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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
January 8, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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January 8, 1938

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, JANUARY 8, 1938 THE GUARDIANi PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/2 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21. 1911. at the lest'office at Ltttte Rock. Arkansas. under the act of C.ogress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that It may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, justice and truth and n ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph. D., Editor Associate Editors: Rt. Rev. Msgr. James P. Moran, LL.D. ; Very Rev. Msgr. Joseph A. Gallagher. M. A.; Rev. Lawrence Hoyt, O. S. /3.; Rev. James E. O'Connell. M. A.; Rev. Patrick M. Lynch, B. A. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be hand?ed through the Rusiness Mannger. and all matter intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 3091/2 WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for Advertising Rates SPONSORS OF SERVICES N. C. W. C, News Service--AnonymOus Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Texarkana Council No. 26$0 ................................................... $12.00 Pine Bluff Cmmcll No. 1153 ...................................  ................ $12.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 .................................................... $12.00 P&ragould Council No. 1713 ................................................. $12.00 Stuttgart Council No. 2770 ....................................................... $ 7.00 JANUARY 8, 1938 THE RIGHT GIRL One of our large Catholic colleges for men, recently con- ducted a poll to discern what ideas the boys had about choosing a wife. The question was should she be a college girl. The boys showed that they are being properly trained, because the general opinion was that "It is the girl and not the education that counts." Better a woman of character to help direct the destiny of a family than a female prodigy with degrees This decision is all the more important in the light of a pool on the ten commandments conducted at New York Univer- sity. At that institution the majority were in favor of doing away with the first three of the commandments which deal with man's duty to God. Next in order was the vote to do away with the sixth and ninth. Very significant was the fact that the last opposition was shown to the fourth commandment, which is to honor father and mother. Only twelve were opposed to this one. Modern youth who can do without God and defy civil authority have still a respectful regard for parental rights. Illogical as this is, slnee without God there is no authority, it ia a fact and parents should make the most of it. They must make every effort to hold the children to this one remaining anch Or. The right glrl is the one who las character enough to fill the role of motherhood in such trylng circumstances. The xight bpy is the one who can assist her and provide her with all that is necessary to keep her in the home, where she can rear her children and spread her good influence every hour of the day. Only when father and mother give themselves seriously to their work can it be done successfully. CONFRATERNITY OF CHRISTIAN FOR EVERY PARISH (Continued from Page I) 1) Religious education of elementary-school children not attending Catholic schools, in vacation school, instruction classes, and, correspondence courses. 2) Religious instruction of Catholic youth of high-school age not attending Catholic schools, in suitable discussion clubs and other successful methods. " 3) Religious discussion clubs for adults; inquiry classes for non-Catholics 4) Religious education of children by parents in the home. 5) A religious program in missions on Sun, days and Holydays of obligation, when a priest is not present to celebrate Mass. 6) Distribution of Catholic literature, especi- ally papers and magazines; maintenance of a book rack containing pamphlets on Catholic doctrine and practice. The work of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine is God's work. The laity, you, men and women, are called to ;action to carry out Christ's command: Go ye and teach all nations.,' In view of the widespread errors and deplorable co'nditlons of the day in which we live, I as the Shepherd of your souls am most deeply concerned over the increasing dangers to, salvation, and therefore appeal to both priests and people to revive a waning interest in that invaluable document which is called the Catechism. The thorough knowl- edge of the truths contained in this little, book, and their ap- plicati)on in our daily lives will preserve for us and for our e.hiidren the greatest and priceless possession which we cal our own, our Catholic Faith. We are blessed and must give thanks to God that our churches and Catholic schools remain opera In some other countries their doors have been closed by the enemies of the Babe of Bethlehem, closed by the Atheists, who are untiringly laboring in our midst to implant godless principles into the minds of our youth. These efforts must be frustrated, they will be frustrated, because you, my dear  people, will not permit them to succeed. We must fill our own minds and the minds of our children with 'the sublime truths of our Holy Religion. l ask your full cooperation, and it is my sincerest hope that every man, woman and child of every parish and mission of this diocese enroll in the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine. I have placed this Confraternity under the protection of St. Therese, the Little Flower, the