it is greaturpose in life, inspiring, and worth more than frivolity; but if providing for ages to come, the it be on account of your zeal and touching beauty and inspiration of pious exercises and spiritual ad- this masterpiece, "Praying Hands". vancement they murmur, or scold How do you knowhow does or calumniate you, then let the any one of us know, what the mastiffs bay at the moon to their great accomplishment of our life hearts' content, for if they can may be? give any bad opinion of us, our A friend last night showed me a reputation will flourish again of letter from some men he had met. itself. He wrote his thanks for "the cur- Slander will be what the prun- tain you raised for me" which set ing-knife is "to the vine, it will his life going in a better direciton. multiply its fruits. My friend did not know to what Anger helpful act of his the letter re- Joseph, when he sent his broth- ferred. But it does serve to indi- ers into Egypt to the home of cate, that if we always try to his father, gave them this ad- speak and act the good Christian vice. "See that you fall/ not out part, our life may accomplish by the way." In like manner this things we never even knew about, miserable life is but the road to a things more important for us happy eternity, eternally, than if we won earthly Do not quarrel then with one immortality by having our work another whilst in the road. preserved' in a museum. Let us associate with our breth-  :- ern meekly and peaceably. Let When spiritual comfort is giv- no pretext lead you to anger, for en you from God, receive it with Saint James has said: "The wrath thankfulness; but understand that of man worketh not the righteous- it is the gift of God, not any ness of God." desert of yours. Q UES TION BOX Notlee--lt is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever pubilshed. Questions which ask for private answer must be aeeompanted by a self-addressed, stamped envelops. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Are Souls In Purgatory Conscious That They Are Saved? The Church has made no definite pronouncement on this point, but the ancient Liturgies and the inscriptions of the catacombs speak of a "sleep of peace," which would be impossible if there were any doubt of ultimate salvation. Some of the Doctors of the Middle Ages thmght uncertainty of salvation, one of the severest punishments of purgatory. But this opinion finds no general Credit among the theolo- gians of the medieval period, nor is it possible in the light of the be- iJef in the particular judgment. As a result of this judgment the soul knows its final destiny. St. Bona, vcnture gives as the reason for Is there a legal engagement to this elimination of fear and of marry recognized by the Church? uncertainty the intimate convic- ticn of the souls that they can no longer sin. He tells us: "Fear is cast out because of the strengthen- ing of the will by which the soul knows it can not longer sin." St. Thomas says: "Unless the souls knew that they are to be delivered, they would not ask for our pray- ers." We can safely hold, there- fore, that the souls in pugatory know that, after their temporary period of suffering, they will be happy with God. Are there special pryers to be said for victory? Yes, there are these: "O God of battles, Who grantest victory to those who put their trust in Thee, mercifully hear the prayers of us, Thy servants, that the evil designs of our enem!es being defeated, we may praise Thee with unceasing gratitude. Through Christ our Lord. Amen. "O God, Who dust stamp out wars and vanquish the assailants of them that hope in Thee help us when we cry to Thee, that the ferocity of our enemies may be brought low, and we may ever praise Thee with incessant thanks- giving. Through Christ our Lord'. Amen. "O God, Who sufferest not the nations that believe in Thee to be shaken by any fear, deign, we beseech Thee, to receive the pray- ers and sacrifices of the people consecrated to Thee, that peace, the gift of Thy loving kindness, may render Christian countries safe from every enemy. Through Christ our Lord. Amen." How may the infallibility of the Pope on matters of faith and mor- ale be reconciled with the con- denmation of St. Joan of Arc as heretic and her subsequent can- enizatlon? St. Joan of Arc was tried for heresy in an inferior ecclesiastical court that was entirely in the hands of her political enemies• She was condemned by this court and burned at the stake• She ap- pealed from this tribunal to the Pope but this appeal was illegally denied. The Pope of that time, Eugene IV, had nothing to do with the trial• Joan was martyred May 30, 1431. In 1455 a revision of the trial was ordered by Pope Cal- lixtus III. This was held at Paris• The illegality of the 1431 trial was made clear. The memory of the Maid was cleared of all taint of leresy. Since the Pope had noth- ing to do with the trial of 1431 it is evident that no question of papal infallibility can be raised in the matter. * * * If a sick person is given the Last Blessing with the plenary indul- gence and afterwards recovers, has he gained the plenary indul- gence just the same? No. The plenary indulgence ac- companying the Last Blessing is for the moment of death. If the sick person recovers, the indul- gence has not been gained but the grant still holds. When that per- son's last hour really comes the in- dulgence will still be available by virtue of that grant• Of course the indulgence cannot be gained unless the person is at that mom- ent truly contrite. A unilateral (one party) or bil- ateral (two party) promise of mar- riage is recognized by the Church provided that certain legal form- alities are followed'. Church law (Canon 1017) provides that such promises are null (not binding) unless they are made in writing and signed by both parties and the pastor or Bishop, or, at least, by both parties and two witnesses• The promise to marry does not give reason for an action in Church court forcing the other party to go through with the marriage, but it does give reason for action for damages that might arise if the marriage promise was not ful- filled. How is it possible for heaven