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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
January 6, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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January 6, 1923

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FIVE " that eethia is more that Catholic paperS should have so that every every day good read- and warns, and mad promotes the Chris- JS, PP. XV A C4tholic Paper is a PerletrUal Mission,-- LI Poxe Leo XIII. 'rhe Guardian" in qver7 home---our Motto. 7 The Official Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock Arkansas ST. JOSEPH'S ORPHANAGE SPECIAL FOR NOT FOR A WORKERS FAMILY University President, A, Garfiehl of Wi,liams Col- C. Dept. of Social Action} D. C.--AI unskilled be paid enough to sup- but not enough to sup- and chihh'en. Dr. Harry President of Williams former fuel administra- to have declared when similar remarks He should not get ad, if he does, let his wife Work and let them have no Neither society nor the un- Worker, himself, needs his Dr. Garfield. as Homeless OVer ten million unskiil- in the various Ameri- according to recent estimates. These ten rail- condemns to home- as they remain un- to his view, they tnarried only if their wives and after mar- should have no children. Wives Work ' of the miners and over Work for wages in the are unskilled half of the men in manufacturing and me- are unskilled. Ac- Garfield they should to support them- marry let their wives let them have no chil- three industries there aillion unskille men. gt only enough to sup- Yes; neither they them- society as a whole needs according to Dr. Gar- i r d SAVED FROM BURNING BOAT PASSENGERSs3IVE THANKS IN PASSENGERS OF THE S.S. "CITY OF HONOLULU," which burned 700 miles out on the Paci c and became e total wreck, were picked up by a U. S. transport. They attended a Mass of Thanksgiving celebrated on deck by Chaplain Quinn. (International Newsreel.) FOOT i TO Influence Japanese 1 Unique Mission Work As if not enough human ills had flown out of Pandora's box when the lid was opened, Dr. Charles Cross, of Because of Traditio-n San Francio, United States physi- elan during the war in Chicago, at- tending the fifth annual convention of Physical Therapeutists, at the La Salle hotel, announcing a brand new afflic- tion--"automobile foot." Automobile foot is caused, declared Dr. Cross, by the driver holding the foot for prolonged periods on the ac- celerator button. The lesion thus formed is usually located at the sec- Marry industry calls for of unskilled work- sOne will never be able or semi-skilled work as saying that a large should never be paid and have oh,l- saying, that get married, end toe. The motorist may feel dis- 0, they .. l tress in his foot. long before he knows hDuld pracuce]- what is the matter with 'him. Sensa- Unskilled [ tines of pain occur across the ball of the foot, alternately increasing and decreasing until it attracts alarm. "Wearing pointed shoes," declared the physician, "causes the bones in the foot to fold over each other. In this weakened condition a sudden, forceful pushing of the clutch pedal with the left, or a similar application of the right to the foot brake, may be the first cause of automobile foot." OREGON VOTE IS BUT MATTER OF SOCIALISM industry there are I "skilled male work- t aSsed as skilled. The'; Cials and managers : If the 551,290 un-[ In the industry all their I trt of them can ever I ed class because there I 'them In the trans- I ry there are 1,522,9911 WOrkers and only 1,- at work in the in- impossible for to become other Orkers ..... I (By N. C. W. C. News Service) [ washington, t. ., tJec. 18.Oregon Degene--. I bigots selected 1926 as the date in =:;kegrs ae de [which anti-Catholic school legislation " " would be effective because of their' be- to the position lief that by that time several other far below the point States would have ranged themselves for a family. The BOard established an cents an hour for un,- the railroads and de- tect the standard for Other industries. This if they can work hours each. It is only eek higher than the Women mercantile trict of Columbia, a a single woman against private schools, according to the Most Rev. Michael J. Curley, Archbishop of Baltimore, in an ad- dress before the District of Columbia Chapter of the International Federa- tion of Catholic Alumnae. "The) are trying to drive us out by legislation," said Archbishop Curley, speaking of the Ctholic school sys- tem. ,It is State socialism, State pa- ternalism; destructive of our whole system of government. In Oregon the laws effectiveness is put off for four years in order that the same law may be passed in other States where we are weak. In four years they will have created an atmosphere on which they will depend for a favorable de- cision from the Supreme Court. This is no't a fight for Oregon alone, but a fight for our whole system of educa- tion throughout the United States." Archbishop CurTey said that able PAT o to read but was as He lived on a farm the post office. Call- "hen in town the there was a letter for him but there on it. for me; I can't read accommodated Pat. lawyers failed to see how the law kee ...... could be tested before it went into