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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
January 8, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, JANUARY 8, 1943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese o| Little Rock, Arkansas 309% WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21. 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March S, 1879, SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: 82.00 the year OFFICIAL D;OCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and | pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, |ustlca and truth and an ardent defemder of the religion we all love so well. i extend to it my blessing with the sincere hops that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Littla Reek. mL EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All eommunlcatJons about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian .office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office. 809% West 2nd, Telephone 6486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service---Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Port Smith Council, No. 996 ......................... 22.00 ParnKould Council, No. 1713 .................... 812.00 Little Rock Council, No. 812 22.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ...................... 17.00 Blytheville-Occola Council, No. 2867 ............................ 12.00 JANUARY 8, 1943 I1 by hberty of the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; bu.t if it means the liberty of at. treating, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myselt willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shMl cheertully consent to exchange my liberty el abusing others tor the privilege ot not being abused myselL "--.Franklin. . . . . THE HOLY FAMILY On next Sunday the Church celebrates the Feast of the Holy Family. During the Mass is read the pathetic Gospel story about the loss and finding of the Child Jesus in the Temple. This story brings us very close to the human side of our Divine Lord. I t is the story of the Holy Family. When the Child Jesus left the Temple He went down to Nazareth with Mary and Joseph, where He lived subject to them, There was no protest from the astonished doctors when this wonderful Child was taken away by a common workingman to live in an obscure village. That His Mother should gently . chide Him for nothing more than absenting Himself from His parents was a parental right. There is no hint in the Gos- pel story that the Jewish State claimed prior right over the Child. We have lost much of the sense of the high dignity of parenthood shown by the Mother and foster father of our Lord. We have permitted too many of the duties and too many of the rights of parents to be usurped by the State. The idea that the child primarily belongs to the State finds expression and often to the extent of legislation which interferes with the just authority of parents over their children. Humble homes like that of Nazareth are invaded by official inspectors and self constituted "uplifters," who dictate to parents on every matter concerning their children, from the tooth brush that they should use to the Sunday School which they should attend. Often a dirty face is sufficient cause for these interlopers to take a child away from its parents. We have gone so far that in some quart- ers the right to become a parent has been questioned. Parents who abdicate the authority over the children given to them by Almighty God, whether it be to the State or to oth- ers, are breeders of anarchy. The doctors of the law recognized the authority of Mary and Joseph. The modern State must recognize and respect the rights and authority of parents .if the State itself is to continue. The innocent child of wealth and the dirty faced but white souled child of the slums alike were brought into this world for the glory of God and not the glori- fication of the State.Northwest Progress. THE GENTILE CHRISTMAS Wednesday the Church celebrated the Feast of the Epi- phany. Although it is not a holy day of obligation in this country it is one of the most ancient feasts of the Church. In the early ages it was more generally observed than was Christ- mas. The word Epiphany means manifestation and in its orig- inal observance the feast commemorated in a more extended way the appearance of the Son of God to mankind. In our day it commemorates in a special manner the visit of the Three Wise Men from the East to the Infant Saviour. This visit was the first public manifestation of the birth of our Divine Lord. When holy Simeon took the Child Jesus in his arms he prophesied that Fie would be "a light to the revelation of the Gentiles." Our Divine Lord first manifested Himself as this Light to the Wise Men. They represented us and all those not of the chosen peo- ple to whom the light of revelation has come. The Feast of Epiphany is the commemoration of an event in the Infancy of our Divine Lord that was highly significant, It foreshadowed the establishment of the universal church which was to embrace all mankind, in which there would be one Lord, one faith and one Baptism, As its name suggests, the Epiphany had its origin in the Eastern church. There exists indeed a homily of Hippolytus which throughout is addressed as one about to be baptized and deals only with the Sacrament of Baptism. So that even in the earliest days there was a feast to mark the commemoration of the Nativity of Christ. It is certain that the Epiphany festival in the East very early admitted a more or less marked com- memoration of the Nativity, the most striking manifestation of God's glory on that occasion, THE PARISH CHURCH You can tell the genuine worth of a family by the manner in which the members care for the home. Where there is a love for the home, each member is more than willing to contribute to its support and upkeep. Those who are wage-earners are happy in doing their share in a financial way; the others give generously of their loving service. Where you find that type of family cooperation, you find happiness. Besides the family home, there is another one that has a special spot in the heart of every worth-while Catholic. That is the dwelling place of God in their midst--the parish church. There is an eagerness to see that God's house is properly cared for. This spirit of affection for the parish church shows itself in a practical, financial way. Where you find a sterling Catholic, you will find one who is generous to his parish church. Where you find one who is niggardly in his contributions, you will find a luke-warm Catho- lic. As always, it must be remembered that the widow's mite is as precious in the eyes of God as the rich man s check.---Ca- tholic Herald Citizen. "1 Hear America Singing" These are the initial words of a linked with united penance always now popular sing. "America, keel) has put a stop to wars and re- ,singing, America keep working, stored peace and happiness, so America, keep fighting"such are the words thrown over the ether by radio announcers. "Keep America praying" is a vastly more urgent cry. It is a cry and an appeal com- ing from the highest places. Itisthe cry and the appeal coming from him who now gloriously sits on St. Peter's Chair; It is the cry and the appeal from those, who rep- resent on earth the Vicar of Christ, namely our beloved Pre- lates in the Hierarchy; nay, it is the cry and the appeal from the God' of heaven and earth Himself who pleads for glory to God in the highest and for peace on earth to men of good will. "Keep Amer- ica praying" is also the cry and the appeal of thousands of de- votees of the Eucharistic Heart of Jesus, who have banded together in a union called the "Union of the Eucharistic Heart of Jesus for Atonement and for Peace". As in the days of Old united prayer today the Lord of hosts, the merci- ful Heart of Jesus will graciously grant us the peace for which we yearn. "I hear America singing", singing and praying: "O most Sacred Heart of Jesus, day and night present upon our altars, hear the united prayers of your humble contrite children who are daily on their knees in the sanc- tuaries of their churches or homes". Let us swell the ever-growing group of adorers of the Euch- aristic Heart of Jesus. Let us make it a "National Perpetual Adoration for Atonement and for Peace". "Keep America Praying" until a chastened world rises in justice, peace and happiness 'to chant the glories and thanksgiv- ings to the Eucharistic Heart of Jesus. Rev. Hubert Van Meer St. Catherine's Hospital Kenosha, Wisconsin Today'sParable ] Father Stedmanl Confraternlty of the Precious Blood, Brooklyn. N. Y. The Altar Rail Is Not A Fence Do you look at the priest as be- ing on the "other side of the fence" when you are at Mass? It is too bad that the altar rail in our churches have come to look so rpuch like fences, for the altar raig, of all things, does not stand to keep the people separated from the altar. To the contrary; it is that most hospitable of all things that brings people together-- a table It is the Table of the Lord's Supper. If it were possible to get every- one to the Table, that would be the ideal scene for Mass every Sun- day. For, when we come to Mass, we are accepting our Lord's invi- tation to His Table; to engage in that friendliest of acts: breaking Bread with Him. The priest is your servant at the Table. He serves you the Bread, but you also assist him. For, without you, without a guest, the Altar Table would not be set. There can be no Lord's Supper, no Mass, unless there be at least one there, who has been invited to the Feast. Perhaps it is the custom with your fold, as with most of us, that, when the children have grown up and married, they all come together every Sunday for dinner. Isn't it a beautiful and homely thing, that every Sunday, Mother Church brings her fam- ily together--ar:und a Table. The Society For The Propagation Of The Faith Great Desires "The accomplishment of great deeds is reserved for the chosen few. Not everyone can build a railroad or found a religious or- der or lead an army to victory. Not everyone is destined for the high degree of perfection attained by the Saints. But to no one is denied the privilege of great de- sires. It was their GREAT DE- SIRES which made the great Saints of the past; it is great desires which can make great Saints of the present--and the future."--. Rev. Father Paul, O.C.D. The War Task According to Msgr. Thomas Me- gun, S.V.D., Vicar Apostolic of Sinsiang, Honan, "The war time task of mission work in China, is not so much to expand tim work and to make new converts to the Church, nor to build new churches and mission stations, but to keep the spark of faith alive i]a our new converts. Our task is to hold the ground we have gained in the past decades so that when peace again returns to our war-weary world, the work of the missions ma 7 again proceed and fulfill the hopes that were ours in the days of sunny peace." A Welcome Visitor In reporting on the visit of Dr. Ernest Muir, to the leper hospital a Jamaica, West Indies, Sister Mary Germaine states that this English specialist on leprosy has devoted twenty years of his life cf untiring and constant study of the disease. "We were absolutely amazed," she writes, "how he could detect at a glance whether a patient was negatively or posi- tively rated. Each inmate was examinted individually and the necessary treatment prescribed. Words of ] Encouragement 1 The Yoke of The Lord Perhaps of all the qualities the one most desired by our Lord' and prized above every other is sub- mission. Nothing so impedes our progress as putting our will in opposition to His. Holiness consists in trying to fit ourselves to listen to the very first promptings of the Holy Spirit, and then in trying to carry out God's Will. Complete Submission Complete submission is of the very first importance. It means being ready to do whatever God asks, when ever and however He asks us. We often complain that He does not show us His Will. But this is because God wilI not show us His will if He knows we will not com- ply with His wishes. He will not tell us what He wants if He sees we are not ready to do it. The Incarnation teaches us sub- mission. Our Lord was treated as a baby, a boy, and a man always subject to His parents. Yet all the time He was God. If we are rest- less or rebellious we should' think of this. Go His Way Our Lord cannot let us go about IIis Father's business in our own way. We must be submissive and go His way. We cannot make terms and conditions with Him; cur terms are too imperfect, there- fore He cannot grant them. We should say: "Lord, I give you my heart as a tablet on which nothing is written. Write Thy will on it." Serve God For Love Do not have pet schemes for the improvement of yourself ' or the race. Have no will of your own; give your will into God's hands and leave it there. Examine yourself as to whether you are absolutely and entirely submissive to God's will. You should be willing to serve God for the love of sel-eing Him, not for wages. Than which I can wish you not great blessing "So for to-morrow and its need I do not pray; But keep me, guide me, love me, Just for today" ,Down Burma Way According to an account on Burmese Superstitions written for "Our Lardy's Missionary" the Burmese admit eight planets, from which the days of the week have their names. However, since there are but seven flays, Wednesday has two planets, Mercury, which presides from sunrise to' midday, and Rahu, whose reign is from mid-day till night. Did You Know That There are estimated 5,000 army chaplains, of all denominations, undergoing special physical train- ing at Harvard University? Thousands of volumes in New York point, American braille and revised braille have been pro- duced, covering the whole field of Catholic and general literature, devotional and instructional works, lives of the saints, Church history, edifying fictions, sacred music, scientific works and Sacred Scrip- ture? Mother Seton wrote that "the promotion of the heavenly king- dom among souls' should consti- tute the ground object of our whole life." romen In China So much has been written on See PROPAGATION on page 5 Q U005: ]00'ION BOX Notice--It is important that all questions be signed with the sender'| name and COMPLETE address (not initials} : otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Is h A Law That The Priests Have A Round Host In Saying Mass? For the validity of Holy Sacrifice it is not necessary that the bread have any particular shape. So long as it is bread made from wheat it is valid matter for consecration. Disciplinary law of the Church requires that the altar breads be round in form. The reason for this law is explained in the Catholic Encyclopedia: "From the earliest days, the hosts of the Latin Church were of circular form. 1"his form was adopted because the hosts could be more easily handled, ,nd because of the circle being the most perfect figure, and symbolic of the presence of Him Who by His eternity immensity, love and the merits of His sacrifice, is in- finite." * * * Can the sin of abortion be for- given? How may