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January 8, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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January 8, 1943

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Qui Vive? , TheBentry Lll)eral Arts Colleges have re- ceived many a jolt in modern times, but the most receDt rebuff came from the War Manpower Commission. This was the "un- dest cut" of all. The plan is rlefly this. An estimated 250,000 Soldiers and sailors will be sent to college for training as technical SPecialists and officers. This re- us of a familiar quotatiou Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. words were put in the mouth " ?Ca? Oo. Jql/'00V OVER THE TOP ' FOR VICTORY UNITED STATES WAR BONDS.STAMPS ' THE OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK Volume XXXII LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, JANUARY 8, 1943 NO. th Brutus: "But 'tis a common that lowliness is youngam-Msgr Demurger Receives Papal ladder, Whereto the climb- turns his face, But when once attains the utmost round, then unto the ladder turns hLs k, looksin the clouds, scorning IBles:.:__ On 50th Anniversary base degrees by which he did I it I II _ascend.,, Every one who is at all I   faniiiar with the history, of edu- I Hot Snrins,_  --The Ver, Rev. who drove to the Spa for the oc- ttlon knows that science owes I Msgr. Alexis Demurger, chaplain casion. Bishop Morris brought to  ae to the Liberal Arts. u of Good Shepherd Home, here ithe Jubilarian the papal blessing. en of science were able to con- quietly celebrated on December !which document had been received Ca olic Lay Groups Urged To Work And Pray For Justice art their knowledge into dollars. fortunes have been made by application of scientific dis- eoveries to hunn needs and com- orts. The world accords the ac- Colade to the men who acquire in large quantities. These are called successful men. Yet the scholar has always been the of society. He has pro- the rich from the envious who were often the victims the ill-gotten gains of the cap- of industry. The scholar has the world from fanticism our schools to cultivate to the exclusion of the Lib- &I Arts is to bequeath to poster- Y a civilization that is built upon keg. At one time the of many European court- was the admiration of the Then they put aside cul- and went in for science pure unadulterated. Science di- from culture and morality taught Europe to conduct mass to be hoodwinked by the of alleged racial superiority to suffer all the pangs mad that follow in the wake of The principles of themselves, are the of the Liberal Arts. HOW We, as a nation, hope to stand, We knock the props from under in or Endurin9 Post-War Reconstruction Is Aim (By N.C.W.C. News Service) and Mrs Robert A Agelo, of Washington.--A ringing ca}l to York, Pa., President of the Nation- work as well as pray for post-war al Council of Catholic Women. k It Used to be emphasized that whiskey will not mix. is still true. It is also true whiskey bottles and rub- Will not mix to any advantage. all of us have been tire We have been trying to that precious rubber last most cases we have done Unbelievably good Job. How- it seems that, of late, there been n inexcusable careless- on the part of people, who glass bottles from car win- Very often they land on pavement and break to the of many automobile tires. Some states there is a law that an automobilist kills an ,nlmal the highway, he must stop the beast. There should a universal law that persons drop on the city streets should be obliged to and clean up the mess. Corn- courtesy and thought for oth- Would prompt such an action. courtesy and thought for oth- not part of the training of modern generation. There re- only the heavy hand of corn- In the days of old when trained in the homes, parents r-lways insisted that clean up the results of their They were taught to certain amount of pride In things neat and clean. As the city authorities exhort help keep our city clean. request is printed on the trucks. It is a duty which owe to our community, but that we keep our free from glass and nails all such debris that threatens life of tires. It is the little in life that often count most these little precautions can ) our nation to win the war by the essential rubber. care is an expensive bad is surely a changing world. Roosevelt has January 12, 1943, as Day. He sys Proclamation the '"Food is a weapon than tanks, guns, The frmers are to the "Maximum production foods" for 1943. One csm think of those days not ago when farmers were not to raise hogs ad when Were plowed under and agri- was rationed. Every one that we need foods of all in large quantities now our fighting men and those Miles Who have borne the of much fighting for us. is difficult to see is why we tve wars to produce