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Arkansas Catholic
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January 6, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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January 6, 1923

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THE GUARDIAN, SATUR DAY, DECEMBER 30, 1922. PAGE FIVE of NOTE DIESThe Very Ray. editor of Rack, and a dis- member of the Beem(lo , dt6d tly. 1. J. McAuliff, Miss., writing in the of the "New York gives i,s vxews on the nternational bogey of debts He says: "Since the World do not seen] to be nearer to a settlement of troubles, I should Were time for us common peo- out in meeting and see any common sense left to raatter that is keeping us all will, if not settled soon, World in disaster. I take courage to make suggestions, hoping good men, whose duty it is solution of the vexed inter- may be helped in their I offer three sugges- all the interested nations Italy, Great Bri- for, say five years and international debts. Let those obli- as they are right now years. a COmmission of one or eminent men of each study the matter from all nake a report inside o the Let them "think" the mat- the Vatican to name a .of Nations, the great Prot- ewish ?hurches to do the ;he League of Nations the I ever instituted for the I World, and ex-President I : the greatest men of all I ;re were mistakes made] have caused all the trou- I d one of the most trier- [ Was in not permitting] have a delegate in the That one act has cause the practical de- League of Nations Party, at least the : Wxlsoman ideas of gee- Irish-American and the vote did the job, not the least doubt but carae from Rome, Berlin, and Chicago. The vote helped some and Aus- if necessary donate the starving." Jas. p. Cronin. ostolic for Louisville, whose death column, was held in the citizens of his na- of creed. s a generous apprecia- Published editorially Times:" of Rome is almost un- By its system elevates the best. ts if by fire and only the spirit and in brain can up to the require- positions. Even v. James p. Cronin had tn Louisville it would that he was a }lis Church would not Apostolic Administra- IOCese of Kentucky had mold. pries is to his of what the fine is to his commu- attends to the other to the spirit- their people from casket. They never human side of hu- men and women their knowledge en- be helpful. Strong SYmpathize with the n and hope gifted with rare of chumh ad- business executive nationally among A FLOATING CHURCHMsgr. latau, who for twenty-five years has been chaplain general of the boatmen of France, has just left in his new chapel-boat, the "Lutece," for a tour of the waterways af the devastated regions. Many boatmen will thus be able to go to Mass for the first time in months. (N. C. W. C. Foreign Service.) his fellow-churchmen. His personali- ty made him beloved. Intensely dem- ocratic in principle and in feeling, he was riendiy with the famous and the humble. He called men by their fa- miliar titles. He knew the grandpar- ents and the grandchildren. And he was loved by them all. The spiritual life of a community is uplifted by the life of such a man. Creed is forgotten in appreciation of a career devoted wholly to good works. There was nothing narrow about Fa- ther Cronin, and only narrowness could withhold expression of Louis- ville's loss in the death of such s splendid example of fine citizenship." The Louisville Courier-Journal gave editorial display in tribute to this no- ble priest. Its editor wrote: "The respect in which he was held by his non-Catholic fellow-citizens of Louisville was manifested by the.lib- eral news notices of his death and the sympathetic manner in which all of the accounts were written. The fol- lowing editorial from the Courier- Journal of Wednesday, the morning after his death, is indicati':e of the sentiment lisplayed: "If he be learned, let him teach us," said the priests of ancient Britain to Augustine when that great missionary of the early Church, about to return to Rome, had inquired what manner of priests were desired in Britain; "if he be holy, let him pray for us; if he be prudent, let him govern us." Without in any sense depreciating either the learning or the sanctity of INTERIOR OF FLOATING CHAPEL--The "Lutece," the chapel of which is shown above, is the third chall-boat which Msgr. Platau, for twenty-five years chaplain af the boatmen of France. has piloted. The first was sunk in the bombardment af Dinant at the outbreak of the late war. The second was an old pinnace. (N. C. W. C.) Former Councils and the Doctrines Defined by Them About 1,000 prelates present. Its ob- ject was to put an end to teachings of Arnold of Brescia. 