absolution be obtained? In tim Providence of God there is no sin that cannot be forgiven pro- idcd one is in the proper dis- position and submits one's self to timse conditions decreed by Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins. Abortion, the intentional expul- sion of a human foetus before it is viable, is a particularly grievious sin, but it too may be forgiven if the guilty parties are willing to dispose themselves for forgive- ness. The crime is punished in Church law by excommunication for the mother and those who may have ordered the abortion, as well as for those who are effectual or neceksary co-operators in the act, provided that the abortion act- ually takes place (Canon 2350). Grave fear or ignorance of the penalty excuses from the penalty. The excommunication, which is reserved to the Ordinary of the diocese may be removed by having recourse to the Ordinary through a confessor. Does a Catholic who oommits mortal sin still belong to your Church? Yes, but as a dead member. He receives no blood from the heart of the Church, which is Divine Love. He does not obey the di- recting inspiration of the Church, which is the spirit of Christ. He has no right to the Eucharist-, which is the bread of life, and azhich should be nourishing the life he lacks. Though he still as- sociates with living members, and kneels side by side with them in the Church, he is like a paralyzed limb. It is his duty to recover the life of grace by Confessing and repentance, and thus become a living member of the Church once more. Does a child seven years of age have an obligation to go to Mass on Sundays and holy da,ys of ob- ligation, and to fast and abstain on days appointed? A baptized Catholic child is bound to observe the laws of the Church after he has reached the age of seven. The law of fasting, however, binds only those persons who have completed their 21st year and have not yet reached their 60th. Abstaining from meat on days of abstinence and attend- ance at Mass on Sundays must be observed by children after they have reached their seventh year. Careful parents usually start from the beginning to train child- ren in obedience to Church laws. Is it superstitious to believe in dreams? It is indeed superstitious to guide our conduct by dreams for our guide should be a right in- structed conscience. Dreams of themselves have ordinarily a nor- mal cause. When they come from God, He always takes good care to make their supernatural char- acter evident. If Christ Instituted the sacra- meats as we are told why is it that the Church sometimes changes the rules governing the reception of some of the sacraments? Matri- mony is one of these cases. We must admit as a matter of faith that Christ immediately in- stituted all of the sacraments. It does not follow, however, that personally He determined all the details of the sacred ceremony, prescribing minutely ,every iota relating to the matter and form to be used. It is sufficient to say: Christ determined what special graces were to be conferred by means of external rites; for some sacraments, as Baptism and the Holy Eucharist, He determined minutely the matter and form; for others He determined only in a general way that there should be an external ceremony, by which special graces were to be con- ferred, leaving to the Apostles or to the Church the power to de- termine whatever He had not de- termined, e.g., to prescribe the matter and form of the Sacraments of Confirmation and Holy Orders. The Council of Trent declared that the Church had not the power to change the substance of the sacra- ments. She would not be claim- ing power to alter the substance of the sacraments if she used her Divinely given authority to de- termine more precisely the matter and form in so far as they had not been determined by Christ Him- self. Will you please tell me on what ground does the' Church base her teaching that restitution must be made when a sin of theft or in- Jmstice Is committed? I would like to be able to explain this to an- other. Restitution of violated rights is manifestly a precept of the Na- tural Law based on social secur- ity and peace. Actual restitution, and if that be not possible, the intention of restitution when and if subsequently possible, is ab- solutely necessary for salvation, if the right violated was of great moment. The precept of restitu- tion is also a positive one like the precept of almsgiving. We read in the Old Testament these, words: "I[ the wicked man restore the pledge and render what he has robbed and walk in the command- meats of life, and do no unjust thing, he shall surely live and shall not die." In the Hew Testament we find the words of St. James: "Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl in your miseries which shall come upon you. Your riches are corrupted and your garments are motheaten. Your gold' and silver are cankered; and the rust of them shall be for a testimony against you and shall eat your flesh like fire. You have stored up to yourselves wrath against the last days. Behold the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields which by fraud has been kept back by you, crieth: and the cry of them hath entered into the ears of the Lord of the Sob- booth." Restitution, then, must be made in reparation of violated rights. It is the restoring the bal- ance of rights, reconstructing the natural order of justice which must exist in any well-ordered sciety. . STRANGE BUT TRU i00a0j F,; Co700.q, E By M. J. MURRAY Copyright, 1943. N. O. W.  