Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
January 10, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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January 10, 1969

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PAGE 4 m THE GUARDIAN, JANUARY 10, 1969 Qui Vive?. by The Sentrg Educational Hoax Ever since the days of P.T. Barnum, who advertised that he would Show a horse with his head where his tail ought to be did it by turning the horse around in his stall, the American people have been an easy prey for every sort of hoax. In Parade, a supplement that is published in many Sunday papers, one of these incongruous experiments was described in detail. On one occasion, Parade magazine conceived the ridiculous idea of sending a 48-year-old reporter back to the seventh grade to spend five days as a pupil in a typical elementary school. The purpose of this experiment was to compare the modern pupil with a product of the old system of education. The persons who conceived this method of determining the relative merits of the two systems obviously knew very little about education. The title of the article was, "could you get through the Seventh Grade?" All through the account of what the 48-year old man accomplished, he was represented as a product of the old school in competition with the other pupils who represented modern education. It should be quite clear to anyone that the man was performing under a severe handicap. He was asked to do work which he was unaccustomed to, while the other pupils were going through their regular routine. In one instance given, the regular pupils did an example in long division a little quicker than the man. This only proved what everyone knows, that a person does what he is used to doing quicker and usually better than one who is not accustomed to doing the work. This is no sign of greater ability or better instruction. It is the result of repetition. Most of the experiment concerned matters of information, which is not the result of an educational process. The purpose of education, strictly so-called, is to develop the powers of the intellect and the other latent powers of the individual pupil so that, after school is over, these powers may he applied to any problem that presents itself. Even such a simple act as locking a door may be done better by a person who can apply good thinking to any thing irregular in the operation. There are certain fundarhental subjects that should be taught in schools -- to mention a few -- reading, spelling and grammar. We need no experiment to prove the superiority of the pupil of the old school over one from the new. It is quite obvious. Information is not education, though it is a useful tool for an educated pers, m ::) hat&apos;e Crime and Punishment Professional penologists expect to surprise the average citizen when they proclaim that the fear of punishment does not restrain people from committing crimes. This fact has been known for centuries. Recently there have been many professed authorities penal, moral and you name it, who have been attempting to have capital punishment abolished in several of our states. The argument that they advance, for the most part, is that the death penalty for certain crimes is not a deterrent to the commission of these crimes. They usually give examples ot some states which have capital punishment in which the number of the crimes punishable by it are more numerous than where it does not exist. This, in itself, is no proof. Many states still have capital punishment according to law, but investigation will reveal that such a penalty has not been exacted in years. Recently, in Massachusetts, Governor Volpe made an announcement which should not evoke any comment, but it did. He said that "he will respect and enforce the death penalty as it is written." A Governor swears to uphold the laws as they exist in his state. Despite the fact that the death penalty still exists in Massachusetts, it has not been inflicted in 72 years. Perhaps that is why there were so many cases of the strangulation of women in that state. If it is true that capital punishment does not prevent murder, is it not equally true that life imprisonment does not either? it would be just as logical to abolish all forms of punishment, because no law ever deters people from committing such crimes as theft, assault, perjury or rape. In fact the people in general are becoming more and more indifferent to crimes that are committed right in their presence. Not too long ago, a horrible attack was made upon a 16-year-old girl by some teen-aged boys in the presence of scores of shoppers at noon time. The girl fought and screamed frantically and still no one came to her assistance. She was kidnaped and held a prisoner for three hours during which time she was violated several times. The boys were arrested. It will be interesting to see what punishment, if any, they will receive. In Massachusetts a prisoner may be released after serving two- thirds of his minimum sentence. He has many other deductions such as 150 days a year for good conduct, which reduces his sentence to about two-fifths of his minimum sentence. In Arkansas a lifer may serve about six years. Then there is "the laws' delay" which may keep a case in court for years. The accused gets credit for this time also. Koscoe Pound, the late great dean of American legal scholars, said that "fear remains the chief deterrent of crime," but "to be