Patroness of the Missions. Let us ask her aid in carrying the message of Christ. Pastors will receive additional information from the Dio- cesan Director, to which office I have appointed the Rev. Father John B. Scheper. Your cooperation will lighten his burden and make his duty a pleasant task. May God bless you, and may this New Year bring you joy and happiness, both spiritual and material. Faithfully yours in Christ. , JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. I FEASTS OF THE WEEK SUNDAY, January 9. -- Saints Julian and Basilissa, although married, lived by mutual consent in perpetual chastity. They gave themselves up to works of charity and mercy, converting their house. into a hospital in which they some- times care for a thousand persons. Basilissa survived seven persecu- tions and died in peace; Julian lived for many years after her death and finally received the crown of martyrdom. MONDAY, January 10.--Saint William, Archbishop, came from the illustrious family of the an- cient Courts of Nevers. He joined the Cistercians ahd became Ab- bot of Chaalis. When he was chosen to be Archbishop of Bour- ges, he refused to accept the honor and only consented after the Pope and his General, the Abbot of Citeau, commanded him to do so. He lived in a mosf austere man- i her. In the year 1218 he was canonized by Pope Honorius III. TUESDAY, January 11. -- St. Theodosius, the Cenobriarch, was born in Cappadocia. He entered the religious life and eventually became Superior of the religious communities of Palestine. He was noted for his great meekness and humbleness of spirit. He died at the age of 106. Wednesday, January 12.  St. Aelred, Abbot, left the court of St. David, King of Scotland, to join the Cistercian Order. He rigorously observed the austere rule of that Order and finally be- came the founder and Abbot of lieveaux, the most austere monas- tery in England. He died in 1167. THURSDAY, January 13. -- St. Veronica of Milan was the daugh- ter of a peasant family near Mi- lan. She was blessed with con- stant ecstacies and visions, which, however, did not interfere with her daily labors. She was ad- mitted as a lay-sister in the con- vent of St. Martha at Milan. Her duties were to beg through the city for the sustenance of the Sis- ters in the Convent. She died in 1497 on the day she had fore- told. FRIDAY,, January 14.  Saint Hilary of Poitiers was born and! educated a pagan and did not em- brace Christianity until near mid- dle age. He entered Holy Orders and was chosen Bishop of his na- tive city in 353. Because he up- held the orthodox cause against Arianism in several Gallic coun- 'cils he was banished by the Em- peror Constantius to Phrygia. In exile he composed his great work on the Trinity. After a great per- sonal triumph at the Council of Seleucia he was allowed to return to Gaul where he died in 368. SATURDAY, January 15.  St. Paul, the first hermit, was born in Upper Egypt about the year 230. He retired into the desert during the persecutions and find- hag himself suited to the solitary life of prayer and penance, he re- mained there. Many remarkable things are related of his manner of life and of his death. What Do You Know? A Catholic Memory Test (Continued on Page 8) 1. Briefly under what cir- cumstances did the :Church Unity Octave, observed during the eight days of the Octave from St. Peter's Chair at Rome, January 18, to the Conversion of St. Paul, January 25, have its origin? / 2. What is the special devot tlon of the month of January? What was the name of the Ro- man god from which the name January is derived? 3. What was the image of God made by Aaron at the foot of Mount Sinai, pursuant to the requests of the Hebrews wearied by the protracted stay of Moses on the mountain (Ex. 32), and which contravened the prohibition to make any kind of images of God (Ex., 20)? 4. What is the common French name, in two words, which means Our Lady, for a church dedicated in honor of the Blessed Virgin? 5. How is New Year's Eve commonly observed in Catho- lic churches? (N. C. W. C. Features) Words of Encouragement Confidence In God If we don't look upon God as a hard man we have every reason to congratulate ourselves. We say we think Him merciful, kind, lov- ing, but in our hearts we look upon Him as hard. Three-quarters of the troubles of good people come from this. He feels intensely our misconception of Him. We look upon Him as a hard grasp- ing man, who wants to get all He can out of us and give nothing in return. And woe betide us if we fail to satisfy Him. This i s utterly wrong. God Loves Me If God has ever shown me any love He must love me still. God does not care for me one day and hate me the next. He is not capricious or inconstant like man. Above everything God wants my love, and with love come hap- piness and enthusiasm in His serv- ice. We think: I have only one talent; others have five. There- fore I will do nothing but bury mine. I will run no risks. But each of our temperaments and characters has been fitted exactly, thought out from all time to suit our lives. What others have would not suite me. What we have we don't value; what we have not we desire.  