1179 A. D. Eleventh Ecumenical or Third Coun- cil of the Lateran (1179). Under Pop Alexander II and Emperor Frederick I, attended by 302 bishops. Conde'mned Albigenses and Waldenses. 1215 A. D. Twelfth Ecumenical or Fourth Council of the Lateran (1215). Un- der Pope Innocent Ill. Marks culmi- nating point of ecclesiastical life and papal power in Middle Ages. Patri- archs of Constantinople and Jerusa- lem, 71 Archbishops, 412 bishops, 800 Abbots, the Primate of the Maronites, and St. Dominic, present. Published 70 reformatory degrees and an en- larged creed against the Albigenses. 1245 A. D. Thirteenth Ecumenical or First General Council of Lyons (1245). In- nocent IV presided; Patriarchs of Constantinople, Antioch, and Venice, Emperor Baldwin II of the East, and St. Louis, King of France, present. Council deposed the Emperor Freder- ick II and odered a new Crusade un- der St. Louis. 1274 A. D. Fourteenth Ecumenical Council. Convened at Lyons in 1274 by Pope (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, Jan. 1.In all there have been twenty general or Ecumen- ical Councils of the Church, such as it has been suggested By the Pope may be held in 1925. The first was the Council of Nicea in the time of the Emperor Constantine, when the infant Church had just emerged triumphant from the early ages of persecution. The las was the Council of the Vati- can, convened in 1869, which was still in session when it was interrupted by the fall of the Temporal Power of the Papacy in 1870. It was prerogued in- definitely by the Pope and has never been reassembled. The general coun- cils were: 325 A. D. First Ecumenical Council, or Coun- cil of Nicea. Convened 325 and lasted two months and twelve days. Emperor Constantine and Bishop Hosius of Cordova, legate og Pope Sylvester, were present with 318 Bishops in at- tendance. Drew up the Creed of Ni- cea, defining Divinity of the Son of God, against Arius, and fixed the date of Easter. 381 A. D. Second Ecumenical Council or First General Council of Constantinople. Convened 381 under Pope Damasus and Emperor Theodosius I. Attended THE RADIO MEETS CENSOR'S WRATH Reform Bureau Charges Its Use for Improper Stories Washington, Dec. 26.Prophesying grave danger to a recent invention, Dr. Wilbur F. Crafts, superintendent of the International Reform Bureau, states that censorship of the radio may soon be in order. He had been told, he said, that improper stories were being broadcasted. "Half a dozen powerful societies will join us in taking action if this great invention of radio is in danger of being prostituted," said Dr. Crafts. He went on to emphasize the danger of this new method of communication. Thousands of persons who are in the habit of using the radio to hear stock market reports, baseball scores, lulla- bies and presidential addresses might be subjected to the temptation of lis- tening in on ribald songs and stories which would corrupt their morals. Calls It "Nasty Age" "We live in a very nasty age," said Dr. Crafts, who indicated that the In- 'ternational Reform Bureau will de- vote special attention this year to the censorship of books, plays, movies pie- ..... 0 tares and all other forms of human realm where intellect mdrges communication. The bureau is now spiritual emotion were thrice celebrating its twenty-eighth anniver- and inhabit perfect language." sary here in Washington. Dr. Crafts expressed the opinion that immoral literature and art are "The Pomp of Power" The week of Alice Meynll's death brought also the announcement of a book of her essays entitled, "The Sec- ond Person Singular." Favorable no- tices of this volume have beer/ filling the book columns which announced her death. Malay prefaced the reviews with the death announcement, and the appearance of the volumes of essays at such