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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
January 3, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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January 3, 1969

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,! THE GUARDIAN, JANUARY 3, 1969 PAGE 5 The .o uest, n Box . Director, Department of Education Diocese of Little Rock, 2500 North Tyler . " Does the ecumenical move- worship, ecumenism would see a obligation to worship him, and be- ,t strive to conceal religious basic unity in the community cause we ,are both free and able ',erences, so that it is right of worshipers. In other words, to do this. =',m"'='p..aY that "one religion is as an ecumenically minded person So the m mema,|d a ....... , ad ission on the pom- ed fo-" ,utumer:'. does not begin his efforts by say- tive side of things -- "we are united by what we share," rather What motivates the ecu- spirit is neither a desire outright compromise, nor a ncy for all faiths to level one gigantic Church, it- of particular beliefs. can the Catholic Church yield integrity of its own faith; not -- and cannot -- .=nd that "one religion is as as another." But it can-- does .. admit that one man's and subjective faith is and sincere as anyone basic principle, recognition of each per- right to worship as his xence dictates. Hence, rather separating all men mode and object of their Questions for this column should be addressed directly to The Very Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, Diocesan Direc- tor o/Education, 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark., 72207. Each question must be signed with the name and address of the person submitting it. Un- signed questions will be ignored. lng, "You and I are totally different, because we understand our faiths differently, and because we worship in a different way." Rather, the admission is that"you and I share much, because we both believe in God, because we both recognize our privilege and RIGHT REVEREND EDWARD T. O'MEARA NATIONAL DIRECTOR 'An American Tradition' good Lord once described His disciples as householders who out of the storeroom both new and old. (Matt. 13:52) At the New it has become an American tradition to look back and look for- It is a time of reflection-- a time to admit our fallureshonestly but it is also a time to renew, with courage and confidence our values, goals, and personal ideals. | ty hi#..hat is what we are doing at the Society for the Propagation of the that vesta. Humbly, we recoenize both our accomplishments and our !nce lUres during the past year. Many things continue to disburb us: being!  spread hunger in the world; decline of missionary vocations; in- s -- tlased rate of disease and death due to a scarcity of medical faci- . Buttes. and personnel; the lackofinterestand concern of those who could the To, out do not. er+Jl lk atus' IL b good householder, we also count our blessings; and we had '=-'-, "e'ssings during 1968 Let us recall but a few of them becanse realrn0[Y Were also yours: In K'otaar, India, a mobile medical unit has ==.a given to the onle of this rider fishing, villa to assist in the dlc ," al treatment o'the poor villagers m the outlying areas. r |TEll.. radio station has been Installed in Wewall, Oceania. This system tm Provides vital communication between mission posts. our sacrifices have also helped to build a new wing for the Sacred .f Je:: Leprosy Hospital in Kumhakonam, India. This hospital now offers ,i,,h,.. "uate treatment as well as a complete pro ram of rehabilitation ,v v 'r teprosy patients, g Taiwan, your assistance has provided training for catech- area where there is much interest in the Faith, but not enough give instructions to prospective converts. Cause of your generosity, we have been able to provide assistance War-torn country of Nigeria-Biafra. Over $1,500,000 has been this ravaged area since the conflict began, and has been the needs of the Church in its mission of salvation and service. and sacrifices are relieving human want and bringing the age and comfort of Christ to a suffering part of the world. dtape, Oceania, Propagation funds have helped in the completion of school for girls. ayCCOmpllshments of the past year were made possible by YOU - your love-filled sacrifices and generosity, for which we are grateful. and service are the work of The Society for the Propagation alth. Please cut out this column and send your offering to Right Edward T. O'Meara, National Director, 386 Fifth Avenue, New Y., 10001 or directly to your local Diocesan Director, The Very John M. Baun, 415 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ar- than the negative "we are sep- arated by our differences" -- is the touchstone of ecumenism. This positive viewpoint makes possible what is otherwise impos- sible; meaningful dialogue, wherein the differing viewpoints are respected, but not ignored: wherein the dignity of the indivi- dual conscience is a principle, rather than a hindrance; wherein love-as-unity is both a starting- point and a goal. Ecumenism's aim is not to whittle away differences, but to understand and solve them. Q. - Is it a sin to be scrupu- lous? A. - It is impossible to give a general answer to this ques- tion. In most cases, scrupulo- sity designates a condition of emo- tional disturbance which