God Craves Your Love Do not say, God evidently, from my capabilities, does not care much for me; does not expect much from me. God craves your love. Ask, ask, ask for graces and you J will assuredly get them. QUI VIVE? (Continued from Page 1) race of Puritar Very little is left now except the monuments that mark the spots where once they trod. Every law that God estab- lishes has Its sanction and those who violate It must pay. Another feature that makes the home life of the Kennedys a success is the fact that the father looks after the business and the mother su- pervises the affairs Of the house- hold, This is also an unusual state of affairs in American families nowadays. Taking everything in- to consideration, no finer family could have been chosen to repre- sent America at any court. Long live the Kennedys and the Fltz- Geralds. Education today is costing the people of the United States an im- mense amount of money. This would not he so bad if commen- surate results were obtained. The figures of comparative expendi- tures are very interesting. In 1938, the school budget of New York City was $16,000,000 today it is $144,000,000. The vest percentage has increased 2,000 percent, while the number of pupils has increased less than 150 percent. The schools are trying to do more work these days than they did previously. The question is, do they accom- plish more or even as much as they used to, in real educatlonl value. There are special classes and spec/al departments for those physically and montally handicap- ped, but the standard of general intelligence seems not to have been Q UES TION B OX May a Catholic of the Latin Rite attend Mass In a Unlate church? Certainly. As we explained in these columns of our May issue, Uniates are Catholics even as we are. A Catholic of the Latin Rite may attend Mass on any day in a Uniate church and if he does so on a Sunday or Holyday of Obliga- tion, he thereby fulfills his obliga- tion. He may also, if he wishes, receive Holy Communion. Similar- ly a Uniate may attend Mass and receive Holy Communion in a Catholic church of the Latin Rite. But a word of warning may be necessary. A Latin Catholic who proposes to hear Mass in a church of Eastern Rite should first of all make sure that the church be- longs to Uniates and not to Schis- mattes. The test of this is simple. Uniates acknowledge the authority of the Holy Father; Schismatics do not. It is not lawful for Cath- !olics to hear Mass or receive the Sacraments in a schismatic church. To settle a slight dispute, will ou answer the following question: "If a priest loses his index finger, can he continue to say Mass and perform his other duties?" Yes, but in order to do so, he must obtain a dispensation from the Holy See. ..... May a person take liquid medi- cine after midnight and go to Holy Communion that morning? ........ No. Medicine counts as food. Exception is made, of course, for those who receive the Viaticum and those who, having been ill for a month, can not in the judgment of the confessor observe the Eu- charistic fast. These last may re- ceive once or twice a week. Why is the Cathollo Church ,postollc? The Catholic Church is Apostolic because it was founded by Christ on His apostles and because its rulers are in every age clothed in the authority given to the apos- tles. Our Divine Lord placed His apostles in charge of a work which will not be completed until the world ends. The apostles them- selves are dead, yet according to the terms of His assurance to be with them all days, they must in some sense remain in the world until the end of time. They can remain in the world only through representatives chosen in the man- ner which, under divine direction, they themselves prescribed. They [ Review Spain and the Christian Front by Arnold Lunn. Mr. Lunn seeks to base the case for the Nationalists on four sep- arate points. First, the statement of great Spanish liberals; second, Citation of facts which the Red Government does not dispute; third, Quotation of articles from the Manchester Guardian, a Brit- ish Provincial daily which is strongly Left Wing and supported by the Red Government; fourth, Quotation of the views of a lead- ing British authority on modem Spain, as to the Spanish Church. After a resume of the political events leading to the start of the revolution Mr. Lunn elaborates on the above points. The article ends with quotations on the teachings of the Church on the right of re- bellion. (Paulist Press, Price 5c). ,Communism and Union Labor raised. With all the stress that is by Raymond T. Feely, S. J. placed upon training for citizen- A straight forward pamphlet tc ship, the citizen of today seems the working men and women of no more cousoious of his respon- the country about the inroads of sibility than the citizen of, forty Communism into the leadership of or fifty years ago. Indeed it is the labor in this country. The i doubtful whether the present day tactics that the Communists use !variety is as good. Oertaiuly he to gain control of the labor un- seems to have less stability and is ions are very definitely set forth less amenable to discipline. It is and supported by quotations from apparent that something more is Soviet publications. An expose needed than the expenditure of of the labor conditions of the U. money. There must be a funda- mental change in the home and the school md one particular phase of education before much can he done that will he bene- ficial. There is one point that must be stressed. Without it, all the other activities are so much wasted effort. That one most im- portant, and most fundamental of all educational elements is discip-i llne. . ,. S. S. R. is also included and com- parison made with the labor con- ditions in the United States. To combat the Communistic influ- ence in labor unions seven sug- gestions are set forth which will no doubt rid the unions of any such influence if followed. (Paul- ist Press, Price 5c). The Ideal Paflshloner By Rev. John S. Spence. 