Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
January 6, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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January 6, 1923

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Page Twelve THE GUARDIAN least can be removed by education, leading'to a better grasp of common social needs and aims.. Radical organ- izations have devoted a great deal of time and energy for sortie years past to day and evening classes where the worked may acquire a bet[er insight Into the pr9blems that affect him, his employment, his wages, his means and opportunities of advancement. Quite naturally, at their hands, he has been the victim f a one-sided p'ese:tation of social problems. He has been in- doctr.inated with radical views, radical propaganda, radical statistics. And LABOR NEEDTS00 EDUCATION -" FIGHT AND SET ARIGHT THE SOCIAL WRONGS OF WORLD J. B. (A_ I,LMANS in "America." quences, seenfifigly unaware of the The millennium of social peace will makes every capitalist a tyrant and odiou in'usice of .... never dawn upon the world. Social j every worker a victim. The former . J : ms .ac.L cynically wrOngs 'will exist always They will is sometimes quite powerless to bring c mntenanced by.a majomty. 'Ihere are otner examples in abundance to have to be fought and set aright. Yet 'about desirable changes, and the lat- [prove a keen sen, e t," "  ..... much of our discontent and strife pro- ter is the victim only of'his b'lser , ' .. . ,' .;..1 ]m.uce m mcK- .... ing all oo n'equently. ceeds from lack of knowledge or from instincts. We are prone to c(ulone misumlerstanding. And that much at labor's excesses on the plea that they Modern Industry. are the unavoidable consequence of the still worse excesses of capitalism, Study of Conditions. rot.argument wouhi lead logically to this conclusion: that as long a., cap- italism does not reform its rneflmtl. and its ways, whicll reform is m the indefinite future, lalor need not look too closely at its own metimds o self- defense. This is an obviously vicious I circle. It establishes lhe jungle mw ] oI might and in fraught with awful possibilities. Reform must start somewhere. And if it is to start with the workers they must broaden their he becomes a formidable adversary for h ......... views and cease to follow blind prece- is less enlignene neignoor 'WhO is I 1  -,,-^ ..^.^ o,.m  .... - -. - ....... . , t ens. ln w,.u, o,,,,..,, ,... to look satmneo o let things take their . ...... ]with a clear, steady eye beyond the course; or wo s qmsatmzled himself, t .... . ....... ,, . ,, narrow sphere o nls own cra ab c.n- but does not know where to look for Idition s' a remedy that does not violate his con- ', . ,.as they are The very fact ---" .... - - ... + .... lum au around him there are men, - scxence ano ye Will oring resmts In . _a,,:__ [once m the same subordinate pomtmn bettenng his e,mnmn. . I that he is In, who, by labor and thrift Must Start From Bottom. and foresight, have risen in the world Too many l&bol# reform movements of great promise begin and end in the iaress or on the platform. It is well enough they should begin there so as to secure a hearing from the lmgest possible number of laborers. But it is a pity that they shouhi end there for lack of trained, intelligent work- ers to carry tem through a practical application. Real social reforms mostly start from the bottom, among the rank and file of those who have been the long suffering victims of in- justice and oppression, and at last make a concerted effort to throw off the galling yoke. Not always can tlse upheavals be guided and con- trolled by leaders of sober judgment able to command a following. Radical agitators are well aware of this. And modern Russia is a significant ex- emplification of the fact. That those who stand or moral re- form and qrderly evolution in our so- cial life shall have to pay much more attention than they have done here- tofore o the education of tle working classes in all that pertains to their pesent problems and their future wel- fmte seem quite evident.. And it ca best be done in workers' classes or people's high schools organized for this very purpose. Only a bare out- line can here be given of the topics that need tudy and elucidation. Ex- perience will necessarily suggest oth- QI'|. Prone to Condone Labor. The first fact to realize in any fruitful discussion of economic re- forms is that employes are in'the t'ip of a system that cannot be done away and bettered their condition is more than a presumption that society of which he is a part is not rascally out of joint. At least with us wealth antl social position are not any one's ex- clusive birthright. Besides the pos- session of wealth and money is not the one