a time attracted wide atten- r  tion. The lesser poets I"igure in pages with the greater ones, and the Liter- ary Review for Dec. 9th say "In these, her last published essays, she reveals no abatement of literary charm and grace, discussing discreetly Robin Greene's lyrics, the sorrows of Arabelle Stuart, Jolm Evelyn, Joanna Baillie, Bedoes, Darley, Dobell, Pat: I more, George Meredith and more gen- eral subjects. "She does not accord greatness to all of them, Greene sh makes a "small poet," but slie does make us wish to know Dobell better and revives a number of almost van- quished reputations with judicious comment. These essays are the es- sence of criticism astringently strain- ed from a rarefied intelligence. The work of Mrs. Meynell as essayist be- longs with that of scholarly courts of the. past. Yet her apothegms are of modern significance and her mind was alert to the modern world, alert if aloof. For an example of her insight, these closing lines on Meredith may serve: "He would have the individual man to learn the almost unbearable lesson that his own fate is of no im- portance... To the apostolate of this doctrine he dedicated his practice of comedy, as well as his heart of trage- dy, and the comic.spirit has no truer mission than to attack the outworks of that self-love within which lurks the condemned desire for personal happiness. Austere doctrine, compared with which the courage of the stoic is but shallow in its penetration of the soul, is but sparing in its wounding of the heart." / Mrs. Meynell's apprehension in that with fined C. The interesting book which is pub- lished anonymously is evidently writ- ten by some one who knows. The Church admits that it is the work of one intimately associated with Lloyd George and that may readily be un- derstood by any one who roads the the late Very Reverend James P. Cro- nin, Vicar General and Apostolic Ad- ministrator of the diocese of Louis- ville, it may be said that his career illustrates the wisdom of having been of "prudence"men who know how to de things and do them in the right way--in positions of administrative responsibility. To Father Cronin's ef- forts, extending throughout many years,may be ascribed, in no small de- gree, the flourishing condition Of the diocese of Louisville. Father Cronin was a product of Kentucky. At Frankfort he was born; near Frankfort he was educated; at Frankfort he was ordained a priest; near and in Frankfort his early work was done. All his years were passed in this State. In Kentucky he died. With the Commonwealth his name is associated. In the Vicar General's death Loui s - ville and Kentucky as well as the re- ligious communion of which he was a devout member and for which he la- bored efficiently, lose a citizen whose passing will be widely and sincerely lamented." ENGLAND CONCERNED OVER KLAN ORGANIZATION (By N. C. W. C. News Service) London, Jan, 1.England is faced with the possibility of being called to consider an organization that is de- scribed as a cross between the Fas- cisti of Italy and the Ku Klux Klan of the United States, and a probe may be ordered in the House of Common Labor leaders believe that the or- ganization, which is known as the Or- der of Crusaders, is anti-labor. Brit- ish subjects, born of British parents on British soil, alone are admitted. Aliens, anarchists, and Jews who have not accepted Christianity are barred. Catholics are accepted. Laborites insist the order plans to build up a "scab" organization to break future strikes. FRENCH OFFICER'S TRIBUTE (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, Dec. 30.--A monument has just been unveiled to Georges Guyne- mar, distinguished French air hero, at the Stanislas College in Paris. M. Leon Berard, minister of public in- strnction, who presided, paid a tribute to the "knight of the air" and to the college which had given so many chiefs, so many men, and so much tal- ent to the army, politics, literature and industry. ,. PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS. by 150 Bishops. Defined Divinity of the Hply Ghost, adding to the Nicene Creed the words "qui sinml adoratur" and all that follows. 