ef- p ne, t,. . IeCt. t. Le the Govern-I .... ts'" I he atient teacher was trying to G"ian i: Eve hTw  : small boy how to read with ry [ expression. GROWTH OF THE FAITH IN COUNTRY WHICH DECLARED ITS EXTERMINATION .... UNKNOWN LAND UNTIL PERRY'S DAY. Aboard the Koiea Maru.Because of the controlling influence of Japan over Asia's pagan millions, too many missionaries and too much mission help cannot be rushed to the decisive battle with paganism in that country, The character of mission work in Japan is umque. In'spite of civil re- ligious liberty, there is no pagan land in which the whole atmosphere of the country is so impregnated with the tradition of persecution. In Nagasaki, for example, as I described in my last letter, the most popular of the civic festivals is the anniversary of the so- called destruction of the Christians. The Christians there are practically all the descendants of martyrs and confessors. In fact there are many still living who actually suffered for the faith in the last persecution of 1870-72. The first European to mention Jap- an was Marco Polo, the great Catho- lic traveler, who, with his father and brother penetrated the court of the emperor Kublai Khan, the great Mon- gol ruler, who gave them letters to the Pope requesting Christian mis- sionaries for China. Marco Polo be- came the governor of Yang-Chow in China, on which twenty-seven cities were dependent and remained with Kublai Kahn for twentyfive years. He mentions Japan in his epoch-making book, which opened a new world to Europe and was one of the volumes that inspired Columbus to t forth on his voyage of discovery. The first known ;uropeans to visit Japan were the Portugue in 1543. The first to preach the Gospel there was St. Francis Xavier in 1549. In two and a half years he made ahnost 3,000 converts and organized the Jes- uit Mission. In 1562 the Japanese Catholics sent. an Embassy to the Pope. In 1595, the Dominican, Au- gustinian and Franciscan Missions were begun. After forty years of peace a bloody persecution started. It lasted - fifty years. All the churches, holy books and images were destroyed and all the missionaries 'were banished or killed. In 1640 a law was made forbidding any Christian, under pain of death, to set foot in Japan and cutting off the Empire from the rest bf h world. it was an unknown lan until our own American Commodore Perry ar- rived in 1853. Townsend Harris, the first American Ambassador, proclaim- ed Japan's first treaty with the out- aide world on the Fourth of July, 1859. Other nations imitated us. On March 17th, 1865, a priest of the Paris Foreign Mission Society dis- covered thousands of Japanese Cath- olics who had secretly kept the Faith for 285 years, without Priest, Church, Bible or Crucifix. From them has grown the present Catholicity of Ja-I pan with an Apostolic Delegate, an Archbishop and several Bishops, Japanese Priests, Brothers and Sis- ters, five orders of Religious men, sev- en orders of Religious women, and two foreign nfissionary societies. 30,000 Catholics Amidst the 60,000,000 Japanese, there are 80,000 Japanese Catholics, standing up for the Faith of their fathers and the Faith of our fathers, with the odds against them 800 to I. They have several charitable insti- tutions and excellent Catholic high schools for their boys and girls. In 1908, Pope Plus X sent the Je  uits to establish the Catholic Univer- sity in Tokyo, to train up Catholic leaders, lay .and clerical, for the new Japan. In 1919, the Japanese government / declared that as this university secur- ed an endowment of 00,000, it would' be legally recognized on an equal  footing with the Imperial universities. This will put the Catholic Church in the front rank of Japanese education. The Archbishop of Tokio and the Rev. Mark J. McNeal, S. J., an Amer- ican priest who is well kamwn to read- ers of the N. C. W. C. News Service, met us on' our a|Tivai at Yokohama. We were first taken to the College of the Brothers of Mary and our visit there, we felt, recompensed us for our inability to visit St. Louis University in Honolulu. The Japanese have a keen appreciation of the benefits of atholic education and when we arriv- ed in Tokio we found a thriving in- stitution in the Catholic University of Japan, in the interest of which Father McNeal toured the United States re- cently. Here we had our first touch of the romance of Catholic history in Japan, for the altar boys who served (Continued on page 4Q) MID.OCEAN POWER OF KINDNESS The power of kindness cannot be measured in mere words. Father Fa- ber used to .say: "It is probable that noman ever had a kind action done to him, who did not in consequence commit a sin less than he would oth- erwise have done." Here is a thought to bear in mind, and to act upon when the opportunity offers-- which is likely to be any hour  of the day. The same holy mind gave ex- lression to a beautiful picture of an- gels moving about among them, pre- venting sin, and of the action of God's "grace on the soul, displacing sin and filling its place. In addition to these saving influences, Father Faber con- ceived a third. He says: "But together with grace and the angels there is a thixl band of dimin- utive figures which are flittering ev- erywhere, making