goal of man's life. Nor is it an indispensable condition of happi- ness. However, the worker is so- lutely and in all justice entitled to an adequate share of them. Principles of Christian Ethics. L{ere the principles of Christian ethics, upon which alone a fruitful and permanent system of social" wel- fare can be founded, should form the fundamental course in a 'workers' school. The end of nmn attained by free will, the moral order and its anc- tion, natural law and positive law, the rights and duties of the individual to- wards life, liberty of work, of opinion, af conscience, towards property and ownership, towards the family and the tate, should be briefly treated, but emphasized sufficiently to dispel the hazy notions that confuse so many minds and leave them without clear guidance, especially where the direc- tive power of,religion is lacking. To criticize unduly or to advertize the human shortcomings of labor is futile and harmful. Yet to take an u.,Just view, to acquiesce in an ufijust view, or to act upon an unjust view of any one or any policy because-'labor may be benefited thereby, is contrary to conscience, to Divine law, to morality: Ultimately it always reacts upon the worker. It produces the capitalist who is ever ready to fight unionism to the last ditch. And it produces t]i'e with overnight, except by a successful capitalist who never fights, yet al- revolution, the system ot capital and ways has his way; he"has found that labor, mutually antagonistic, not of itis easier to buy a'few union leaders neqessity but as a matter of fact. to whom ready money means more :Every sporadic outlreak of violence than principle. With an obliquity of judgnient that he thinks Justified by the circumstances he deems it better gives rise to a,more rOr less copious outp6uring, of sentlmentalisnl that q u S/BID00S & COMPANY China, Glassware and Toys Wholesale and Reail Crockery, Glassware Hotel and Restaurant Supplies Open Stock Dinnerware, Cut Glass and Fancy China, I)olls, Toys and Hodday Goods 408 Main Street Little Rock, Ark. o HOME BOILED HAM SANDWICHES, ALL KINDS , CONFECTIONERY E. R. NOSARI 404 Louisiana Street Phone 4-1661 [.f EAT MORE REAL BREAD Telephone 4-4867 BARNES QUALITY BAKERY we Repair and Rebuild ,xll Kinds of Machinery. Repairs and Supplies for Everything You Use BEN D. SCHA00 MACHINERY COMPANY 301 and 303 East Markham Street Little Rock, Ark. CITIZENS ICE & COLD STORAGE CO. " East Sixth and Thomas Streets Little Rock, Ark, policy to spend a little money, and to make certain of results, than to spend. both time and money and leave the outcome of a fight in doubt. It pro- duces the laborer who will vote to break a contract to force up wages and let his employer take the conse- The next topic that suggests itself for consideration is that of moderv industry in its essential aspects. The purpose of all industry is to gratify men's needs and lnen's pleasure. It iS blade up Of tWO il)]l|()P[,:tI}1 facu)rs: production aud distribu!ion. Produc- tion bvolvcs the gathering of raw ma- terials from numerous sources and their conversion into articles f,r the 'use of man. No individual, no n:utter how able or thrifty, can produce even a sall part of he many articles he requires for himself and for the mem- bers of his family. F.rdm different parts of the country and of the world raw materials must be brought to- gether, and that in itself is a task of tremendous proportions, involving al- ready a large trade and commerce. The interdependence of ull modern industrial enterprises is so great that scarcely any of them can suffer or stagnate without the fact being re- flected in many others. The influence of international tariffs, international disturbances, international exchange, on all industry and commerce, is al- ways extensive, and often little kmwn to the workers whose condition is most affected by it. Money Standard. The worker ignores the cause, but feels the effect, beca'use of the more or less money he can'earn in conse- quence. We all judge the value of things by a money standard. Yet money in itself has no value. I .c- quires value in so far as it can be l used in exclmnge for labor, raw or fin- ished goods. It is the easiest mecfium of exch'ange and is therefore taken in return for work or for the products of work. It can be used in turn to buy other men's work or the product of their work. Idle men and idle easily make more enemies than Ifriends" The greater his enlighten- /ment concerning the causes and prob- ]able results of a strike, the less fre- I quently will he fall a victim to un- /scrupulous leaders who sell them- 'selves and their men. Having seth- money are on the same plane. Just: ing to lose, since their salaries go on as the work of employed money rep- even when their