pros- It looks like t very false to have to destroy in or- Produce. There is some- wrong with a sys- tlt postulates war to create a demand for which demand, In turn, to work and The same criticism other fields of human the war married too selfish to have Now children are being such rapidity th,t they lines in the hospitals. nen who had little or no about God, before the now flocking to religious and demanding prayer ,d religious articles for greater quantities than aking for the mterial and comforts of life. that we were all so be- and religion that page 8 14th., his 50th anniversary of ordi- nation to the Priesthood. Monsignor Demurger, 73, the oldest priest in the diocese, was honored on his jubilee by tte presence of the Most Reverend Bishop, Bishop Fletcher and the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Francis A. Allen Manuscript Of Village Blacksmith' Gift To Nation Washington. (E)The original manuscript of Henry Wads- worth Longfellow's poem, "The Village Blacksmith, ' has been presented to the Library of :Congress by Frank J. Hogan, nationally-known attorney as his Christmas gift to the nation. Mr. Hogan is a former president of the American Bar Association :and of the Alumni Association :of Georgetown University. : Famed also as a book col- :lector, Mr. Hogan made known :that Longfellow received only :$15 for the poem when he sold , it to the Knickerbocker Maga- i zine, in which it was printed fin November, 1840. i "While my rare book room i has always been open to schol- ars and booklovers," Mr. Hogan said, "and therefore others have shared this manuscript with me, I have never reconciled myself to its continuance in private ownership. It should be the possession of the nation and its people. It now is." Holy Places Thronged In Palestine Jerusalem. 0CAn ideal Christ- mas Day was experienced in the Holy Land. Jerusalem, Bethlehem and others of the Holy Places were thronged with visitors, including hundreds of American soldiers, 100 of whom stayed at Terra Santa College The famed bells of the Fran- ciscans at Bethlehem, heard over the radio around the world yearly, pealed forth their message peace and good will on Christmas Eve. His Beatitude the Most Rev. Luigi Barlessina, Partiarch of Jer- usalem, officated at Vespers in the Basilica and the Most Rev. Joseph Gawlina, Polish Army Bishop, pontificated at the Solemn Mass. Included in the throng of wor- shippers were the Queen Mother of Egypt and the two princesses. Among the communicants were many American soldiers and army nurses and members of the Polish armed forces Many of the Americans also as- sisted at Masses in the Grotto of the Nativity, which were cele- brated until 4 o'clock in the af- ternoon of Christmas Day. Sodalists Send Pope Spiritual Bouquet As Christmas Gift St. Louis. (E)--As a Christmas gift, the Sodalists and youth of North America sent His Holiness Pope Plus XII a spiritual bouquet of 766,965 Masses and 652,538 re- ceptions of Holy Communion, of- fered for the Pontiff's intentions. The totals, compiled by the Rev. J. Roger Lyons, S.J., Of Th Queen's Work, here, national sodality secretariate, were contain- ed in a cablegram sent to Vatican City. Debating Tournament Won By Catholic School Jamaica. (E)Competing against sixty-two schools from the Greater New York City area, De La Salle Institute of New York City won first place in the finals of the an- nual Queens College debating tournament and was awarded a silver trophy. Queens College is a tax-supported institution. Religious Discussion Club Little Rock.The Inter-parish Religious Discussion Club, on- der the auspices of the Confra- ternity of Christian Doctrine meets every Monday evening at 8 p.m., at Good Counsel Hall, Ninth and Bishop Sts. The Very Rev. Msgr. John B. Scheper, C0nfraterhity Di- rector is in charge of the dis- cussion. A most cordial welcome is extended to Catholics and' non- Catholics. from His Excellency, the Apostolic Delegate The sole celebration of the jubi- lee was Holy Mass in the Good Shepherd chapel, celebrated by the Jubilarian. The altar was tastefully decorated by the Good Shepherd sisters. Monsignor Demurger, who was pastor of St. Patrick's Church, North Little Rock, for 23 years, un- til failing health necessitated his removal, was born in 1869 at St. Denis de Cabanne, France. He studied for the priesthood at Balti- more, Md., and was ordained by Bishop Fitzgerald, second Bishop of Little Rock, December )4th, 1892. Along with three other priests of the Diocese, the Jubilarian was named a papal chamberlain by His Holiness, Pope Plus XII, and announcement made of the honor on March 7th, 1942. Investiture was in St. Andrew's Cathedral, by the Most Reverend Bishop, on May 13, 1942. Filipinos' Sorrow Test Of Faith New York. (E)Greeting the people of the Philippine Islands on Christmas