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Litlte Rock, Arkansas
January 3, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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January 3, 1920

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PAGE FOURTEEN Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock. 309 WEST SECOND STREET ted as second-class matter March z, zgll, at the postoffice t LittAe Rock, Ak., under the Ant of Congress ol March 3, I879. Subscription Price, $2.00 the year Cbange o! Address When a change of addrea is desired the subscriber should give the old and the new addrenL Correspondence Matter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us "t later than Wednesday morning. Brief newJ correspondence is Ilwaye welcome. The kindness oi the clergy in this matter is cordially .qprt./ated. Very Bey. A, Stocker, O. S. B,, D. D .................. Editor-in-Chief l.&apos;. Edward A. Flannery ........................ Contributing Editor liner. Gee. H. McDermott ....................... Managing Editor All commumcanor about "The Guardian" should be addressed to te Rev. Gee, H. McDermott, 3o 9 West Second Street. OFFICIAL APPROVAL The Guardian is the official organ of the diocese of Little Rock, and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion in the cause of right, justice and truth and an &rdont defender of the religion which we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. 16 Little Reek, Ark., Jmmary 3, 1!)20. New Years, witl-P-and--Happiness ! "The same to you and many of them." -O-O. Somewhat after Robert Emmet, "John Sharpe" of tIickory, Miss., says: "Until after Ireland is free, let no Irishman write my epi- taph. ' ' .O-O After taking the American public opinion in consultation, Doctor Grayson, may decide to dose Mr. Wilson with say, 10 oz. of treaty syrup and a few grs. of common sense reservations. It may leave a bad taste, but his big family are all urging it for the better, as they hope. It does not do to let the patient be too stubborn. O-O Germany has stacked her guns, and we no longer hear fife and drum and soldier tramp in this country. Everything looks like peace. Why cannot we have peace declared? Congress de- flared war, now let it declare peace. Let us have a reign of "common sense" for awhile and then tackle a league or more of ideals. -O-O Former Senator E. J. Bnrkett or' Nebraska whispered to General Pershing, 'On the quiet, General, what are you?" Pe'shing with an "armististical" smile) replied, "Why Ed, I was always a Republican." On Monday December 21, came a newspaper release statement from Burkett, drafting General Pershing as favorite Republican nominee for President. Now, for the next favorite. -O-O 1.919 offered us demobilization, high cost of living, railroad, steel and coal strikes, peace treaties commended and amended, reserved and unreserved, ]ynchings black and white, soviets red and white, beer near or none at all, Mexico with "Carrie" canned or unean ned. [rel'md. to be or not to be, Wilson single tracked and side- tracked,al] these have been given us to talk ab(mt, and how we did talk! Now let us do something in 1920. O-O DEPOPULATION OF FRANCE An article in the current number of The North American Review deals with this question under the heading, ' Is France Dying ?" There we read "Before the war the population of Rn sia was increasing annually by almost two mil- lion, that of Germany by 900,000, that of Great Britain and Italy by 400,000 and 350,000, resDoo. tively. France, on the other hand, in eight dif- ferent years, had exhibited a decrease in popu- lation. Since 1914, moreover in her sevent,- seven Departments thai ,,.'.. .... ,,,) invasion, ci- vilian deaths have exceeded births by 900,000 AS early as 1911 Paul Leroy-Beaulieu, the eminent economist, in summing, up the situation, declared: 'Such is the fatal refrain whicl .Ounds the knell of the nation.' " In discussing the situation several causes f6r this lamentable condition are mentioned, but the mot plausible is the one touched upon in the folling passage: "According to Leroy- Beauliew tim Catholic religion, more than any other, teaches resignation to one's lot and con demni slfishness, exalting sentiments favor- able to large families, and frowning upon those that tend to diminish the number of children. I!is ai'gument he substantiates by the example of French Canada, where even today familie' numb@ from ten to twelve ,,";ld,-ml. ln his in: dictment of the present regime in France he writes (1911) : ' 'When Gilt svstem of ertncnt'inn and our administration shall have succeeded in civiliz- ing tti remaining primative Departments. the birth rate will again take a terrible drop. Ha all France enjoyed since 1861 the birth rate of the Department of Finistere (th6r6ughly Co tholic) w.,, shouhl haw; gamed 400,000 inhabi- tants a :ar. f, ml ttle 0ther hamt, th eiatire cOuntry ]lad had the rate d Lct-et-Garonne