News trvl PALAU-DIL.V/DRF, Rural Catholic COmmittee of the South by Rev. Anthony Lachowd7 C. S. Sp. (General Diocesan Chaired) The Farm and Rationing Every responsible American cepts and understands to be necessary and effective stretching out things which are abundant. Rationing makes u i conscious of two things; it make] us wa/' conscious, for it bin home to us in a most forceful w the absence of things which c u annoyance and inconvenience an which may even work on us, it makes us conscious of shortage of things which we sider as useful or necessary life m4gr All large farms today are ot' chanized. Machinery is rationea$o,. Large amounts of steel and iroll , which are so necessary in the con " struction of ships, tanks, and othe! instruments of war, are used tl the construction of these real chines. Factories and skilled la] bor are necessary to produce far.. AI machinery. Gas and oil is nece[t.la sary to run these machines. Tll'86 family unit farm does not requitllt  all this mechanized force .... i_:-. Rationing of food makes us con.i scious that this country of outs., is either overtaxed, or there is n01 enough personnel and equipmel.? on hand to supply the wants .ua.an:s needs of the nation. At times ln-i these the small farmers, if nun!|-- eroUs enough will serve the try best. Not depending entirely couasi ely 0nd tractors and the like, his teams  0 horses and mules will pull tl! ', plows, and his cattle suonly the,=.' fertilizer necessary for tl/6 hel d.-G His herds will supply meat,  s chicken flocks, eggs. His ..maua w 1:0 are taken care of by gardens w Ilil he plants and the commodttl a. which he raises. The mechard Fth' ed farmer very often, with a lar : number of families living n '1' farm, buys his milk and food stu' --, as do all of the families living [- the farm. r: Today, the farmers of the Sol constitute the shock troops of Lcl Government's "Food for Victor [.a. or "Food for Survival". The C'la, is, "make sure we have food fl ourselves and our allies". Th is only one way to have till x necessary food. Farms must pr , duce; skilled hands must be to produce it. Rationing is a fine method stretching out what we have, there has to be something tt before it can be rationed. A lot good common sense was used % recently regulations were nd adopted, whereby key the_ C] ? lot u., wh. msl.e ;000g are to be kept on farms to serhu their country more efficientlf t than would be possible for theft,. I to do ifi the Army In some coll:cl ,.nIT.:' munities the farms have all bl]'cl, been swept clean of labor. Tl I may not be altogether true of o community but in many instanll they have been terribly hand I capped. Under instruction of rl[a tional and state officials, cou. s - selective service boards w_s helpless Old men, boys, wofflll.a exc= and girls must produce the food needed in those locali.Cht where all the farm labor has dill0:, Flr, appeared, or only food enough , those at home will be found such farms next year. The of course is too late in p!aces where herds have b und -'i remet e b 1 OI .persed and farms turned mti low. Earl Godwin, a radio colattt- ea|e! mentator of national repute, 1 ' "I am not worried about folks . farms eatingt I'm worried ab0| my own food prospects, and thai. of my city friends". Sound se] You cannot eat mistakes and cuses. A good policy is to ml. our family farm units produce | the limit and have an adeqUa| number of men to produce. It has been suggested that rll of military age be kept on farm and that the Governr081 give them some badge or embl to wear, showing that they are ving their country in this imp0] ant capacity. This would sll' , that the farmer is in his service. The farmer man is Sam's man, and therefore should have some mark of tinction. In our suffering there is s relaxation; in our Blessed suffering there was none, no in the entire course; it was increasing, every present until , last moment, when upon the He cried out:' "It is mated"--it is finished. If we sider this we will learn patient, and we shall see how like His sufferings are, to our fie sufferings. Money is not a bad thing. it is not bad if one can keep love of it out of one's soul, ! the soil of it off one's hands use it only for good and ends. But this is hard to hard that you know what we told about the camel and the of the needle.--C. Reid. Be magnanimous and remel that we ought to walk in the f steps of Jesus Crueified if we striving to reach heaven. The rant of God who is not cruet with Hi/n! What sort of ape: is he?--St. Paul of the Cross, There are many things whl is hard to face in death; there few harder to face than negle prayer.