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January 3, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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January 3, 1920

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THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, JANUARY 3, 1920. .......... i ..... Persons ...... Ill 00ommun,00o,,ons ! President Eamon De Valera of the Republic of Ireland has greeted the Ulster Unionist Council with a chal- lenge to debate the Irish question be- fore an American audience. The President put nine pointed interroga- tions to the visiting delegation and suggested that a wholly Protestant American commission be named to in- vestigate and report on the truth of Ireland's cause. Following is De Valera's statement: Last week's papers report the arri- val of members of the Ulster Union- ist Council. They are the representa- tives of a political paly in Ireland which, at the General Elections held a year ago under British supelwision, and wording to British ballot law, secure only 308,713 votes out of a total of 1,516,779 votes cast, i. e., they are the representatives of a minority political party that secured the votes of only some 23 per cent of the Irish electors. Appeal to a Court of Reason. They say they are come to America "'in the interests of law and order, of truth and honesty, of fair play and principle" Nothing could be better; we, too, are here in the interest of these self same principles, so that we start on common ground. We are cer- tain the American public will judge between us on these as a basis. Let the question at issue between us then be argued out, logically and calmly, on a basis of facts, without the intro- duction of epithets which are simply abusive, or assertions which are with- out foundation. It is admitted by at least one mem- ber of the delegation that there are two governments in Ireland today. Now one of these governments is a government elected by the Irish peo- ple by ballot on a basis of adult surf- rage--demonstrably a native govern- ment-- a "government of fhe people, by the people and for the people"-- the other no less demonstrably an alien government--s government with- out the consent of the governed--a government, maintained solely by for- eign bayonets in the interest of a foreign imperialism. Now the question is : The Ameri- can Nation has of necessity to recog- nize one or the other of these govern- ments. It has to make up its nind which government it is to be--the popular democratic government of right or the autocratic, imperialistic government of might. The decision lies solely with Americans and so the question which we are agitating is very distinctly and definitely an Am- erican question. To make the points at issue between us the representatives of the people's government--the government of the republic, and the representatives of the Irish minority which supports the imperial government, it would be well if the delegation would answer the following questions for the American public: Nine Vital Questions. 1. Wnat right has the British Gov- ernment to rule in Ireland ? 2. How does it maintain its rule there today ? How has it maintained its rule there in the past ? 3. Why should not the majority of the people of the Irish Nation deter- mine the government of Ireland as is done in all free national states ? 4. Is the Irish question not in truth a very simple one, very easy to un- derstand, very easy to find a solu- tion for ? Is it not simply a question of the domination of one nation by another, militarily thestronger, and , the unwillingness of that stronger na- :tion, by reason of its selfish interest, to allow the weaker "to choose its own way of life and obedience"? 5. Is it not true that Irish men sad Irish women, who are striving to se- cure for their country the same in- tependence that Washington and Jef- ferson and their comrades secured for rthe United States, are persecuted by e foreign government that wishes to keep their coutry in dependence and servitude and fhat the people of Ireland are suffering today practi- ally from all tbe grievnnces against which the United Colonies revolted ere in 17767 6. Is it not a fact that British rule in I1;eland is at present a military re- gime--a regime of an army of occu- ltation comparable to the German re- gime in Belgium when the Germans entered into effective control of Bel- gian territory ? incriminating Verdicts. 7. Is it not a fact that Ireland is .uffering from the consequences that naturally foUow in the train of the military occupation of anv countrv denial of the right of public assembly; suppression of free speedh on plat- form and in press; suppression of the people's Parliament; imprisonment of he people's parliamentary reprc qenta- tires; denial of the right of trial ly jury and of 'theoter safeguards to individual liberty which customarily obtain in civilized communities; vio- ,lilt ts ] [Fession Such as the murders of unarmed civilians com- mitted by the forces of occupation and for which the guilty parties though well known and against which coroners' juries have returned defin- ite incriminang verdicts have never been punished or brought to trial, and is there not evidence lso of the in- evitable concomitant o such abuses of power in the retaliation by the Irish people upon members of the forces of occupation? 8. Is it not a fact that history shows that whenever nations were straggling for their freedom against the rule of the foreigner there was always a section of the people ho supported the foreigner--for example, the Loyalists and Tories in Washing- tea's day? Is it right tht such a minority section should impose its veto on the will of the majority ? 9. Is it not a fact that the move- ment for Irish independence has had for its mos distinguished leaders dur- ing the past century and a qmlf Irish- men who were not of the Catholic faith--for example, Grattan and Flood, Wolfe Tone, the father of the present Republican movement; Lord Edward Fitzgerald, Robert Emmet, Mitchel, Davis, Smith, O'Brien, Butt and Parn- ell? Almost conclusive evidence in itself that the sectional division in Ireland is not of the basis of religious belief. A Question of Facts. These questions can all be readily answered. They are questions of fact. The American people need to be en- lightened on these facts if tthey are to come to a true judgment. If there is any difference of opinion between us as to facts we can arrange a commis- sion of investigation. Speaking for the Government of the Republic and for all Irish Republicans ,we are ready to support and to give every possible facility to such a commission. It could be composed, say, of two clergy- men nominated by us, two nominat- ed by the Ulster Unionist delegation and a chairman on whom we could mutually agree, all to be Americans and Protestants. This commission could report to the American people with authority. Meantime we trust that the delega- tion will debate this question witb us freely and frankly before the Ameri- can public. We are ready to meet them anywhere on any common plat- form. MSGR. ROPP RELEASED Included in Recent Exchange of Host. ages Between Poles and Bolsheviks (CaCtholic Press Cablegram.) London, Dec. 15.Msgr. Edward de Ropp, Archbishop of Mohiley, has ar- rived at Warsaw, having the good for- tune to be included in a recent ex- change of hostages between the Poles and the Bolsheviks. The archbishop was taken as hostage last April, hav- ing offered himself in place of his vicar-geenral. He passed through five successive prisons, often mixed with common criminals. The Holy See had recourse to the intewention of the King of Denmark in favor of Msgr. Ropp, and then ad- dressed itself also directly to Lenin. Msgr. Ropp ha dthen been transferred to Moscow, where he could write with comparative freedom through the Ca- tholic priest, and was even permitted to celebrate Mass, though denied the right to officiate at any public func- tion. The Sovereign Pointiff then warmly recommended Msgr. Ropp to the Polish Government in the event of an exchange of hostages. Transferred to the See of the Mo- hiley in 1917, Msgr. de Ropp had play- ed an important part as Bishop of Vil- ha, and was even elected deputy of the first Douma on a social and reformed agrarian political program. IRISH TRIED TO KIDNAP PRINCE (Continued from Page 1.) known to many friends as "Harry" and he belongs to one of the best British families. Washington Denial. Secret Service men in Washington who accompanied the Prince of Wales in his trip through the United States, said Monday that they had no knowl- edge of any attempt to kidnap the heir to the British throne by members of the Sinn Fein while he was in this country. From the time that he cross- ed the border until e left New York he was guarded in all appearances in public by four agents of the Depart- ment of Justice, and according to the reports which they made to officials in Washington, there was not a single untoward incident in connection with any part of the program arranged for the royal visitor. 'A man's contrariness reaches the limit when he begins to argue with the alarm clock. "PREEMINENT JUSTICE" I December 23, 1919. Editor The Guard inn : Dear Editor. A short time ago heard a Guardian reader who is quite an armchair philosopher make the statement that: "England has been preeminently just in her dealings with the majority of the Irish for the last thirty years." It were a travesty on the intelli- gence of the readers of your paper to quote Irish population statistics to establish the majority. Permit me quote in brief some happenings in the last eight years that will serve il- lustrate that "preeminent justice": First Irish Provisional Government (Proclaimed at Belfast, September 24, 1913}. Chairman, Sir Edward Carson, C.P., M.P. (Aftelvards attorney general, first lord of admiralty, and member of the war cabinet). Legal Assessor. Sir James Camp- bell, M.P. (now Lord Chancellor of Ireland). Members: James Chambers, M.P. (now Solicitor General for Ireland); John Gordon, M.P. (now judge of the high court); William Moore. M.P. (now judge of the high court); Sir John Lonsdale, M.P. (now peer-Baron Annagh Dale); Captain James Craig, M.P. (now Lieut.-Col. Sir James Craig, was treasurer to his Majesty's house- Saint Joan of Arc has made her ap- pearance in a beautiful new binding full of colorful illustrations from the blush of Howard Pyle, and worded in the English of Mark Twain. It does not cover many pages, for its is the chapter that appeared in Harp- er's Monthly not many years ago, and hold); Aide-de-Campto Carson. Sir to make the book a comfortable size a F. E. Smith, M.P. (now Lord Chancel- chapter or two from the Personal Rec- lor of England). ollections of Joan of Arc was added. Second Irish Provisional Govern-' ment (Proclaimed at Dublin April 24, 1916). P1;esident Padlaic H. Pearse, B.A., B.I .... (shot May 3, 1916). Members: Thomas J. Clarke (shot May 3, 1916). Scan MacDiarmada (shot May 3, 1916). John Connolly (shot May 12, 1916). Thomas MacDonagh, M.A. (shot May 3, 1916). Eamonn Ceant (shot May 8, 1916). Joseph Plunkett (shot May 4, 1916). The Irish Republic knows what it wants--what we Americans 'ought for--justice to all the small nations. Fraternally yours, JOHN J. CRAIG. & age a condition of sorrow and trouble and danger in all the world. And un- less the effol*s now being made by all men and women of good will to re- construct human society are inspired and guided by God's grace, ow shall such efforts prevail? The Holy Spirit speaks throtgh our Bishops. Their united voice will at the opening of the New Year summon us all to heed the everlasting and immutable princi- ples laid down by God himself through Christ Jesus our Lord. If all Catho- lics everywhere in our country--the rich and the poor, the leaders and the led, all kinds and conditions of men-- shall not merely listen to the words of our Bishops, but shall also kneel down together at te Holy Table, what a demonstration the event will be of Christian unityl What an out- pouring of grace will followl The Bulletin deems it to be its duty to commend this great movement, and to spread the news of it among our readers. From Pope Leo XIII'S Encyclical on "Christian Democracy" "* * * For no one lives only for his personal advantage in a community; he lives for the common good as well, so that when others cannot contribute their share in the general object, those who can do o are obliged to make up the deficiency. The very extent of the benefits they have received in- creases the burden of their responsi- bility, and a stricter account will have to be rendered to God who bestowed those blessings upon them. What hould also urge all to te fulfillment of their duty in this regard is the widespread disaster which will event- ually fall upon all classes of society if this assistance does not arrive in time; and therefore it is that he who neglects the cause of the distressed poor is not doing his duty to himself or to the State." family into consternation before she appeared, and the reception that greeted her arrival will have to be read to be fully enjoyed. The steps by which he gradually made his sub- mission to the church give an insight into a soul one feels privileged to know. Among the poets there is Aline KiN mer, and her well known husband, Joyce Kilmer, whose Memoirs and Let- As a gift book it is ideal, for Mark ters formed one of the most eagerly Twain in this chapter had written of sought titles of the past months. her in that admirable vein which Theodore Maynard and Francis Led- prompted some of his best writing and widge have also been announced for which made him, in all reverence give bet the title the Church is considering. Blessed she is with us, and Saint she will be no doubt, when the Church in her wisdom completes the process ne- cessary to bestow such a title. The book is mole of a character study, and it dwells upon those spirit- ual qualities that dominated the life and actions of Joan of Arc. So en- shrined is she in the hearts of the faithful that they will gladly welcome her as Sain Joan in print, and when they see her in all her heavenly beauty listening to the voices, they will not be able to resist a book which is a complete appearance in poetic form, so the poetry loving have a large se- lection from which to make a choice. At such a season our own gifted writers should be kept in mind, and next week the seasonable list will be continued. "BACK TO CHRIST" By Cuthbert Lattey, S.J. 'We are far away from St. Asaph, North Wales, we may never have heard of St. Beuno's College there, but there is sure to be a general and ready connection made by American Form'idable Array of Distinguished Imsh-Americans Advocating Inde- pendence. (C. P. A. Service to The Guardian.) A formidable array of dist:nguished Irish-Americans appeared before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs on Friday and Saturday, to plead for the recognition of Irish independence by the United States. The list in- cluded Justice Daniel F. Cohalan of New York; W. Burke Cochran of New York; Judge James E. Deery of Indi- anapolis, president of the Ancient Order of Hiberians; Mrs. Mary E. Mc- Whorter of Chicago, national presi- dent of the Ladies' Auxiliary of the by the time the new organization A. O. H.; Michael J. Ryan of Phila- enters fully upon its work. It is to be delphia; James K. McGuire of New expected that this will be a more York; Joh E. Milholland of New complete and voluminous document York; Dr. Lindsey Crawford; Rev. Dr. than the reconstruction program pro- F. McDade of Chicago; Thomas Me- posed by the National Catholic War Nmara of Youngstown, Ohio; Repre- Council, which excited general inter- estas a statement of Catholic policy. From the Catholic point of view it will probably be of historical value, not merely as an application of Catholic principles to overshadowing social problems but as the first pronounce- ment of its kind to be made by the hierarchy as a whole since the organ- ization of e bishops' conference. Most Important Step. The adoption of the policy under- lying the National Catholic Welfare Council constitutes one of the most mportant steps of its kind yet taken. It represents the united action of all the bishops and not only does it give promise of the co-ordination of Ca- tholic activities, under centralized di- rection in the United States, but in- sentative Gallegher (Democrat)' of Illi- nois; Representative Mason (Republi- can) of Illinois; and former Represen- tative Kinkead of New Jersey. Among those wo appeared in op- position to the Mason resolution, look- ing toward the recognition of Irish independence, were George L. Fox of New Haven, Conn.; George Waldron of Baltimore, organizer of the Free Press Defense League; Dr. Robert Wason of New York; Edward M. Mc- Fadden of Pittsburgh, president of the Ulster Society; George T. Lemon of Sandlake, New York, an Orange- man and member of the American Patriotic Society. Stormy Meeting. Seldom has there been a stormier meeting of a House committee than sures the maintenance of a uniform lthat at which Irish independence was att:tude on all public questions involv- discussed. The appeals for Irish in- ng the Catholic point of view. dependence were received with unre- Father Burke. I strained applause, and the earnestness The National Catholic War Council I of the advocates was reflected in the which is soon to o out of existence, has already developed a w:de field of work. Its activities abroad will, of oourse, not be carried on, but it has done much in the United States to co- ordinate the efforts of lay societies to aid in the solution of social problems. Much of its efficiency is due in large measure to Father Burke, who will be emonstrations of the auditors, with 'vhich the large committee room was rowded. Burke Ceckran's Appeal. The appeal made by Mr. W. Bourke Cockran was virtually that of all the speakers. "I was the first to advocate intervention in Cuba," he said. "That intervention established the principle in charge of the Washington Bureau that when any government holds pos- of the Welfare Council. Not only has session of any Country by armed he been closely in touch wih national affairs, since the beginning of the war, but, as a member'of the Comm:ttee of Six, 'hich acted in an adv!sory capa- city to the Secretary of War in the direction of the welfare work in tlm army, received a Distinguished Serv- ice Cross, in recognition of his labors. Get me the grace to love thee more; Jesus will give if thou wilt plead; And, Mother! when life's cares are o'er, Oh, I shall love thee then indeed! --Father Faber. forces exercised outside its limits, so that it becomes a perversion of eovernment; wen government itself becomes an agency for the perpetra- tion of wrongs, then it becomes the duty of divilization to intervene and stop these outrages upon humanity and civilization." When we have handled something fragrant, our hands perfume whatever we touch; let but our prayers pass thiugh the hands of the Blessed Vir- gin, and she will give them fragran Blessed J0hn Baptist Vianney. An event the importance of which it is impossible to exaggerate will take place early in January, 1920, when from every Catholic pulpit through- out the United States there will be read, on a Sunday to be designated later, the joint Pastoral Letter now being prepared by a committee repre- senting the entire Hierarchy of this country. The Pastoral will be t'he united utterance of every American Cardinal, Archbishop and Bishop. Not since 1884, following the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore, have the Bishops issued a joint Pastoral letter. Important as was their pro- nouncement at that time, the circum- stances of today--the crisis that now faces civilization, the acute struggle between the forces of utter anarchy and of law and order( of atheism and religion--combine to give the message which now wil issue from the Ameri- can Bishops a gravity and a signifi- cance of unparalled importance. The Pastoral Letter will express the views of the Bishops concerning all the problems Oow confronting the Church in America, as these problems were discussed at the meeting of the Hierarchy at the Cat'holic University in Washington between September 24th and 27th, of last year. Ninety- two Archbishops and Bishops were present at these sessions, and formed the National Catholic Welfare Coun- cil-which is the Hierarchy of Amer- ica, functioning between annual meet- ings through an Administrative Com- mittee having under its jurisdiction a number of important sub-committees, such as education, social work, lay societies, and the press. At this meet- ing there was also formed the Board of Home Missions and Foreign Mis- sions, which is responsible directly to the annual meeting of the Hierarchy. Archbishop Hanna of San Francis- co is chairman of the Administrative Committe of the National