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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
January 6, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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January 6, 1923

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ONE us that nochtng is mort CaLhoH Papers should have so that every every day stood read- end warns. It,d promotes the Chri PP. XV, fJ d . i'ervetual Mitwimt-- [] I'e Leo XIIL II "The' Guardian" in very [[ hm --eur Motto, I] The Official Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock Arkansas I Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, Jamlary 6, 1923 Number 30 ,% 1. XIt TAKE DEFENSIVE ON THE DARWINIAN THEORY to Notice Criticism at Mendel They Laud "Generaliza- :egisation Wouid Be a Mis- W. C. News Service) Dec. 29.--Forced of the theory of evolu- lXCognition of the fact that gradually 'losing its hold - Past few years and by the that have been by distinguished scien- of the American As- for the Advancement of here this week, went CARD. FAULHAB00 RELIEVED OF ATTACK BY COMMUNISTS resolution, as affirming 'Scientific generalization is against the Cardinal Im:;ed upon S hat supported by thorough- section of the penal code which for- than that of organic ( bids political utterances under the of the Council is regard- guise of sermons. to counter not only Dr. Koster, Minister of Interior Af- fairs, has just returned an answer to blows that have been [ the Comn'.unist interpellation in which tle free and general ac- he says that the govenunent sees no of organic eve- reason for attempting a prosecution scientists, but as an neet the attacks of the in various states, Whol have contended that of'evolution was a mere naany leading scientists ning. Darwin Discredited. adopted, which was[ special committee corn- Grant Conklin of Henry Fairfield Os- American Museum of Nat- and Dr. Charles B. Day- of the Department of the Carnegie Institute, is an attempt to coun- of "such utterances as Spencer Jennings, biological laboratories University, who, in the joint celebration in Catholic scientists, Men- this month, und.r the St. Louis University, fthe evolutionary thee- have been discredited of th Catholic monk, .that it will be sra, rather than upon the progress of or- in the future will be Pope's Suggestion cf Church Council Causes World Stir Rev. Dr. Wilhelm Baron von Capit.ain6 (N. C. W. C. Service) Cologne, Dec. 18.--Attempts made by the Communists to impugn the pa- triotism of Cardinal yon Faulhaber I because of statements made in his sermon during the Catholic Assembly f in Munich, have been rebuffed by the 1 During the last thirty or forty years governmental authorities. The radi-] he world has become fairly familiar cals had attempted to interpret some with "Internationalism" in theory and of the Cardinal's remarks as dispar-lpractice. It has been suggested as aging to the Republic and as men- a substitute and cure for Nationalism archial. Showing a concern for the;and various other ills in tile body integrity of governmental institu- politic, and has received concrete ex- tions, remarkable for those of their pression in the form of numerous m- political persuasion, they interpellatcd ternational organization, which have the government in the Reichstag in held congres,=es to deal with subjects an effort to cause charges to be made ranging all the way from sport to science and Socialism. We have had hRhtncll i Ri .at is to Legislate by the Coun- that the body is con- legislation attempt- the teaching of any so well established by specialists of evolution, would istake, which could and retard the ad- and of hu- denying the freedom inquiry which is es- PrOgress.,, Jst a Mere Guess. n affirms that "So far evidence f the evolu- and animals and men and there is no ground the assertion that these COnstitute a 'mere guess' tie ge " " neralization is more SUPPorted by thoroSghly eace than is that of organlc in favor of the eve- are sufficient to con- SCientist of note in the eVidences are increasing importance every year. f Evolution. of evolution is one of of the great influ" thus far entered into ce; it has promoted owledge, it has los- inquiry and it has nvaluable aid in hu- h fQr truth in many of, the Cardinal. The Minister reveal- ed also that the full text of the Car- dinal's speech had been in the hands of the government officials before this answer was made. SOLDIER IN CHARGE OF SQUAD TItAT INSULTED PROCESSION PUNISHED (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, Dec. 22.--The Minister of War was recently accused by a social- ist deputy of having caused the pun- ishment of some soldiers at Saint Gear for having refused to salute a procession ......... The Minister replied that nothing had been done to restrict the religiout liberty of the soldiers. The fact was that a group of soldiers acted in a disorderly manner while a procession was passing, and th non-commis-i stoned officer in charge of the men had failed to call them to order as I was his duty. The non-commissioned[ officer was confined to quarters for a I week. FIVE ORDAINED FOR FOREIGN MISSIONS (By N. C. W. C. News Service) New York, Dec. 29.Five students of the Catholic Foreign Mission So- ciety of America received Orders on December 23, from the hands of Bish- op Dunn, in the Church of the An- nunciation, New York City. Two were ordained deacons, one