men are starving, resented by wages, so is the w6rk of those leaders fail to weigh the out- employed money represented by inter- come anti drive their men into strikes est. Wages and interest, both  to without issue cau-(ng suffering lethe make or to increase capital. Capital workers aud t,o the public a' [-n'ge. [] i,, stored-up labor. Elementary Factors. The elements of all business then are rept'esented by three factors: land with its surface and underground yields, labor and capital.. The ]a, and its wealth are the gifts of the Creator to man. Labor is that truman activity which makes the land yield its wealth. Capital is that which flmkes labor possible and profitable. Capital is money, yet only in so far as this money will remunerate the la- borer and provide him with the tools, the buildings, the machines that allow him o earn through production. Cap- ital iLself is originally the product o' labor and is always dependent upon it for continued usefulness. But labor must be understood to include both physical and mental exertion. Prop- erty rights are based upon the per- sonal efforts expended by a human be- ing in acquiring or developing land and other commodities. By dint of false preachments the right af prop- erty has become so obscured in many mimls that it needs to be stated clear- ly and its foundations justified. Right to Strike. With these essentials of morality, social economy, practical business and trade requirements well understood, the worker is evidently in a better positiofi o defend hls rights and to claim just @ages without taking ad- vantage of emergencies to extort excessive pay. His right to strike is as undeniable as his right to work. By abusing his most formidable weapon, the strike, the laborer may LITTLE ROCK BOILER & IRON WORKS Ed H. Colgan, Proprietor i ARKANSAS TRANSFER COMPANY Ph one" 7131-7132-5516 Compliments of RAY'S LUNCH ROOM 1203 W. Markham SHILLCUTT DRUG COMPANY 1001 W. Markham Phone 145 Little Rock, Ark. POLLACK'S QUALITY CLOTHING STORES General Office, Little Rock, Ark. New Yo,rk Office, 1150 Broadway 511 Main Street Telephone 4-6790 SAFFERSTONE HAT COMPANY Manufacturers and Jobbers " OUR CAP FACTORY--55 E. Eighth St., New York OUR BRANDSClear Felt, Quality, Super Quality HATS, CAPS 124 East Markham St., Little Rock, Ark. Residence Phone 4-3619 OWENS & COMPANY Office Phone 4-1113 #- UNDERTAKERS AND EMBALMERS" Motor Ambulance Service Lady Assistant | i i Open Day,and Night. We Never Sleep 312 Main Street Blind Following of Leaders. Little is to be expected from fol- lowing blindly present union leader- slip. The future of the labor move- men, lies in greater inlel!ectual en- lightenment amon,,..the rank and file of laborer'G and a mucl more thor- ough un(ler:;tandiug and application of the principles of morality involved in get out of the rut, and to the light, and insist on all its dealings no matter The hit-and-miss method an emergency by strike and does away with few to few reforms. The whatever he outcome. capitalist-extortioner and cal labor leader it is driven attitude of de:oairing Tim ranh and tile of labor much to lifL the ,%rike above of a savage private quarrel caDita!ist, when they have and ju.,tice on their side, will- find readier supporl ma:.;cs to help them win quicldy a:d decisively, and this: be:t of all advant:.,ges. O my Lord, I entreat Thee North Little Rock, Arka]nsas labor questions, labor ';trikes anti wage issues. Labor hats been copying capital very closely in its methods. T,ahor has been equally ready with the capitalists to "play the game to the limit," "to get while the getting is good," as the expression goes. Wtmt- ever capitalists may do, labor must D that my whole heart may be and yet consumed as it burning strength and ness of 'Phy crucified love, die for the love o Thy love' h deemer of my soul, as ThoU. signed to (lie for the --St. Bernard. Rose Bud Fletcher Coffee & Spice Company Importers and Roasters HIGH GRADE COFFEES Little Rock, Arkansas Cotton Boll THE ARKANSAS SCHOOL BOOK DEPOSITOR0000 Wholesale Stationers Little Rock, Arkansa s We Sell PACKER'S CANS FOR FRUITS AND VEGETAB00 Friction Top and Screw Cap Cans for Syrups, Honey, Etc. Wax Sealing Fruit Cans for Home Preserri Glass Jars and Jelly Glasses for Canning and Preserving Labels, Solder and All Canning Supplies DIXIE CANNER COMPANY Little Rock, Arkansas [] B. HALEY J. T. HC HALEY & HORNIBROOK Phone 4-1786 Skylights and Ventilators, Cornice and Blo wpiP Work, Combination Gas and Coal-Burn" ing Furnaces ROOFS--Metal, Slate, Tile, .Composition, Asbestos prodtWt STANDARD--Fire Doors, Fire Shutters, Metal windoWS \\; 115 E. Second St., Little Rock, Ark. All contracts subject to delays occasioned by strikes, railroad or other causes beyond our control :7", :: ,'/: