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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
January 10, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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January 10, 1969

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of the c)iocese of Cittle (Rock L. LVIII, NO. 2 LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS JANUARY 10, 1969 In Interest of Peace Christophers Richard Armstrong, above succeeds Father es Keller, M.M., as di- r of The Christophers, Christopher News es, and sponsors TV and programs from its in Manhattan. A story is on Page 3. Paved Calvary Rock -- Pre-need sale of T has made to complete paving of roughout the cemetery, Rev. Msgr. James E. diocesan director of has announced. has been one phase of program at Another is the installa- marble and bronze markers to help beautify and to expedite main- O'Connell said that who is handlingpre- of lots, has helped man- in this latter re- immediate deliv- are made when or- COmpleted contract and storage till needed. revenues," Monsig- said, "do not per- rapid modernization, but a few interested per- made additional contri- It is hoped," he said, Who visit the cemetery motivated to aid in every Sible so that the develop- Calvary will continue at more rapid pace." a cemetery engin- was hired last year development of new alvary Cemetery. Men- announced at the lat approximately 4,000 were still avail- Calvary, and that the Could continue to serve Little Rock Catholics for 40 to 50 years. End All Violence, Including War, Warlike Playthings, Pope Paul Urges Turin, Italy (NC) -- Pope Paul VI called for an end to all forms of violence, including everything from war between nations to war- like children's toys, in an inter- view with a Jewish newsman. He made his views known In a "conversation" with Arrigo Levi, foreign correspondent for Turin, Italy, daily, La Stampa. Levi is also one of Italy's leading tele- vision correspondents. The interview was only the second time in Pope Paul's reign that he has granted permission for the publication of remarks made to a journalist during a private talk. In an accompanying front-page article, Levi commented that he found the Pope to be "evidently in an excellent state of health" for a man of 71 and that the Pontiff was full of "spiritual, intellectual and physical vigor." Levi paraphrased Pope Paul as saying that there must be a "general willingness to interrupt the chain of violence" in the Mid- dle East. Again in a paraphrase, Levi said the Pope told him that Israel's attack on Beirut's airport made the world "pass through a really dark day." Levi said the Pope also told him that it is more urgent than ever to reach an agreement on worldwide disarmament, es- pecially in view of the "extremely murderous weapons which a terrorized humanity has before itself." Levi asked the Pope how men of good will could work in a con- crete way for peace. The Pope answered that an "education for peace" is most important, even though this education is by means of a "slow absorption, without immediate visible effects." Man must form a "new mental- ity" that excludes recourse to vio- lence and armed conflicts, the Pope said. "It will seem ingenuous, for example, not to put in the hands of children certain toys which arouse in them a psychology of strife, of killing, of war. But the exclusion of such warlike toys and games has its impor- tance in developing a truly civil person. "The human mentality begins with an education of fan- tasy," the Pope said. He added that young people "have a need for heroism, not violence." He said the publicity given boxing matches "generates apsy- chology of violence directly often- the Sentry Says: Education Should Train the Intellect. 1"14 Punishment of Criminals Must Be Prompt. Per Details , Read Qut Vlve? on Page 4) sive to the safety of an opponent." In place of violent forms of education, there should be an ef- fort "to educate for human val- ues, to educate for strength of character, to educate for the re- jection of the use of arms and offensive methods except in case Despite War, Seek Peace, Arkansans Told Little Rock -- "Even at times when we are obliged to defend ourselves and others, we must always be working for peace -- a just peace," His Excellency Bis- hop Albert L. Fletcher declared in connection with observance of World Peace Day in the U. S. last Sunday. In a letter to priests 0I the dio- cese suggesting sermons on the subject of peace, the Bishop as- serted that "many of the struc- tures for peace at the present time, locally, nationally and in- ternationally, axe imperfect. "It will take time and work and prayer to improve these structures," he wrote. "But God will enable us to make headway if we continually work and pray for this goal." Bishop Fletcher wrote that "the peace we seek among ourselves and in the whole world cannot be obtained all at one time. It is certainly permissible for us to fight for our rights and help others fight for theirs until the time comes when men will be sufficiently prepared for peace and will accept justice through established means of adjudi- cation." The Bishop stressed the im- portance of praying ad working for peace and quoted Vatican Council 1I to this effect. "To pray and to work for peace," he wrote, "means to dedicate our- selves to securing the human rights of every man, every woman and every child on earth, without res- pect to race, creed, color or nationality." In the United States, Bishop Fletcher continued, such efforts mean "tackling the unjust sit- uations that militate againstpeace. The human rights of every person in America must be respected. This means eradicating poverty. This means humanizing our ci- ties. This means supplanting ra- cism with brother love. This means jobs and education and open housing and social security and economic welfare. To desire domestic peace means to pray and to work for the things men live by daily..." of a legitimate defense," the Pope said. Pope Paul VI, on the second yearly Day of Peace, which he himself instituted a year ago, described peace as "the soul of the world, which is on its way toward an organic and living uni- fication." Without naming Vietnam or NI- geria, or the violence at air- ports in Athens and Beirut, Pope Paul deplored "the conflicts still in progress at certain points of the earth and the recent violent epi- sodes of guerrilla warfare, ter- rorism and reprisal." Such warfare and violence "send a shudder through the entire body of mankind," he declared. He added the hope that such moral revulsion might provoke "broad and wholesome repentance" rath- er than pessimism. The Pope was speaking at a midnight Mass ushering in the New Year. He said: "Peace is in the processof com- ing to be. It proceeds by stages. It has its history. Peace and history should in the end be iden- tified." He appealed for a settlement of disputes "no longer by trials of murderous brute force, blind and ruinous as it is, but through rational procedures that can pro- tect the rights, interests and hon- or of human communities." He acknowledged that that "may well entail some sacrifice on both sides, but no sacrifice of human lives." He warned against the tempta- tion "to believe that heroism and violence are equivalent." New Mass Canons in Use N. Little Rock -- The Very Rev. Msgr. Edward N.Hinckley, V.F., chairman of the Little Rock Diocesan Liturgical Commission, has explained what prompted auth- orization of three new Canons of the Mass and what the spirit should be in which they are accepted by the faithful. Monsignor Hinckley reviewed the changes made in recent years in the way the Canon was prayed, first by being read aloud, then by being translated into English, and he asserted: "As Catholics began to under- stand more clearly what the priest was praying during this part of the Mass, many were impressed by its beauty and wealth of expression. They found the Mass more meaningful be- cause they could understand ex- actly what was being said." The Monsignor noted that use of the three new Canons was authorized, effective last Sun- day, and he then reviewed his- torical aspects of this Mass prayer. He said: "The Canon has been a set text for many centuries in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church. A1- though the first part of the Canon (the Preface) changed from sea- son to season or from feast day to feast day, the greater portion of the prayer remained the same. The Oriental Rite of the Catho- lic Church has had varied texts for the Canon. The value of variable Canons is that each dif- ferent text highlights varied as- pects of the mystery of the Mass. No one set of words can express | Fourth Degree Exempl ification Set Fort Smith -- The Fourth De- gree of the Knights of Columbus will be exemplified Sunday, Feb- ruary 2, in Fort Smith, it was an- nounced this week by State Master R. S. Peters, St. Permission for the exempli- fication has been granted to Faith- ful Navigator William Bauer of Right Rev. Msgr. Patrick J. ltoran General Assembly, Peters said. The Assembly has been collect- ing applications for sere ral weeks. The State Master said details of the exemplification will be announced soon. all the riches contained in the Mass. A variety of ways of ex- pressing these riches can add to the spiritual enrichment of our lives as worshipping Catholics. "For more than half of the 2,000 years of Christianity, no one formula or text was consider- ed to be adequate enough to ex- press the many-faceted heritage given the Church by Jesus Christ. An approved and balanced variety actually indicates a very healthy and mature mentality -- an atti- tude which is sensitive to the inner reality of the Mass. Be- cause of the growing spiritual maturity in our times, Pope Paul VI and our Bishops have officially authorized certain variations for the Canon of the Mass. "From now on, we will call this part of the Mass, the 'Eucharis- tic prayer.' It is a prayer of thanksgiving and praise to God for his goodness to us. There Will be four texts. The priest wiU determine which of the four pray- ers will be used on a particular day. As we begin to hear the various Eucharistic Prayers, the characteristics of each will be- SEE CANONS ON PAal: 3