a sub-dea- con, and the others obtained minor orders. The five students represented New York. Ohio, Iowa and Missouri. land at the meeting of the association held last year in Toronto. A Year*s Study. As pointed out by Sir Bertram Win- die in the N. C. W. C. Editorial Sheet of last March, the discoveries of Abbot Mendel had changed the mind of Pro- fessor Bateson. That these discov- eries are assuming an increasing im- portance in their effect upon scientific thought has been apparent during the past year as pointed out by Professor Jennings. ProfesSor Jennings explained how Mendel's work, ignored by men of science had remained buried for thirty years and indicated that by showing that "99 per cent or more of the va- riations that Darwinism had relied upon as a basis for evolutionary changes, are not such, but are recent binations of enduring genes, Mendel- ism effected tremendous breach in the structure of Darwinism; at times it seemed to have brought the entire edifice quite to the ground. Certainly it has left the problem of evolution and its method in a far different po- sition from that which it occupied be- of the stand taken by fore; a position whici, superficially at ee in the resolution a least, is much weaker, a defensive ttteapt to bolster up a rather than an aggressive position." :nStantly losing ground. Justification of Dr. Jennings' char- tee resolution re-ard- aeterization of the defensive position et to counteract tt in-lot scientists who still hold to an ab- criticism of the inade- solute teaching of evolution as a fact leaching of Darwin's ],is claimed by the opponents of such ral selection voiced bv l teaching as a sult of the resolution 9a Bateson of Er- I passed by the Cambridge scientists." WOULD MEAN AN UNPRECEDENTED ASSEMBLAGE OF BISHOPS IN ROME--POSSIBILITIES OF SUCH A COUNCIL ARO[ SING GENERAL SPECULATION. By Rev. P. J. Healy (Professor of Church History at Catholic University) most imposing and representative of all. Safety and celerity in travel will make it possible for bishops to be present from all parts of the world. Every continent will have its contin- gent. There will be representatives of the old world and the new.,, The Council will have more than an inter- national character, it will be Catholic, for Catholic and international are by l no means synonymous. Tile men who . will compose it will have influence, a World l:'arliament of Religion.% an not becau of the wealth or power Inter-Parliamentary Union, a World of the states from which they come, Court of Arbitration, and some acute ! not because of great navie or armies, ob;ervers have detected the existence but because of their character as di- et "'.he international mind." The vinely appointed shepherds of the World War v,as followed by the World flock of Christ. The poorest and hum- Pca.-e Conference. which reached the blest missionary bishop will be on a height of international ineptitude in par with the great prelates from the the futile League of Nations. most important sees in Christendom. World's Failure. I It will not be a gathering of nations, These cffor[s at international action , but of men, and the rejection of the -rod control have so far failed to[device attempted at Constance in the achieve what was promised for them I fifteenth century, of voting by nations, that mankind has grown skepticali will save the deliberations of the about internationalism as a theory and Council from degenerating into the tuali machinations o a fe old men, as at an ac ty. The need of some meth-t od of dealing with the ills of c{viliza-[.Paris. . ] tion was never more keenly felt, how-}' Digaxity of the Councils. I ever, thau at the present, and the hope]  Though widely separated in time, t of effective action was immediately the great Councils of the Church have I revived when the announcement came invariably presented the same char- 6om Rome a few days ago that an acter of imposing strength and dig- Ecumenical Council might be called in the near future. With a thorough un- derstanding of the difficulties that lie in the way of such a consummation, the dispatches from Rome contained the statement that the Holy Father qualified his announcement by saying: ]"The reassembling of the Ecumenical Council at the Vatican would be such a grave event, that it is necessary to wait and pray, as did the pious leader of God's elect people, until God gives a clearer sign of His will." The Su- preme Pontiff alone can decide when such a sign has been given. Councils of Church oldest Parliaments The General Councils of the Church are the oldest of the parliaments of ! man. While they are not under any ii legal compulsion to meet at stated in- ] tervals, as are the congresses in out modern democracies, they are, lever theless, great deliberative assemblies, and their proceedings are conducted in a manner best calculated to promote" free discussion and to arrive at un- trammelled decisions. The procedure which is followed during the sessions of the Councils, is the result of long experience and tradition, and is in- tended to bring about the rapid and efficient execution of business. Among all the great congresses and assem- blies and senates of the world none has ever exhibited the dignity and the nity, and have always exercised a pro- found influence on the affairs of man- kind in general. The first Council, that of Nicaea, was assembled at a time when