Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
January 6, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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January 6, 1923

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Page Fourteen THE GUARDIAN ./4 CHIEF MALADY OF NATION DISCLOSED BY MSGR. J. F. NOLL Spirit Of Racial and Religions Iutol- erance Harbinger ef De- cadence (By N. C. W. C. NewsService) Huntington, Ind., Oct. 10.--The fol- lowing address on religious intoler- ance was given by the Rt. Rev. J, F. Noll for a local radio broadcasting station: "The cry which goes up from mil- lions of throats in a score of nations today is Teace, peace,' but the cruel answer which the cry ever provokes is 'There is no peace.' People Anxious "During the past decade the people of the world have become so inured to war and to the tolls of war, that they could endure a little longer the delay of the return of peace, if only they had assurance that it would re- turn within a reasonable time. But the signs in every country on earth point both to new conflicts from With- out, and to ever-widening dissensions from within. "France and England; France and Germany; England and Ireland; Tur- key and Greece, are mutually un- friendly. Hungary is surrounded by enemies; Czecho-Slovakia is envied by five contiguous States, and its hetero- genous peoples will not remain at peace; JugoSlavia is a composite of races which will" no} mix; Poland and Germany have serious differences; the Croats nd Slovenes will not assimil- ate witl the Serbs; Austria is already in her death throes; Russia's turmoil is  known the world over. Nation's Chief Malady. "Our own Columbia, though far re- . I moved from the disorders of Europe, and in no imminent danger of attack from without, is nevertheless, seeth- ing with disorder and 'hate: The war- fare between Capital and Labor,is not  the mst serious of our dividing forces. The strife between the wet and dry elements; the ever-increas- ing taxes; the unrest because of the high cost of living; the strikes; all these are less subversive of peace and tranquility than the growing spirit of racial and religious intolerance, pro- moted by a dozen different groups of men under the guise of patriotism. Yes, the persecution of our own coun- trymen on racial or religious grounds, so pronounced at this moment, is our country's greatest malady now and the Harbinger of her decadence. Pagan Rome's decline began when she instituted a religious warfare The Near East was progressive until the government made religion its own af- fair. The iQtroduetion of religion by force in Gee'many and England, pro- voked a Thirty Years' War in the former, and the "most unjust penal laws in the latter country., Sad Blots on History "The aim to retain one religion by force inspired the Spanish Inquisition against Protestants, and the English inqmsxtlon agamst Cathohcs, both sad blots on history. 'Religion or no re- . . . y g of the trouble in the old Bible lands. 'No religion at all' is the war-cry of e Russian Bolshevist, of the*powers at' be in Mexico, Central America, ....  and elsewhere. In our own country - . the cry is ?down with the Catholics, dow with the Jews. Close their in- stitutions; keep their members out of public office.' This, despite the fa& that the very first amendment added to the Constitution of the United States reads 'Congress shall nake no law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exer- cise thereof." Our "E Plurlbus Unum." ' "Germany, France, England, Italy, and other countries, harbor a hofno- genous population, primarily, with on- ly a few important religious groups. Not so the United States. All nations and all religions are represented in our midst. The declaration of wisdom of our forefathers, and their proud ambition was to make 'E pluribus unum.' Our far-seeing statesmen frnWt 1 Washington to Lincoln, and from Lin- coln to Roosevelt, warned the people I that racial and religious intolerance alone would prevent a happy union of all races and creeds; #and their judg- ment was correct. Some Un:Ameriean Movements "There exists today a tendency for organizations, which have no govern- mental connection as such, to sponsor movements 'patriotic' in theory, but utterly un-American in fact, not only because they shatter the unity and harmony, upon which peace and friendly co-operation depend, but also because they purpose to have Consti- tutional, yes, even inalienable rights, which are guaranteed to all citizens, denied to certain groups towards which they entertain prejudices. See how they sin against the Constitu- tion of the United States, which be- gins with this thesis: 'We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish jus- tice, insure tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves, and posterity, do ordain anc establish this Constitu- tion for the United States of Ameri- ca/ Despicable and Treasonable "Therefore, even to lend encourage- ment to those who would sever 'the more perfect union' and disturb 'do- mestic tranquility' is the antithesis of