431 A. D. Third Ecumenical Council or Coun- cil of Ephesus. Convened 431, pre- sided over by St. Cyril of Alexandria legate of Pope Celestine I. Over 200 Bishops present. Defined true unity of Christ, declared Mary the Mother of God, and renewed condemnation of Pelagius. 451 A. D. Fourth Ecumenical Council or Coun- cil of Chalcedon (451). Under Pope Leo the Great and Emperor Marcian, 150 Bishops present. Defined two na- tures in Christ and excommunicated Eutyches who taught contrary. 533 A. D. Fifth Ecumenical Council or Sacred General Council of Constantinople (533). Under Pope Vigilius and Em- peror Justinian I, 165 Bishops, con- demned writings. Origen and others and confirmed validity of first 5our eneral councils. 680 A. D. Sixth Ecumenical Council or Third Council of Constantinople (680-681). Pope Agatho, Emperor Constantine Pogonatus, Patriarchs of Constantino- ple, and Antioch and 174 bishops, at- tended. Put an end to Monothelism, defining two wills in Christ. 787 A. D. Seventh Ecumenical Council or Sec- ond Council of Nicea (787). Convok- ed Emperor Constantine VI and his mother Irene. Presided over by le- gates of Pope Adrian I. Between 300 and 367 bishops attended. Regulated veneration of Holy Images. 869 A. D. Eighth Ecumenical or Fourth Coun- cil of Constantinople (869). Under Pope Adrian II, and Emperor Basil. Three Papal Delegates, four Patri- archs, and 102 bishops. Burnt proceed- ings of the irregular council convened by Photius against Pope Nicholas and Ignatius, the legitimate Patriarch of Constantinople. Photiaschism tri- umphed in the Greek church, however, and no other general council was held in the East. 1123 A. D. Ninth Ecumenical or First Council of the Lateran (1123). Under Pope Caltus II. About 900 bishops and Ab- bots present. Abolished right of in- I vestiture by lay rulers and dealt with] church discipline and recovery of the Holy Land. I Tenth Ecumenical or Second Council[ of the Lateran (1139). Under Pope] I Innocent If and Emperor Conrad.[ Gregory X. Patriarchs of Antioch and Constantinople, 15 Cardinals, 500 bishops, and more than 1,000 other dignitaries present. Effected tempor- ary union with the Greek Church. Added the word "filioque" to the sym- bol of Constantinople, sought means to recover Palestine, and laid down rules for papal elections. 1311 A. D. Fifteenth Ecumenical Council (1311- 1313) at Vienna, France. Called by Clement V, first of the Avignon Popes. Patriarchs of Antioch and Al- exandria, 300 bishops (some authori- ties say 114) King Philip IV of France and Edward II of England, and Jmnes II of Aragon, attended. Dealt with crimes imputed to Knights Templets, Fraticelli, Beghards, and Beguines, reformation of the clergy and the teaching of Oriental languages. 1414 A. D. Sixteenth Ecumenical or the Coun- cil of Constance (1414-1418). Held turing the Great Schism of the West and became legitimate only after Gregory XII formallyconvoked it. Council ended the schism by securing election of Martin X. Was ecumenical only as to latter sessions and sucl acts of earlier sessions as were ap- proved by Pope Martin V. largely responsible for a decline in the morals of Americans, and especially of American girls. ) "Boys in their teens are not any I worse than they used to be," said Dr. Crafts. "In fact, they are in some re- spects a little better. The teaching of social hygiene has ,had its effect on the boys. They realize the risks of imorality better. But the girls are much worse than they used to be. They are trying to do everything the boys do." The speaker blamed the so-called decline in morality among girls upon the influences of immoral fiction. ANOTHER SWISS CANTON ABOLISHES THE PLACET (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Berne, Dec. 20.The Grand Council of the Canton of Saint Gall has voted without discussion the abolition of the placet, that is to say the formality which required appointments of bish- ops and other manifestations of ec- clesiastical authority to have the visa of the government. The right of placet made it possible for the government to approve or dis- approve of the appointments made by the Church and to remove, by its own authority, any priest or vicar. The bill demanding the abolition of the placet was introduced in 1918. The Canton or Soleure is now the 1431 A. D. Seventeenth Ecumenical or Council of Basle (1431), afterwards transferred to Furrara (1438) and Florence (1439). Effected a short- lived union with the Greek Church the Greeks accepting the council's in- terpretation of controversial points. Ecumenical only in so far as approved by Eugene IV. 1518 A. D. Eighteenth Ecumenical or the Fifth Council of the Lateran, sat from 1518 to 1517 under Popes Julius II and Leo X. Maximilian l was emperor. Fir. teen Cardinals and about eighty arch- bishops and bishops took part. De- crees chiefly disciplinary. Planned new crusade which was frustrated by revolt of Luther. 