a deterrent the punishment must visibly follow the crime." The adminis- tration of law everywhere falls miserably in this latter respect. Have you ever heard of a criminal asking that a life sentence be changed? Standing Tall Even Among Wealthy Nutrition 0, obl Besets U.S. in M id;r c Plenty Washington (NC) -- The people of the United State are about to be told that there is a great deal of undernourishment in this coun- try. And the malnutrition exists not only among the poor, but also among the fairly well-to-do, and especially among youngsters. It would seem that, in the midst of plenty, a great many people don't know how to take advantage of the food we have. As a result they are unhealthy. It isn't always that people don't eat enough, but that they eat the wrong things. Rather, they don't eat the right things, like fruit and fruit juices, leafy vegetables and milk. This seems to be borne out particularly in the case of teenagers, where it is said that a collateral problem is obesity. Youngsters, presumably, are eat- ing things that put on the weight rather than nourish properly. The U.S. DepartmentofHealth, Education and Welfare has been going Into all this. And, while its report is said to be a year off, with a preliminary reportpromis- ed soon, the outline apparently has become so clear that persons en- gaged in the study can already make the above observations. Independent of the HEW study, government workers engaged In -Introducing programs like the Job Corps and other projects that brought young people together in some numbers found out some time ago that many young people in this country have poor eating habits. One of- ficial said some teenagers seemed to have had little or no experience sitting down at a table to eat. They had eaten almost exclusively out of iceboxes. As a conse- quence, they were bewildered, and sometimes went without eating proper food, when confronted for the first time with dining rooms and cafeterias. They didnotknow how to select food, and often set- tled for a soft drink. But it is not the young people alone who suffer from malnuturl- tlon. The problem Is big enough that a federal nutrition program is being proposed. If adopted, nu, trttion would be taught in schools beginning In the kindergarten and going on Indefinitely. The study is expected to show that some youngsters, when they find they have been putting on too much weight, go on diet "kicks" that are at, or near, a starvation level, and thereby impair or threaten their health. Another ex- pected finding is that expec- tant mothers do not know how to feed themselves and their off- spring properly. mr, Arkansas : ,eminarians Jim Brewer Jim Brewer, son of Mr. and Mrs. Maurlce Brewer, Sr., of 94 West 16Znd Street, Bronx, N. Y., is a sophomore at Holy Trinity Seminary of the University of Dallas, Texas, where he is preparing for the priesthood for the Diocese of Little Rock. Jim was born in the Bronx March 3, 1948. He has five brothers and one sister. He attended Sacred Heart Grammar School and Epi- phany Apostolic High School and studied for one year at Epiphany Apostolic College before deciding to prepare for the priesthood in Arkansas. He has never studied in Arkansas but he spent last summer with another seminarian working for the Diocese of Little Rock at St. John's Catholic Center, the former St. John's Home Missions Seminary. Jim's hobbies are handball, classical music and gardening. He is majoring in humanities. J00'om the I Managing Editor's Desk.. U Just as governmental restraints are beginning to impinge on America's t r a ditionally free press as a result of u n e t hlcal Journalism, so, too, are restraints ling for the medical Apart from consideration whether anyone should be to become wealthy as a someone else's physical tune, medicine is rapidly itself out of the market. earners are nowat a lnt the cost of sickness care hibltive. The medical profession boastfully about the longer span and claims full credit it. But mention is seldom of the part government has ed in this through better disposal, improved garbage < lection, cleaner water, clea food, insect control, and practices as checking workers for communicable eases. Hospitals, too, point to hospital-stays by sick people. they neglect to mention that cost of the shorter stay is substantially higher than er stays used to be. Governmental sympathies focus more on the poor the well-to-do, and it was inability of the elderly get adequate care from the priced medical fraternity brought Washington into the lure with Medicare. The step will be the Medicaid to take care of on welfare, and you can be that this will be followed by steps to curb the char by those who provide care. In the case of the press freedom will be the result stubborn refusal to adopt written code of ethics. In case of medicine, restraints result from too liberal inter tlon of the ethics which the m fraternity is supposed to obsel Daily MASS. JANUARY 12 Sunday H Class Feast of the Holy First Sunday after Gloria. Creed. Preface Epiphany. 13 Monday H Class Commemoration o f t 11 Baptism of Our Lord. Creed. Preface of the phany. 14 Tuesday III Class St. Hilary, Bishop, Coufesso Doctor of the Church. Common Preface. 15 Wednesday HI Class St. Paul, First Hermit, lessor. Gloria. 16 Thursday HI Class St. Marcellus I, Pope Martyr. Gloria. 17 Friday HI Class St. Anthony, Abbot. Prop. Gospel. 18 Saturday IV Class Saturday of Our Lady. Preface of the Blessed Mary.