Eve, in an international broadcast, the Most Rev. Francis J. Spellman, Archbishop of New York, declared "sorrow is the test of faith" and the Philippines peo- ple are "meeting the test of fir with steadfast souls." Archbishop Spellman delivered his message in a special program of the Mutual Broadcasting Sys- tem. In the same program, greet- ings were extended by 'President Manuel Quezon, of the Philippines Commonwealth, and the Rev. Pact- rico Ortiz, President Quezon's chaplain. "All over the world this year the birth of Christ will be observed amidst scenes of tribulation and suffering," Archbishop Spellman said. "The wounded, the prisoners and the heroic dead of your land are sad testimony to the pain and grief that you endure. They are proof also that your country is meeting the test of fire with stead- fast souls. "I know that the coming of Christmas, sad and trying as it is, will nevertheless purify and sancti- fy your sorrow and suffering; I know, too, that the starlight of Bethlehem will lighten the dark- ness of despairing moments. Sor- row is the test of faith. Suffer- ing is a fire that purifies souls both individually and nationally. If your dead could speak, they would ask you to accept your sor- rows and suffering for the sancti- fication and salvation of your im- mortal souls, for the salvation and glorification of your beloved coun- try and people. Souls are saved and freedom is bought at a great price. We are steadfast in our re- solve to pay that price. At times God asks his children to carry a heavy cross, but with God's grace and the help of our Lady of Per- serverance, we shall follow in the footsteps of our Divine Lord who bore His cross for us. For wc know that no earthly power can deprive us of our soul's salvation and no earthly power can stifle our impulses for freedom. "Today we have not incense, See FILIPINOS on page 8 The rvages the desert warfare in Libya have left their ark on the Carmelite (urfh in Tobruk, a haven for the devout, though badly shattered and flooded. Aa Allied soldis, surveys the ruins as the .town again fell to the Briti. The pedestal bearing the statue of the Blessed Virg I covered With the ngmes and prayers of Italian sol- diers, scxatched on .t the mzrface The churr, h  were left in,tt. liSo)(, s ............ h..nae Ihoto.(1 ',,,. O. W. C)' , 7.... 2 VV_,ar; Rt-t t'4'me'masant uc " .... t ,les cake didates ' .!  ., T, oon. '.'Jc --.----. Tw, n Causos ._. ' I'l" . L, etment: _ ,., ' IS t' | 'Catholic Hour' Speaker Reminds Peace Can Be Won 'Only By Making Ourselves Worthy To Dictate It' (By N.C.W.C. News Service) New York.There are really l two great events in the modern world--war and revolution--and they are the causes of the "Crisis in Christendom," the Rt. Roy. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen, of the Catholic University of America, declared in an address in the "Catholic Hour" radio program. Thc war, he said, is only an episode of the revolution. Asserting that we have both a war and a revolution to win, Mon- signor Sheen said we have "a war to win by overthrowing the power of the enemy in battle; a peace to win by making ourselves worthy to dictate it." Two Views of War "This year," Monsignor Sheen said, "it is my privilege to ad- dress you on the subject of the Crisis in Christendom. Naturally, it will concern itself with this awful cataclysm which has brought the world to the edge of a great abyss. There are two ways of looking at this war: One as a journalist and the other as a theologian. The journalist tells you what happens; the theoloan tells us not only why it happens, but also what matters If we look at this war through the eyes of a journalist or a commentator, it will be only a succession of events without any remote cause in the past, or any great purpose in the future. But if we look at the war through the eyes of God, then the RETURNS TO RADIO Msgr. Sheen war will not be meaningless, though we may not presently see its meaning. "The great mass of the American people are frankly dissatisfied with the ephemeral and superficial commentaries on what is happen- ing. Being endowed with intel- See CRISIS on page 7 reconstruction that has a sound and enduring foundation was is- sued here by Wilbert J. O'Neill, of Cleveland, President of the National Council of Catholic Men, Bishop, 7 Priests Victims of Japs On Kai Isle Ottawa. (E)--The Department of Public Information has made pub- lic that the Most Rev. John Aerts, Vicar Apostolic of Dutch New :Guinea, and seven other mis- sionaries have been slain by the Japanese on the island of Kai. Two nuns, who escaped from Guadalcanal, have related their extraordinary adventures, the De- partment announces. One of these nuns is a Canadian, Sister Marie- Evangeline, of Prince Edward Is- land. The two nuns had to exist for an entire month