Catholic Welfare Council, and Archbishop Mundelein is Chairman of the Beaut of Home and Foreign Missions. A movement is now under way, ap- proved by Bishops and priests, und rapilly spreading throughout the country, to have all Catholics receive Holy Communion, on the Sunday when the Pastoral Letter will be read, for the intentions of the Bishops, and Of our Holy Father the Pope, as ex- pressed in the Pastoral Letter. Those who have already pledged themselves to take this action are also actively spreading the pledge among their friends and acquaintances and asking these again to continue he apostolate. The heads of several educational insti- tutions have promised to instruct their pupils as to the importance of the coming pronouncement of the Bishops pointing out to them that in this man- ner the leaders of the Church are en- deavoring to give the entire nation a message which will aid the leaders of the people, and the people themselves, to arrive at a peaceful and just solu- tion of the great problems now con- fronting the whole world. These teachers are pointing out that Marshal Foch, the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Armies and the greatest of al living generals, has declared repeated- ly that he attributed his victory to the prayers of he children as much as to any other cause. When the American Cardinals is- sued the pronouncement to American Catholics at the beginning of the World War they not only called them to work and to fight for their nation's cause, but they also urged them to pray without ceasing. The war has left as its awful herit- (C. P. A. Service to The Guardian.) Cincinnati, Dec. 22.--A distinct com- pliment to the ideals and work of the American Academy of Christian Democracy of Cincinnati is the visit, in a body, paid to hat institution by the officers and executive board of the Cincinnati Central Labor Council, headed by Mr. Adolph Kummer, its president. The afternoon and evening of December 18 were agreeably and urof'tably spent at the school. En- tertainment and serious discussion of the Social Question varied the pro- gram. The Central Labor Council is en- thusiastic in supporting Rev. Peter E. Dietz, the founder and director of the Academy. The school is princi- pally intended for the inculcation of correct principles of social science among the men and women of or- ganized labor; and the co-operation of the leaders of the working people with Father Dietz gives promise of salu- tary results. Mary is the most beautiful flower that ever was seen in the spiritual world. It is by the power of God's grace that from this barren and deso- late earth the have ever sprung up at all flowers of holiness and glory. And Mary is the Queen of them. She is the Queen of spiritual flowers; and therefore she is called the rose, for the rose is fitly called of all flowers the most beauttful.Cardinal New- man. Officers and Executive Board Visit American Academy of ChEstian Democracy. out of existence, in March or April, the machinery of the Welfare Coun- cil, which is to be a permanent insti- tution, will be in complete operation. Pastoral Letter By All B'shops. The administrative committee, of which Archbishop Hanna, of San Francisco, is chairman, also consider- ed, at length, the formulation of a re- constction policy, together with a statement of the attitude of the Ca- tholic Church toward pressing social problems involved in it, which may be egarded as the charter of the new Welfare Council. This will probably be issued in the fo:m of a pastoral let- ter by all the bishops in the United States, within the next few months, or LABOR COUNCIL STORMY MEETING ON IRELAND'S CASE WELFARE COUNCIL (Continued from Page 1.) cialty in giving at this particular sea- son, John Ayscough's "Ferdando" should not be forgotten. It is a spirit- ual autobiography cast in story form, and it is John Ayscough in his most delightful vein. First of all the charm he gives his appreciation of the par- ticular class of English folk with whom his early lifewas spent. There's humor of the most gentle sort indulged in when there appears in his family an Irish girl, his mother. She threw the the Evangelists and the Fathers, and we begin to cultivate a more ardent return love for the Sacred Heart, which seems to throb through the pages of "Back to Christ." Father Lattey has given us an ap- pealing call, back to Him as the Church would have us know and love Him. "Back to Christ"Paulist Press, $1. Order from "The Bookery," Guardian office. seasonable gift at a seasonable time. I readers of Father Lattey's "Back to She forms the title and the inspira-IChrist." This Jesuit author certainly tion for still another holiday book. lbrings the mind back to all the things "The Broken Sohlier and the Maid of / one s'hould not forget, and yet are too France" is what Henry VanDyke has/frequently forgotten, in connection chosen to call his Christmas book of-/with the intimate personal love of our fering, and if the book be all that the Divine Lord, for each and every crea- reviews credit it wih being there will sure. Father Lattey's books gives to be no disappointment, us a reading intimacy with 'the Christ For those who make books their spe- of Paul, with the Christ as known to