Americanism, and open rebellion against the attitude of the Fathers of this great Republic. To scheme for disunion in stcret, to create new or- ganizations for the purpose of divid- ing people locally or nationally on re- ligious or racial grounds, is as despic- able as it is treasonable. Erroneous Assumptions "Justification for religmus or polit- ical persecution is sought in the as- sumption that Catholics, for instance, owe allegiance to a foreign ruler, and that, therefore, their genuine Ameri- canism is questionable; and in the fur- ther assumption that they conduct a school system of their own, and that, therefore, their members are not co- operating for an undivided citizenry. These assumptions are erroneous, and therefore the conclus;on is unwarrant- ed. The allegiance demanded of gov- ernment is that which people owe to Caesar; the allegiance demanded of the Church is that which they owe to God. Christ Himself prescribes both, and every form of religion recognizes the distinction between civil and spir- itual allegiance. Every Catholic would resent, as much as his Protestant i neighbor, any interference with the United States government on the part of Rome, or any interference with his own politics. Professional Patriots "Be not deceived by professional patriots of the 100 per cent type, for there is much truth in the adage that ,patriotism is the last refuge of the scoundrel.' Be not deceived by the self-styled Guardians of Liberty, for there is much truth in the lament, Oh Liberty, what crimes have been com- mitted in thy name!' "Our Declaration of Independence is founded on man's natural 'Bill of Rights.' Our country's constitution, if scrupulously observed, will unite in- to one vast choir the congeries of race and religious groups to sing as with one voice 'My country 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.' "Let harmony, and not discord, be our watchword; and where ,'harmony is now broker,, let it be tnended by face to face friendly conferences be- tween dissonant elements, with all the cards on the table. No other way is effectual." P Y GEO. H. M FADDEN & BRO S, AGENCY W. L. OATES, Agent i i i i ii if ii i M WE OUTFIT THE FAMILY--- OUR LARGE STOCKS ARE COMPLETE ---We cater to the .Clothing and Accessory needs of every member of the family. You will invariably find our prices the lowest consistent with high quality. We have every- thing yQu need at a prie you'll want to pay. JACOB BLASS & SONS Immediately Next Door to Boyle Building 504-506 Main Street GREAT PERSONALITIES OF CATHOLIC CHURCH ISABELLA THE CATHOLIC (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Isabella the Catholic, Queen of Ca- tile and consort of Ferdinand of Ara- gon on the throne of Spain, is one of the most remarkable women of all history. She united a brilliant intellect and deep erudition with virtues of piety and domestic economy in such a man- ner that she was not alone a mighty force in the reconquest of Spain and its glorification as an empire, but a leader in cultural movements, a pat- ron of arts and letters, and a staunch defender of the faith. Despite these activities she found time to rear care- fully her five children and to attend to her household duties in a manner that made her a model for Spanish housewives. It is related that she mended one doublet for her husband the king as many as seven times. Isabella was the daughter of John II, King of Castile, and Isabella of Portugal, and was born in Madrigal de la Altos Tortes on April 22, 1451. She was brought up carefully and piously by her mother until the age of thirteen, when her brother Henry IV took Isabella, together with her brother the Infante Alfonso, to the court, on the pretext of completing her education, but in reality, it is said, to prevent the two royal children from serving as a standard around which the nobles, discontented at Henry's imbecility, might rally. They did rally around Alfonso, but were de- feated at Olmedo and the Infante died, it is believed by poison, on July 5, 1468. Refuses to Take Crown The nobles sought to secure the crown for Isabella, but she refused it, declaring that never while her brother lived would she accept the title of Queen. Henry named Isabella as his heir on September 19, 1468. Isabella had chosen Ferdinand of Aragon for her husband as early as 1465, but Henry made repeated at- tempts to induce her to give her hand to other nobles, of whom more than a dozen were aspirants to her favor. These included Don Carlos, Prince of Viana, whose sudden death terminated and who constituted a menace to the I ors to protect the India i Henry's negotiations; Don Pedro Gi- peace and unity of Spain, were ex- gard them as they did ron, Richard of Gloucester, a brother pelled. of Ftwar{l IV of England, and the Duke of Guinne, brother of Louis XI of France. Marries Ferdinand Isabella finally married Ferdinand, who had been proclaimed King of Sicily and heir of the Aragonese mon- archy, in 1469. On the death of Hen- ry she was proclaimed Queen of Cas- tile. Immediately a powerful move- ment was set on foot to gain the