Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
January 13, 1991     Arkansas Catholic
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January 13, 1991

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PAGE 2 CATI-K)L JANUARY 13, 1991 Below this editorial is a new name in the editor's slot. In place of Deborah Ffilliard is Deborah Halter. New name, same person. In response to responses to my "new" name: I didn't get married. Halter is my birthname. I'm not trying to duck criticism of cob umm and articles I~e written by assuming a new name, although at times the idea appeals to me. But every writer knows that when it comes to criticism, you can run but you cannot hide, so you may as well save the energy from running for a more con- structive activity, like more writing. And I'm not trying to escape the fact that I'm my children's mother, though they may enjoy the name change to avoid haw ing to claim me as such. I suspect it will take all of 1991 to corm plete the change. I'm still answering the phone with ' eb [filliard, uh, Ha/ter." But the Soda/Security Administration, the De- partment of Finance and Administration, the bank and God know who I am, so the rest can trickle down. The technicalities of changing my name weren't difficulL but the decision took nearly a year. It meant my name would be differ- ent from my children's, and that people would understandably ask questions. But with my children's blessing and encourage- ment, I derided to go with my new, old name. The editor of any newspaper gets called lots of names, and my readers have used a range of them, good and bad. But when you phone or write the office, please ask for Deborah Halter. And if I say, "Who?" just remind me. DKH A NSAS CATHOLIC is oub~shed 48 linl~ a year, for $15 per year. by the Catholic Ok)case of L~le Rod(. Arkanem= Call.It, Inc.. P.O. Bo0t 7417, 2500 N. Tyler St., Little Rock. AR 72217, (501) 664-0340 [FAX ssa-gO7Sl. PUBUSHER Most Rev. Andrew J, McDonald, Bishop MANAGING EDITOR Rev. Albert J, Schneider EDITOR Deborah K. Halter CIRCULATION MANAGER Agnes Knittig ADVERTISING I~IARKETING MANAGER Ron-M. Hal PRODUCTION MANAGER Rev. James M. Schratz third clm pootage ~ at Uffie Rock, AR. Business hours are 8:30 - 4, Monday - Friday. Closed on Holy DaYS and national holidays. Offlc~ are located In Morris Hall, SL John's Center, 2500 N. Tyler St., Little Rock, AR 72207. To subscribe, send $15 with your name, address and paflsh to the address above. # President George Bush said he was "going an extra mile" by offering to have Secretary of State James Baker and Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz exchange visits tb each other's capitols. But actuaIly all that may be needed to break the Gulf deadlock is United States willingness to give an inch. In refusing to talk with Irac1 about any- thing except its unconditional withdrawal from Kuwait and the remm of the Kuwaiti government, the U~S. remains committed to a "no compromise" policy. At the same time, the Bufla administration is apparently refusing to listen to Iraqi insistence that outstanding regional issues be subject to negotiations. Such negotiations could well lead to a peaceful resolution of the Cuff Iraq has made quite dear what it sees as the two most important regional issues: the long-standing Israeli-Palesfinian conflict and the set of grievances and disputes between itself and Kraft. The U~S. has rightly refused to link ef- forts to resolve the Iraqi and Israeli occu- pations, in part because such linkage would so comphcate negotiations that neither problem would likely be resolved. If, howe~r, the U.S. indicated that it is serious about negotiating a resolution to the Israeli/Palesfinian/Arab conflict, the diplomatic logjam in the Gulf might be loosened. The Bush administration would have to do very little to start the process. The U.S. has already voted for United Nations Security C~undl Resolution 672, which reaffin~ed Resolution 242 on the Israeli-Arab conflict and highlighted the need for "an active negotiating process which takes into account the right to secu- rity of all states in the region, induding IIIWII()IIIII By l~m~r Grace Israel as well as the legitimate political rights of the Palestinian people." In the same vein, the U.S. could actively seek ways to implement the resolution passed unanimously by the UN Security Council calling for protection for Pal- estinians and the statement by the Council calling for an international peace conference on the Arab-Israeli conflict. One way to restart the peace process derailed last summer would be to reestab- lish the U.S.-PLO dialogue suspended in June. The U.S. could also join European nations in supporting an intemational con- ference on the Middle East. These steps should be taken independently, without linking them to the Gulf crisis, but under- standing they will improve the atmosphere for diplomacy. In response to Iraqi grievances and dis- putes with Kuwait, without retreating from the "no compromise" policy, the Bush ad- minimation could actively promote the third part of Security Coundl Resolution 660, which "calls upon Ir'aq and Kuwait to begin immediately intensive negotiations for the resolution of their differences, and supports all efforts in this regard, and especially those of the League of Arab States." In response to such initiatives, Iraq could undertake similar unilateral and si- multaneous confidence-building measure~ It could, for example, start returning seized Kuwaiti assets. The recent release of the hostages held by Iraq has been widely in- terpreted as an attempt to divide the anti- Iraq coalition. It can also be seen as a con- fidence~uilding gesture which can aid the convening of negotiations. The next steps could be to try to medi- ate or negotiate, via third party quiet di- plomacy ff necessary, redprocal commit- ments between the t~rties. In response to a U.S. commitment to negotiations to resolve the Israeli/Palesfinian/Arab con- flict and U.S. acceptance of a process to address Iraqi-Kuwaiti differences, Iraq might agree to withdraw from Kuwait. At that time, the U.S. could r~ Baker's commitment not to attack Iraq once it withdraws. Then, steps could begin to bring in an Arab peacekeeping presence, perhaps under UN auspices. Imq would Mc thereby have met two of the three U.S ule demands. Ma The third demand, that the Kuwaifi an( government be allowed to return, mighl ,,~ also be accepted by Iraq if the Kuwaifi tat government upon its return from exile ~ed its commitment to democratic a t reforms and elections, sai, (~ Gra~/s a Quaker I~ Affairs ~ for the American Vrien~ ,gI Committee. He un~es from Amman, J ha, dan. R 'Fi rac Science Monitor, mpyr/~. Mi Pag~ 1991, Owistian .Science l~tN~Mng &xiay, "al r/ghts too'm/.) lwm i~mffman S even years ago, shortly after the bishops' pastoral letter on peace was corm pleted, tiffs series of newspaper col- umns began. The idea was to look at international events as they un- fold in the light of the peace pastoral. The question which many of us asked when the pastoral was re- leased was, "Will it really worL~ Is this just another idealistic statement, or is it possible that after thousands of years of warfare we actually can have peace?" This is now the 300th column in the series, and it seems like a good time to look back - to see how well the various proposals contained in the pastoral have stood up in actual practice. The pastoral contains several "specific steps to reduce the danger of war." Here are the four major steps it advocates, and a look at how they've fared since the pastoral was written: Arms control and disarmament= The bishops insisted that itwas possible to nego- tiate an end to the arms race between the as U.S. and the U.S.S.R. 'q'o believe we are condemned in the future only to what has been th6 past of U.S. - Soviet relations is to underestimate both our human potential for creative di- plomacy and God's action in our midst which can open the way to changes we could barely imagine," the bishops stated. Events have proven this statement arc Sol( rate. For all practical purposes the arms r# tur, with the U~S.S.R. is over, and it has end through negotiations, f~ Stopping arms sales to developing ~ yen tion~ Nuclear war isn't the only thr6 be Conventional weapons sold to military d Put See "Kauffman," next pa. -