limits (more or less radically) a per- son's power of deliberation and free choice. In some cases, the word might refer to a persistent refusal to accept and follow advice, and would thus indicate a greater or less degree of moral guilt. What is called "scrupulosity" needs to be carefully studied in each particular case, with a view to discovering the extent to which the subject may have lost contact with reality and the power of self-discipline that would make him morally responsible for his free activity. r  Q. - Is a marriage performed at a Mass less easy to dissolve than a marriage at which the priest assists without celebrating Mass? A. - Every marriage perfor- med according to the proper form is valid, providing there are no invalidating impediments. It is immaterial whether or not the marriage Is performed in associa- tion with a nuptial Mass. Q. - What is the meaning of "aggiornamento" -- and why isn't it translated into English? A. - The now Anglicized Ital- ian word "aggiornamento" (ad- jorn-a-ment-o) means literally updatedness. In Italian it has been applied to such things as the reno- vation of an industrial plant. It was adopted by Pope John XXIII to express the spirit that he wish- ed to guide the Ecumenical Coun- cil. It has been taken over in this country because no other word exactly expresses its meaning. "Renewal" comes closest to it. It does not mean updatedness in the sense that anything that the world judges to be current must be adopted by the Church, or that the world today is the jud- ge of what is true and proper in religion. It does not mean !hat the Church's teaching on faith and morals can be changed to meet today's standards orpredilections. Pope Paul VI officially inter- preted its meaning when he said, TRANGE BUT rRu E By M. J. MURRAY CopFrllt, 191, N.C,W.C. N Scottish Prelate Says 'S Pope Authority Unique; All Catholics Must. Obey (NC)--The uniqueness of papal authority and loyalty to the pope were stressed in a pastoral letter of Archbishop Gordon J. Gray of St. Andrew's and Edinburgh, president of the Scottish Bishop's Conference. Loyalty to the pope, he said, "is not a sentimental loyalty, but a loyalty rooted in our Catholic belief that the Holy Father is the vicar of Christ on earth, and that his directives and guidance enjoy a unique authority. Although these directives have rarely attached to them the stamp of infallibility, nevertheless they al- ways deserve and demand a hear- in addressing the Second Vatican Council Nov. 18, 1965: "From now on 'aggiornamento' will signify for us a wisely undertaken quest for deeper understanding of t h e spirit of the Council and the faith- ful application of the norms it has happily and prayerfully adop- ted." More briefly, "aggiornamento" is the spirit that wishes to make the Church most effective in meet- ing the needs of the day. In that sense, it is as old as the Apostles. Q. - Could the people respon- sible for Christ's death have been saved? A. - There is no reason why they could not, if they repented of their sin before their death. No sin is unforgivable. There is little doubt that the men chiefly responsible for the Crucifixion (like Caiphas and Pilate)were guilty of grave violation of their consciences in putting to death a Man whom they knew to be just and innocent; although they were not aware of His Divinity. But some minor figures in the act, who did not know much about Jesus, may have thought that they were doing a meritorious service by calling for the death of one who was represented as a blasphemer. If so, they were not subjectively guilty. ing more attentive than that given to any other voice. Nor does the absence of the stamp of infall- ibility imply that they need not be accepted .... "No utterance of any theologian, bishop or body of bishops on mat- ters of faith or morals has an authority comparable to the au- thority of the considered teaching of the pope," Archbishop Gray said. The archbishop went on to say that the assent of the pope was necessary for the promulgation of the decrees of the Second Vatican Council. The pope also, he added, sanctions the decrees resulting from the commissions of experts studying areas of Catholic understanding and prac- tice. Reassuring those troubled by changes in the Church, the arch- bishop said, "Be assured of this; provided we march with the Church, going neither before nor behind, we need have no fear." Stressing that the Church will not and cannot "change the re- vealed teachings of which she is the divinely constituted guardian," the archbishop said, "Truth-- and the Church proclaims the truth -- does not change." Distinguishing between the Church's self-made regulations, which can be changed, and the essential truths of the faith, Archbishop Gray emphasized that these essential truths "will always remain unchanged." Popularization of theological controversy, the archbishop said, led to less accurate expression and the presentation of theories as facts. "As a result," he add- ed, "the truths of Christianity are often eroded and Christian stand- ards of morality weakened in the misguided- hope of making Christ- ianity more acceptable." Referring again in conclusion to the troubled nature of the pre- sent time, the archbishop urged faith in the Church "which is our guide" and prayer "for grace to follow her directives in hum- ble and simple trust."