the Church was binding up its wounds after the persecution ot  Diocletian. It met in a city of West- ern Asia Minor (now a miserable Turkish village, Is-Nik, with scarcely a thousand inhabitants), which was I not far removed from the imperial I residence at. Nicomedia, and which was easily accessible by land and sea I from all parts of the Empire. The Emperor Constantine threw around the gathering all the majesty and dig- nity which the resources of the Em- pire made possible. He placed the public posting service at the 'disposal of the bishops, he attended the Coun- cil and addressed it. When the de- liberations of the Council had ended and when the heresy of Arius had been condemned, the memol'y of the Council remained as a great symbol of Christian unity and an evidence of the power and authority of the Church. All the succeeding Councils have ex- hibited the same characteristics as that of Nicaea. Whether held in the East or in the West, they have drawn to themselves the attention of rulers and people, and the result of their deliberations has been awaited as a solemnity which mark the work of an fresh impulse to progress and effort. Ecumenical Council. No other gath-,Some of them, like Constance, were erings are ever confronted with issues veritable parliaments of nations. of such gravity and delicacy; but in l Though called to put an end to the spite of the difficulties with which they Great Western Schism, this Council are confronted, and the myriad influ- lrew to itself all the statesmen and ences which are always at work dur- scholars of Europe. Practically every ing the progress of a Council, these! great ecclesiastical assemblies have always accomplished their work with -a definiteness and finality that cannot be found elsewhere. Need of Long Preparation The time between the present and the tentative opening date of the coun- cil in 1925 is not too long for the enormous mass of detail that must be attended to before the first sessions can take place. It would be futile and presumptuous to attempt to fore- cast what ubjeets will be presented to the Council; but unless unforeseen difficulties arise it is certain that suf- ficient time will be allowed to carry out the entire programme. Former Councils were sometimes interrupted by war, pestilence or some other great public calamity; some were compelled to adjourn or to change their meeting place, but the Council ends only when the work for which it has been sum- moned has been finished. There are many reasons for think- ing that the next Council will be the prince in Christendom was represent- ed there, and the discussions which took place prior to and during the Council, afford, perhaps, the most pro- found analysis of the problems of political philosophy that any age has produced. Thoroughness of Council of Tren: Other Councils were brought o- gether in the midst of dangers and alarms. The Popes planned to hold a Council in the sixteenth century at the time when Protestantism was menacing the Church from within and Mohammedanism from without, and it was npt until after years had elapsed that the Council of Trent could be as- sembled. It met in the midst of diffi- culties, its deliberations were fre- quently interrupted, but it effeeted its purposes with a thoroughness that made it unnecessary to call another BATTLE FOR FAITH IN PHILIPPINES WAGED IN SCHOOLS I GERM00 CONDITIONS ARE DEPLORED BY - FORMER MINISTER Pressing Need of Teachers Disclosed By Missionary Toring World. (N. C. W. C. News Service) Manila, Dec. 5.--There is only one remedy for the distressing condition of things Catholic in the Philippines. Catholic America must do as much to preserve the faith of the 8,000,000 Catholic Filipinos as PtteStant America is doing to destroy it. Rev. Dr. Wilhelm Baron yon Capitaine (N. C. W. C. Service) Cologne, Dec. 18.Former Minister of Welfare Stegerwald, in a speech at Dus,';eldorf recently, called for the abolition of the eight-hour day as a means of stimulating production. De- claring that shorter working hours have lessened the productive capacity of the nation ,to such a point that Germany is compelled to import many Priests Needed. , commodities that she should be ex- "Self-sacrificing priests are urgently I porting, he asserted that there is no needed to break the bread of life to legal authority for the eight-hour day the famishing Catholics of the forty but that it is merely all outgrowth pastorless parishes of the Manila die- of Revolutionary disturbances. , cese and to those of the other dioceses of the islands What one American prie can do in the Philippines is sho@'n by the effective service of the Rev. Edwin Byrne, a secular priest from Philadelphia, who is secretary to the Bishop of Jaro. For six years Father Byrne has been giving only his spare moments to the students of the public high school in his own town and these spare moments have been sufficient to counteract the pros- elytizing influence of Protestant rivals. Schools Will Tell. The decisive battle will be won or lost in the schools. It is inspiring to visit the American Jesuit college, the Ateneo de Manila, and to see the mar- vels accomplished within a year. It is inspiring to catch some of the en- thusiasm, of the Rev. Father Byrne, S. J., the rector, wlm is constantly appealing for more American educa- tors to take up the apostolate in the Philippines. He condemned the action of