to pass away If we are going to be in heaven for all eternity? A Heaven in the sense of the place and state of the blessed will not pass away. When our Lord spoke of heaven and earth passing away he may have referred to the physical universe which may be changed at the last day. Some Biblical scholars interpret the the text to mean that even though heaven and earth should pass away the word of God would never p.ass away. It was a strong comparison to impress upon his hearers the fact that God's word is absolute and immutable. Are Jeanetto or Janet Scriptural names? The only scriptural name re- sembling Jeanette or Janet is Janne. However as it is used in scripture it refers to a man. Cf. Luke III, 24: "Who was of Melchi, who was of Janne, who was of Joseph." Scriptural commentat- ors say that Janne is probably a  contraction of Johannes (John) who is listed in the geneology of our Saviour. Janet is a Scotch contraction of Joanna, the feminine form of John. Jeanette is the French diminutive form of Jan which is a variation of Joanna the feminine form of John. Both Janet and Jeanette are list- ed among names suitable for bap- tism. * * * Will you please tell me how it is that some feasts are celebrated on the same day every year, and others are kept on different days each year? Some feasts of the Church are fixed, i.e., are kept on exact dates, as Immaculate Conception, Dec. 8, Christmas, Dec. 25, Circum- cision, Jan. 1; Epiphany, Jan. 6, etc. Others are movable feasts determined by their relation to Easter Sunday, the great central festival of the Christmas year, whic.h the Council of Nice (325 A.D.) ordained should be observed on the Sunday following the first new moon after the vernal equi- nox (March 21). Hence, Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, Ascen- sion Day and Pentecost, etc., are variable as to their respective dates• TRANGE BUT TRU E Facts or Catho"iic"s Little-Known By M. j. MURRAY Copyright. 1943. N. C. W. C. News Svl˘ Rural Catholic Committee .of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. (General Diocesan Chalrm) Agricultural Achievement Day Many civic leaders from clubs as Kiwanis, Rotary, Business Men, etc., teamed up Agricultural leaders this week visited Mr. Farmer. The objea of the visit was to bring bef.ol'l Mr. Farmer, the necessity of 1. J creasing production in cert aa farm products on a volunl tary basilo In Faulkner County the farmh will be asked to increase his ph duction in several things bte especially soy beans, and peanu@n and an increase of 3 to 10 per c˘f in live-stock. The farmer s unhesitatingly go along with tlh war program because he, as evelh • s other sane person, reahzes th this is the time for everyone [o forget his own private interes r P It is a time when all must their shoulders to the wheel t.. the tremendous task of winning tl war might be accomplished. I there be a stop to depletion man power on the farm so farms, instead of being put out production, will be put into production, because it does make sense to talk about farm production. Neither is any logic in urging the farmer produce more and then take help away from him so as to him without sufficient Many farms have been capped and in some instances farms, have been put out of duction because local failed to recognize the of the farm and farm the war. Washington to a extent has remedied that now and there is no reason necessary help. cannot be kept the farm. If the local board fuses to do anything about it if your farming, measures up: requirements, then present case to the board of a Farming, has a most part in this war and some only now beginning to that fact. The farm- tion program in 1943 is wide in scope. Thousands American boys are in North and they have to be fed. lot of North Africans have fed by the American farmer. rope, across the Mediterraneal is waiting to be fed. The R' slans will be needing foodi tl. moved their factories back to Urals, but they couldn't move Ukraine back to produce f The British Isles are greatly d pending on American xood'. . so there is just one thing to to the farmers of America that word is"Produce." The farmer is receiving consideration now, in the way gasoline, tires, etc. The cry n is--provide him with necess help. This is as it should be, J somewhere between 25 and 30 t cent of our 1943 food must shipped outside of the unit States. Unless food productio stepped up enormously, a possi] food shortage in the United StS' will be felt. This food producti cannot be stepped up unless t farmer is left with sufficient he Let the farmer forget about ] past troubles. Let him forget t commentators, magazine writ and newspaper writers who crt cized him and tried to put t in bad grace with the public w he was fighting for parity. Mal along, Mr. Farmer, with Un San; without your whole-hens cooperation this war cannot won. Keep Yonr Religion On Your Person An accident in Little Rock week claimed the life of a tenant instructor in the U.S. AV tion Corps. There's a lesson bis death that he would sul  want all of us to know. Kicked unconscious by an piano propeller about noon, he was rushed to St. cent's Infirmary. There was way of identifying him as a tholic by the Sisters or the cl lain until his wife flew in frol post in Mississippi about o'clock the same evening. He the next morning. A medal or an article of devc might serve anyone well in last hour. When Jesus is present, a]: well, anad nothing seems diffi but when Jesus is absent, evi thing is hard. When Jesus sp not inwardly to us, all o! cohorts is little worth; but if Ji speak but one word, we feel consolation. __  .. What can the world profit 1 without Jesus? To be witl Jesus is a grievous hell; and tO with Him, a sweet paradise. Jesus be with you no enemy . be able to hurt you. !1 =:: -- [ 4t If you seek Jesus in all thi you shall surely find Him. |r who finds Jesus, finds a g treasure. He who loses Jesus 1 much indeed, more than the Wl world. A true lover of Christ doe fll back on human comforts seek bodily pleasures; but prefers hard exercises and to! tain severe labors for Christ, €::- If in others you seek your fort and profit, you shall ten feel loss.