'must, therefore, have made provi- sion that their authority should be passed on to others and trans- mitted down the whole line of their successors, so that, in every generation, the rulers of the Church could say: "Our authority is the authority of the apostles, for we are one with them by ]aw- ful succession." That the apos- tles did, in fact, elect others to assist them in their work is plain from the Scriptures; that they went further and made definite provision for their succession dur- ing all time can be readily proved from the writings of the Fathers of the Church. But Christ in giving the apostles authority over His Church did not make them independent of one another: He made them a united body with St. Peter at their head. He built His Church on St. Peter as on a supporting rock; from St. Peter, therefore the other apostles derived their strength; they be- longed to the Church by belonging to St. Peter. To St. Peter He gave the keys of the Kingdom of Heav- en; and to him also He gave His own office of Good Shepherd. "Feed my lambs," He said to him, "feed my sheep," which shows that as He, Christ, had been the one and only Shepherd, so now St. Peter was to be the one and only Shepherd in His place, with authority over all, including his brother apostles, the one supreme Pastor to whom all should listen and whom all should obey. The apostolic authority, there- fore, was centered in St. Peter by Christ Himself. And St. Peter's authority has been held by his suc- cessors, the Roman Pontiffs, and is held by one of them, Pope Pius XI, today. (Here we may remark !in passing that it is an historical i fact no longer disputed, that no episcopal see in the world at the present day except the See of Rome is linked in unbroken suc- cession to an apostle.) As the apos- tles formed a united body under the Primacy of St. Peter, and ex-i eretsed their authority in sub-i mission to his, so too the bishops! of the Church form a united body under the Primacy of St. Peter's successor, the Pope. No bishop can be a member of the Church or re- tain apostolic authority, unless he be in communion with the suc- cessor of St. Peter. Apostolicity, therefore, belongs to the One Holy, Rordan, Catholic Church, and to it alone. In the words of St. An- selm: "Where Peter is, there is the Church." A well written little pamphlet that deals with every ordinary duty of the parishioner. Every member of the parish should read this little booklet and then com- pare himself with the Ideal Par- ishioner. (Paulist Press, Price 5c) Induigenced Prayers and Ejacu- lations. A collection of indulgenced prayers and ejaculations from ap- proved sources. Preceding the col- lection is a short explanation of the indulgence and history and i practice of the indulgence. (Paul-! ist Press, Price 5c). Communism Our Common En- emy, by Thomas J. Feeney, S. J. A three point indictment against Communism as the common en- emy of every true American. The three points of' the indictment are as follows: (1) Communism in its atheistic content contradicts the universal experience of all man- kind, pre-Christian and Chris- tian; (2) Communism destroys national morality; (3) Commu- nism, containing within itself, as it does, the very principle of dis- integration, would foist upon our country a set of false and revolu- tionary educational values Pre- ceding the development of the three points is a short description of the Communist Organization in the United States, how they are divided and the address of the different district headquarters. Also some comment is made on immense volume of literature pub- lished by the Communistic presse in this country. Study Club Ques- tions are at the end of each divi- sion of the pamphlet and will make interesting discussions at meetings. (Queen's Work, price 10c). OF THOUGHT- AMBITION $ $ $ * $ * $ * * $ But wild ambitions lC slide, not stand And Fortune's ice pre virtue's hand.Drydel From stainless snow moor below The heart like the br a warning mission: The buried dream in sluggish stream Is the golden sand young ambition. O'Reilly. Ambition is a plot to thing for nothing.--O'Mt Ambition is the mind's esty.--Davenant. Man was marked A friend in his treat himself, And may, with fit conceive, The greatest blessings highest honors Appointed for him, if achieve them The right and noble WJ --Ma00 ! Accurst an/ How dearly I have bert Black ambition strains lic cause.Pope. Ambition's monstrous st does increase By eating, and it fe starve, unless It still may feed, and sees devour; Ambition is not tir'd wl nor cloy'd with power Da Heaven still with laugll vain tqil surveys, And buries madmen heaps they raise.Pc My little soul may read] As yonder blue and star, For God, Who sees the i ness of me will stool down and raise me derly.--J. A. in Ave Catholics In American Hist, JEAN-BAPTISTE BIEI Bienville was the fot New Orleans, and the f ernor of Louisiana. He : cessful as a military lead an administrator and o He recognized that the: and soil of Louisiana was to the cultivation of sugar tobacco and rice, and th prospered under his le Although he had served l try faithfully and well years, he was recalled to under a cloud of censure $ died. His father was one of settlers in Canada. Htl brothers also distinguishe selves in the early hist Louisiana. He explored ritory near the mouth of t sissippi River and founde tlements at old Biloxi, wg lowing his brother's deatt Came governor. He cond expedition against the Nat dians and completed the of Fort Rosalie, for whic decorated with the Cros Louis. Desiring a location in tile and convenient territol solved to move the head of the colony from Bilo site that is now New Orl left 50 persons to clear and build houses, after " seat of government wa there. When war broke tween France and Spair several expeditions ags Spanish at Pensacola an country bordering on t Grande. When peace was rester French and German im began to arrive, and th prospered. He led two tions against the Chick dians, the first of which in disaster. This campail his military and officia He was born in Montreal, in 1680, and died in Paris in 1767. (N. C. W. C. Featur