govern:- mental authorities in allowing restau-- rants, bars and hotel dining rooms to, remain open all night while school buildings are forced to close for want of coal. "It. is intolerable," he said, "to think that more liquor is being consumed than before the war, that the motion picture theatres are crowd- ed, while orphanages and hospitals must be closed. A regeneration and. restoration of social order must be at- tempted. We dare not save half a million persons and let 60,000,00 starve." CZECH SCHISMATIC CHURCH NEARING FINAL DISSOLUTION By Dr. Frederick Funder (N. C. W. C. Service) Vienna, Dec. 18.The dissolution of the Schismatic Czecho-Slovakian church m proceeding rapidly, due to developments of the quarrel between the Schismatic "Patriarch," Dr. All Nations But America. Farsky, and the Serbian' Orthodox It is also inspiring, even if some- Bishop, Dr. Dositej. Details of this what pathetic, to visit the only pare- dispute were mentioned in previous chial school in Manila, which is at- dispatches. tached to the Irish Redemptorist par" At the present time the sect is di- ish. The results attained are excel- vided into two parties which are fight- lent and the spirit of the teachers is ing each other violently. A new die- truly apostolic, but there is confirmed cesan council has been established at again the sad fact that every nation save America is well represented among the Catholic missionaries of the Philippines. The school is man- aged by a Belgian nun. Non-Catholic Potency. [ Unquestionably tle most potent non-Catholic agency in the Philip- pines is education. Elaborate educa- I tional facilities can be offered by the I rich Protestant sects to the Catholic student. There have been instances where the public schools Of the land have been used to belittle and cast slurs pon things Catholic. The whole public school system has a Protestant atmosphere. The normal school itself is presided over by a Protestant min- ister and both the normal schools and the universities are honeycombed with Protestant dormitories and Y. M. C. A. hostels, whose alluringly low rates and intensive proselytism have only one purpose, the winning of the faith from the Catholic student. Rooms Needed, Filipino Catholics have attempted to counteract these influences by pro- riding one dormitory for boys and another for girls at the Manila Uni- versity. This is, of course, very praiseworthy, but at most only a small fraction of the students can be reached. Inasmuch as the present condition] of affairs in the Philippines followed[ upon American occupation and the 1 Americanization of the islands it is a i peculiar duty of American Catholics to save the faith of the Philippines. Tommy: "Father, what's the future of the verb 'invest?'" Father (a parliamentarian) : "In- vestigation." pediency, and though war did inter- rupt the sessions of the Council the work for which it had been princi- pally called was finished before it was adjourned. In the future as in the past,much will be expected from the new Coun- cil. That these expectations will be fully realized can be confidently pre- Council for centuries. -[ dieted from the history of the EcU- When the call for the last Council, I menical Councils, from the conciliar that of the Vatican, was issued, it traditions and from the clear vision was foreseen that war was imminent, and the superb courage of the present but Plus IX set principle above ex- reagning Pontiff. Prague in competition with the coun- cil presided over by "Patriarch" Farsky. The new council is fostering the idea of union with the Orthodox Church and is making arrangements for the establishment of religious com- munities in Prague. It has founded a new publication, "Nas Smer," in recent issue of which Dr. Fareky is denounced as "irreligious" and "un- christian and all relationships with him are declared severed. In addi- tion, the town of Tabor, where the Czecho-Slovakian sect formerly was in control, has broken away from that Church. The new Prague diocesan council is plmming to hold confidential confer- ences of all Schismatic priests who are. dissatisfied with Dr. Farsky's regime and who look favorably upon the proposition for a union with the Or- thodox body. As a result of the on- stant quarrelling of both parties have alienated the last traces of the fol- lowing which they formerly had among certain elements of the popu-. lation. . , CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY RECOGNIZED BY IRANCE" FOR ADVANCED DEGREES (By N. C. W. C. News, Service) Pari, Dec. 22.A recent decree of the Ministry of Public Instruction dis- penses the graduate of certain for- eign colleges from the necessity of producing the degree o:f licentiate in order to acquire the doctorate of law, science or letters in France. In the '' list of the universities benefitting by this privilege is the Catholic Univers- ity of Washington. In order to obtain the doctorate of law the students presented by the Catholic University nmst have the de- gree of master of arts from the de- partment of political science, To obtain the degree ef doctor of science they must have the degree 0 master of science or dotor of philoe- ophy, or else a certificate stating- that they have studied two years for the doctorate. For .the degree of do't:o- of letr it is necessary to of fnter of letters :or osoph or a certificate they have spent two 'BY for the doctorate.