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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
January 3, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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January 3, 1920
 

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I sirable than that Catholic papers and | Catholic literature should have a large circulation, so that every one may have every day good reading which instructs and warns, and strengthens I and promotes the Christian virtues. --BINEDICTUS, PP., XV, A Catholic Puper Is n Perpetual Mission-- Pope Leo Xln "The Guardian" in every home--our Motto. Volume 9 The Official Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas, Sturday, January 3, 1920 Number 29 NATIONAL SHRINE OF THE IMMACULATE CONC tPTION C-THOLIC UNIVERSITY TRUSTEES DECREE ITS ;,!i'fMEDIATE ERECTION ON UNIVERSITY GROUNDS AT WASHINGTON ADJOINING NA- TIONAL SOLDIERS HOME AND PLANNED TO BE AN EDIFACE OF GRACE AND ELEGANCE. N011LF00q' CHURCH IN THE I00NITED .... ,,cq, ES"' Splendid Monument in Honor of Our Blessed Mother to Cost About Five Millions from Individual Donations of United States CatholicsHoly Father's Special Wish to Have Heavenly Patroness of Our Country Honored by National Shrine. The National Shrine of the hmnacu- late Conception passed this week into the domain of accomplished fact. In keepmg with the wishes of Our Holy li'ather that it shouhl be begun as soon as possihle the Trustees of the Catholic University voted at their recent meeting to commence the great work at once. Constction will be- gin in the coming May and it is con- fidently believed that the Catholic peo- ple of the United States will support the holy undertaking with their usual generosity. Mary hnmaculate is the heavenly patroness of the Catho- lic Church in the United States where her honor and glory are proclaimed from the mountains and rivers and valleys from cities and hamlets, and where thousands of churches ah'eady bear her name and will rejoice at the creation of this new and glorious movement of Catholic artistic genius Style and Size. The National Shrine will be a noble Romanesque church, embracing all the distinctive features of the best types of that famous ecclesiastical style which preceded and smzived the Gothic and is represented today in some of the noblest churches of Eu- rope. This great church will be 420 feet in length, outside measurement. The main nave will be 54 feet in breadth and 85 feet in height. Two lateral naves will be flanked by a series of beautiful chapels, five on each side, while around the apse and in the transepts will be distributed a num- ber of smaller chapels. There will be two transepts, the main transept be-' ing 194 feet in breadth, and the sec- ondary transept somewhat shorter. The facade will be 124 feet in widfh, and a noble dome will surmount the whole vast edifice, the cross on its top being 254 feet from the ground. A splendid campanile or bell-tower, 380 feet in height, rises at one end of the facade, comparable with the most beautiful specimens of Northern Italy. The general impression will be that of majesty and power, while all the lines of the edifice are marked by grace and elegance. As this church will have no pews, the irfferior view will be unequalled for splendor and grandeur. The church will hold about 3,000, and the great sanctuary will hccommodate the entir ehierarchy, and several hundred ecclesiastics, with ample room for the most impres- sive ceremonies. The espicopal throne of Cardinal Gibbons will be close to the high altar, which will be sur- rounded by fifteen beautiful small chapels in honor of the fifteen mys- steries of the holy rosary. '1?here will be in all 29 altars in the church, not counting the altars in the spacious crypt bdneath the sanctuary. This crypt will hohl 1.200 persong':and will be finished in early Romanesque style, making it a unique ecclesiastical crea- tion in our country, as this is the first edifice in whicS all the peculiarities of fhat style can be reproduced with suc- cess. The Architects. The National Shrine will arise on a peculiarly attractive site, wh(re the University grounds adjoin the Nation- al Soldiers Home with its noble un- dulatint, ridges while the University campus  stretches away broadly on the other side. Its facade rises about five hun(lred feet, a from the University gates. 