We should have lost seven or eight million. Ytet it is THE GUARDIAN, SATUR DAY, JANUARY 3, 1920. the mentality of this latter l)epartnlent that our public education seeks to disseminate, and the mentality of Finistere that it endeavors to sup- press. ' "He concluded that, unless the French wish to run head-long into national suicide, their (overnnl(.nt, nltlst cease the o(li<)us war which for a quarter of a century, and especially the last fifteen years, it has waged against the tra- ditional faith. Etienne Lamy takes the same view, declaring that the doctrine rejected by the Government sustains the family and perpetu- ates France, whereas the doctrine adopted di- minishes and destroys nations." So it is. When France was yet thoroughly Catholic and the Catholic religion had the favor of the Government, in the days of Francis ] (1515-1547), French families averaged seven children each; under Louis XIV, five; in 1789, four; in 1870, three; and by 1914, the average had declined to two. If there were no other con- sideration, in the name of patriotism the French Government ought to change its tactics towards the Catimlic Church. (),,: ,,'wls(,. th l)aeans of the recent victory will soon be followed by the dirges of the nation's funeral[ S. O-O. JEWS AND CATHOLICS A passage from the biographical noti<:e el" Col. Louis Altheimer, in the century edition of the Arkansas Gazette, has been brought to our attention, as apl t<) treat,, a had ilnl)r(:ssi<)n and stir up unldn<lly feelings. We reprint it, here exactly as it reads in th(: ('entm'y edition, ]>age 150 : "God is in history. In 1492 on the same day that Columbus discovered America, King ]er<linmM of S)>a n .,I.  .... . lish()p of Spain, Turquemeto, a baptized Jew, to sign an edict expelling the Jews from Spain, where they had lived for centuries and were among the most prominent people of this domain, either to mnbraee Catholicism within en days or to leave the country under penalty of imprisonment and death." On the whole this statement agrees witt historical fact. Only was Tnrrmemada (thus the name is spelled) not the Bishop of Spain, as if there was but one bishop in Spain at the time. ITe was not even a bishop but only a Dominican friar, who held the office of Grand Inquisitor. Nor is there any evidence that he was a baptized Jew, though Jews, whether baptized or not were not always friendly to their own race. Wit ness the fact that o, t), ...... : ..... the Jews of Rome made an offer of 1,000 ducats to Pope Alexander VI to et fr'om ', ,lom-ee against the admission of their exiled brethren from Snafu into papal territory. The Pope, however. indignantly rejected their offer and gave th exiled Jews a place of refuge in his states. Now as to the inference that mizht h, drawn from the passage 'cited that Catholic rulers have been especially hard on the Jews, and that such a policy has had the sanction of the Church, it is a lamentable fact that there has existed an .,I.,.,." I prel,dice against the Jews. The fate which they suffered from l haraoh in l ' " " , ,,))'s ,>,m.(, o)' less through the centuries of history. The tac- tics of Pharaoh against them have been repeat- ed by emperors of pagan Rome, by Mohammed- an. calii's, hv (')' ,'iho(lox. Ca- tholic and Protestant. In this persecut.ion Catholic potentates have not played a prominent role. Nor was it a )mint of Ca,thol;.;,.', ........ " 'dsm. ; ai divers times and in various places Catholic orinces have been favorable to the Jews. At various times the Popes of Rome used their au- thority in behalf of the Jews. So. for instance lnnooent IV. writing, 1247, to the bishops of France and Germany, says: "Certain of the clergy, and princes, nobles and great lords of your cities and dioceses have falsely devised certain godless plans against the Jews, unjustb" depriving them by force of their property, and appropriating it to themselves. * * They false- ly charge them with dividing up among them selves on the Passover the heart of a murdered boy. * * In their malice, they ascribe every murder, wherever it chance to occur, to the Jews. And on the ground of these and othe, fabrications, they are filled with rage again,' them, rob them of their possessions without any form8 ]  eel, ' + .... ',, q qi rm and without legal trial and conviction, contrary to the privileges granted to them by the Apostolic See. * * * They oppress the Jews by starvation. imprisonment, by tortures and sufferings; they afflict them with all kinds of punishments, an ' sometimes even condemn them to death, so tha the Jews, although living under Christia," m'inces, are in a worse plight than were thei, 'mcestors in the land of the Pharaohs. They are driven to leave in despair the land in whie  their fathers have dwelt since the memory o man. * * Since it is our pleasure that tlmy sh,  not be disturbed * * * we ordain that ye behav, towards them in a friendly and kind manner. ] Whenever any