in the jungles with the Japanese in pursuit of them. Their adventure began last June when a Japanese officer present- ed himself at their mission. They recognized him as a man who had i been working at Tulagi the pre- vious year as a carpenter, but who now was revealed' as a Japanese of Royal blood, Prince Ishimoto. He was polite but meticulous, and ordered his men to take all the possessions of the nuns, including a radio, a rfrigerator, axes, spades, shovels a:d a small yacht, the only means which the missionaries had of getting about their extensive mis,, m field. The Japanese built an observa- tion post in a tree and there in- stalled an :i-aircraft gu,near the missioh: When American fly- enlew overhead, and were fired o"'" was natUral they thought the m:; on was being used as a Jap- anese base, anal: accordingly they: bombed it. This proved to be a help to the missionaries for they escaped into the jungle in the con- fusion of an attack. The missionaries slept at night in the huts of natives, the natives protecting them against the Jap- anese pursuers who at times were less than half an hour behind them. Some of the natives were killed by the Japanese for leading them on false trials giving the nuns time to escape. Archbishop O-fflciates At Darlan Requiem Mass London. (E)--A Requiem Mass was celebrated by the Most Rev. Augustine F. Laynaud, Archbish- op of Algiers, in the Algiers Cathe- dral as part of the milittry fun- eral for Admiral Jean Francois Darlan, who was assassinated Christmas Eve. American, British and French military and diplo- matic leaders attended the rites and the Cathedral was decorated with the flags of the three nations during the services. Mme Darlan, of Tunisia and Mme. Fenard, wifg of Vice Ad- miral R. A. Fenard', chief of Ad- miral Darlan's economic secre- tariat, sat in front of the choir. French officers occupied the right side of the Cathedral's middle aisle, while Allied officials sat on the left side. Included among the Allied officials were Lieut. Gem Dwight D. Eisenhower, Admiral Sir Andrew B. Cunningham, Lieut. Gem Mark W. Clark, Hamilton Wiley, U.S. consul general, and Robert Murphy, American diplo- matic official and prominent Ca- tholic layman, who attended as President Roosevelt's personal rep- resentative. Pope's Plan Orders New Worm Based (By N.C.W.C. News Service) Cincinnati, O.--Giving "the pic- ture of a world at peace drawn by the hand of our Holy Father, Pope Plus XII," the Most Rev. Samuel A. Stritch, Archbishop of Chicago, declared here that the "new post-war world" envisioned by the Pope is an "interpretation of new conditions in the light of our inherited culture" and not "any sort of substitution for it." Speaking as Chairman of the Bishops' Committee on the Pope's Peace Plan, Archbishop Stritch, in !a sermon preached at the Mass opening the Catholic Collegiate Conferenc here, asserted that the Holy Father has not initiated a new Papal social program, but "is carrying on the work of his il- lustrious predecessors, who in our world since the great Leo have pointed out the tragic social errors which have motivated largely soc- ial action and held up before men ,)n O/d the sane social principles on which Christian or Western culture rests, a culture which, without destroy- ing or abrogating racial and na- tional particular cultures is ca- pable of becoming a beneficent world culture, for it is founded on Catholic, eternal truths." His Excellency said the Pope is calling.for a defense, invigoration, restoration of Christian culture. m i -eritage our way of living and in the hope that a Christian social order will be established in the whole world," Archbishop Stritch said, "or at least that the vantage point for the struggle for a Christian social or- der will be preserved for them and multiplied. If therefore it falls to our youth to do the large thing in the defense of culture, rightly they are interested in the peace which "With the Pope," he added, "we will be the reward of their vic- are fighting like crusaders for our tory.  In deep patriotism they are culture and for the making of it dedicSting themselves to the na- a world culture in which there will tion's I cause, but they will not be the recognition of human rights and human dignity, moral law, Christian solidarity, brotherhood, justice. Resolutely we are op- posed to the things which are foreign to our Christian social ways and our hope and objective is a bettm- Christian world." Interested in the Peace "Our youth is answering the call of their country in the defense of tolerate the building for them of a world in which their children are lost or rendered hopelessly anemic." Archbishop Stritch stressed that the various statements of the Holy Father must be regarded as one peace proposal. "His work and his efforts are not things of a