'lhe church will thus be se in its own delightful park, and its na- tional dharacter emphasized from the first view of its noble proportions. The architects of the National Shrine are Maginnis and Welsh, of Boston, with whom is. associated Frederick V. Mm'phy, Professor of Architecture at the Catholic Univer- sity. Their designs for the great (Continued on Page 8) lli I00]S U. I OIACY FOR JdEXlCO TROIJIILE JOACHIM AMOR. MEXICAN, SAYS ONLY tIOPE FOR MEXICO IS FOR TIllS COUNTRY TO WITH- DRAW RECOGNITION. The Brooklyn Alumni Sodality was recently addressed by Joachim Amor who was born in Mexico and had lived there for twenty-five years. He had taken an active part in the affairs looking to the development of the country, ran counter to the bandit ele- ment and his life spared only because he was looked upon favorably by Zapata, a revolutionist seeking to re- store land to the peons. The "Brook- lyn Tablet," of December 20, reports his address as follows: How Carranza Came Into Power. "There are only two parties in Mex- ico, the robbers and the robbed. The policy of the Mexicans is one for the Proposed National Shrine in Honor of The hnmaculate Conception to be erected at Washington, D. C. individual alone When the revolu-ELFR tion first broke out and began to gain strength the United States Govern- ment never for a moment lhought of COUNCIL helping or siding with the elements of law and order. Instead it sided with, I can say without fear of contradiction, the master robber of the revolution, CENTRAL BUREAU OF' NA- Carranza, who obtained the position TIONAL CATHOLIC WELFARE which he now occupies simply because COUNCIL FORMERLY LAUNCH- he robbed more methodically and more ED AT WASHINGTON, D. C. systematically than the others. Villa Pastoral S S00. in the North did some indiscriminate '" ' l'll;sII0n robbing of cattle and sen the bides to the side of the boader, but Carranza did his robbing in a systematic fashion Uniform Altitude on All Public Ques. with the result that he has worked tions Involving Catholic Point of View. himself into a financial position. Washington Helps CWrranza. PJ300300/kL .................. C00RNONIBS WITNESSED BY A LARGE CON= GREGATION AT ST. ANDREW'S CATHEDRAL 'ON CHRISTMAS EVE. MIDNIGHT MASS Ilishop Morris Pontificates With Full Ceremonial Assist(M b y Local ClergyPreaches hnl)rlssive Ser- non--Impressive Vocal and In- strumental Choir Program. Christmas Eve marks an active "Carranza was finally helped into (C. P. A Service to The Guardian.) power by the action of Washington. Washington, D. C., Dec 27.--The This is no secret, for the telegrams National Catholic Welfare Council, that were sent have been published in designed to meet the great task of re- period in the religious events of the tJhe New York papers. I recall that construction following the war and to C'ltholic parish, where n preparations when he entered Mexico there were co-ordinate Catholic activities through- are being made for the great and holy 40,000 well equipped men against his out the United States to that end, was feast of the morrow. AttaOmd to its handful of bandits, but they were not fmTnally launched at a meeting of most worthy celebration is the spirit- permitted to resist the laffians, the administrative committee of the ual preparation of the parishioners fro" Carranza's Frame.Up. Conference of Bishops, held (luring the the reception of the Sacraments of past week, at the Cat/helle University Penance and Holy l.ucharmt. This "The Constitutional Assembly set of America.  " up by C;lrranza represented nothing means the hearing of confessions on but Carranza's armed forces, and they Central Bureau at Washington. the part of the priests and the assem- are the people who have the imperti- The work of the Council was inaug- blage of a large number of Christmas nonce to frame a new Constitution for urated by the establishment of a con- penitents. Then there is the adorn- the country, aml Carranza had entered tral bureau at Washington, which merit of altars and shrines ,to enhance the fiehl under the harmer of consti- will be the directing agency. The cx- the beauty of the dwelling place of tutionalism. The attempt to frame a ecutive head of this will be Rev. J. J. Him, Whose Bethlehem birth is to be constitution under the present condi- Burke, C.S.P., who occupied a similar commemorated with fitting, ceremony. position with the National CatholiclChristmas Eve is the busy hour for tions that exist in Mexico is a fine ex- War Council, in hich capacity hd dM [priests and people in every Catholic ample of radicalism of the most ad- most effective work. Gradually, as lparish, but especially is it true in the vanced Bolshevism in the world today outside of Russia. It antedates any- the activities of the War Council are episcopal parish where the high note thing that has been in Russia. Car- brought to an end, the unfinished tasks of pomp and ceremony is attained with ranza has all the benefit of Sovietism, appertaining to peace, as well as war,[the bishop pontificating as celebrant including the confiscation of property, will be taken over by the Welfare of the solemn self'ices. 