155-63 A. D. Nineteenth Ecumenical or the Coun- cil of Trent. Lasted eighteen years (1545-1563) under five P0)es: Paul .0nly one in Switzerland in which this the reminder of former anti-Catholic leg- islation still survives. SPECIAL PRAYERS (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Seattle, Dec. 26.Public prayers in the churches and schools of the Seat- tle diocese that impending attacks i against the Catholic school system of I the state of Washington may be averted, have been ordered by the Rt. Rev. Edward J. O'Dea, bishop of Seat-] tle. When the Judge said, "You're guilty and In undecided whether to give you ten "days or ten dollars," the prisoner said, 'TI1 take the money. Bishops, seven Abbots, seven Gener- als of monastic orders, and 160 Doc- tors of Divinity. chapter setting forth Lloyd George's elevation and Asquith's fall. The falling out between Lloyd George and Lord Northcliffe is elaborately told, and yet the reason for the breach is not given. One thing that will militate against the sale of "The Pomp of Power" is the cock sureness with which its anonymous author refers to the ca- pacity of Lloyd George to continue in office in spite of the inharmonious relations that have existed amongst his supporters, and all that has hap" pened since the book has come from the hands of the printer, discredits the sagacity of a very clever writer, PRIEST WHO URGED AID FOR HOME MISSIONS LEAVES FOR AFRICA (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Cornwells, Pa., Dec. 29.--ev. O'Donnell, C. S. Sp., will leave for Ni- geria ]n West Africa tomorrow. Father O'Donnell was ordained by Rt, Rev. Bishop Nilan of Hartford in the Holy Ghost Fathers Chapel at Fern- dale, Conn., about six years ago. At the Catholic Students' Mission Cru- sade Convention held in Washington D. C., a year or two later,, Father O'Donnell made a very stirring ap- peal in behalf of the Home Missions. His urgent requests made to his Su- periors for several years to be allow- ed to go to Africa, prove that interest in the Home Missions does not de- stroy, but rather helps to create, in- terest in the I oreign Missions. Father O'Donnell goes to join Father Knaebel, C, S. Su., a Philhdel  phian and Holy Ghost Father who also studied at Ferndale and was Na- tional Director of the Holy Childhood Association in the United States be- fare leaving for Africa. . The .same mission is blessed wRh the services of . alay brother from Co rnwlls Heights, Pennsylvania, Brbther Hyabinth, C: :S. Sp., who has been in Africa nearly 15 years .... III, Julius III, Marcellus 11, Paul IV, and Plus IV, and under the Emperor Charles V and Ferdinand. Was con- voked to examine and condemn the errors of Luther and other Reform- ers. Lasted longest, issued most re- formatory and dogmatic decrees, and produced most beneficial results of all the corn)otis. Was attended by five Cardinal Legates of the Holy See, three Pat4arehs, 22 Archbishops, 286 1869 A.D. The Holy Ghost Fathers have over. Twentieth Ecumenical Council, [. 1,100 mission station scattered,, over : summoned by Pins IX, met at , the equatorial Africa. A few weeks ago Vatican December , 1869, and lasted] a 'member of the Order recently rs until July 18, 1870, when it was ad-I turnel ' from Africa, Re. Louis Ward, journed and neverreassembled. Is stih twas alkin'in the Harlem' district unfinished. In all 803 eecleainstieal,[ of New.York when,he hem.a 'voice ) ':  r a'* dignitaries attended. Council decreed calling him, He looked mut.amwt : C the doctrinef the Infallibility of the greeted by a young man whom he had Pope when speaking ex-Cathedra on taught years ago in e .school of  matters of faith or morals: bar, Africa.