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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
January 8, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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January 8, 1938

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THE GUARDIAN, JANUARY 8, 1938 PAGE FIVE Tells Jan. 1. ().--A vivid of the terrible suffering Le population of Shanghai heroic efforts of Jesuit to aid the smwivors-- them children and the contained in an article Shanghai Shambles," the Rev. Maurice Bel- S. J., and published in number of Jesuit Mis- Belhumeur gives all Father Jacquinot, S. J., a Japanese Ad- declare a cessation of While the missioners the war area to rescue survivors and take as Possible to the compara- of the French Conces- No Man's Land Father Jaequinot, S. J., the trick," Father Bel- writes. "The well known had written to the Jap- requesting a ces- hostilities and authori- Penetrate into the war there, in the Hongkew the northeastern part there were many Who, unable to flee at of the war, had re- hiding. raorningit was the 25th if I remember rightly-- granted 12 of us the permission to go No Man's Land. sake, we split in- of three, each one hav- truck, and, as chauf- volunteer. To each area was assigned. Occurrences never forget that day's with' tragedy to end. Four hours allotted us for our work. drove through the deso- thorough- crowded and active but weeks before, no- a word. During the up one street, or was left of it, our slid and lurched and and down the next one any of us seeing aught Upon mile of smoking cinders blinded us, the heat was so in- had to hid my face in Raid Effective the moment we turn- Small street . . . and stench of burnt flesh. Corpses, hun- them, corpses of little in their teens, ages, lined the road deep. Yes, the air certainly been effec- bodies, bodies com- bodies ripped open of flying shells--I ample witness. instances, nothing re- a person save a few Are Found, a group of standing. We all jump- ran to knock at the answered, but as thought we had heard I yelled out: afraid!... We belong Church and to the We are Catholic voices first broke Then the men of the forward and began us through the cracks dilapidated door. hesitation they finally Open, but as soon as we Whole family fell on and with arms out- begged of us not to minutes passed before in calming and in them that we had come Before long a hundred would-be-ref- clustered about us. would not have we had only one. to Rescue Work the wounded to the good Sisters, we hur- to our res- This time an appar- market place pro- ",Vith our first refugee. lile of corpses, some- stirred. The Father nudged me: i.' ' " over there!' he Faculty Members Take Part In Holiday Services Subiaco, Jan. 3. -- (Special).-- Faculty members of Subiaco Col- lege and Academy who took part in holiday services in various churches in Arkansas and Texas include: Rev. Celetin Bache, Eng- lish instructor, at Lindsay, Tex.; Rev. Bonaventure Maechler, pro- fessor of homiletics, at Fort Smith; Rev. Leonard Knott, teach- er of commercial subjects, at Charleston; Rev. Ambrose Branz, ]nglish instructor, at Dallas and Fort Worth, Tex.; Rcv. Bede Mit- chel, professor of philosophy and sociology, at Barling; Rev. Norbert Grummer, at Coal Hill; Rev. Vin- cent Orth, professor of science and mathematics, at Charleston; Rev. Eugene Knott, instructor in music, ] at Paris. Rt. Rev. Edward Burgert, abbot of ,New Subiaco Abbey, with his train of assistants and with Rev. Alcuin Kubis as master of cere- monies, sang a solemn pontifical Midnight Mass in the Subiaco crypt church and preached on the restoration of world peace through the restoring of peace in the hearts of individual men and women. URGED TO MAKE NEW YEAR 'NEW' BY CHARITY (Continued from Page 1) their envy for they learned that there is another wealth than that which the rich man gave away. And on that day the world saw the Golden Mean between reac- tion and revolution. "As the magi and the shep- herds left the crib, the magi re- alized then, as never before, that the rich need the poor more than the poor need the rich. The des- : titute need the rich only in order to give them shoes for their feet, clothes for their bodies, a roof over their heads, food for their stomach, and the necessities of a decent normal existence. But the rich I need the destitute in order that I they might have understanding in[ their minds, charity in their hearts, I and the blessings of God on their i lives .... Call Both to Communion "No more fitting message could be addressed to you at the begin- ning of a new year than the mes- sage to make it new by abandoning hate and class struggle and by living in the spirit of Justice and Charity. Just as that Babe called magi and shepherds to Himself and made the rich and poor kneel in peace beside His crib, so the Church which that Babe found- ed calls both Capital and Labor to its communion rail to make them one because they eat the one Bread. Upon no other basis than the justice and charity of religion can enmities be abolished. It is ne wonder then that those who most foster class hatred are those who are most opposed to the Babe of Bethlehem. As a Moscow daily puts it: 'Christian charity which means kindness to all', even to one's enemies, is the greatest en- emy of Communism.' (Pravda, March 30, 1934). "To neither class does He be- long exclusively, for He was ne- ther rich nor poor; He was the Rich Poor Man, and the Poor Rich Man. He was the Rich Person Who voluntarily became a poor man, and therefore the One Who can call both to His crib and to His Church. As a matter of his- torical record, He is the only One Who ever walked this earth of ours of Whom both the Rich and the Poor, the Masters and the Servants, the Employers and the Employees, the Kings and the Car- penters, the Capitalists and the Laborers can say: He came from our ranks; He is one of our own." i i i i (i i - "A young mother with a baby in her arms was keeping faithful watch beside the dead bodies of her dear ones. I don't remember having seen a more heart-rend- ing spectacle. Many More Wounded "Once again, only this time in greater numbers, a crowd of fear- torn, starving civilians thronged about the truck. The injured were more numerous, far more so than on the first trip, and many in so critical a condition that we found it necessary to divide the crowd in two groups, with a promise to re- turn immediately for the second of them. Slowly, very slowly we wended our way back to the French Concession, for the slight- est jolt occasioned intense pain to our miserable passengers. AS POPE PIUS Xl ELEVATED FIVE NEW CARDINALS' i, | i t In this view of the Consistory Chamber at the V,tican, His Holiness Pope Plus XI is shown on the dais I and members of the Sacred College of Cardinals in the side pews, during the ceremony, December 16,] when the Holy Father elevated.rive new Cardinals. Among_them w_ His en_c.e .rmenesio r.d.i- I hal Pellegrinetti, the brother o an American. citizen, Mrs. Teresa zonucelll., of w.asnngto.n: D. u. _t-ae - Jz ahown iright) in the lower photo..aurmg the pre!imlna remoea at the ory: PRAISES CATHOLIC PRESS ON SPANISH CIVIL WAR (Continued from Page 1) found thls report reprinted in a new edition of a book by a widely known foreign correspondent. There is no excuse for "this re- hearsal of falsehood," Father Thorning declares, "because, prior to the publication of the refur- bished edition," the legend .of Badajos "has been completely de- molished. Damage Due to Fires The report of the destruction of the ancient Basque holy city of Guernica was "the crowning achievement of Red propaganda," Father Thorning said. Then, cit- ing the numerous authorities who established that the damage done to Guernica was due to fires set by retreating radicals rather than bombs dropped by Rightist planes, Father Thorning declares that "the responsibility of the press for the fable of Guernica is the greater: when we consider that after 10 months of experience the news- papers and news agencies had dis- covered plenty of reason to sus- pect the propaganda bulletins of the Madrid -Valencia - Barcelona Government." Veteran Newspapermen at Fault Charging that "actual evidence has little influence upon 'special writers' who come to Spain to find material to fit their pre-conceived ideas," Father Thorning also said that "the veteran newspapermen who won their spurs in the pre- war days in Spain have one by one found the climate unhealthy under the new regime," and that they are "not inclined to invite re- prisal" when they know that "the men who publish or edit their papers in the United States are eager to feature Popular Front vic- tories." "Of course," he continued, "some journalists need no persua- sion to undertake the work of propaganda. Long before their ap- pointment to Spain they were in the radical ranks and each day's work is a new opportunity for promoting the cause. A number in this category actually accept the status of 'political agents.' They help to create stories which are distributed by the Ministry of Propaganda to the neutral cor- respondents." Should Observe Headline Writers "Regrettably," Father Thorning said, "a large number of publish- ers and editors have allowed their antipathy for (or valid grievances against) Hitler and Mussolini to influence their judgment in the placing and spacing of news." Mystery of Monk's I Sculpture Solved By Record Washington, Jan. 3. (E).--The mystery which has long surround- ed the "Monk of Dahlgren," the sculptured figure of a monk study- ing a large folio which adorns the north wall of Dahlgren Chapel at i if I "Other publishers would do well," he slid, "to scrutinize the handi- work of their headline writers." "Finally," he concluded, "the secular editors and publishers will do themselves and their readers a favor by a close acquaintance- ship with the Catholic national magazines, reviews and weekly newspapers. In some communi- ties the advantages of such a prac- tice are becoming noticeable. "If this trend continues, we may hope that editors in every large city will devote the same atten- tion to the Catholic Press that they now give to the pages of the Christian Science Monitor, the Christian Century, The Church- man, various Masonic journals and the radical sheets. The achieve- ments of Catholic editors and pub- lishers are a rich contribution to the journalistic field. Their work on Spain alone has been enough to justify their existence and a more generous support of their subscription lists." The news in the Catholic Press, he said, "was not a succession of splendid lies; nor a rocession of ..'victories' which almost invari- ably ended in withdrawal, sur- render or retreat." "Catholic edi- tors and publishers," he added, "merit the compliment which Ed- ward H. Knoblaugh paid to the Nationalist High Command at Sal- amanca: that never once were Franco's press officers responsible for the announcement or publica- tion of false information. It is a satisfaction to know that at least one news syndicate did not suc- cumb to what Sid Walter Maxwell Scott called 'the enormouz power of modern propaganda' which hgs the 'rest of the world absolutely hoodwinked.'" 00N,s HATS CLEANED AND BLOCD MORRISONI THE HATTER 523 MLn St. Phone 9976 Georgetown University here, has been cleared up through records of the Rev. J. Havens Richards S. J., President of Georgetown in the '70s, which have just come to light. , The cornerstone of Dahlgren Chapel was laid in 1871 by Cardi- nal Gibbons, and when the edifice was nearing completion, Father Richard's records states, a man named Earley, described as "a stone-carver from Dublin who had just come to Washington with his younger brother," stopped at the President's office and asked for some work to do. Father Richards told the man that he might carve a stone, larger than any of the others, which was set in the chapel's north wall immediately beneath the gutters of the eaves. The sculptor said he would carve a figure of a monk with arms out- stretched, as though upholding the gutters. Happening by the chapel three hours later, Father Richards saw the stone carving had been completed in that short interval, and that instead of appearing to hold up the guttering the monk was poring over a large folio. Father Richards described the sculptor as "a real medieval crafts- man, full of artistic ideas and needing no plans or drawings." With this record brought to light, the Very Rev. Arthur A. O'Leary, S. J., president of Georgetown, es- tablished that an old friend, John J. Earley of this city, also a sculptor, is the son of the man :who carved the "Monk of Dahl- gren." 13th Child in Family Of 14 Is Named Canon London, Dec. 27. (g)Thirteenth child of a family of 14, the Rev. Joseph O'Byrne has beer appoint- ed a Canon of the Plymouth Chap- ,er. One of his brothers--the four- :eenth childis a priest and an- other is Justice O'Byrne, of the Irish Free State High Court. Or- dained in Ireland, Canon O'Byrne has built two churches since he came to the Plymouth diocese. FOR THE BEST Shoe Repairing Rebuilding Dyeing ' Try Us-- _|OHNNIE'Q lw SHOE SHOP 413 Louisiana Ph. 4-6830 Bishops' Letter Decries Evils Periling Families Prague, Dec. 27. ()."Save the Family" is the theme of the joint Pastoral Letter issued by the Hier- archy of Czechoslovakia. The pastoral was drafted at the joint Conference of the Episcopate held here in October and has just been made public. In the pastoral, read from the pulpits, the Bishops appeal to all Catholics and to creators of public opinion and legislators to safe- guard the family, which, they say, is the basis of the State and is now endangered in its roots, by I moral laxity. The letter describes the dangers that threaten Chris- tian family life. It cites the in- crease in marital separations, pointing out that prior to 1933 the yearly total of such separations in the republic was under 3,000, while in 1934 the total was al- most 7,000, in 1935 it was 7,322 and in 1936 it reached 8,608. Birth Control Deplored Another evil mentioned in the pastoral is birth control. It states that in 60 districts of Bohemia the total of deaths exceeded the total of births. Birth control is not limited to certain districts but is spreading all over the country from rich to poor classes, from cities to villages, say the prelates. They also deplore the increase in childless marriages. In 1930, the letter asserts, 14 percent of the marriages contracted were without issue in Bohemia, 13 percent in Moravia-Silesia, 11.5 percent in and 11 percent in Sub- Carpathian Ruthenia. The number of abortions is also decried by the Bishops, who say that, according to estimates, the total of abortions this year will be 195,000. Infidelity Regarded Lightly Unfaithfulness in marriage is no longer considered a horrible moral and social evil, the pastoral goes on, and the modern world looks upon crimes against the sixth Commandment with regrettable lightheartedness. Young persons have adopted an incorrect and often very low opinion of mar- riage, the statement says, adding that many theater and screen plays, novels, illustrations, shop windows, art exhibits, etc., 'spread moral infection in souls and un- dermine the family sense. In many families, it declares, the relation between the parents and children have ceased to be in accord with the fourth Command- ment, saying that in many in- stances the present-day family has severed its ties with God, has become secularized and with pride refuses the consecrating influence of religion. Impending National Disaster' It is further explained why the decline of family life is an im- pending national disaster and the tangible advantages which mem- bers of Christian families enjoy are cited. The utterances of var- ious Popes on the advantages of tle sanctity of family life are quoted. The Pastoral culminates in four appeals, urging Christian married persons and Catholic young per- sons to renovate in Christ the life in families. In conclusion, the Pastoral points to the shining example of Catholic families--the Holy Fam- ily of Nazareth -- and imparts blessings on all who may coop- erate in the work of preserving and renovating the Christian fam- ily. HUNT.CHURCHMAN DRUG (X)MPANY --Two Stores-- 5th & Main Ph. 2-2267-8 1418 Main -- Ph. 2-2269 NORTH IATTLE ROCK, ARK. Wonder State Shoe Shop sll kinds of shoes 415 Louisiana Ph. 4-5096 2815 ProsPect Pb. $-5319 ST. ANTHONY'S HOSPITAL MORRILTON. ARKANSAS I Salesian Houses In Spain Sacked By Leftists The Salesian houses in Spain at the outbreak of ,the Revolution were 54, distributed into three Provinces. More than half of these houses were completely sacked. Three of them--those in Barcelona, Moron, and Alcala de Guadaire---were reduced to a heap of ruins. These facts have been disclosed at the Salesian provincial head- quarters, here. The House of Sarria near Bar- celona, a large School of Arts and Trades, is at present being con- ducted by laymen. The Salesian Church of Tibidabo is safe except for the destruction of the furni- ture and the statue of the Sacred Heart. The information states that in the territory still held by the Left- ists, Salesian Houses are used as :barracks, prisons, offices, hos- pitals, while in the territory held by Franco, Salesian houses carry on their normal work, except in the case of a few that had to be used as hospitals for wounded soldiers. The number of Salesians slain by the Leftists is 67. Of these 31 were priests, 12 clerics, and 24 lay Brothers. Among the victims were a Pro- vincial, the Rev. P. Calasanz, and the Directors of the Houses of Madrid Atocha, Madrid Caraban- chel, Madrid Mohernando, Sar- ria, Malaga, Moron Ronda Colegio, and Ronda e$cuelas gratuitas. It seems that none of the vic- tims was tortured ,before being murdered, it is stated. A cleric of the House of Moron was shot and fell over the body of his dying Director. The cleric recovered, however, and is now carrying on his work in Rightist territory. Converaions Total Lower in England London, Dec. 27. (E}.--A serious drop in the number of conver- sions and an increase in the num- ber of children's baptisms, with the marriage rate almost station- ary, are features of the Catholic statistics appearing in the Cath- olic Dictionary which will be pub- lished at the end of the year by Burns, Oates and Washb0urne. The number of clergy, the num- ber of churches, chapels and schools (both elementary and sec- ondary) have all increased. Though the number of children in elementary schools shows a drop of 1,854, the number of pupils in secondary schools has risen by 2,692. Hegarty Drug Co Allsopp & Chapple Booksellers & Stationen 307409 M, aln Stree4 Call DAN DEAKASAUGH Fcf Offl 8uppliee--Ph. 981J Let Us Service Your Car for Safe Driving We have ALL the neeeuary equipment to teat your ear to meet the Safety Law require- menk;. BERY & AL GARAGE 418 Broadway Ph. 6810