crown for Henry's presumptive daugh- ter, Joan, commonly called "La Bel- traneja," and a war lasting five years, and ending with the peace of 1479, broke out between Spain and Portu- gal. At the end of the conflict a double alliance was arranged, I,a Bel- traneja abandoning her claims and taking the veil in the monastery of Santa Clara at Coimbra. Ferdinand had, meanwhile, succeed- ed to the throne of Aragon and thus a definitive union of the two countries was brought about under the two It monarchs to whom Alexander VI gave the title of "Catholic," still borne by the monarchs of Spain. Ferdinand and Isabella held equal authority in the kingdom. Inquisition The monarchs immediately set about to secure thci position by re- straining the power of the noble. This they did by the establishment of a permanent military force intended to m protect the people against the en- eroachments of the nobility, by the in- auguration of an improved and proper- ly ordered administration of justice, by abolishing the right of coining money and revoking extravagant grants made to the nobles and demolishing their castles. To preserve the purity [] of the faith and religious unity It against the intrigues of the Jews, who were employing the influence of their wealth to pervert Christians, the king and queen solicited of Pope Sixtus IV the establishment of the Inquisition. The government being strengthened at home, the monarchs turned their at- tention to reconquering the territory wrested from Spain by the Mussel- roans and Granada, the last stronghold of the Moors, fell on January 2, 1492. Three months later the Jews, whose cities had admitted the Mussehnans, DIAMONDS WATCHES JEWELRY F. F. FARLEY Manufacturing Jeweler 403 Main Street Little Rock, Ark. i , ., [] [] , [] THE ALLSOPP & CHAPPLE BOOK STORE ,r Books, Stationery, Office and School Supplies 307.309 Main Street, Little Rock, Ark. i i MASSERY'S UNION LAUNDRY GEORGE MASSERY, Manager Seventh "and Victo Streets Telephone 92' , [] DeLuxeCandy Kitchen HOME ADE CANDIES Telephone 4-3269 Corner Sixth and Main Streets Little Rock, Ark. 4 ",' , :,_ [] Phone 4-2675 ACME STORAGE & MOVING CO. 609-611 West Markham, Little Rock, Ark. GEORGE F. MACFADDEN, Manager Estimates Furnished on Packing and Shipping of Household Goods and'Office Furniture [] ', , ., , , l I ' ' ' F. W. WOOLWORTH COMPANY Five and Ten Cent Goods, Specialties, Etc. 400-2 Main Street, Little Rock, Ark. [] . |,, . While carrying on the war against the Moors, Queen Isabella was be- sought on behalf of Christopher Co- lumbus for his project of reaching the Indies by sailing west. With means procured for him by the King and Queen he fitted out three caravels and discovered the new world. Isabella was not only the protect- ress of Columbus, but she took a vital interest in the American aborig- inies, and in 1503 organized the Sec- retariate of Indian Affairs, which had to do largely with the protection of the Indians against the ill-treatment of colonists. She charged her success- V. PIAZZA SHOE MANUFACTURERS 5f Washington, D. C. REPAIRING A SPECIALTY A Trial Will Convince You of My Work anship 319 West Markham St., Little Rock jects and she pointed out in Moroccoa duty which t can question has brought tention of the world today. When already a grown devoted herself to the she was an eager and her Castilian has a standard by the Academy. Before her she had the happiness Golden Era nmnufactures developed, and navigation increased s of new discoveries ing and peace and religio achieved. Bradford Drug Company The House of Quality ])hones 4-0227, 4-0218. 209 West Second Street J.Z. Math:s, President and Manager F. L. INGRAM WM. SIMPSON R.H. W. H. FLAUTT Little Rock, Ark. Pine Bluff, Memphis, Tenn. WM. SIMPSON CO]TON COMPANY Not Incorporated Little Rock, Ark. 'fclephone 4-4493 Long Distance 111 Mackay MERCHANTS TRANSFER COMPANY Quick and Safe Transportation of Raih')ad Freight, u Household Goods, Handling of Safes, Machinery and All Other Articles WHOLESALE AND RETAIL COAL Phone 4-0216 and 4-0217 Office: No. 17 E. 118-120 W, Fourth Street . [] The World Moves, So Does-- ROESCH STORAGE COMPANY Furniture Packed and Stored Carpets Cleaned and Laid 917-91.9 E. Sixth I [], [], BUSH-CALDWELL COMPANY Full Lines of Athletic Equipment and Sporting GoOds Wholesale and Retail Little Pianos, Player-Pianos and Talking Machines HOPKINS-WOOLFOLK PIANO COMPANY : 313 West Capitol Avenue. Phone 21401"' Little Rock, Arkansas | , , .,,, Compliments of NORTON-BERGER SHOE COMPANY Little Rock, Ark. Electrical Grinding of Razors, Clippers, Shears, Surgical Instruments. Expert Grinders LITTLE ROCK BARBER'S sUPPLY Phone 4-1432 108-110 North Main Street Little Barber and Beauty Parlor Supplies. Complete Line of lery of All Kinds. Tonics, Facial Creams, Shampoo Grade Soaps. Blue Steel Razors, $3.00 Compliments of INTER-STATE JOBBING COMPANY Little Rock, Ark. C. METRAILER FINE SHOE REPAIRING All Work Guaranteed Phone 4-5736 1206 LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS [] W. T. GRANT COMPANY DEPARTMENT STORES 28:30 West 23rd Street - New Nork City