'l'he strangest ftwt is that he is not Council, so that there will be no break Cathedral Observance reprqsentative. , of the Mexican people in the continuity of the work The Long hefore the crowds had thinned m any sense whatsoever, same centralized direction which out in front of the confessionals in proved me effective in the one case St. Andrew's Cathedral, where confcs- We Help a Despot. will be maintained in the other, sions were hem'd by the Cathedral "He is bein kept in power by the Subcommittees to Proceed Wlih Work. priests, assisted in their unexpected United States Government, which was thefirst governmen o ecozn,zehls The four subcommittees of the ad- rush by Bishop Morris, the auditorium asa(lefacto], an(1 astat(teIjur('govell mlnlstratlve conlmlttee designed to began tO fill its Sl)acious area vith .... . "  " cover special fields of Catholic activi- those eager to occupy commanding lo- ;e;,veS];:;el;; hham;cob;;nz:::: Y-eS;c::t rvice, Catholic Press and cations to hear and set the full Catho-  " "' "., av Societies and E(luca- lic ritual of the Christmas Midnight IIad he not enjoyed that rceognizance ltio n were "mt'horized to "roceed ,,,m, l>,+ c;, he wouht not be in power today Their,  " ' *" ............ ..,,,M Mass. Mexicans are fitrhtin[r ted.iv tn ro I tn('n' work ant funds were allotted for For the most )art o.1,.,1; ....... L:__ " " ' - " P " t of the] " :' :  " i ' "s t t " . and people, .... hehl m Chicago probably early in lwith its concurrent attachment of re- Mexicans m'e peons and they are a January Bishop Russell. of Clmrles- cal and instrumental liturgy. law-al)iding race ,but they are kept ton, chairnmn of the ,suhcommitee of under a military despotism simply be- the Catholic Press and Literature, con- ltoly Night About hMf after eleven o'clock, Pror, J. J. l(eller. Cathedral or'an- ist and choir director. ave tuneful prelude to the celebration, with the low and sweet hymnals of "Holy Night" and the "Adeste Fidelis" grad- (Continued on Page 8.) cause Carranza Ores control of all the templates calling a meeting of the rep- resources of the country, repsentatives of he Catholic Press Carranza's Pull With U.S. I about the same time, to discuss meth- Government. ] ods of development. By the time the "It is a perfect mystery to most of National Catholic War Council goes (Cortinued. on Page 7) (Continued on page 6.) PLAN TO MEASURE UP TO REQUIRED EFFICIENCY ST. VINCENT'S INFIR-----MAR-----Y ADMINISTRATIVE BOARD OF DOCTORS AND NURSES STRIVES TO PLACE THIS WELL KNOWN AND APPRE- CIATED INSTITUTION UPON A BASIS OF EF- FICIENCY IN KEEPING WITH LATEST HOSPI- TAL REQUIREMENTS. SUIli,I00;0N GENIi]llAL IRI00LANI}. I..S.A.I.00NII0RSI00;S Preparations For Active Campaign to Secure $300,000 to Place St. Vincent's Among the Standardized Hospi. tals of the United States--Local Institution Stands on Its Record and Merits of Past Thirty Years. IRIS!! TRIEI) TO Kll)NAP IqllNCI'] PLANNEI) TO ABDUCT BRITISH. ER ON Ills TOUR OF Tills COUNTRY, S A Y S FICTION WRITER. Perhaps the gem of all stories from the British propaganda forces reached America last week. It was cabled from Lomhm to the Philadelphia Puh- lic Ledger, who in turn circulated it through the country. The story, which reads as though it might have been written by the man who framed the original pro-German plot in Ire- Considerable interes is being taken in St. Vincent's $300,000 campaign by prominent medical men outside of the state, which is evidenced by the receipt of several comnmnications to surgeons of the staff, and among them is one addressed to Dr. M. D. Ogden from Dr. M. W. ireland, Surgeon General of the United States Army, which reads as follows: "Mahlon D. Ogden, M.D., 321 Bankers Tmst Bldg. Little Rock, Ark. My Dear Doctor Ogden: "I am very much interested in the standardization of hospitals and there- fore sincerely trust the effort to raise a sufficient amount of moey to stand- ardize St. Vincent's Infirmary in Lit- land, is as follows: tle Rock to meet the requirements of On high authority, we give here- ]the American College of Surgeons will with a heretofore unpublished account]be a success. of a Sinn Fein plot hatched in the lca"We, have standardized medical edu- United Zingdom, with operatinglfif tion in this country during the last agents oerseas, to kidnap the Prince / teen years so that it is now on a of Wales when he was in America and firm and acceptable basis, but before hold him for ransom--the ransom to ,our work is complete we must stand- have been the recognition of the Irish ardize our hospitals so that we will republic. Your correspondent's in- know that the young men graduating renva'satdr from college will receive proper train- "I have questioned the advisability of discussing the matter, but now that the prince is safe at home, I see no reason for withholding longer the facts as