un]'ust attacks upon them co i under your notice, redress their injuries, and do[ not sfiffei" them to be visited in the future b Similar tribulations." "/ So spoke a Pope. And to these sentiments ! we are sure, genuine Catholics throughout the world, no matter what faults may have been committed along this line any time or anywhere respond with a fervent Amen! S. .O-O RUSSIAN ELECTIONS Socialists everywhere have expressed them- selves in favor of recognizing the Soviet gov- ernment of Russia. They would have us believe that the current reports about Bolshevism are fictions of a "lying Callitalistic l>ress," that the Soviet is the kind of government the Russians With a vmw of furnishing information ou pomts of doctrine am discipline not touched upon m our leading articlea we a thia colunm to it. Those who are ecking inlormation ahould  m questions emrly in the week. What is required of a person who is takb,, instructions, in return for the priest's work and lime? Tim priest will be amply repaid if his .con- ver( learns well the tenets of our holy faithl and want, the government which guarantees the (hen models his life thereafter on the teachings fullest measure of liberty to the generality of so carefully imparted. citizens. Against this version of the. state of affairs in Russia it is interesting to learn what the Englishman, Paul l)ukes, for a long time soldier in the red army of Russia, had to say after his return t<> England. I[e gave his experiences to the London Times. We are quoting them (in re-translation) t'rom the St. Louis Amerika of December ]3. "in July there were elections :l'or the Soviet. On the first (lay of election week the following notice was affixed to the wall of the headluarters of the military unit to which I belonged : ' Comrades ! The election of our mem- ber for the Petrograd Soviet will take place this afternoon at six o'clock. Everybody must be present.' At five <)'clock the soldiers assenfl)led in one of' the refectories of a villa close to Petro- grad. At half past five the commander, the eom- nfissary, the adjutant and the secretary took their seats around the table at the farther end of the room. I had expected that great interest wouhl be shown, but all were perfectly indiffer- ent. We knew what was coming, and that we must do our duty. The commander delivered a speech which closed with the following words: 'Comrades, I think we can find no better repre- sentative than our esteemed commissary, Com- rade S., who up to the present has represented us so worthily. Let all those who are in his favor raise their hands,' All hands went up and the commissary spoke a word of thanks. The whole procedure had lasted exactly seven minutes. "I was astonished at this caricature of an election, but my astonishment grew when I learned the result of the whole election. My comrades were more or less educated men. What was going on at the regiments which con- sisted mostly of peasants? What happened at the factories where there was a strike at the time? (Ahl There are strikes, too, in Soviet Russia! Editor's remark.) Could such a farce of an election take place there ? As a matter of fact all the regiments in Petrograd and suburbs returned their old commissaries to the Soviet. Everywhere the election took place by raising of hands. I heard of only one case of a secret bal- lot. and that in a regiment on the Finnish front. whose commissary resisted on this legal form of' precedm'e. ]:[e couM affor<lto (1<) so l)eeause he was well liked hv his regiment. "But what did the strikers do? What th<, women and servant girls who were to vote for the first time and wo were known to be hostile to the Bolshevild ? Th(, <+ni:,rnl ('mmnittee of the communistic party had scented the peril and taken ' preemption s '. The e, Ollll)li ssa rv to)' social welfare, Comrade Rawitch, declared to a repre- sentative ol' the Red .Inur)ml: 'Since w<: have extended the franchise we must take care that nobody comes to the election assemblies who is opposed to the Soviet power. But the danger is not so great because the number of unorgani zed voters is small and we shall see that even l this number is thoroughly filtered.' I "Accordingly the spies of the extraordi- nm'y vigilance-commission displayed a particu- larly energetic activity. It was risky, even in I)rivate circles, to express a view. Complaints about the war or the famine were reported as 'defiance of the Soviet government.' All fac- tories in which there was a strike were occupied by armed watches, and the violent suppression of the strike had so intimidated the laborers that they did not dare vote against the Soviet. Nevertheless the communistic party felt so nerv- ous that they sent spies into the assembly to tke a record of every voter who should raise his hand azainst the communistic candidates. In the Putilow works, where there was particu- l'r exasperation against the government, there was gven no notice