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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
January 10, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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January 10, 1969

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THE GUARDIAN, JANUARY 10, 1969 PAGE 5 ri i WI-ME: riL The SiRA.GE .UT T,U Question Box By Very Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, S.T.D Director, Department of Education Diocese of Little Rock, 2500 North Tyler priest who is to perform the ceremony have sufficient know- ledge of the sponsor's willing- ness to assume the function, and also of his good standing as a practicing member of the Ca`he- Q" - Recently I purchased a I was shocked when some- told me I should place a dime the statue, "for luck." do these stories get started, can one attempt to halt em? A.. Vain observances, such as mentioned, creep into religious otions, sometimes by the mis- of alegltimate cus- sometimes by sheer tell- ignorance. The remedy for tch abuses is correct doctrine e efficacy of prayer. q. - Is it necessary that one is to be a godparent by proxy a letter from his pastor tes- to his good standing as a Questions for this column should be addressed directly to The Very Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, Diocesan Direc- tar of Education, 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark., 72207. Each question must be signed with the name and address of the person submitting it. Un- signed questions will be ignored. lic Church. Sometimes it is necessary to have written evidence conveying assurance on both these points. The priest who is to perform the ceremony, or the authority to whom he is immediately responsible, must determine, in his own situa- tion, what means are to be taken A.. To be a godparent by it is necessary to accept and freely the re- of sponsorship. It necessary that the YESTERDAY. TODAY... MORROW? THEIR HOPE IS YOUR HELP! SALVATION AND SERVICE ARE THE WORK OF OCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE FAITH SEND YOUR GIFT TO The Rgl Reuere Edward T. O'Meara The Very I#uere John M. Bmv NatW, m. rtctor #'n Diocescm rector 366 FtjTh Auewue U 2415 No. Tyler Street New York, h'w York lO00I Little Rock, Aras 7220? ZIP : By M. J. MURRAY t, i, s.o.wz, sin, to acquire the necessary informa- tion. To this end, he is cer- tainly within his rights in reques- ting written evidence. Q. - In the Sistine chapel there are pictured some "Sibyls." Who or what are Sibyls? A. - The Sibyls were certain women who were thought to speak under the inspiration of the deity. Reference is made to them as early as 500 B. C. There were said to be as many as ten sibyls, various- ly located and represented. One of the most frequently referred to is the Erythrean Sibyl, whom Aeneas is reported to have con- suited before his descent to the lower world. When she offered the writings of the Sibyls to Tarquin the Proud, an Etruscan ruler who lived around the beginning of the 5th century B. C., he at first re- fused them, and later bought some of them and entrusted them to the officials of the realm for safe- keeping. The Sibylline Books were kept at Rome in the Capitol and were consulted by officials of state in times of emergency. In imitation of the Sibylline Books, a collection of writings were developed by Jewish writers, and later by Christian writers, as part of an effort to win the heat- hen world to their faith. They consist of 15 beok, twelve of which are extant. This coHecUon is known as the Sibylline Oracles. Most of the books are religious and historical. Some of the early Church Fa- thers accepted the oracles as of ancient origin, anddrew from them arguments for the truth of Chris- tianity. Their later origin is, however, now well established. They seem to be the work of Jew- ish and Christian apologists, and to have been composed largely during the period from the second to the fourth century. One of them con- tains a hymn to Christ, whichwas thought to have considerable in- fluence on Lactantius, aChristian writer of the late third century. It was known to St. Augustine, who quotes a fairly long passage from it in the 18th chapter of his "City of God." q. - When were priests first addressed as "Father?" A. - St. Jerome tells us that the fourth-century monks in Pal- estine and Egypt called one anoth- er "Father." This title was given in early times to all Bis- ops. In English-speaking coun- tries, secular priests were com- monly addressed as "Mr." or as "Sir," until the Irish mi- gration of the early 1800s made "Father" the common designation for all priests. In many coun- tries of Europe, secular priests may be addressed as "Signore," (Italian), "Don" (Spanish) or "Monsieur" (French). Q. - Should one who is not married in the eyes of the church attend Mass, even though he has been told that there is no hope of ever having his marriage "blessed?" He has children by this marriage. A. - Certainly. Such Mass at- tendance not only sets an example Allilude Softening State Aid for Lutheran Schools Now Under Study Chicago (NC) -- Two ranking educational leaders in the North- ern Illinois district of the Luth- eran Church-Missouri Synod have indicated that state aid may be needed If Lutheran schools are to continue operating. They are The Rev. John Stern- berg, pastor of St. Peter Luth- eran Church at Schaumburg, Ill., chairman of the board of Chris- tian Education for the district , and Edwin Eckert, superintendent of Lutheran schools for the district. According to the December is- sue of "Chicagoland Lutheran," a 50,000 circulation news maga- zine published by the Lutheran Council of Greater Chicago, Mr. Sternberg discussed a mid- November meeting of the Christ- Inn education committee that con- vened "out of concern for the problem of the continually rising costs of parochial education and launched investigations of optional plans for possible solutions." The magazine quoted the min- ister as saying, "Lutherans may need to change their stands on the traditional concept of separation of church and state..." "I believe the time has come when we should recognize thatboth church and state have individual areas of responsibility, There may be opportunity for joint en- deavor by which children can re- ceive educational advantages that would otherwise be denied them," he said. "Pastor Sternberg," the maga- zine said, "pointed to the possi- bility of strengthening the sup- port for Christian day schools through granting tax reliefs to parents of non-public school child- for the children, but may merit the graces whereby the person may return to the sacraments, even though, in this case, it prob- ably means the hard decision to live apart from the invalidly mar- ried spouse. Even more basically, the obligation to join in public worship of God binds even those who have violated other obliga- tions. ten. He suggested that if an Illi- nois state income tax comes into being such parents might be granted certain exemptions." Superintendent Eckert told The New World that he "surely concurs" with the recent proposal made by the Catholic bishops of Illinois for aid to non-public schools. The bishops asked for help in busing students, loan of secu- lar textbooks, certain auxiliary services and financial help for purchase of materials to be used for secular subjects. Eckert said he favored all the bishops' stated objectives except for the financial aid re- quested. "I have reservations about this," he sa:ld. "We need to define what is secular and what is not." Eckert said there has been an apparent switch in thinking among representatives of the Lutheran church on the question of state aid. "However," he added, "we are still very much concerned about government controls that might accompany any state or federal aid. He pointed out that a statement emanating from a 1965Lutheran church convention said that fed- erai aid for children in non-public schools may be acceptable if the aid does not interfere with the purposes for which the school is intended. Eckert pointed out that while leaders in the Luthernchurch are beginning to favor state aid, "not all Lutherans are in agree- ment on the question." However, statements by church leaders, he added, "have generally had afav- orable influence on many church members." According to Clifford Dahlia, executive director of the Lutheran Council of Greater Chicago, the northern Illinois district of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Sy- nod has 115 elementary schools, 773 teachers, 18,721 students and four high schools, most of which are located in Chicago and the surrounding areas.