dreamer," the Archbishop added, "but the creations of a wisdom which knows the modern world and how to draw a plan of a hu- man society which will give to all men their rights and bind them together in justice and charity. Like the Saviour Whom he wit- nesses, he knew what is in man and how there can be peace for us poor mortals, bruised by sin, tossed about by passions, and pos- sessed of senses in rebellion." In his commentary on the Pope's Peace Plan, Archbishop Stritch stressed four notions: "At the core of the social and political aberra- tions which have given rise to the exaggerated notions of greedy na- tionalisms there is the denial or forgetfulness of the unity of the human race"; there is a "baneful error" that "to the State belongs all power, all rights, a monopoly over all human relations"; three social concepts must be kept in mind by modem thinkers--hu- See PEACE PLAN on page 8 Joining ina statement of "Some Prerequisites and Conditions of Post-War Reconstructmn, Mr. O'Neill and Mrs. Angelo says the defeat of Totalitm/[anism "will be fcllowed by an int"ational peace only if, in the nalns united to defend against tGt" -alitarianism, there is developed a spirit of Christian brotherhood which will work for justice anad,eharity and therefore right social order within each nation." "While we have no illusion about our individual merits or our free- dom from the evil tendencie,'.o which human beings are subject," the statement declares, "we have the most profound conviction that the teachings of Christ and His Church provide the true basis for right living which leads to peace on earth and eternal salvation.!' Forms Of Self-Delusion The Presidents f the N.C.C.M. arid the N.C.C.W. say "mere pro- fession of devotion to Liberty and Democracy, not grounded on faith tn God and Love of our Neighbors as brothers under God, are forms of self delusion or false pretense." "And," they add, "prayer for peace is pure presumption and if public, may also be pure hypocrisy, if it is not accompanied by Good Will, the willingness to sacrifice for the common, good. The rfirst . step is to set our own house in :order. The international order called peace does not exist among nations whose internal affairs, public and private, are ::in dis- order." "Our prayers for peace must be prayers in action as well as in words," the statement declares. "We must be 'doers of the Word.' Some of us, those in our armed forces especially, arc making heroic sacrifices. All or us must do our share and pray and re solv that the spirit of sacrfice in- dut r{,,,b,, war and the dangers of waPhall be carried over into the way  of peace and remove the one great obstacle to peace which is unbridled selfishness." As a prerequisite to a right social Pontiff Sings Midnight Mass At Vatican Vatican City. (N:)-- A scene suggestive of Bethlehem was enacted in the Matilda Chapel of the Vatican, when His Holi- ness Pope Pius XlI celebrated Mass Christmas morning in the presence of members of his family and of the diplomatic corps accredited to the Holy See. Harold Tittmann, American Charge d'A.ffaires at the Vail- :can, was one of those in atten- dance. Although attendance was strictly limited, the chapel was :filled to capacity. The repre- :sentatives of civil rulers and of nations neutral and belligerent knelt in prayerful silence around the altar of the Prince :of Peace, where the Vicar of :Christ celebrated the Eternal :Sacrifice of the new dispensa- tion. The motets of Palestine, Vit- toria and Perosi were rendered by the Sistine Chapel Choir un- der the direction of Monsignor : Perosi, whose composition "Ver- bum Caro Factum Est." "The Word Is Made Flesh," was play- ed for the first time. On leaving the chapel, the diplomates were enthusiastic in their gratitude for unusual de- ',votional opportunity provided 'through the thoughtful consid- eration of the Pope. order within each nation, "which must precede the right interna- tional order called peace," the statement continues, "there must be a dominant agreement as to what constitutes sound values, as to what is true success in life, as to what is peace and happiness. "That there maay be rightly in- formed opinion and action in these matters, there must be right edu- cation and proper public informa- tion. Paganlzatlon Of Youth "We therefore declare it to be of paramount importance that there shall be an end to the pagan- ization of education, of children and youth, that there must be unit- ed opposition to the propaganda for secularization, which looks upon this world as the end of all things." "We declare that those respOn- sible," says the statement, "must recognize their obligation to use the press, radio and other means of public information to convey to the people truthful information about matters of real importance See LAITY on page 6 .,, 't