gloomy men cease to groan, lighting up hope in the eyes of the dying, sweetening the hearts of the poor. They seem to have a strange power. Men listen to them who have been deaf to the pleading of angels. They gain admittance into hearts before the doors of which grace has lost its patience and gone away. They are the acts of kindness which are daily enrolled in God's service from the rising to the setting of the sun. And this is one of the works they do in souls:--to lessen the num- ber of sins. There are few gifts more precious to a soul than to make its sins fewer. It is in our power to do this almost daily, and smrmtimes often in a day, by acts of kindness." THE CURSE OF GOSSIP Asa G. Chandler, who bought for a few dollars the prescription for a pleasant drink concocted by an Atlan- I I ta soda fore'in boy and then made I millions from it, wrote his fiancee love I letters in wMch he expressed his am-i bit, on to work for the upbuilding of society, for the weak an d the poor in particular. r Gossip got busy with a story about the woman and the engalement was broken. Newspapers rushed to get the details. The woman plans a dam- age suit against Chandler and says she will give the money she wins to charity. The tongue f gossip is as poisonous as ever. It has toppled thrones and dynasties as well as little love affairs. TOPICAL PROGRAM Joe: "What's n the Radio concert program ?" Moe: Concert in A minor." Joe: "Probably MLsa's in the coal- ed, coaled ground." MAREDSOUS ABBEY, A RESTORATION OF- MIDDLE AGES ART Home of Monks Who Have Done Much to Restore Best in Church Music. By Rev. J. Van der Heyden (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Louvain--Sonm ten miles from Dinant, the pretty and pictu  esque Belgian town of the Meuse sacked at the outbreak of the war, the _. traveler's curiosity is aroused by a stately group of bulldogs rising from a high plateau, amtl green fields skirted by woods. It is a convent of cour:;e? But why a convent in this solitude, upon these ntountain heights. And such a convent! a church, like a cathedral, two hundred and forty feet in length and flanked by twin mas- sive towers, which forms one wing of a quadrangular block; and still other large constructions in the immediate vicinity. It all bears the stamp of mixed Inodrernism and antiquity-- Gothic arches, pointed arises; grey s'cone throughout that contrasts with the gt, een of the landscape all around. Cradle of Monasticism The site and the edifices thereupon suggest glimpses of Monte Cassino, the Italian cradle of Western monas- ticism. It is in fact the home of a hun- dred and more black Benedictine monks, who, like their holy founder, love to send forth from the heights their supplications to the Most High. Their Fathers in God came thither fif- ty y.ears ago---the anniversary was celebrated last week--from Beuron in Germany. They were led by Father Placidus Welter, their first Abbot. He was succeeded by" a Belgian, Doe . Hildebrand de Hemptime, himself fol- lowed b.,,, the present Abbot, Doe Co- lumba Marmion, a son from the Green Isle of Saints and a worthy emulator . of those Irish monks who, in the sev- enth and eighth centuries, evangelized the Low Countries. Through his .as- cetical works on "Christ the Life of the Soul" and "Christ in His Myste- ries," he makes the Soverign Lord of all things better beloved by the ever increasing circles of |aders in the French tongue, in wldeh they were originally written, and the half dozen other languages into which they have been translated. A Remarkable Masterpiece The Abbey of Maredsous, which the "Catholic Encyclopedia" says is "one of the finest and most remarkable masterpieces produced in Belgium by the movement fr the restoration of architectural art of the Middle A-'s" 4[.  , was the gift of two Macaenas, intense lovers of true Christian art, the Des- clee Brothers. '" Whilst the buildings are a lesson and an inspiration even to the casual, passers-by, the lessons taught by the monks within have been echoed throughout the world. They have had a transcending share in giving back to church music its appropriate ecclesias- tical character and in reawakening among the faithful love for litur$/cal prayer. In Maredsous both are culti- vated with a precision and splendor that has for years drawn to that holy  solitude visitors from all corners of the Catholic world and has made the religious vublications that have gone forth from this beehive of learned monks authoritative among the sav- ants as well as edifying to the gen- eral public. Namur Abbey "" Belgium is particularly grateful to the lone Abbey upon the Namur - mountains for two elaustral schools whose influence is felt in two widtly different spheres; for a select, classi- cal college frequented by the scans o 2he nobility and for a sehoO2 .:or artis  tie trades in which children o the working classes find competent train- . ing along Christian lines,  in' wood carving, tapestry making and the gold and silversmith art. the magnanimous sdul of its second abbot, Doe Hildebrand,' called him to Rome and charged him with the elkb- oration of the plans for the Interna- tional Benedictine College whose har- mogtious lines now crown the Avert-  (Continued on page 40) r/"