I have them. For reasons that well can be understood, I can give only a mere outline of the plot. "A high-powered motor car was to be taken up to one of the stations in America, at which the prince was due to alight. He was to have been seized and carried to the waiting car, in which he was to have been conveyed to a secret hiding place. Do not ask me whether it was to have been at the Canadian bmMer, Philadelphia or Washington. "As soon as London officials re- ceived information of the plot they communicated with the British au- thorities in America and precautions as to an extra guard for the prince were taken that in themselves de- stroyed all possibility of the execution of the proposed scheme. "It is not advisable for me to say more on the nmtter except to empha- size ttmt it was all-Irish in conception and, so far as we know at the mo- ment, no American entered into the conspiracy. "Some day the names of the leading spirits concerned and the clever man- ner in which their cablegrams and let- ters were intercepted may be made public, but with the Irish situation in its present state it is not wisdom, to make further revelation." With the foregoing facts your cor- respondent visited Scotland Yard, where the customarg denial was made. Members of the prince's party knew nothing of the incident until after t!my had reached home in England. I, urthcrmore, the extreme popularity that the prince's visit to Ameica evinced would trove made such a pro- jeer a very risky proceeding for the perpetrators and undoubtedly would have militated against its being car- riqd out successfully. There is a young officer in the Brit- ish Army belonging to the regiment of the which the Prince of Wales is the dominating figure, who is the ab- solute double of the heir to the throne. So remarkable is the likeness that ad- vantage has been taken of it to the extent that he has been deputized for the prince when the prince has been indisposed, reviewing troops and at- tending formal affairs, and nobody has been any the wiser. In London the young officer has a most embar- rassing time. In Bond street and in Regent street he is saluted by gen-I erals an dother officers much senior tel himself, being mistaken obviously for] the king's son. The young officer is I (Continued on Page 5) l 1 ing in hospital before they go into civil life to take up their profession. "With cordial regards, Very sincerely yours, (Signed) M.W. Ireland, Surgeon General, U. S. Army." St. Vineent's Needs. About 65 per cent of all hospitals in the United States are being standard- ized as rapidly as possible. Whether St. Vincent's measures up to the re- quirements of the Ammican College of Surgeons depends altogether upon the success of this campaign. St. Vincent's Infirmary entered the field of hospital work over thirty years ago and with- in its limited capacity has always pro- vided for the call of suffering hu- manity. Up to date, St. Vincent's his- tory has been one of progress, striving to adapt itself to everything making for successful treatment of its pa- tients. Medical and surgical science, in practice, have augmented the require- ments of staff and proper institutional conveniences from year to year. To the limit of its resources, St. Vincent's has kept up to the times, and now seeks to perfect a plan, whereby it may be placed among the future recognized institutions of America as a first class modern hospital. After itsthirty years ministering to Little Reck, to the State 'of Arkansas in fact, St. Vincent's has qualified in every:demand but one, and that one was the ever crying demand on the part of our afflicted for accom- modations. As a general hospital, and St. Vincent's has always been such, its capacity accommodations were over- taxed and hence the hope of the man- agement that Little Rock and Arkan- sas, may so extend the helping hand in this great effort of the $300,000 cam- paign that St. Vincent's may remain the general and emergency hospital of this section, with adequate accommo- dations for all those seeking its minis- tration, and the assurance that in our community we shall have an institu- tion of Class A rated efficiency of staff, nurses and hospital require- ments. St. Vincent's Ladies' Aid to Help. Memhers of the Ladies' Aid Society of St. Vincent's Infirm ary met recently at the Elks' Club in the interest of the $300,000 campaign now under headway in the city Mrs. Gus Bless, ,presi- dent, presided, and after calling the meeting to order announced that Miss ltutchinson, the Infirmary's head nurse, would speak. Miss Hutchinson stated that it was very difficult for her to get away from her work, but that the campaign Was so important that she felt she mus do her bit by attending the meeting and informing the ladies as best she (Continued on page 3.)