at all of the election so th,qt only a very few made their appearance at the election assembly. The chairman of the as- sembly declared that among the Putilow people there were many white guardists and other wolotch (hogs) and that therefore no opposi- tion to the proposed list of candidates would be tolerated. On the following day the Bo]shevis( nress triumphantly announced 'that even the l'utilowtsi had east an unanimous v<>te for the communists.' "On the women maintained some independ ence. In several factories where women work ers were in the majority the vote went against the communists. And though theyof course  ---retained the great majority of seats, their ercentae declined at the July election from 90 to 82 I" S, If a child is baptized in the parish rect- ory, is that sufficient? l)resun)al)ly in this <'as(; the chil<l was hap- tized by the priest, and of course it is to be sup- posed that everything necessary ,wat done. When a person is given baptism in a l/rivate dwelling ,often certain c.eremonies are omitted, which are afterwards supplied by the priest in church. In the above question, however there is no need to worry, as the priest naturally did all tlmt was required. ttave we any certain knowledge about the mturc and tme of the punishment of souls in Purgatory? The Church has ot <le'fi)w(l wh(,re Pnrgatory is or what is the nature or duration of its pun- ishments. It is the common opinion of theolo- gians that the Souls in Purgatory are punislmd by fire, which is in accord with Holy Scripture. but they do not attempt to say how that punish- ment is inflicted o nthe soul, which is spiritual. The brief statement of the Council of Trent gives us the full infallible teaching of the Church : "There is Purgatory, and the souls de- tained there are assisted by the suffrages of the faithful, but especially by the Adorable Sacri- lie<: of the Mass." Do Protestants have the same Ten Com- mandments that Catholics have? The Ten 12ommandments enumerated in the Protestant editions of the Scripture are the same as those in our authorized edition. There is a <tifference in the way that they are enumer- ate& The Protestants divide the First Com- mandment into two Commandments and unite the last two into one. The division in the Ca- tholic version of tile Scripture is not only the older division but is the more logical one. In the matter of the first Commandment, the com- mand to adore God necessarily contains the pro- hibition to adore images. There is no reason I;o make a distinct Commandment of the two because the whole Commandment is comprised in one word--"I am the Lord thy God; thou shelf not have false gods before me." Should Catholics play with the Ouia board? From the Catholic Mind t!or Noveml:)er 22, 1917. we quote the following: "]instances are recorded where the 0uija- b<)ard and the planchet(e have I)ee, n the means el' working untold harm. l)r. L. S. Forbes Wins- low in 'Spiritualistic Madness' as far back as 1S77 wrote: 'Ten thousand unfortunate people are at present time contined in lunatic asylums on account of having (:ampered with the snper- natural * " *' And there is a famous case on record in this country of a woman, who became so affected by the use of the Ouija-board that s]le is now ('crape]led to spend her days in an institution for the insane. "From the standpoint of morality and (dhics, such occult practices, performed delib- erately and sincerely, fall under the head of divination and are mortal sins. * * * Such l)rac- tices are declared specifically in Holy Scripture to 1)e hateful to God; for we read in the eigh- teenth chapter of Deuteronomy, verses 1.0 to 12 : 'Neither let there, I)e t!mm(t amon you any one that shall expiate his son or daughter, making them to pass through the fire ; or that consulteth soothsayers, or observeth dreams and omens, neither let there be any wizard, nor charmer, nor any one that consulteth pythonic spirits, or fortune-tellers, or that seeketh truth from the dead. For the Lord abhorreth all these things, and for these abominations He willdestroy them at t]ly coming.' "In a decree of tha Congregation at the Holy Office, dated April 24, ]917, attendance is forbidden 'at any spiritualistic communications or manifestations whatsoever,' irrespective of the purpose in view, 'whether in the capacity of n active participator or merely as an interest- ed spectator.' The reasonableness of this pro- hibition is apparent from the fact that activities of this nature are becoming day by day a graver source of moral peril to society. For with the practice of the many forms of mind-passivity, of which the Ouija-board is but one, the dom'r are continually being opened, which give an intimate and perilous access to the spirit-world. (o the minds and souls of unwary men. I mmerous instances, this leads to the loss of all religious faith and to the moral and mental un- doing of the vicimS.--ff. A. R., Decrkiber L" t